Dagens Nyheter, abbreviated DN, is a daily newspaper in Sweden. It is published in aspires to full national and international coverage. Dagens Nyheter was founded by Rudolf Wall in December 1864; the first issue was published on 23 December 1864. During its initial period the paper was published in the morning. In 1874 the paper became a joint stock company, its circulation in 1880 was 15,000 copies. In the 1890s, Wall left Dagens Nyheter and soon after, the paper became the organ of the Liberal Party. From 1946 to 1959 Herbert Tingsten was the executive editor; the newspaper is owned by the Bonnier Group. Dagens Nyheter operates from the so-called "DN-skrapan" in Stockholm; this was designed by the architect Paul Hedqvist. It has 27 floors, none of which are underground. In 1996, the entire enterprise moved to its current location on Gjörwellsgatan, adjacent to the old tower; the newspaper Expressen owned by the Bonnier Group, is located in this building as well. Opinion leaders choose Dagens Nyheter as the venue for publishing major opinion editorials.
The stated position of the editorial page is "independently liberal". However, it left its formal alliance with the liberal establishment in the country in 1972. In the 1960s the circulation of Dagens Nyheter was much higher than that of other Swedish dailies; the paper has the largest circulation among the Swedish morning newspapers followed by Göteborgs-Posten and Svenska Dagbladet, is the only morning newspaper, distributed to subscribers across the whole country. In 2001 its circulation was 361,000 copies; the 2004 circulation of the paper was 363,000 copies. The circulation of the paper was 363,100 copies in weekdays in 2005 and had dropped to 292,300 copies in 2010. In 2013, the print edition of Dagens Nyheter had a circulation of 282,800 copies, reaching an approximate 758,000 persons every day; the web edition, dn.se, had on average 1.5 million unique visitors per week during 2013. List of newspapers in Sweden Official website in Swedish
National Property Board of Sweden
The National Property Board of Sweden is a Swedish State administrative authority, organised under the Ministry of Finance. SFV is responsible for managing a portion of the real property assets owned by the State; the portfolio consists of more than 2,300 properties, or 3,000 buildings. SFV was established in 1993, after the National Board of Public Building split into several smaller units, including Akademiska Hus, Vasakronan and SFV; the agency took over the responsibility for a portion of the State's real estate portfolio. The National Property Board Sweden is organised into seven property areas; the head office is located in Stockholm, the agency is led by Director-General Björn Anderson. Crown palaces in Sweden The National Property Board Sweden – Official site
Malmö Municipality, or City of Malmö, is a municipality in Scania, the southernmost Swedish province. When the first Swedish local government acts were implemented in 1863, the Old City of Malmö was made one of the country's 88 city municipalities and the first city council was elected; the municipal territory has been augmented through mergers in 1911, 1915, 1931, 1935, 1952, 1967 and in 1971. In 1971, the city was converted into a municipality of unitary type, like all others in Sweden. Malmö Municipality, styles itself Malmö stad in all cases when it is possible; this is a decision taken by the municipal assembly. It has no effect on the legal status of the municipality. There are four smaller localities in the municipality; the localities are listed in the table according to the size of the population in 2010. The municipal seat is in bold characters. Note that a small part of Malmö is situated in Burlöv Municipality. After a reform on 1 July 2013, Malmö Municipality is divided into five city districts.
They manage public kindergartens and geriatric care within their geographical areas, provide funds for local cultural and recreational activities. There are 136 neighbourhoods. Before the reform on July 2013, Malmö Municipality was divided into ten city districts after the 1996 City District Reform; the municipal legislative body of the municipality is the 61-member municipal assembly, elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. The assembly appoints the municipality's main governing bodies, the 11-member executive committee and the 8 governing commissioners; the executive committee and the commissioners are headed by a municipal commissioner or "mayor". The mayor is Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh of the Social Democratic Party. There are seven political parties represented in the council elected in 2014: Social Democratic Party, Moderate Party, Sweden Democrats, Green Party, Left Party, Liberal People's Party and Feminist Initiative; as of 2011, Malmö has town twinning treaties of co-operation signed with 13 cities.
Of these, cooperation is closest with Newcastle, the province of Chieti and with Vaasa. The complete list of cities is the following: Metropolitan Malmö Malmö stad - official website Malmostadwebbvideo - official YouTube channel
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
José Rafael Moneo Vallés is a Spanish architect. He won the Pritzker Prize for architecture in 1996 and the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 2003. Born in Tudela, Moneo studied at the ETSAM, Technical University of Madrid from which he received his architectural degree in 1961. From the Davis Art Museum at Wellesley College in Massachusetts and the Audrey Jones Beck Building. Moneo designed the Chace Center, a new building for the Rhode Island School of Design. In December 2010, the Northwest Corner Building at Columbia University in New York City first opened. Moneo's most recent work is Peretsman-Scully Hall and the Princeton Neuroscience Institute, which houses the psychology and neuroscience departments at Princeton University and opened in December 2013. In 2012, he was awarded with 2012 Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts. According to the jury, Moneo is a Spanish architect of universal scope whose work enriches urban spaces with an architecture, serene and meticulous. An acknowledged master in both the academic and professional field, Moneo leaves his own mark on each of his creations, at the same time as combining aesthetics with functionality in the airy interiors that act as impeccable settings for great works of culture and the spirit.
Davis Art Museum, Massachusetts Moderna Museet and Swedish Centre for Architecture and Design, Sweden Kursaal Congress Centre and Auditorium, San Sebastián, Basque Country, Spain Audrey Jones Beck Building, Texas Library of Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, Los Angeles, California Valladolid Science Museum, Spain Museo del Prado expansion, Spain New Library of the University of Deusto, Basque Country, Spain Northwest Corner Building, New York City, New York Princeton Neuroscience Institute, New Jersey Museum University of Navarra, Spain Pritzker Prize RIBA Royal Gold Medal Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts Praemium Imperiale Architectural renderings of the Chace Center Children's Hospital of Madrid Harvard University Laboratory for Integrated Science and Engineering The Moneo Gallery: Works of José Rafael Moneo Vallés "Prado museum unveils spacious new extension" Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate Short biography at www.greatbuildings.com
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman and sculptor, but is known as a painter. Matisse is regarded, along with Pablo Picasso, as one of the artists who best helped to define the revolutionary developments in the visual arts throughout the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture; the intense colorism of the works he painted between 1900 and 1905 brought him notoriety as one of the Fauves. Many of his finest works were created in the decade or so after 1906, when he developed a rigorous style that emphasized flattened forms and decorative pattern. In 1917 he relocated to a suburb of Nice on the French Riviera, the more relaxed style of his work during the 1920s gained him critical acclaim as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. After 1930, he adopted a bolder simplification of form; when ill health in his final years prevented him from painting, he created an important body of work in the medium of cut paper collage.
His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art. Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, in the Nord department in Northern France, the oldest son of a prosperous grain merchant, he grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois, France. In 1887 he went to Paris to study law, working as a court administrator in Le Cateau-Cambrésis after gaining his qualification, he first started to paint in 1889, after his mother brought him art supplies during a period of convalescence following an attack of appendicitis. He discovered "a kind of paradise" as he described it, decided to become an artist disappointing his father. In 1891 he returned to Paris to study art at the Académie Julian and became a student of William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Gustave Moreau, he painted still lifes and landscapes in a traditional style, at which he achieved reasonable proficiency. Matisse was influenced by the works of earlier masters such as Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Nicolas Poussin, Antoine Watteau, as well as by modern artists, such as Édouard Manet, by Japanese art.
Chardin was one of the painters Matisse most admired. In 1896, Matisse, an unknown art student at the time, visited the Australian painter John Russell on the island Belle Île off the coast of Brittany. Russell introduced him to Impressionism and to the work of Vincent van Gogh—who had been a friend of Russell—and gave him a Van Gogh drawing. Matisse's style changed completely, he said "Russell was my teacher, Russell explained colour theory to me." The same year, Matisse exhibited five paintings in the salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, two of which were purchased by the state. With the model Caroline Joblau, he had a daughter, born in 1894. In 1898 he married Amélie Noellie Parayre. Marguerite and Amélie served as models for Matisse. In 1898, on the advice of Camille Pissarro, he went to London to study the paintings of J. M. W. Turner and went on a trip to Corsica. Upon his return to Paris in February 1899, he worked beside Albert Marquet and met André Derain, Jean Puy, Jules Flandrin.
Matisse immersed himself in the work of others and went into debt from buying work from painters he admired. The work he hung and displayed in his home included a plaster bust by Rodin, a painting by Gauguin, a drawing by van Gogh, Cézanne's Three Bathers. In Cézanne's sense of pictorial structure and colour, Matisse found his main inspiration. Many of Matisse's paintings from 1898 to 1901 make use of a Divisionist technique he adopted after reading Paul Signac's essay, "D'Eugène Delacroix au Néo-impressionisme", his paintings of 1902–03, a period of material hardship for the artist, are comparatively somber and reveal a preoccupation with form. Having made his first attempt at sculpture, a copy after Antoine-Louis Barye, in 1899, he devoted much of his energy to working in clay, completing The Slave in 1903. Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued beyond 1910; the movement as such lasted only a few years, 1904–1908, had three exhibitions. The leaders of the movement were André Derain.
Matisse's first solo exhibition was without much success. His fondness for bright and expressive colour became more pronounced after he spent the summer of 1904 painting in St. Tropez with the neo-Impressionists Signac and Henri-Edmond Cross. In that year he painted the most important of his works in the neo-Impressionist style, Calme et Volupté. In 1905 he travelled southwards again to work with André Derain at Collioure, his paintings of this period are characterised by flat shapes and controlled lines, using pointillism in a less rigorous way than before. Matisse and a group of artists now known as "Fauves" exhibited together in a room at the Salon d'Automne in 1905; the paintings expressed emotion with wild dissonant colours, without regard for the subject's natural colours. Matisse showed Open Woman with the Hat at the Salon. Critic Louis Vauxcelles commented on a lone sculpture surround by an "orgie of pure tones" as "Donatello chez les fauves", referring to a Renaissance-type sculpture that shared the room with them.
His comment was printed on 17 October 1905 in Gil Blas, a daily newspaper, passed
Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle was a French-American sculptor and filmmaker. She was one of the few women artists known for monumental sculpture, but for her commitments, she had a difficult and traumatic education, which she wrote about decades later. After an early marriage and two children, she began creating art in a experimental style, she first received worldwide attention for angry, violent assemblages, shot by firearms. These evolved into Nanas, light-hearted, colorful, large-scale sculptures of animals and female figures, her most comprehensive work was the Tarot Garden, a large sculpture garden containing numerous works ranging up to house-sized creations. Her idiosyncratic style has been called "outsider art". Throughout her creative career, she collaborated with other well-known artists such as Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Larry Rivers, composer John Cage, architect Mario Botta, as well as dozens of less-known artists and craftspersons. For several decades, she worked closely with Swiss kinetic artist Jean Tinguely, who became her second husband.
In her years, she suffered from multiple chronic health problems attributed to repeated exposure to glass fibers and petrochemical fumes from the experimental materials she had used in her pioneering artworks, but she continued to create prolifically until the end of her life. A critic has observed that Saint Phalle's "insistence on exuberance and sensuality, her pursuit of the figurative and her bold use of color have not endeared her to everyone in a minimalist age", she was well known in Europe, but her work was little-seen in the US, until her final years in San Diego. Another critic said: "The French-born, American-raised artist is one of the most significant female and feminist artists of the 20th century, one of the few to receive recognition in the male-dominated art world during her lifetime". Marie-Agnès de Saint Phalle was born on October 29, 1930, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, near Paris, her father was Count André-Marie Fal de Saint Phalle, a French banker, her mother was an American, named Jeanne Jacqueline Harper.
Marie-Agnès was the second of five children, her double first cousin was French novelist Thérèse de Saint Phalle. Her birth was one year after Black Tuesday, the French economy was suffering in the aftermath of the infamous stock market crash that initiated the Great Depression. Within months of her birth, her father's finance company closed, her parents moved with her oldest brother to the suburbs of New York City. Around 1933, she rejoined her parents in Connecticut. In 1937, the family moved to East 88th Street in the affluent Upper East Side neighborhood of New York City. By this time, Marie-Agnès was known as "Niki", the name she would use from on. Niki grew up in a strict Catholic environment, against which she rebelled, her mother was temperamental and violent, beating the younger children, forcing them to eat if they were not hungry. Both of her younger siblings and Richard de Saint Phalle, would commit suicide as adults; the atmosphere at home was tense. Decades Niki would reveal that she had suffered years of sexual abuse from her father, starting at the age of 11.
She returned to France to visit relatives, becoming fluent in both French and American English. In 1937, she attended school at the Convent of the Sacred Heart on East 91st Street in Manhattan. After she was expelled in 1941, she rejoined her maternal grandparents, who had moved to Princeton, New Jersey, she attended the public school there, she returned to the Upper East Side and studied there at the Brearley School from 1942–1944, but was dismissed for painting in red the fig leaves on the school's classical statuary. Despite this, she would say it was there “ I became a feminist, they inculcated in us that women can and must accomplish great things.” She was enrolled in a convent school in Suffern, New York, but was expelled. She graduated from the Oldfields School in Glencoe, Maryland in 1947. During her late teenage years, Saint Phalle became a fashion model, she appeared in the pages of Elle and Harper's Bazaar. At the age of 18, Saint Phalle married Harry Mathews, whom she had first met the age of 11 through her father.
Six years they met each other by chance on a train to Princeton and soon became a couple. They had a civil ceremony on 6 June 1949 in New York City Hall. At the urging of Niki's mother, they had a religious rite at the French Church of New York the following February. Although her parents accepted the union, her husband's family objected to her Catholic background and cut them off financially, causing them to resort to occasional shoplifting, they moved to Massachusetts so Mathews could study music at Harvard University. Saint Phalle aimed to pursue a career in acting, their first child, was born in April 1951. In 1952, the small family moved to Paris, where Harry continued his studies in conducting at I’Ecole Norm