click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mods and rockers

Mods and rockers were two conflicting British youth subcultures of the early/mid 1960s to early 1970s. Media coverage of mods and rockers fighting in 1964 sparked a moral panic about British youth, the two groups became perceived as violent, unruly troublemakers; the rocker subculture was centred on motorcycling, their appearance reflected that. Rockers wore protective clothing such as black leather jackets and motorcycle boots; the style was influenced by Marlon Brando in The Wild One. The common rocker hairstyle was a pompadour, while their music genre of choice was 1950s rock and roll, played by artists including Eddie Cochran, Gene Vincent, Bo Diddley; the mod subculture was centred on fashion and music, many mods rode scooters. Mods wore suits and other cleancut outfits, listened to 1960s music genres such as soul and blues, beat music, British blues-rooted bands like The Yardbirds, the Small Faces, The Who, who wrote an evocative portrait of the cultures with their 1973 album Quadrophenia.

BBC News stories from May 1964 stated that mods and rockers were jailed after riots in seaside resort towns in Southern England, such as Margate, Brighton and Clacton. Conflicts took place at Clacton and Hastings during the Easter weekend of 1964. Round two took place on the south coast of England over the Whitsun weekend at Brighton, where fights lasted two days and moved along the coast to Hastings and back. A small number of rockers were isolated on Brighton beach where they – despite being protected by police – were overwhelmed and assaulted by mods. Calm was restored and a judge levied heavy fines, describing those arrested as "sawdust Caesars."Newspapers described the mod and rocker clashes as being of "disastrous proportions", labelled mods and rockers as "vermin" and "louts". Newspaper editorials fanned the flames of hysteria, such as a Birmingham Post editorial in May 1964, which warned that mods and rockers were "internal enemies" in the UK who would "bring about disintegration of a nation's character".

The magazine Police Review argued that the mods and rockers' purported lack of respect for law and order could cause violence to "surge and flame like a forest fire". As a result of this media coverage, two British Members of Parliament travelled to the seaside areas to survey the damage, MP Harold Gurden called for a resolution for intensified measures to control hooliganism. One of the prosecutors in the trial of some of the Clacton brawlers argued that mods and rockers were youths with no serious views, who lacked respect for law and order. There were occasional incidents thereafter; the punk band The Exploited recorded the song Fuck the Mods on the B-side of their first release and the record's back cover stated "To all the Edinburgh punks and skins - keep on mod-bashing!!". The band performed in Finsbury Park, London in 1981 on the same night that The Jam were playing nearby, there was fighting after the gigs between the mods who had watched The Jam and the rockers who had watched The Exploited.

His retrospective study of the mods and rockers conflict led sociologist Stanley Cohen to develop the term moral panic. In his 1972 study Folk Devils and Moral Panics, he examined media coverage of the mod and rocker riots in the 1960s, he concedes that mods and rockers had some fights in the mid-1960s, but argues that they were no different from the evening brawls that occurred between youths throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, both at seaside resorts and after football games. He argues that the UK media turned the mod subculture into a negative symbol of delinquent and deviant status. Cohen argues that as media hysteria about knife-wielding, violent mods increased, the image of a fur-collared anorak and scooter would "stimulate hostile and punitive reactions", he says the media used faked interviews with supposed rockers such as "Mick the Wild One". The media tried to exploit accidents that were unrelated to mod-rocker violence, such as an accidental drowning of a youth, which resulted in the headline "Mod Dead in Sea".

When the media ran out of real fights to report, they would publish deceptive headlines, such as using a subheading "Violence" when the article reported that there was no violence at all. Newspaper writers began to associate mods and rockers with various social issues, such as teen pregnancy, contraceptives and violence. Mods & Rockers Film Festival Mod revival Quadrophenia Rocker Reunion website The Mods and Rockers Mods - 1960s Fun Lovin' Criminals Rockers

North Devon Militia

The North Devon Militia was a regiment of militia formed in 1763 from men resident in the north part of the county of Devon, England. In 1853, along with the other Militia Regiments in Devon, it was reorganised becoming the Devon Artillery Militia, disbanded in 1909. One of the Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England, 1642–60 was the Ordinance to settle the Militia of Devon. According to "Herber": "The Militia Act of 1757 established militia regiments for each county and required each parish to provide a number of able-bodied men, aged between 18 and 50 for military training... Militia regiments served not overseas. Men had to serve for three years. In peacetime the men spent just a few weeks at a military camp... During the French wars of 1793-1815, some other auxiliary troops, known as yeomanry, volunteers or fencible infantry or cavalry were raised in each county". From 1759-63 it was stationed in Cornwall to assist Revenue Officers in the suppression of smuggling. Detachments were stationed at Mevagissey and many other places.

In May 1853 the Militia was reorganised with Devon raising two regiments of Infantry at 1,000 men each and a Corps of Artillery of 367 men. As a result the East and South Devon Regiments of Militia were redesignated the 1st and 2nd Regiments of Militia. Most of the officers transferred to the Corps of Artillery, designated The Devon Artillery Militia and had its headquarters at Devonport. In 1853 the records of the disbanded regiment were destroyed, thus few records survive from which its history could be written; the unit was embodied during the Crimean War, in 1885 and during the South African War but never served overseas. It was transferred to the Special Reserve Royal Field Artillery in 1908 on the formation of the Territorial Force and disbanded the following year; the following persons were Colonel of the North Devon Militia: Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet of Tawstock Court, "nineteen Years Colonel of the North-Devon Regiment of Militia", as states the inscription on his monument in Tawstock Church.

He resigned in 1779. Paul II Orchard of Hartland Abbey, he had served as Lt. Col. of 1st Devon Militia. Resigned 1792. A portrait by Joshua Reynolds survives of him dressed in military uniform. Hugh Fortescue, 1st Earl Fortescue of Castle Hill, Filleigh. Resigned 1799. John Parker, 2nd Baron Borringdon of Saltram and North Molton, he had served as Lt. Col. From 1 June 1794. Resigned/died 1830. Sir George Warwick Bampfylde, 6th Baronet. Died in office, he succeeded Col Basset as Master of the Devon and Somerset Staghounds, who had succeeded his father the 7th Baronet in that office. Charles II Hayne of Fuge House, Blackawton of Lupton House, High Sheriff of Devon in 1872 He had been Captain 18 February 1794,& Major 17 February 1795. Died in office, his father Charles I Hayne, of Lupton and Fuge, Sheriff of Devon, had been Colonel of the 4th Battalion Devon Militia. William Bruton, he had been Captain 29 September 1792 & Major 8 August 1815. Col. Augustus II Saltren-Willett, of Tapeley, he had fought at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 in the 6th Dragoons.

Sir George Stucley Buck Stucley, 1st Baronet, of Affeton, Moreton House and Hartland Abbey. Resigned on disbanding of regiment in 1853. Captains in the North Devon Militia included: Charles Henry Webber of Buckland House, Braunton, JP for Devon and Lieutenant in the North Devon Yeomanry Cavalry. Colonels of the "Devon Militia" included: John Dyke Acland ), of Tetton and Pixton in Somerset, eldest son and heir apparent of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 7th Baronet of Killerton in Devon. "Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Devon Militia, Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue KG, PC, "Colonel of the 1st Devon Militia". Beckett, Ian F W. Britain's Part Time Soldiers; the Amateur Military Tradition 1558—1945. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 9781848843950. Hay, George Jackson. An Epitomized History of the Militia. Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 0-9508530-7-0. Litchfield, Norman E H, 1987; the Militia Artillery 1852-1909, The Sherwood Press, Nottingham. ISBN 0-9508205-1-2 Walrond, Col. H. Historical Records of the 1st Devon Militia, with a notice of the 2nd and North Devon Militia Regiments, London, 1897, pp.423-433 List of Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates, serving in the North Devon Militia, 6 January 1800, Trewman's Exeter Flying Post Thursday, 30 January 1800 Royal North Devon Yeomanry So

R. Leslie Jackson

R. Leslie Jackson was the Chief Justice of the Provincial Court of New Brunswick until 14 January 2014, when he was continued in office as a supernumerary. Jackson received his LL. B. in 1970 from the University of New Brunswick. His time in private practice ended on 7 November 1997 when he was created a Provincial Court justice, he was promoted to the position of Associate Chief Justice on 9 January 2006. The release, as the result of an application by the CBC and the Telegraph-Journal, of search warrant and other documents in the Richard Oland homicide, although the publication ban was maintained; the 2017 labour dispute between the RCMP and Employment Canada, which occurred as the result of Justin Bourque's murderous actions

Velike Malence

Velike Malence is a village on the right bank of the Krka River, close to its confluence with the Sava, in the Municipality of Brežice in eastern Slovenia. The area was traditionally part of Lower Carniola, it is now included in the Lower Sava Statistical Region. The village church belongs to the Parish of Čatež ob Savi, it is a Romanesque building, first mentioned in written documents dating to 1102. It was extensively rebuilt in the 19th century. Archaeological evidence indicates. In the Šentvid-Malence area, an archaeological site, protected as a cultural monument by the Slovenian Ministry of Culture, traces of a villa rustica have been found with evidence of a neolithic settlement layer below the Roman occupation level. Hallstatt and La Tène era Iron Age artefacts have been found in the area. Velike Malence on Geopedia

Essaouira

Essaouira is a city in the western Moroccan region of Meṛṛakec-Asfi, on the Atlantic coast. The name of the city is spelled Essaouira in Latin script, الصويرة in Arabic script. Both spellings represent its name in ṣ-Ṣwiṛa; this is the diminutive of the noun ṣuṛ which means "wall, rampart". The pronunciation with pharyngealized /ṣ/ and /ṛ/ is a Moroccan development. In Classical Arabic, the noun is diminutive suwayrah. Hence, the spelling of the name in Arabic script according to the classical pronunciation is السويرة al-Suwayrah. In the Berber language, spoken by a sizeable proportion of the city's inhabitants, it is called "Taṣṣort", meaning'the small fortress'. In Moroccan Arabic, a single male inhabitant is called ṣwiṛi, plural ṣwiṛiyin, a single female inhabitant is ṣwiṛiya, plural ṣwiṛiyat. In the Berber language, a single male inhabitant is U-Taṣṣort, plural: Ayt Taṣṣoṛt, a single female inhabitant is Ult Taṣṣort, plural Ist Taṣṣort; until the 1960s, Essaouira was known by its Portuguese name, Mogador.

This name is a corruption of the older Berber name Amegdul أمقدول, mentioned by the 11th-century geographer al-Bakrī. Archaeological research shows; the bay at Essaouira is sheltered by the island of Mogador, making it a peaceful harbor protected against strong marine winds. Essaouira has long been considered as one of the best anchorages of the Moroccan coast; the Carthaginian navigator Hanno visited in the 5th century BC and established the trading post of Arambys. Around the end of the 1st century BCE or early 1st century CE, the Berber king Juba II established a Tyrian purple factory, processing the murex and purpura shells found in the intertidal rocks at Essaouira and the Iles Purpuraires; this dye colored the purple stripe in the togas worn by the Senators of Imperial Rome. A Roman villa was excavated on Mogador island. A Roman vase was found as well as coinage from the 3rd century CE. Most of the artifacts are now visible in the Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah Museum and the Rabat Archaeological Museum.

During the Middle Ages, a Muslim saint named Sidi Mogdoul was buried in Essaouira giving its origin to the name "Mogador". In 1506, the king of Portugal, D. Manuel I, ordered a fortress to be built there, named Castelo Real de Mogador. Altogether, the Portuguese are documented to have seized six Moroccan towns and built six stand-alone fortresses on the Moroccan Atlantic coast, between the river Loukos in the north and the river of Sous in the south. Four of them only had a short duration: Graciosa, São João da Mamora, Castelo Real of Mogador and Aguz. Two became permanent urban settlements: Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué, Mazagan, founded in 1514–17. Following the 1541 Fall of Agadir, the Portuguese had to abandon most of their settlements between 1541 and 1550, although they were able to keep Ceuta and Mazagan; the fortress of Castelo Real of Mogador fell to the local resistance of the Regraga fraternity four years after its establishment, in 1510. During the 16th century, powers including Spain, the Netherlands and France tried in vain to conquer the locality.

Essaouira remained a haven as an anchorage for pirates. France was involved in an early attempt to colonize Mogador in 1629; as Richelieu and Père Joseph were attempting to establish a colonial policy, Admiral Isaac de Razilly suggested they occupy Mogador in 1626, which he had reconnoitered in 1619. The objective was to create a base against the Sultan of Marrakesh and asphyxiate the harbour of Safi, he departed for Salé on 20 July 1629 with a fleet composed of the ships Licorne, Saint-Louis, Catherine, Sainte-Anne, Saint-Jean. He bombarded the city the Salé, destroyed three corsair ships, sent the Griffon under Captain Treillebois to Mogador; the men of Razilly saw the fortress of Castelo Real in Mogador and landed 100 men with wood and supplies on Mogador island, with the agreement of Richelieu. After a few days, the Griffon reembarked the colonists and departed to rejoin the fleet in Salé. After these expeditions, France signed a treaty with Abd el-Malek II in 1631, giving France preferential treatment, known as "capitulations": preferential tariffs, the establishment of a Consulate, freedom of religion for French subjects.

The present city of Essaouira was built during the mid-eighteenth century by the Moroccan King. Mohammed III tried to reorient his kingdom toward the Atlantic for increased exchanges with European powers, choosing Mogador as his key location. One of his objectives was to establish a harbour at the closest possible point to Marrakesh; the other was to cut off trade from Agadir in the south, favouring a political rival of Mohammed III, the inhabitants of Agadir were forced to relocate to Essaouira. For 12 years, Mohammed III directed a French engineer, Théodore Cornut, several other European architects and technicians to build the fortress and city along modern lines. Called "Souira", the name became "Es-Saouira". Thédore Cornut designed and built the city itself the Kasbah area, corresponding to the royal quarters and the buildings for Christian merchants and diplomats. Other parts were built by other architects, including Moroccan architects from Fez and Rabat; the harbour entrance, with the "Porte de la Marine", was built by an English renegade by the name of Ahmed el Inglizi or A

Brent Venables

Thomas Brent Venables is an American college football coach. He is the defensive coordinator for Clemson Tigers football. From 1999 to 2011, Venables coached at the University of Oklahoma, where he served as associate head coach, defensive coordinator and linebackers coach for the Sooners under head coach Bob Stoops, he had coached with Stoops at Kansas State and was brought to Oklahoma by Stoops. He coached the Linebackers from 1996–1998 and was the Defensive Run Game Coordinator in 1998 after serving as a Graduate Assistant from 1993–1995. In 2006, he was one of five finalists for the Broyles Award for the nation's top assistant coach. In January 2012, after it was announced that Mike Stoops would be returning to Oklahoma to resume the defensive coordinator position he had held until 2004, Venables accepted the position of defensive coordinator at Clemson, where his salary was expected to be between $750,000 and $1 million. Venables had been reported to be a candidate for the head coaching position at a number of schools including Miami, Kansas State and Texas Tech.

On December 6, 2016, Venables was named the winner of the 2016 Broyles Award for the nation's top assistant coach. Clemson Diehards reported on December 6, 2017, that Venables was the second-highest paid assistant football coach in college football this year, receiving $1.7 million from Clemson. The only coach in this category receiving more money was Dave Aranda of LSU, paid $1.8 million. As a student-athlete, he played linebacker at Kansas State under coach Bill Snyder, he would become an assistant on Snyder's staff at Kansas State. Brent is married to Julie Venables, his son, Jake Venables, plays at Clemson, he has another son, Tyler Venables