Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

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Sardar
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, August 2017 01.jpg
Mayor of Tehran
In office
4 September 2005 – 22 August 2017
Deputy Issa Sharifi[1]
Preceded by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Succeeded by Mohammad-Ali Najafi
Personal details
Born (1961-08-23) 23 August 1961 (age 56)
Torqabeh, Khorasan, Iran[2]
Nationality Iranian
Political party Progress and Justice Population of Islamic Iran (Spiritual leader)[3]
Spouse(s) Zahra-Sadat Moshir-Estekhareh (m. 1982)
Children Elias, Eshaq, Maryam[4]
Alma mater University of Tehran
Tarbiat Modares University
Occupation
  • Politician
  • Military officer
Profession
  • Geographer
  • Pilot
Signature Signature of Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
Website Official website
Military service
Allegiance  Iran
Service/branch Revolutionary Guards
Basij
Law Enforcement Force
Years of service 1981–2005
Rank Brigadier general
Unit 21st Imam Reza Brigade, 5th Nasr Division
25th Karbala Division
Commands

Deputy Commander of Basij

Revolutionary Guards Air Force
Chief of Law Enforcement Force
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (Persian: محمدباقر قالیباف‎, born 23 August 1961) is an Iranian conservative[5] politician and former military officer who held office as the Mayor of Tehran from 2005 to 2017.

Ghalibaf was formerly Iran's Chief of police from 2000 to 2005 and commander of Revolutionary Guards' Air Force from 1997 to 2000.

He holds a Ph.D. in political geography from Tarbiat Modares University. He is also a pilot, certified to fly certain Airbus aircraft. He began his military career during the Iran–Iraq War in 1980. He became chief commander of Imam Reza Brigade in 1982 and was chief commander of Nasr Division from 1983 to 1984. After the end of the war, he became Managing-Director of Khatam al-Anbia, an engineering firm controlled by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps and was appointed as commander of the IRGC Air Force in 1996 by Ali Khamenei. Four years later, he became chief of the Iranian Police Forces after the previous commander was dismissed following the 1999 student protests. He was also appointed as Representative of President Mohammad Khatami during a campaign to combat smuggling in 2002. In September 2005, he was elected as Tehran's mayor by the City Council of Tehran. He is also a professor at the University of Tehran.[6]

Ghalibaf is often regarded a perennial candidate in the presidential elections.[7] He was a candidate in the 2013 presidential election but lost to Hassan Rouhani, in second place with 6,077,292 of the votes. He was also a candidate in the 2005 presidential election. He announced his run for a third time in the 2017 election. However, he withdrew on 15 May 2017 in favor of Ebrahim Raisi's candidacy.

Early life[edit]

Ghalibaf was born on 23 August 1961 in the province of Razavi Khorasan to an Iranian Kurdish father Hossein Ghalibaf and an ethnic Persian mother Kheirolnessa Boujmehrani in Torqabeh, near Mashhad, somewhat reflecting the diverse make up of the border province[8][9][10]

Military career[edit]

GHALIBAF IN BATTLE.jpg

At the age of 19, he was one of the commanders of the defense forces during the Iran–Iraq War. Shortly afterwards he was named commander of the Rasulollah division. By the time he was twenty-two, he was already commander of the Nasr Troops. After the war he was selected as Deputy Commander of the Resistance Force and Basij Troops under General Afshar. Ghalibaf received the degree of Major General in 1996 after he had completed a master's degree in Geopolitics. In 1998, when Mohsen Rezaei retired and Yahya Rahim Safavi took over as IRGC's new commander-in-chief, he was named Commander of Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.

Ghalibaf became one of the senior commanders of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (IRGC) in later years.[11] In 1984, he was appointed head of the Khatam al-Anbia Construction Headquarters, which is the engineering arm of the IRGC. Under his management, the headquarters launched a 165-kilometer railway connecting Mashhad to Sarakhs.[12]

As commander of the Revolutionary Guards Air Force during the 1999 student protests, Ghalibaf was one of the 24 IRGC commanders who sent a threatening letter to the reformist president Mohammad Khatami stating that if the protests were allowed to continue, they would take matters into their own hands.[11]

Police career[edit]

Following the 1999 protests, he was appointed as chief of the Iranian Police Forces by the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, to succeed General Hedayat Lotfian who was removed from his office during the violence. After becoming chief of police, Ghalibaf initiated some reforms in the forces, including dropping all lawsuits against newspapers, modernization of police equipment and the Police 110 project, which aimed to make the police more accessible to the general public.[2]

On 5 April 2005, Ghalibaf submitted his resignation from the military positions (including the police forces) due to his intention to run for the presidency of Iran.

Mayor of Tehran[edit]

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

When Ghalibaf lost the 2005 election, he was proposed as Mayor of Tehran along with Mohammad Aliabadi and Mohammad-Ali Najafi. On 4 September 2005, he was elected as the next Mayor by the City Council of Tehran to succeed Mahmoud Ahmadinejad who left the office after being elected president.[11] He received 8 out of 15 votes of the council. He was reelected for a second term on 2007 after receiving 12 votes with no opponent.

According to Bloomberg, he has used his position as mayor "to foster a reputation as a politician who gets things done."[13] Ghalibaf seek for reelection as Mayor of Tehran as the Conservative's choice in the 2013 local elections. His rivals were Mohsen Hashemi, Masoumeh Ebtekar, Ali Nikzad and Mohsen Mehralizadeh. He was elected as Mayor for another term on 8 September 2013 after defeating Hashemi in a runoff with 51.6% of the votes.[14][15]

Presidential campaigns[edit]

2005 presidential election[edit]

Ghalibaf was a candidate in the Iranian presidential election of 2005,[16] and was being considered to be supported by some factions of the conservative alliance because of his popularity with both wings. However, in the final days before the election, the major support went to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Ghalibaf came fourth in the election.[16] He made a populist appeal during the campaigns.[17]

On 13 October 2008, he announced his support for dialogue with the United States as suggested by President (then presidential candidate) Barack Obama. According to Ghalibaf, "the world community, the Iranian society and the US society would benefit" from such talks.[18]

2013 presidential election[edit]

Ghalibaf did not run for presidency in the elections in 2009.[16] His adviser announced that he would take part in the presidential elections in June 2013 and he officially announced this on 16 July 2012.[16] In his speech during the announcement of his candidacy, he said:

“That's two things I still stand on and would seriously consider, first: the Constitution and second: respect the prisoners and detainees."

Ghalibaf speech in a campaign in Mashhad

He also set Love and Sacrifice and Jihadi Change as his official slogans. His candidacy was approved by the Guardian Council on 21 May 2013 along with seven other candidates. He was one of the opponents of Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani's candidacy and says it was better that Rafsanjani not enter the race, as he had served two terms before. He and two other candidates, Ali Akbar Velayati and Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, formed a coalition called "2+1". He was endorsed by former candidates, Alireza Ali Ahmadi and Sadeq Vaeez Zadeh. Ali Larijani, the current chairman of parliament, also supported Ghalibaf in the election.

According to the Guardian, his moderating streak as Tehran's mayor is evident throughout Ghalibaf's political efforts.[19] Ghalibaf received 6,077,292 votes (16.55%), putting him in second place behind winner Hassan Rouhani, who was elected as the new president.[20] Hours after the announcement of the results, Ghalibaf published a statement congratulating Hassan Rouhani on his election as President of Iran and conceding.

2017 presidential election[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Year Election Votes  % Rank Notes
2005 President 4,095,827 13.93 4th Lost
2013 President Increase 6,077,292 Increase 16.46 2nd Lost
2017 President Withdrew

Party affiliation[edit]

Ghalibaf is regarded the spiritual leader behind Progress and Justice Population of Islamic Iran[3] and Iranian Islamic Freedom Party.[21] He is a member of the political alliance Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces.[22]

Personal life[edit]

Ghalibaf married Zahra Sadat Moshir in 1982 when he was twenty two years old. Moshir (born 1968) joined her husband as an adviser and head of Women's affairs in the Municipality of Tehran.[23][24]

Honors and accolades[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tehran Former Deputy Mayor Arrested On Financial Charges", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 5 September 2017, retrieved 1 December 2017 
  2. ^ a b "The Paradoxical Politician", Iranian Diplomacy, 18 August 2010, retrieved 10 May 2017 
  3. ^ a b "Will Hassan Rouhani get a second term?", The Daily Star, 16 May 2017, retrieved 1 June 2017 
  4. ^ "تمام اطلاعات خانوادگی کاندیداهای ریاست جمهوری یازدهم". Isna. 13 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Middle East Correspondent, City Mayors'. "Mohammad Baqer Ghalibaf Mayor of Tehran". 
  6. ^ Members of the Tehran University. geography.ut.ac.ir
  7. ^ Henry Johnson (1 July 2016), Iranians Are Mocking Tehran’s Mayor for Installing Anti-American Billboards, Foreign Policy, retrieved 26 March 2015 
  8. ^ "Life (زندگی)". Official Website (in Persian). Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2007. 
  9. ^ "Mohammad Baqer Ghalibaf – Mayor of Tehran". City Mayors. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008. 
  10. ^ Scott Macleod; Nahid Siamdoust (13 August 2008). "Mohammed-Baqer Qalibaf: The Man to See". Time. Tehran. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2007). "Ahmadinejad's Foreign Policy". Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. 27 (2): 423–449. doi:10.1215/1089201x-2007-015. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  12. ^ Profile: Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf. Presstv.com (31 December 2014). Retrieved on 2015-10-25.
  13. ^ Defying Iran Sanctions Propels Tehran Mayor Before Vote| By Ladane Nasseri | bloomberg.com| 4 February 2013
  14. ^ Ghalibaf reelected as Mayor of Tehran. tabnak.ir
  15. ^ Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf becomes Tehran's Mayor. Khabaronline.ir. Retrieved on 25 October 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d "Tehran Mayor to Run in Presidential Election". Fars News Agency. Tehran. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  17. ^ Bill Samii (6 June 2005), Iran Report, 8 (22), Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, retrieved 28 December 2016 
  18. ^ "Tehran mayor welcomes Obama's call for talks". Daily Star. Agence France-Presse. 18 October 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008. 
  19. ^ Iran election: why Tehran mayor's popularity may harm his chances. Guardian. Retrieved on 25 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Hassan Rouhani leads Iran presidential election vote count". BBC News. 15 June 2013. 
  21. ^ Rohollah Faghihi (9 September 2015), "Tehran's ever-ambitious mayor", Al-Monitor, retrieved 1 June 2017 
  22. ^ "How will Iran's Six Presidential Candidates Campaign", Iranian Diplomacy, 24 April 2017, retrieved 24 April 2017 
  23. ^ همسرانی‌که برای‌پیروزی نامزدهای انتخابات می‌جنگند. mehrnews.com
  24. ^ همسران نامزدها به چه کاری مشغول هستند؟. Farsnews.com. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  25. ^ Tann vom Hove (14 October 2008), "Helen Zille, Mayor of Cape Town, wins the 2008 World Mayor Prize", World Mayor, retrieved 1 August 2017 
  26. ^ Jonna McKone (25 January 2011), "2011 Sustainable Transport Award: Tehran Boasts Major Achievements", The City Fix, World Resources Institute, retrieved 1 August 2017 

External links[edit]

Civic offices
Preceded by
Ali Saeidlou (acting)
Mayor of Tehran
2005–2017
Succeeded by
Mostafa Salimi (acting)
Police appointments
Preceded by
Hedayat Lotfian
Chief of the Iranian Police
2000–2005
Succeeded by
Ali Abdollahi (caretaker)
Military offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Hossein Jalali
Commander of the Revolutionary Guards Air Force
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Ahmad Kazemi
Preceded by
Mohammad Vafayi
Commander of the Khatam-al Anbiya Construction Headquarters
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Hassan Danaeifar