Sangeeta Bijlani is an Indian former Bollywood actress and Miss India winner in 1980. She started her Bollywood career with lead role in Qatil in 1988 and was one of the three female leads in the multi-starrer blockbuster action film Tridev. Bijlani was the poster girl of Indian commercials for brands like Nirma, Campa Cola and Graviera suitings. Sangeeta was brought up in Mumbai in a high profile educated Sindhi family, she did her schooling from Mount Mary’s Convent High School and her college from M. M. K in Bandra, Mumbai. Sangeeta started her modelling career at the age of 18 and signed a huge modelling contract with Dettol Soap, she went on to do many commercials and became a household name with ads like Nirma, Vicco Turmeric, Cadbury's Dairy milk Chocolate with Jackie Shroff, Fem Insto Bleach, Pond's Dreamflower Talc & Soap, Ramolene Suitings with ex-cricket Captain Mohammed Azharuddin and her famous ads of Graviera Suitings and Lakhani with actor Salman Khan. Sangeeta received her popular name "Bijli" from her ramp walk days as she was referred to as "lightning on stage".
Sangeeta earned the Beauty Queen title early in life as she was crowned as her School Queen followed by College Queen and Campa Princess, Bombay Harbour, Jaycees Queen, Eagle Queen and the Miss India Universe Title in 1980. Sangeeta represented India at the Miss Universe pageant in Seoul, South Korea where she won Best National Costume award designed by her mother Poonam Bijlani. Sangeeta was spotted by director Rajiv Rai while on the ramp in a fashion show who convinced her to join Bollywood, she made her Bollywood debut in 1987 with Qatil, opposite Aditya Pancholi and went on to do blockbusters like Tridev, Jurm, Yugandhar and Lakshman Rekha. She did a bilingual in Kannada opposite popular south star Vishnu Vardhan, she was nominated by the Filmfare Awards in the Best Supporting Actress category for Jurm opposite Vinod Khanna and was directed by Mahesh Bhatt and scripted by Salim Khan. She has worked with renowned directors like Mahesh Bhatt, Mukul Anand, J. P. Dutta, Rahul Rawail and N. Chandra.
Sangeeta made her small-screen debut with Chandni - "a tale of power and love” in early 1996 opposite actor Shahbaz Khan. She went on to produce popular comedy serial Hasna Mat, with Kader Khan on Star Plus and Kinarey Milte Nahi on Zee TV. Sangeeta and Salman Khan started dating each other in 1986 when they were still modelling and their relationship lasted 7 years, they broke up. On 14 November 1996, Sangeeta married cricketer Mohammed Azharuddin at a star-studded reception at the Taj Mahal Hotel attended by the Bollywood and cricket fraternity in Mumbai; the marriage ended in a divorce in 2010 due to Azhar's alleged affair with badminton player Jwala Gutta, denied by the player. In 2009, Bijlani campaigned for Azharuddin, nominated from Moradabad for the Lok Sabha elections. Sangeeta Bijlani on IMDb
Osmania University is a public state university located in University town, Hyderabad and founded in 1918 with the help of chief Architect of Mahbub Ali Khan - Nawab Sarwar Jung. It was named after the seventh and last Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan, it is the third oldest university in southern India, the first to be established in the erstwhile princely State of Hyderabad. It is the first Indian university to have Urdu as a medium of instruction. In 2012, the university was placed sixth among the Nation's Premier Universities in Humanities and Commerce stream, which secured the University with Potential for Excellence status; the Main Campus is ranked tenth among the State Universities. As of 2012, the university hosts 3,700 international students from more than 80 nations; the O. U. is one of the largest university systems in the subcontinent with over 300,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges. The O. U. is known for its faculty of Engineering and Technology, Arts, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Commerce and Management departments.
The Osmania Medical College. U. System. However, it is now under the supervision of Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences; the Osmania University was brought into existence in 1918 through a firman of the Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan. The need for a university in Hyderabad State was felt for a long time, in 1917, Sir Akbar Hydari, in a memorandum to the Education Minister, emphasized the need to establish a university with Urdu as the medium of instruction "as it is the language of the widest currency in India". In 1934, the university was shifted to the present campus. After independence and the accession of Hyderabad State in 1948, the university fell under the purview of the state government. English replaced Urdu as the medium of instruction; the Main campus is a chief intellectual centre in Hyderabad, its alumni and faculty members include many distinguished individuals, including former Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao. Admission to Main campus departments of Genetics, Chemistry, Engineering and Law is competitive.
The state government has appointed Prof S. Ramachandram as vice chancellor of the University; the University is accredited by the NAAC with an'A+' Grade and conferred with the status of'University with Potential for Excellence' by the UGC, New Delhi. The University Colleges are located within the main campus of the university. There are eight such colleges: the University College of Arts and Social Sciences, University College of Commerce & Business Management, University College of Technology, University College of Engineering, University College of Law, University College of Science, Institute of Advance Study in Education, PG College of Physical Education; the university offers courses in Humanities, Sciences, Social Sciences, Engineering, Technology and Business Management, Information Technology and Oriental Languages. In 2001, Osmania was awarded five-star status by the National Accreditation and Assessment Council of the University Grants Commission, part of the Government of India; the university has a campus of nearly 1600 acres with 300,000 students making it one of the largest higher education system in India.
It is home to nearly 300,000 students pursuing their higher studies in its. Nearly 5000 faculty and staff are employed at Osmania, it attracts students from across the nation as well as from other countries. Osmania is a non-profit university, funded and managed by the government. Admissions into the Bachelor of Engineering and Doctoral programs in main campus is on a merit basis, evaluated by national entrance examinations for each of the courses offered; the research activities are funded by various autonomous agencies of the government of India. The University Library is the main library of the university and it was founded in 1918 along with the university, it has close to 500,000 books and more than 6000 manuscripts, which includes rare palm leave manuscripts. It has various journals, government documents, etc; the main library coordinates a library system, which connects the libraries in the entire campus and other constituent college libraries. Osmania University is a confederation of University Colleges, Constituent Colleges, affiliated colleges.
The Constituent Colleges of the university includes various colleges, including Nizam College and University College for Women. Nizam College was part of the University of Madras for 60 years. University College for Women, Koti University College of Science, Hyderabad Post Graduate College, Secunderabad Post Graduate College of Law, Basheerbhagh Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Parasitology Center For Energy Technology Educational Multimedia Research Center Center For English Language Training Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, Hyderabad Indian Council of Social Science Research, Hyderabad Center For Plant Molecular Biology Center For Indian Ocean Studies Japal-Rangapur Observatory Research and Training Unit in Navigational Electronics Regional Center For Urban and Environmental Studies National Institute of Nutrition City College Hyderabad Center For Stem Cell Science, Hyderabad Anwar Ul Uloom College, Hyderabad PGRR center for distance education The affiliated colleges of the university are sca
Andhra Pradesh High Court
The Andhra Pradesh High Court is the High Court of the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. The seat of the High Court is at the capital of Andhra Pradesh; the court complex used for High court was named as "Judicial complex" and will be used for "City civil court" after the inauguration of Permanent High court building. It was established in the year 1954, when the new state of Andhra formed from the earlier Madras Presidency. After the merger of the Hyderabad State with Andhra State to form the State of Andhra Pradesh, the Court met at the Guntur city till 1956. Thereafter, the High Court started functioning from the capital city of Hyderabad. However, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Telengana and Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad was constituted as a common High Court, until the new High Court for the State of Andhra Pradesh is created. By a Presidential order, the High Court for the state of Andhra Pradesh was established on 1 January 2019 under the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
The seat of the High Court is at Amaravati, the capital of Andhra Pradesh and the first justice city of India. The first Chief Justice is Justice Chagari Praveen Kumar. Andhra Pradesh High Court was located in Justice City at a neighbourhood of Amaravati, it is located at a distance of 6.4 km from the Krishna river. It is a G+2 structure, which can be further extended to G+5, it has 23 halls. It was built in 4 acres with a cost of 157.3 crore. This building was constructed by one of the India's largest multi-national firm Larsen & Toubro Limited, it will be built with a built-up area of 12.2 lakh sqft. It would have 36 court halls in first phase. Both the phases are expected to be completed by 2036 respectively; the estimated cost of this building is 1,400 crores. Its contract was given to Shapoorji Pallonji Group by APCRDA; the Central government has notified the constitution of a new High Court for the state of Andhra Pradesh effective from January 1, 2019, with the principal seat at Amaravati. The notification states.“In pursuance of article 214 of the Constitution and the Order issued by the Supreme Court of India and in exercise of powers conferred under clause of sub-section of section 30, sub-section of section 31 and sub-section of section 31 of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, the President hereby constitutes a separate High Court for the State of Andhra Pradesh, the High Court of Andhra Pradesh, from the 1st day of January, 2019 with the principal seat of the High Court at Amaravati in the State of Andhra Pradesh and the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad shall become the High Court for the State of Telangana.”
The following judges of the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad for the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh shall become the Judges of the High Court of Andhra Pradesh at Amaravati with effect from 1 January 2019. Justice Ramesh Ranganathan Justice Chagari Praveen Kumar Justice Sarasa Venkatanarayana Bhatti Justice Akula Venkata Sesha Sai Justice Dama Seshadri Naidu Justice Mandhata SeetharamaMurti Justice Upmaka Durga Prasada Rao Justice Talluri Sunil Chowdary Justice Mallavolu Satyanarayana Murthy Justice Gudiseva Shyam Prasad Justice Kumari Javalakar Uma Devi Justice Nakka Balayogi Justice Smt. Telaprolu Rajani Justice Durvasula Venkata Subramanya Suryanarayana Somayajulu Justice Smt. KongaraVijaya Lakshmi.
Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River 75 kilometres west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port; the city is regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, is nicknamed the "City of Joy". According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city. Recent estimates of Kolkata Metropolitan Area's economy have ranged from $60 to $150 billion making it third most-productive metropolitan area in India, after Mumbai and Delhi. In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an fortified trading post. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, the East India Company retook it the following year.
In 1793 the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat, assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement. Following Indian independence in 1947, once the centre of modern Indian education, science and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation; as a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, film and literature. Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods and freestyle intellectual exchanges.
West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India. Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports; the word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata, the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city was to be established. There are several explanations about the etymology of this name: The term Kolikata is thought to be a variation of Kalikkhetrô, meaning "Field of Kali".
It can be a variation of'Kalikshetra'. Another theory is. Alternatively, the name may have been derived from the Bengali term kilkila, or "flat area"; the name may have its origin in the words khal meaning "canal", followed by kaṭa, which may mean "dug". According to another theory, the area specialised in the production of quicklime or koli chun and coir or kata. Although the city's name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation; the discovery and archaeological study of Chandraketugarh, 35 kilometres north of Kolkata, provide evidence that the region in which the city stands has been inhabited for over two millennia. Kolkata's recorded history began in 1690 with the arrival of the English East India Company, consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charnock, an administrator who worked for the company, was credited as the founder of the city.
The area occupied by the present-day city encompassed three villages: Kalikata and Sutanuti. Kalikata was a fishing village, they were part of an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor. These rights were transferred to the East India Company in 1698. In 1712, the British completed the cons
In the sport of cricket, a century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings by a batsman. The term is included in "century partnership" which occurs when two batsmen add 100 runs to the team total when they are batting together. A century is regarded as a landmark score for batsmen and a player's number of centuries is recorded in his career statistics. Scoring a century is loosely equivalent in merit to a bowler taking five wickets in an innings, is referred to as a ton or hundred. Scores of more than 200 runs are still statistically counted as a century, although these scores are referred as double and quadruple centuries, so on. Accordingly, reaching 50 runs in an innings is known as a half-century. Chris Gayle holds the record of fastest hundred in the history of cricket when he smashed 100 in just 30 balls and scored 175* runs off 66 balls overall in 20 overs in IPL against Pune Warriors India in 2013. Centuries were uncommon until the late 19th century because of the difficulties in batting on pitches that had only rudimentary preparation and were exposed to the elements.
There is doubt about the earliest known century, but the most definite claim belongs to John Minshull who scored 107 for the Duke of Dorset's XI v Wrotham at Sevenoaks Vine on 31 August 1769. This was a minor match; the first definite century in a top-class match was scored by John Small when he made 136 for Hampshire v Surrey at Broadhalfpenny Down in July 1775. The earliest known century partnership was recorded in 1767 between two Hambledon batsmen who added 192 for the first wicket against Caterham, it is believed they were Edward "Curry" Aburrow. When Hambledon played Kent at Broadhalfpenny in August 1768, the Reading Mercury reported: "what is remarkable, one Mr Small, of Petersfield, fetched above seven score notches off his own bat", it is not known if Small did this in one innings or if it was his match total. Hambledon batsmen Tom Sueter and George Leer are the first two players known to have shared a century partnership when they made 128 for the first wicket against Surrey at Broadhalfpenny Down in September 1769.
W. G. Grace was the first batsman to score 100 career centuries in first-class cricket, reaching the milestone in 1895, his career total of 124 centuries was subsequently passed by Jack Hobbs, whose total of 199 first-class centuries is the current record. The first century in Test cricket was scored by Charles Bannerman who scored 165 in the first Test between Australia and England; the first century partnership in Test cricket was between W. G. Grace and A. P. Lucas, batting for England, in the first innings of the only Test match between England and Australia on the Australians 1880 tour of England, played at the Kennington Oval; the current holder of the record for most centuries in Test cricket is Sachin Tendulkar of India, who has scored 51 centuries. The first One Day International century was scored by Denis Amiss who amassed 103 runs against Australia at Old Trafford in 1972.. Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for most ODI centuries, having scored 49 ODI Centuries; the first Twenty20 International century was scored by Chris Gayle who amassed 117 runs against South Africa at Johannesburg in the first match of ICC World Twenty20 tournament in 2007.
Rohit Sharma holds the record for most T20I centuries, having scored 4 T20I Centuries. The fastest recorded century in Test cricket terms of balls faced is held by Brendon McCullum who scored 100 runs from 54 balls against Australia at Christchurch, New Zealand in 2016, beating the previous record of 56 held jointly by Viv Richards and Misbah-ul-Haq; the record for the fastest recorded century in terms of balls faced in first-class cricket is held by David Hookes who scored 102 runs from 34 balls for South Australia vs Victoria in a Sheffield Shield match in 1982. Chris Gayle holds the record for the fastest century in Twenty20, during an Indian Premier League in April 2013, reaching the milestone off only 30 balls. In One day International cricket the fastest century is held by South African batsman AB De Villiers. De Villiers' century came up in just 31 balls against the West Indies in the 2nd ODI at Johannesburg on 18 January 2015. De Villiers' hundred included 10 sixes. Corey Anderson is second with 36 balls century against West Indies in Queenstown on 1 January 2014 and Shahid Afridi is third with 37 balls century against Sri Lanka in Nairobi on 4 October 1996.
2 back to back One Day international centuries were scored for the West Indies in the Caribbean in 2 home series against Bangladesh and England When Guyana's Shimron Hetmyer scored 125 off 93 balls against Bangladesh in the 2nd one day international of the 3-match one day international series which Bangladesh won 2-1 and 104 not out off 83 balls against England in the 2nd one day international of the 5- match one day international series which ended in A 2-2 draw David Miller of South Africa hit the fastest century in Twenty20 international cricket against Bangladesh on 29 October 2017. Miller brought up his century in just 35 balls. Rohit Sharma of India equalled the record of the fastest century in T20 international cricket against Sri Lanka on 22 December 2017. Rohit Sharma got his century in 35 balls equalling the record. List of cricketers by number of international centuries scored Nervous nineties
The Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India established in 1864. It is the oldest cricket stadium in India, it is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the IPL franchise cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders, is a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team. The stadium has a capacity of 68,000Eden Gardens is regarded informally as India's home of cricket; the ground has been referred to as "cricket's answer to the Colosseum," and is acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world. Eden Gardens has hosted matches in major international competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final; the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 final was held at the Eden Gardens where the West Indies beat England in fought encounter. Eden Gardens has occasionally been used for Association football matches. Through 2017, it has hosted the highest number of International matches in India - 82 that includes 40 Test matches, 31 ODIs and 6 T20Is, 4 Women ODIs and 1 Women T20I.
The stadium was established in 1864. The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the Governor-General of India, it was named'Auckland Circus Gardens' but changed to'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible. According to popular culture, Babu Rajchandra Das, the zamindar of Kolkata, had gifted one of his biggest gardens besides river Hooghly, to Viceroy Lord Auckland Eden and his sister Emily Eden after they helped him by saving his 3rd daughter from a fatal disease. From onwards the garden's name was changed from Mar Bagan to Eden Gardens; the cricket grounds were built between Fort William. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court; the first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934 between England and India, its first One Day International in 1987 between India and Pakistan and its first T20 international in 2011 between India and England.
The Hero Cup semi final featuring India and South Africa was the first Day/Night match. The Stadium is the headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal. Apart from International matches, the stadium hosts matches for domestic Indian cricket and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders; the stadium's Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. Before the 1987 World Cup, the stadium had a capacity of 40,000, it was expanded to 94,000. Renovations included changes to press club house and television infrastructure. 42 columns provided the support for multi-tiered covered stands. After the renovation, not all seats were covered and many sections lacked individual seats. However, match day attendance of more than 100,000 spectators have been recorded on at least 6 occasions. Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Renovation had been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council for the 2011 World Cup; the Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium.
The plans for the renovated stadium included a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities & signage and general infrastructure improvements. The upgrade meant reduction of the seating capacity to about 68,000 from around 94,000 before the upgrade. Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens; this match, scheduled on 27 February 2011, was played in Bengaluru at M. Chinnaswamy Stadium; the stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches, the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets. Eden Gardens stands have been named after soldiers. On January 22, 2017, 2 stands were named after Indian cricketers - Sourav Ganguly and Pankaj Roy while 2 more were after cricket administrators - BN Dutt and Jagmohan Dalmiya.
Dalmiya served as ICC President from 1997 to 2000. On 27 April 2017, 4 stands were named after Indian soldiers - Colonel Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair, Havildar Hangpan Dada, Lieutenant Colonel Dhan Singh Thapa and Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan. LC Thapa and Subedar Singh are Param Vir Chakra awardees - the highest wartime military military decoration in India while Col Nair and Havildar Dada are Ashok Chakra - the highest peacetime military decoration. Eden Gardens is renowned for its vociferous crowds. Former Aussie captain Steve Waugh considers the Eden Gardens as'Lord's of the subcontinent'. Dileep Vengsarkar called Eden Gardens as the second best after Lords. Former Indian Captain and Kolkata Native Sourav Ganguly confessed once in an interview that the roar of crowd at the stadium he heard when India defeated Australia in the Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy was the most loud he had heard. In 2016, a bell was added to the stadium to ring in the start of day's play for test cricket and start of match for ODI & T20I matches.
Kapil Dev was the first person to ring the bell to start the test match between India and New Zealand in September 2016. Eden Gardens has hosted 15 Cricket World Cup matches hosted in India acros
Pakistan national cricket team
The Pakistan Men's National Cricket Team, popularly referred to as the Shaheens, Green Shirts and Men in Green, is administered by the Pakistan Cricket Board. The team is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council, participates in Test, ODI and Twenty20 International cricket matches. Pakistan has played 423 Test matches, winning 136, losing 128 and drawing 159. Pakistan was given Test status on 28 July 1952, following a recommendation by India, made its Test debut against India at Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi, in October 1952, with India winning by an innings and 70 runs. In the 1930s and 40s, several Pakistani Test players had played Test cricket for the Indian cricket team before the creation of Pakistan in 1947; the team has played tying 8 with 19 ending in no-result. Pakistan was the 1992 World Cup champion, was the runner-up in the 1999 tournament. Pakistan, in conjunction with other countries in South Asia, has hosted the 1987 and 1996 World Cups, with the 1996 final being hosted at Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore.
The team has played 142 Twenty20 Internationals, the most of any team, winning 90 losing 49 and tying 3. Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and were runners-up in the inaugural tournament in 2007. Pakistan won the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy for the first time, defeating India. Pakistan has the distinct achievement of having won each of the major ICC international cricket tournaments: ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20, ICC Champions Trophy; as of 25 March 2019, the Pakistani cricket team is ranked seventh in Tests, sixth in ODIs and first in T20Is by the ICC. In the past, Pakistan has suffered a lot from terrorism which prevented foreign teams from visiting Pakistan due to the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team; as a result, their home matches have been held in the United Arab Emirates since then. However, due to a decrease in terrorism in Pakistan over the past few years, as well as a sharp increase in security, many teams have toured Pakistan since 2015 and the situation appears to be getting better.
These teams include Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies, an ICC World XI. Cricket in Pakistan has a history predating the creation of the country in 1947; the first international cricket match in Karachi was held on 22 November 1935 between Sindh and Australian cricket teams. The match was seen by 5,000 Karachiites. Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, cricket in the country developed and Pakistan was given Test match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord's in England on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process; the first captain of the Pakistan national cricket team was Abdul Hafeez Kardar. Pakistan's first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2–1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a memorable victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan's first home Test match was against India in January 1955 at Bangabandhu National Stadium, East Pakistan, after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore and Karachi.
The team is considered a unpredictable team. Traditionally Pakistani cricket has been composed of talented players but is alleged to display limited discipline on occasion, making their performance inconsistent at times. In particular, the India-Pakistan cricket rivalry is emotionally charged and can provide for intriguing contests, as talented teams and players from both sides of the border seek to elevate their game to new levels. Pakistan team contests with India in the Cricket World Cup have resulted in packed stadiums and charged atmospheres; the team is well supported at home and abroad in the United Kingdom where British Pakistanis have formed a fan-club called the "Stani Army". Members of the club are known to provide raucous support; the Stani Army takes part in charity initiatives for underprivileged Pakistanis, including annual friendly cricket matches against British Indian members of the similar "Bharat Army". The 1986 Austral-Asia Cup, played in Sharjah in UAE, is remembered for a famous last-ball victory for Pakistan against arch-rivals India, with Javed Miandad emerging as a national hero.
India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4.92 runs per over. Miandad came in to bat at number 3 and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Recalling the match, he stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity. With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team's lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match. Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary. At the 1992 World Cup Semi-final, having won the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262 runs. Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7.67 runs per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease. A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls.
Once Inzamam got out, Paki