Crazy in Love
"Crazy in Love" is a song by American singer Beyoncé featuring American rapper Jay-Z from Beyoncé's debut solo studio album Dangerously in Love. It was released as the album's lead single on May 14, 2003 through Columbia Records and Music World Entertainment. Both artists composed the song in collaboration with Rich Harrison and Eugene Record. Using samples from The Chi-Lites's 1970 song "Are You My Woman", "Crazy in Love" is a contemporary R&B and pop love song that incorporates elements of hip hop, 1970s-style funk music, its lyrics describe a romantic obsession. "Crazy in Love" was a number-one hit in the United States and United Kingdom, reached the top ten in various other countries worldwide. Music critics praised the hook, Jay-Z's contribution, Beyoncé's assertive delivery of the lyrics. VH1 declared it the greatest song of the 2000s decade, while Rolling Stone ranked it at number 118 on their list of the 500 greatest songs of all time in 2010, in 2018, declared the song the greatest song of the 21st century so far.
At the 46th Annual Grammy Awards, "Crazy in Love" won Grammy Awards for Best R&B Song and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. The song's accompanying music video features Beyoncé in various dance sequences, it won three awards at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards, its director, Jake Nava, won the Music Video Production Association award for Best R&B Video in 2004. Since 2003, "Crazy in Love" has been a staple in Beyoncé's live performances and concert tours; the American Society of Composers and Publishers recognized "Crazy in Love" as one of the most performed songs of 2004. Artists including David Byrne have covered the song, it has been used in various television shows and other media. By July 2002, Beyoncé had recorded several songs which would appear on Dangerously in Love. Columbia Records planned to release the album in October 2002; these delays allowed Beyoncé to record more songs for the album. Before meeting Beyoncé, Rich Harrison had conceptualized the beat of the song, he had sampled the hook's instrumentation from the 1970 song "Are You My Woman?,", written and composed by Eugene Record, frontman of the Chicago-based vocal group The Chi-Lites.
When Harrison first played the beat to his friends, they could not "dig it," and this made him realize that he had conceived something special, which people would appreciate better after hearing the whole record. Thus Harrison decided not to market the selection, instead, he waited for the right artist to record it: "I had it in the chamber, I had not shopped it much, because sometimes you do not want to come out of the bag before it's right. People do not get it and you will leave them with a foul taste in their mouth."Harrison was pleasantly surprised when he got a call from Beyoncé, working on one of the most anticipated albums of the year. However, things did not turn up according to his plans the following day, as he was late and was still suffering the effects of a hangover; when Harrison played the sample to Beyoncé in the studio, the singer had doubts about the "sound so full of blaring fanfare. Beyoncé became friendlier to the sample, much to Harrison's delight, gave him two hours to write and compose the song while she went out.
Harrison confessed that it was not easy for him to come up with the lyrics to "Crazy in Love" in that length of time. But two hours he had written the verses, the hook, in spite of being hung over. Harrison had made provision for a backing track; the bridge was written by Beyoncé, inspired by looking at herself in the mirror. Harrison sang back to her and said, "That's the hook." It inspired the title of the song. After that Beyoncé had filled up the middle eight, she came up with the catchphrase – "Uh-oh, uh-oh, you know" – alongside Harrison. American rapper Jay-Z became involved late in the song's production. Around 3 a.m. he came to the studio and recorded a rap verse, which he improvised in about ten minutes. The recording of "Crazy in Love" took place nearly three months following the meeting of Beyoncé with Harrison. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Alfred Music Publishing, "Crazy in Love" is an R&B and pop love song, composed in the key of D-minor and F-major. It incorporates 1970s-style funk, hip hop, contains influences of soul.
As commented by Robert Webb of The Independent, the old soul influences in the song seem to have been derived from the horn hook, which samples the 1970 song "Are You My Woman?." Having a go-go vibe, "Crazy in Love" is built on a hip hop beat. Beyoncé told The Sunday Herald that the beat is "so hard that it makes your heart hurt." The song's tempo is a moderate 100 beats per minute, in common time. Beyoncé's vocal range spans around one and a half octaves in the song, from the low note of A♯3 to the high note of F5. "Crazy in Love" uses two major chords, B♭ and G, a minor third apart. One of the main vocal riffs uses the traditional cowbell rhythm found in samba music. Lisa Verrico of The Times magazine, wrote that "Crazy in Love" makes use of big drums and bits of brass. According to Natalie Nichols of the Los Angeles Times, the lyrics of "Crazy in Love" reference a state
Beerfest is a 2006 American comedy film by the comedy group Broken Lizard. Along with the regular members of Broken Lizard, other actors who appear in the film include Will Forte, M. C. Gainey, Cloris Leachman, Jürgen Prochnow, Donald Sutherland, Willie Nelson; when asked about where the concept for the film came from, Jay Chandrasekhar said "We were at a Beer garden in Australia and we went on stage and challenged the top five drinkers in the room to a chug off. The place exploded. We were winning, but Paul Soter started drinking and we lost. We had arm wrestling contests. Steve Lemme insulted national treasure, Russell Crowe and we had to be escorted out by security. We thought; the drinking beer part."Beerfest was filmed in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It was theatrically released on August 25, 2006. At the funeral of their German-born grandfather Johann von Wolfhausen, brothers Jan and Todd Wolfhouse discover that family tradition demands they travel to Munich during Oktoberfest to spread his ashes on the Theresienwiese.
In Munich the brothers unintentionally start a brawl. They participate in Beerfest, an underground drinking game tournament, run by Baron Wolfgang von Wolfhausen, where they discover that the von Wolfhausens are related to the Wolfhouses; the German team reveals that Johann was a stable boy who stole the recipe for "the greatest beer in all ze world" decades ago and ran away with his prostitute mother, Gam Gam though they were ignorant of the fact that Jan and Todd could not be bothered to believe them. Swearing to get revenge on the Germans and Todd return to Colorado, where they recruit college drinking friends for an American Beerfest team, while keeping Gam Gam unaware of the competition. Among them are: Barry Badrinath, good at drinking games like Beer Pong and has since become a male prostitute, Charlie "Fink" Finklestein who has a PhD in Chemistry, extracting Frog Semen for Cloning experiments, Phil "Landfill" Krundle, known to drink copious amounts of beer. During the team's year of drinking training and Todd find out their grandfather did not steal the family beer recipe, but was the rightful heir to the family brewery in Bavaria.
The team uses the rediscovered recipe to brew Schnitzengiggle Beer, so good it makes them cry. After the German team receive a bottle of Schnitzengiggle in the mail, the Wolfhausen clan goes to America to take the recipe back. Following a confrontation between the Wolfhausens and Jan and Todd, the Wolfhausens forge evidence that Jan and Todd's restaurant has health issues, to put them out of business. Fink quits the team. Meanwhile, the Germans' agent Cherry steals the receipe off Fink's computer. Landfill discovers what she is doing, attempts to stop her. Cherry overpowers Landfill, but he turns the tables on her, only to be pushed into a vat full of beer, doomed to drown due to the yeast pulling him in. Minutes Jan discovers Landfill's body. Thinking he committed suicide due to his wife taking their kids and leaving him earlier because of the strain that his involvement was putting on their marriage, the team decides to disband. During Landfill's funeral, the remaining teammates grow despondent, following Fink's eulogy.
Gam Gam arrives, revealing she knew about Beerfest the entire time. She motivates them with a rousing speech, everyone, save for Barry, change their minds. Barry reveals that he cannot join due to a traumatizing incident years ago during a game of ping pong, in which a Paddle was forcefully shoved up his anus, shocking everyone including Gam Gam, who sympathizes with Barry, encourages him to rise above it, which causes him to relent and join the team. Shortly after, Landfill's Southern twin brother Gil reveals himself to the group and offers to join the team, an offer that they excitedly accept. Like his brother, Gil can drink copious amounts of beer and he invites the other members of the team to call him "Landfill" in honor of his dead brother. In Germany, the team uses an empty wooden keg as a Trojan Horse to get inside, where they emerge to boos and jeers; the Americans are allowed to participate after Jan and Todd show how uncannily they resemble the two Beerfest founders, thus convincing the crowd of their von Wolfhausen ancestry.
In the finals, Cherry tells Gil at a crucial moment how his brother Phil died, causing Gil to crack and the Germans to win. Jan offers the Germans a double or nothing opportunity; the Germans tell Jan they have the recipe and thus no need for a rematch, but Fink points out that Cherry only stole a recipe for a low-carb strawberry beer, which prompts Wolfgang to have Cherry killed. When one of the von Wolfhausens knocks off Fink's yarmulke, he enters into a state of purely concentrated rage which allows him to coach the team to victory gaining the win when the German team's anchor fails to finish "Das Boot" by one drop. In the post credits, the team go to Amsterdam to celebrate their victory in winning the brewery. Upon their travels they find Willie Nelson, in need of a team for an international pot smoking contest. Paul Soter as Jan Wolfhouse Erik Stolhanske as Todd Wolfhouse / Baron Ludwig von Wolfhausen Cloris Leachman as Great Gam Gam Wolfhouse Donald Sutherland as Johann von Wolfhouse Jay Chandrasekhar as Barry Badrinath/Blind Sikh Kevin Heffernan as Phil "Landfill" Krundle / Gil "Landfill" Krundle/Random Sausage Lady Blanchard Ryan as Krista Krundle Steve Lemme as Charlie "Fink" Finkelstein/Emcee Jürgen Prochnow as Bar
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Flavor of Love Girls: Charm School
Flavor of Love Girls: Charm School, known as Charm School: Flavor of Love Girls in Europe, is the first season of the VH1 reality show Charm School. It is a spin-off of Flavor of Love created by the producers of The Surreal Life and Flavor of Love spin-off I Love New York, it is hosted by comedian actress Mo'Nique, assisted by talent agency president Keith Lewis and magazine beauty director Mikki Taylor, features thirteen contestants from the first two seasons of Flavor of Love, assigned the challenge of developing proper etiquette in a competition for $50,000 and the title of "Charm School Queen." The show was recorded over 25 days in an Encino mansion during Fall 2006. Saaphyri Windsor was named Charm School Queen and was awarded the $50,000. Check Thyself Before Thou Wreck Thyself Thou Shalt Goeth, Girl Thou Shalt Show Some Class Thou Shalt Work What Thou Art Working With Thou Shalt Spit Mad Game With Style Thou Shalt Mind Thy Money Thou Shalt Payeth It Back Thou Shalt Represent Unless Thou Can Play, Thou Wilt Be Played Thou Shalt Be Fully Fabulous *Saaphyri did not receive a nickname on Flavor of Love.
The contestant won the show. The contestant was safe from expulsion; the contestant was safe from expulsion. The contestant was at risk for expulsion; the contestant was expelled. The contestant was the judge of the challenge. First aired April 15, 2007 Each girl was introduced and the audience was told why they were chosen to go to Charm School, via clips from Flavor of Love. From the first season, Smiley returned due to her emotional outbursts the one the night of her elimination. From the second season, Saaphyri returned due to her fight with H-Town and her subsequent elimination an hour into the competition; the headmistress of this season ended up being Mo'Nique. As they entered the house, two people were introduced to assist Mo'Nique in eliminations: Mikki, an Essence magazine editor, Keith, from an entertainment agency and beauty pageant coordinator. All the girls received their pledge pins from Mo'Nique and threw out their name tags with their nicknames from when they were on Flavor of Love.
Saaphyri was the only contestant on Charm School without a nickname, due to her disqualification for fighting with another contestant before she received one on Flavor of Love 2. From this point forward, each contestant was referred to using their real names. A mixer was held for the girls to have talks with Mo'Nique and the deans. For their first challenge, the girls went on a sisterhood retreat, having to take a two-mile hike to their campsite from the bus with each of them lugging items for the camp. Thela blew a fuse, saying she has an "Achilles heel" and can't hike two miles in the woods, she ended up doing it. Schatar was the first to reach the campsite, but came with only one log and a bag of candy while the rest of the group reach the campsite with the rest of the items. At camp, the girls struggled with preparing food. Thela starts to lose patience as no one helps her find a can opener, she has a minor breakdown. Leilene tries to comfort her. Mikki appeared at the campsite that night to instruct the girls to nominate two captains for each team for the next day’s challenge: Saaphyri was nominated, Leilene stepped up to be a captain.
Early in the morning, the girls received a wake-up call from a Drill Sergeant who took them to a marine boot camp obstacle course. Becky remarks that he was cute. Darra gripes, as she is not athletic. Keith and the Drill Sergeant appeared as well, showing the girls the course will teach them the value of teamwork, afterwards, a member of the losing team was expelled. Despite being instructed to choose the teammates that would help the team to win, Leilene picked Thela and Darra, so their feelings wouldn't be hurt, she showed her weakness as a captain and it continued to show when she tried to motivate them, did not have a strategy. Saaphyri's team won the challenge, as Darra could not get over the rope wall in the obstacle course and had to be pulled down by her teammates, costing the challenge for the team. Before the elimination, Thela went to Mo'Nique's office to have a one-on-one with her; this meeting is damaging to Thela because she says that when she gets angry, she "cannot see". She admits to getting high and Mo'Nique believed that she was high during the interview.
Larissa remarks that if Thela could get a one-on-one with Mo'Nique, it was unfair that everyone can't have one. At the elimination and Darra were called out for their weakness, but Thela was eliminated. Mo'Nique mentioned that Thela could have been a potential hazard to herself and the rest of the girls, it was best if she was expelled. Challenge Winner: Saaphyri, Courtney, Larissa, Shay Bottom 3: Darra, Thela Expelled: ThelaReasons For Eliminat
Ugly Betty is an American comedy-drama television series developed by Silvio Horta, broadcast on ABC between 2006 and 2010. It revolves around the character Betty Suarez who, despite her lack of style, lands a job at a prestigious fashion magazine; the series is based on Fernando Gaitán's Colombian telenovela Yo soy Betty, la fea, which has had many other international adaptations. It was produced by Silent H, Reveille Productions partnered with ABC Studios and executive produced by Salma Hayek, Silvio Horta, Ben Silverman, Jose Tamez, Joel Fields; the pilot was filmed in New York. During its first three seasons, it aired on Thursday nights, where it was successful. However, viewership dropped in the show's third season in the important 18–49 age group. In October 2009, the series was moved to Fridays; the backlash from its fans prompted ABC to move the show to Wednesdays at 10:00 pm Eastern/9:00 pm Central starting January 6, 2010, where it was thought that it would better complement its Wednesday hits Modern Family and Cougar Town.
Despite this, on January 27, 2010, ABC announced. Since the show's cancellation, it has gained a cult following. With the end of the series, there was talk of a push by Ana Ortiz and America Ferrera for an Ugly Betty movie; the idea to bring Ugly Betty to American TV screens began in 2001 when NBC was planning to adapt Betty as a half-hour comedy, which would be produced by Sony Pictures Television but it didn't get past the planning stages until ABC and Hayek's company came on board in 2004 and retooled it as an hour-long comedy-drama. Two years on May 16, 2006, ABC announced that Ugly Betty would be part of the 2006–2007 North American season lineup as a weekly hour-long series. ABC had announced the title of the series would be Betty the Ugly, a change from its developmental title, but changed it back to Ugly Betty on July 14, 2006, although the Ugly Betty title was being used in promotions prior to this date on Citytv. There was speculation that the show would be a daily serial that would have debuted as a summer 2006 or midseason 2007 entry, but given the buzz and growing interest in the show, the network decided to make it a weekly series instead.
On August 8, 2006, ABC decided at the last minute to make a schedule change to move Ugly Betty from its announced Friday 8 p.m. time period to Thursday at 8 p.m. replacing sitcoms Notes from the Underbelly and Big Day as a lead-in to top-rated program Grey's Anatomy, due to the growing interest in the show. The program's pilot was tested on several cable providers to gauge interest and feedback from viewers, most notably the Hispanic community, including those who are fans of the original Betty, who hoped that ABC would maintain the integrity of the original. ABC allowed its affiliates to show free off-air screenings to the public at various events ahead of the show's debut. In addition the network screened the debut episode on the web and made the episodes available for download on iTunes after their initial airings on January 5, 2007; the encore episodes have run on ABC Family and SOAPnet, both of which have aired marathons of the show. On October 13, 2006, ABC ordered a full season pick-up for the series, beyond the original 13 ordered at the May Upfronts due to its premiere ratings.
ABC announced 22 episodes for the season 1, but increased the number of episodes by one to 23. The season finale is the episode called "East Side Story." On March 21, 2007, ABC renewed the series for a second season. Although he joined NBC as their new entertainment head, Ben Silverman remained co-executive producer on the show, but in a limited role. In November 2007, the cast of the series made headlines when they threw their support behind the 2007 Writers' Strike by joining them on the picket line in solidarity. Ferrera commented on the reason why they did this: "The issues coming up with the actors' contracts are similar to what the writers are dealing with right now, we have to stay united and stand strong within the creative community for what we believe is fair." On November 25, the cast appeared in a 38-second video for "Speechless Hollywood" in which a black & white camera pulled away from a close up of Ferrera to show her co-stars sitting next to her as they look directly at the camera without speaking.
On February 11, 2008, ABC picked up Ugly Betty for the 2008–09 television season, along with nine other shows. On the day the renewal was announced, two of the show's executive producers, Marco Pennette and James Hayman, were let go; the departure of Pennette and Hayman added to the constant off-camera turnovers on the series, including the exiting or firing of five writers. In a Q&A from TV Guide, Michael Ausiello criticized the decision, saying "that someone saw fit to fix what wasn't broken" and praised the two men for writing several of the show's best episodes; these turn of events may have contributed to Rebecca Romijn's decision to no longer be a full-time regular on the series in the third season, citing the move by new writers to make changes in the direction of several characters Romijn's role as Alexis. With the strike over as of February 12, there was the possibility for seven new episodes to be completed by April, bringing the number of second-season episodes produced to 20, but only 18 episodes were produced.
As a result of the strike, creator Silvio Horta delayed plans for a musical episode and having Lindsay Lohan on board for a possible
Philip Andre "Mickey" Rourke Jr. is an American actor and former boxer, who has appeared as a leading man in drama and thriller films. During the 1980s, Rourke starred in the comedy-drama Diner, the drama Rumble Fish, the crime-black comedy film The Pope of Greenwich Village, the erotic drama 9½ Weeks, he received critical praise for his work in the Charles Bukowski biopic Barfly and the horror mystery Angel Heart. In 1991, Rourke teamed up with Don Johnson and Tom Sizemore in the cult classic action film Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man. After retiring from boxing in 1994, Rourke returned to acting and had supporting roles in several films, including the drama The Rainmaker, the comedy-drama Buffalo'66, the thriller-remake of Get Carter, the mystery film The Pledge, the crime dark comedy-drama Spun, the action film Once Upon a Time in Mexico and the action thriller Man on Fire, playing the role of a corrupt lawyer, it was around this time that Rourke suffered from the first of his botched cosmetic surgeries after enduring fractures of the nose and cheek bones.
In 2005, Rourke made his comeback in mainstream Hollywood circles with a lead role in the neo-noir action thriller Sin City, for which he won awards from the Chicago Film Critics Association, the Irish Film and Television Awards, the Online Film Critics Society. In the 2008 film The Wrestler, Rourke portrayed a past-his-prime wrestler. Since Rourke has appeared in several commercially successful films, including the 2010 films Iron Man 2 and The Expendables and the 2011 film Immortals. Philip Andre Rourke Jr. was born in Schenectady, New York, the son of Annette and Philip Andre Rourke. His father was of Irish and German descent, his mother had Scottish, French and German ancestry, he still practices his faith. His father, an amateur body builder, left the family. After his parents divorced, his mother married Eugene Addis, a Miami Beach police officer with five sons, moved Rourke, his younger brother, their sister to South Florida. There, he graduated from Miami Beach Senior High School in 1971.
During his teenage years, Rourke focused his attention on sports. He took up self-defense training at the Boys Club of Miami, it was there that he decided on an amateur career. At age 12, Rourke won his first boxing match as a 112-pound flyweight, fighting some of his early matches under the name Phil Rourke, he continued his boxing training in Miami Beach, Florida. In 1969, Rourke weighing 140 pounds, sparred with former World Welterweight Champion Luis Rodríguez. Rodriguez was the number one–rated middleweight boxer in the world and was training for his match with world champion Nino Benvenuti. Rourke claims to have received a concussion from his sparring match with Rodriguez. At the 1971 Florida Golden Gloves, Rourke suffered another concussion in a boxing match. After being told by doctors to take a year off and rest, Rourke temporarily retired from the ring. From 1964 to 1973, Rourke compiled an amateur boxing record of 27 wins and 3 defeats, which included a first-round knockout win over John Carver and decision victories over Ronnie Carter and Javier Villanueva.
Rourke's amateur boxing record was 3 losses. In 1971, as a senior at Miami Beach Senior High School, Rourke had a small acting role in the Jay W. Jensen–directed school play The Serpent. However, Rourke's interests were geared to boxing, he never appeared in any other school productions. Soon after he temporarily gave up boxing, a friend at the University of Miami told Rourke about a play he was directing and how the man playing the role of Green Eyes had quit. Rourke got the part and became enamored with acting. Borrowing $400 from his sister, he moved to New York, working an assortment of odd jobs while studying with Actors Studio alumni Walter Lott and Sandra Seacat, it was under the latter's tutelage, Rourke recalled, that "everything started to click."Seacat motivated Rourke to find his father, from whom he had been separated for more than twenty years. During his appearance on Inside the Actors Studio, after the release of The Wrestler, host James Lipton disclosed that Rourke had been selected to the Actors Studio in his first audition, which Elia Kazan is reported to have said was the "best audition in thirty years".
Appearing in television films during the late 1970s, Rourke made his feature film debut with a small role in Steven Spielberg's 1941. He played Ritchie, Dennis Christopher's bullying and ill-fated co-worker in the 1980 slasher film Fade to Black. However, it was in 1981, with his portrayal of an arsonist in Body Heat, that Rourke first received significant attention, despite his modest time on screen; the following year, he drew further critical accolades for his portrayal as the suave compulsive gambler "Boogie" Sheftell in Barry Levinson's Diner, in which Rourke co-starred, alongside Paul Reiser, Daniel Stern, Steve Guttenberg, Tim Daly and Kevin Bacon. Soon thereafter, Rourke starred in Francis Ford Coppola's follow-up to The Outsiders. Rourke's performance in the film The Pope of Greenwich Village alongside Daryl Hannah and Eric Roberts caught the attention of critic
An open mic or open mike is a live show at a coffeehouse, comedy club, strip club, institution or pub at which audience members who are amateur performers or professionals who want to try out new material or plug an upcoming show are given the opportunity to perform onstage. As the name suggests, the performer is provided with a microphone, plugged into a PA system, to make the individual's performance loud enough for the audience to hear; the performers sign up in advance for a time slot with the host or master of ceremonies an experienced performer or the venue manager or owner. The master of ceremonies may screen potential candidates for suitability for the venue and give individuals a time to perform in the show; these events are focused on performance arts like poetry and spoken word and comedy. Less small groups, such as a small rock band duo/trio or a comedy duo may appear. Group performances are uncommon, because of the space and the logistics of loading in and soundchecking such a group.
In strip club terms, amateur night is a contest for everyday women and men who compete for a cash prize by taking their clothes off just like everyday strippers. Open mic nights may have no cover charge, or a low cover charge, although the venue may have a gratuity jar or "pass the hat" for donations. Venues that have no charge make revenue from selling alcoholic beverages and food; the performers are not paid, although the venue may recompense the performers with a beverage or meal. The host or MC, as an experienced professional, is paid for her/his services; the host or MC may perform at some point during the evening, either a full set or to fill in when an amateur member is not available for her/his slot. Open mic events are somewhat related to jam sessions, in that in both cases amateur performers are given the opportunity to sing or play instruments; the difference is that jam sessions involve musical ensembles even a house band or rhythm section and a jam session may involve the participation of professional performers at a high-end jazz club.
Poetry and spoken word open mics feature a host, a poet or spoken word artist and spoken word artists, audience members. A sign-up is done that the host has a list of names to call from; some spoken word artists use pseudonyms or stage names. Poetry/spoken word open mics range from laid back, serene settings to lively sessions where readers and/or performers compete for audience applause, they are held in libraries, coffee houses, cafes and bars. Each poet or spoken word artist is asked to keep their performances to a minimum/specified time slot, giving each performer enough time to share some of their work with the audience; the host or MC acts as a "gatekeeper", determining. If a performer goes over their time limit, the host diplomatically thanks the performer for their contribution and asks them to yield the stage for the next performer. Stand-up comedy open mic nights can be held at established comedy clubs, but they are more held at other venues with or without a stage the upstairs or back room of a pub or bar, colleges, rock clubs, coffeehouses.
They are held in uncommon areas such as strip clubs and comic book shops. Such nights give newer or emerging comedians an opportunity to practice and improve, with a view to getting paid work in the future; those underage must have their parents attend clubs with them. More experienced comedians may use open mics as an opportunity to work out newer material or a new character, as the audience is not paying in anticipation of seeing their normal act. In a typical open mic night, acts will get three to seven minutes of stage time, but more experienced acts may get ten or more minutes. A first-time open mic-er needs three minutes of material for a five-minute slot. An open mic should be more than fifteen acts. A comedian will get "the light" one minute before their set is over, to finish up the joke they're on. There are booked regular open mics and "bringer" shows. A booked show is booked week in advance with some lottery spots selected by pulling candidates' names from a hat. With a regular open mic, a person puts their name on the list and they go on when their name is called by the host.
With a "bringer" show, each performer has to bring a certain number of people to get on stage. Open mic shows may have a reduced cover charge, or a minimum drink requirement. Open mic comedy nights are most widespread in larger English-speaking cities with a well-established stand-up comedy scene London and New York. In these cities, with a plethora of aspiring comedians, the greatest challenge may be in attracting an audience. To other comics at an open mic, a comedian's failure is hilarious; these shows provide an opportunity for emerging musicians to gain experience performing to a live audience without having to go through the process of getting normal music gigs, difficult to do without experience or a demo recording. Open mics provide an outlet for singer-songwriters. Prior to their popularity, the only outlet were folk clubs, which were not always friendly towards creators of new music, preferring traditional, well-known music, they suggested that music performed by acoustic musicians or solo artists in this manner would be folk music, a misconception that still com