Iwashimizu Hachimangū is a Shinto shrine in the city of Yawata in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. The shrine's Heian period connections with the Kyoto and the Imperial family date from its founding in 859 when construction on its earliest structures commenced. Shrine tradition explains that Emperor Seiwa ordered the shrine to be built in obeisance to an oracle in which the god Hachiman expressed the desire to be near to Kyoto to watch over the city and the Imperial House of Japan; this vision was reported by a Buddhist monk, Gyōkyō, who had a second vision which led to selecting the Otokoyama location where the shrine now stands. Like other Hachiman shrines, until 1868 Iwashimizu was a shrine-temple complex called Iwashimizu Hachimangū-ji dedicated to Buddhism as much as to kami worship; the shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period. In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers were sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan; these heihaku were presented to 16 shrines including the Ōharano Shrine.
The shrine's importance and influence grew in succeeding centuries. The shrine sought to maintain its traditional exemption from contributing to paying the costs of military forces. In time, the bakufu faded away. Iwashimizu Hachimangū and Ise Shrine were specified for "the two ancestral mausoleum" in the Middle Ages. 1456: Ashikaga Yoshimasa visited Iwashimizu Shrine. From 1871 through 1946, Iwashimizu Hachimangū was designated one of the Kanpei-taisha, meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines. Other honored Hachiman shrines were Usa Shrine of Usa in Ōita Prefecture and Hakozaki-gū of Fukuoka in Fukuoka Prefecture. In 979, Emperor Enyū visited the shrine. In the Shōhei era, Emperor Murakami visited Iwashimizu in person. After the Ōnin war, Imperial visits were held in abeyance for 200 years; the shrine is dedicated to the veneration of Hachiman, the Shinto kami or spirit guardian of Imperial legitimacy. Since the time of its founding in 859, Hachiman has been recognized as Emperor Ojin.
A 2005 survey of the treasures at Iwashimizu revealed, among other things, the existence of a kris, a jeweled Indonesian dagger, exhibited at Kyoto National Museum as part of an exhibit entitled "Famous Swords from Kyoto's Temples and Shrines." List of Shinto shrines Twenty-Two Shrines Modern system of ranked Shinto Shrines Minamoto no Yorinobu Minamoto no Yoriyoshi Breen and Mark Teeuwen.. Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2362-7. Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0. Shinzō: Hachiman Imagery and Its Development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-80650-4 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard.. The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887 ____________.. Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 399449 ____________.. Vicissitudes of Shinto. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 36655 Maas, Jeffrey P.. Yoritomo and the Founding of the First Bakufu: The Origins of Dual Government in Japan.
Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3591-9 Titsingh, Isaac.. Nihon Odai Ichiran. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Iwashimizu Hachimangū web site Photos of Iwashimizu Hachimangū and references in ancient Japanese literature
Ōmiwa Shrine known as Miwa Shrine, is a Shinto shrine located in Sakurai, Japan. The shrine is noted because it contains no sacred images or objects because it is believed to serve Mount Miwa, the mountain on which it stands. For the same reason, it no place for the deity to be housed. In this sense, it is a model of. Ōmiwa Shrine is one of the oldest extant Shinto shrines in Japan and the site has been sacred ground for some of the earliest religious practices in Japan. Because of this, it has sometimes been named as Japan's first shrine. Ōmiwa Shrine is a tutelary shrine of the Japanese sake brewers. Ōmiwa Shrine's history is related to Mount Miwa and the religious practices surrounding the mountain. In the early Kofun period, Yamato kings and leaders had shifted their attention to kami worship on Mount Miwa, Ōmiwa Shrine was the major institution for this branch of worship; the style of Shinto surrounding Miwa became known as Miwa Shinto, is set apart from previous practices by a more structured theological philosophy.
The shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period. In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers be sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan; these heihaku were presented to 16 shrines, including Ōmiwa.Ōmiwa was designated as the chief Shinto shrine for the former Yamato Province. From 1871 through 1946, Ōmiwa was designated one of the Kanpei-taisha, meaning that it stood in the first rank among government supported shrines; the Ōmiwa Shrine is directly linked to Mount Miwa in that the mountain is the shrine's shintai, or "kami-body", instead of a building housing a "kami-body". This type of mountain worship is found in the earliest forms of Shinto, has been employed at Suwa Shrine in Nagano, at Isonokami Shrine in Nara and Munakata Shrine in Fukuoka. According to the chronicle Nihon Shoki, Emperor Sujin appealed to Mount Miwa's kami when Japan was crippled by plague. In response, the kami Ōmononushi demanded rituals be performed for him at Mount Miwa.
He demanded that the rites be led by Ōtata Neko, his half-kami, half-human son born from the union with a woman of the Miwa clan. Ōta Taneko performed the rites to satisfaction, the plague subsided. A building dedicated to Ōta Taneko was erected in his honor. A legendary white snake is said to live in around the shrine, is one of the kami worshipped there. Indeed and the snake cult figures in the myths surrounding Mount Miwa as well as early Shinto in general; the Ōmiwa shrine complex includes notable auxiliary shrines, including 12 Sessha and 28 massha which are marked by small structures falling under Ōmiwa's jurisdiction. For example, the sessha Ikuhi jinja enshrines the kami, appointed Ōmiwa's sake brewer in the 4th month of the 8th year of the reign of Emperor Sujin. A poem associated with Ikuhi is said to have been composed by Empress Jingū on the occasion of a banquet for her son, Emperor Ōjin: This is sacred sake is not my sacred sake; this sacred sake brewed by Ōmononushi How long ago How long ago.
Ōmiwa Shrine is situated in a quiet forest, built directly in front of Mount Miwa. An ancient Japanese cedar tree can be found on shrine compound, is considered sacred; the mountain itself serves as main hall, instead of a man-made building. Decorations in the form of Borromean rings are found throughout the shrine's buildings; this ornamentation symbolizes the three rings, as "Miwa" is written with the kanji for "three" and "ring". Built in 1984, at 32 m the torii on its sandō is the second highest in Japan; the shrine has a great shime torii, an ancient form of gate made only with two posts and a rope called shimenawa. It is one of few shrines; this gate is one of the few to have doors, which bar access to the mountain it enshrines. The buildings at Ōmiwa Shrine are a mix of structures built from ancient times to the Edo period; the entire shrine compound The 17th century haiden, or prayer hall, built with cypress bark roofing The "Triple-torii" The shinden dedicated to Ōtata Neko. Suit of bronze armor, lacquered red A copy of the Book of Zhou, scroll number 19.
Asteroid 24640 Omiwa Koshintō List of Shinto shrines Modern system of ranked Shinto Shrines Mount Miwa Twenty-Two Shrines Official Site Official Site
Yawata is a city located in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2015, the city has an estimated population of 72,664, with 29,259 households and a population density of 2,984.1 persons per km². The total area is 24.35 km². The city was founded on November 1, 1977 and has a sister city in Milan, Ohio; as the bamboo filaments Thomas Alva Edison used for his early light bulb tests came from Kyoto, Yawata has an Edison Memorial and Edison Celebration. The Iwashimizu Hachimangu is located in Yawata. Yawata City official website Edison Ceremonial
Ukyō-ku is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. The meaning of ukyō is "on the Emperor's right." When residing in the Kyoto Imperial Palace the emperor would sit facing south, thus the western direction would be to his right. There is a ward to the east called Sakyō-ku, meaning "the ward on the Emperor's left." In old times, ukyō was referring to the western part of the capital. The area of ancient Ukyō overlaps the area of present Ukyō-ku. On April 1, 2005, the ward expanded its territory to the area of former town of Keihoku when the town merged into the city of Kyoto; this increased the ward's territory from 74.27 km² to 291.95 km². As of October 1, 2016, the ward has an estimated population of 204,135, with 95,297 households and a density of 699 persons per km². Ukyo-ku is home to many renowned sites, including Arashiyama, a hill famed for its maple leaves and the Togetsu-kyō, the Bridge to the Moon Ninna-ji, a Buddhist temple with a fine pagoda Ryōan-ji, the Zen Buddhist temple with the karesansui garden Tenryū-ji,the head temple of the Tenryū branch of Rinzai Zen Buddhism Sagano, a neighborhood with many temples, including the Nonomiya Shrine as well as Rakushi-sha, the Fallen Persimmon Hut Uzumasa, the location of Kōryū-ji, a temple founded before Kyoto became the Imperial capital.
The neighborhood is the home of the Toei Uzumasa Eigamura studios and the center of Japan's television and film industries. Rohm, an electronic parts manufacturer,Nissin Electric, a global electrical equipment company and the multinational Dynic Corporation are headquartered in the ward. Kyoto Prefectural Sagano High School Kyoto Gaidai Nishi High School Kitasaga Senior High School Kitakuwada High School Hanazono Senior High School Kyoto Gakuen High School Kyoto Koka Senior High School Kyoto University of Foreign Studies Kyoto Gakuen University - Kyoto Uzumasa Campus Kyoto Koka Women's University Kyoto Saga University of Arts North Korean school: Kyoto Korean No. 2 Elementary School. Sights of Ukyō-ku Media related to Ukyō-ku, Kyoto at Wikimedia Commons Ukyō official website
Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture. Eight temples and ruins in Nara remain: Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji, the Heijō Palace, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During 710 CE - 784 CE, Nara was the capital of Japan, the Emperor lived there before moving the capital to Kyoto. By the Heian period, a variety of different characters had been used to represent the name Nara: 乃楽, 乃羅, 平, 平城, 名良, 奈良, 奈羅, 常, 那良, 那楽, 那羅, 楢, 諾良, 諾楽, 寧, 寧楽 and 儺羅. A number of theories for the origin of the name Nara have been proposed, some of the better-known ones are listed here; the second theory in the list, by notable folklorist Kunio Yanagita, is most accepted at present. The Nihon Shoki suggests. According to this account, in September in the tenth year of Emperor Sujin, "leading selected soldiers went forward, climbed Nara-yama and put them in order.
Now the imperial forces flattened trees and plants. Therefore the mountain is called Nara-yama." Though the narrative itself is regarded as a folk etymology and few researchers regard it as historical, this is the oldest surviving suggestion, is linguistically similar to the following theory by Yanagita. "Flat land" theory: In his 1936 study of placenames, the author Kunio Yanagita states that "the topographical feature of an area of gentle gradient on the side of a mountain, called taira in eastern Japan and hae in the south of Kyushu, is called naru in the Chūgoku region and Shikoku. This word gives rise to the verb narasu, adverb narashi, adjective narushi." This is supported by entries in a dialect dictionary for nouns referring to flat areas: naru and naro. Yanagita further comments that the way in which the fact that so many of these placenames are written using the character 平, or other characters in which it is an element, demonstrates the validity of this theory. Citing a 1795 document, Inaba-shi from the province of Inaba, the eastern part of modern Tottori, as indicating the reading naruji for the word 平地, Yanagita suggests that naruji would have been used as a common noun there until the modern period.
Of course, the fact that "Nara" was written 平 or 平城 as above is further support for this theory. The idea that Nara is derived from 楢 nara is the next most common opinion; this idea was suggested by Yoshida Togo. This noun for the plant can be seen as early as in Man ` Harima-no-kuni Fudoki; the latter book states the place name Narahara in Harima derives from this nara tree, which might support Yoshida's theory. Note that the name of the nearby city of Kashihara contains a semantically similar morpheme. Nara could be a loan word from Korean nara; this idea was put forward by a linguist Matsuoka Shizuo. Not much about the Old Korean language is known today, the first written attestation of a word ancestral to Modern Korean nara is as late as the 15th century, such as in Yongbieocheonga, Wolinseokbo, or Beophwagyeongeonhae, there is no evidence that proves the word existed as far back as the 7th century; these 15th-century books used narah, an old form of nara in Korean, its older form might be reconstructed *narak.
American linguist Christopher I. Beckwith infers the Korean narak derives from the late Middle Old Chinese 壌, from early *narak, has no connection with Goguryoic and Japanese na. Kusuhara et al. points out this hypothesis cannot account for the fact there are lots of places named Nara and Naro besides this Nara. There is the idea. In some Tungusic languages such as Orok, na means land or the like; some have speculated about a connection between these Tungusic words and Old Japanese nawi, an archaic and somewhat obscure word that appears in the verb phrases nawi furu and nawi yoru. The "Flat land" theory is adopted by Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, various dictionaries for place names, history books on Nara and the like today, it is regarded as the most likely. By decree of an edict on March 11, 708 AD, Empress Genmei ordered the court to relocate to the new capital, Nara. Once known as Heijō or Heijō-kyō, the city was established as Japan’s first permanent capital in 710 CE. Heijō, as the ‘penultimate court’, was abandoned by the order of Emperor Kammu in 784 CE in favor of the temporary site of Nagaoka, Kyoto which retained the status of capital for 1,100 years, until the Meiji Emperor made the final move to Edo