Mohammad Reza Pahlavi known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow in the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Due to his status as the last Shah of Iran, he is known as The Shah. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967, he was the last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran, his dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms. Mohammad Reza came to power during World War II after an Anglo-Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi. During Mohammad Reza's reign, the British owned oil industry was nationalized by Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh until a UK- and US-backed coup d'état deposed Mosaddegh and brought back foreign oil firms under the Consortium Agreement of 1954. During Mohammad Reza's reign, Iran marked the anniversary of 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy since the founding of the Achaemenid Empire by Cyrus the Great.
Concurrent with this celebration, Mohammad Reza changed the benchmark of the Iranian calendar from the hegira to the beginning of the First Persian Empire, measured from Cyrus the Great's coronation. Mohammad Reza introduced the White Revolution, a series of economic and political reforms with the proclaimed intention of transforming Iran into a global power and modernizing the nation by nationalizing certain industries and granting women suffrage. During his 38-year rule, Iran spent billions on industry, education and armed forces and enjoyed economic growth rates exceeding the United States and France; the national income rose 423 times over. By 1977, Iran's armed services spending had made it the world's fifth strongest military. Mohammad Reza lost support from the Shi'a clergy of Iran and the working class due to alleged corruption related to himself and the royal family, suppression of political dissent via Iran's intelligence agency, SAVAK, banishment of the Tudeh Party, US and UK support for his regime, his modernization policies, more rights for women, laïcité or secularism, conflict with wealthy merchants known as bazaaris, relations with Israel, clashes with leftists and Islamists.
By 1979, this political unrest became a revolution leading to the monarchy's overthrow. The Shah's refusal to order his troops to fire on protesters forced him to leave Iran on 17 January, 1979. Soon thereafter, the Iranian monarchy was formally abolished, Iran was declared an Islamic republic led by Ruhollah Khomeini. Facing execution should he return to Iran, the Shah died in exile in Egypt, whose president, Anwar Sadat, had granted him asylum. Born in Tehran, to Reza Khan and his second wife, Tadj ol-Molouk, Mohammad Reza was the eldest son of Reza Khan, who became the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty, the third of his eleven children, his father, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, was of Mazandarani and Georgian origin. His father was born in Savadkuh County, Māzandarān Province. Mohammad Reza's paternal grandmother, Noush-Afarin, was a Muslim immigrant from Georgia, whose family had emigrated to mainland Iran after Iran was forced to cede all of its territories in the Caucasus following the Russo-Persian Wars several decades prior to Reza Khan's birth.
Mohammad Reza's mother, Tadj ol-Molouk, was of Azerbaijani origin, being born in Baku, Russian Empire. Mohammad Reza was born along with Ashraf. However, Mohammad Reza, Ali Reza, their older half-sister, were not royalty by birth, as their father did not become Shah until 1925. Reza Khan was always convinced that his sudden quirk of good fortune had commenced in 1919 with the birth of his son, dubbed khoshghadam. Like most Iranians at the time, Reza Khan did not have a surname and after the 1921 Persian coup d'état which deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, he was informed that he would need a name for his house; this led Reza Khan to pass a law ordering all Iranians to take a surname. At his father's coronation on 24 April 1926, Mohammad Reza was proclaimed Crown Prince. Mohammad Reza described his father in his book Mission for My Country as "one of the most frightening men" he had known, depicting Reza Khan as a dominating man with a violent temper. A tough and ambitious soldier who became the first Persian to command the elite Russian-trained Cossack Brigade, Reza Khan liked to kick subordinates in the groin who failed to follow his orders.
Reza Khan believed if fathers showed love for their sons, it caused homosexuality in life, to ensure his favourite son was heterosexual, denied him any love and affection when he was young, though he become more affectionate towards the Crown Prince when he was a teenager. Reza Khan always addressed his son as shoma and refused to use more informal tow, in turn was addressed by his son using the same word; the Polish journalist Ryszard Kapuściński obse
WWNQ is a radio station licensed to Forest Acres, South Carolina, serving the Columbia, South Carolina market. Owned by Midlands Media Group LLC, the station broadcasts a country music format branded as 94.3 The Dude. The frequency for 94.3 was allocated to Forest Acres by the FCC in the fall of 1996. In order to make way for the new station, WPUB, located in nearby Camden, South Carolina, changed its frequency from 94.3 to 102.7 in 1998. After several years of planning and delays, WWNQ signed on under test authority in the fall of 2004 with a mixture of various songs from different genes of music in order to not tip off other stations in the market the true format for the new station. After testing was completed, the station signed on in November with the Classic Country format; the station was Classic Country until late November 2008, when it was abruptly dropped for an all-Christmas format, a style that has not been done since former AC WLTY flipped its format to Adult Hits. On December 30, 2008, after stunting with full-length movies, the station flipped to Classic Hits as "Flashback 94.3."
The first song was "Let the Good Times Roll" by The Cars. Artists included Billy Joel, The Beatles, Tom Petty, Electric Light Orchestra. On July 30, 2010 WWNQ rebranded as "94.3 The River", taking the station off the satellite and programmed locally, playing the top 40 hits of the rock era. Local on-air personalities were Mike Lockaby mornings, Lona Steele middays and Marty Hall afternoons. WWNQ promoted "Columbia's Most-Music Mornings" weekday mornings with 94 minutes of commercial-free Classic Hits. WWNQ featured a locally produced Beatles specialty program, "The Beatles Radio Magazine," hosted by Marty Hall Sunday mornings at 10 A. M. On June 28, 2011 at 3 pm WWNQ began stunting with a ticking clock. On June 29, 2011 at 6 am WWNQ changed their format to contemporary hits, branded as "Q94.3", which turned out to be a stunt. On June 30, 2011 at 6 pm WWNQ resumed stunting with a ticking clock and changed their format to classic country, branded as "Country Legends 94.3" at 12 noon on Friday, July 1, 2011.
In 2012, Hometown Columbia bought WWNU from Double O Radio. Minor changes were planned, but Kirk Litton of Hometown Columbia said Carolina Country would play "the hall of fame legends" instead of "bubblegum country". "Good Morning Columbia", hosted by Doug Enlow, Bill Benton and Charlie Benton, moved from WWNU July 5. WWNQ began airing Sprint Cup Series races as well. In early 2013, the station began to stunt again as 94.3 George, 94.3 Kenny and 94.3 Garth Brooks, before re-branding as 94.3 The Dude on February 7, 2013, with no change in format. On March 31, 2016, Hometown Columbia owner Thomas Davis transferred WWNQ's license to Hometown Columbia's parent company, Davis Media, LLC. Effective August 3, 2016, Davis Media sold the station to Midlands Media Group LLC for $900,000. Query the FCC's FM station database for WWNQ Radio-Locator information on WWNQ Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWNQ
Phantasmagoria: A Puzzle of Flesh is an interactive movie point-and-click adventure game released by Sierra On-Line. The game was released in North America on November 26, 1996. Though technically a sequel to Roberta Williams' 1995 game Phantasmagoria, Puzzle of Flesh shares no connections with its predecessor in plot nor characters, as Sierra intended the Phantasmagoria title to be a horror anthology, with each installment of a different story and style. While not a critical or commercial success, A Puzzle of Flesh, like its predecessor, is remembered for its controversial violent and sexual content, which led the game to be censored or banned outright in several European and Oceanic countries; the player controls Curtis Craig, an introverted 26-year-old man who works at a pharmaceutical company. Curtis has disturbing hallucinations at his office, seeing flashes of gore or getting odd e-mails. Curtis was released from a mental institution one year before, following the onset of his visions, he has regular visits with a therapist.
His mental health problems stem from childhood trauma: an abusive mother who committed suicide and a father who, before he died in an auto accident, was working on a top secret project at Wyntech, the same company where Curtis is employed. Curtis has repressed most of his childhood memories, over the course of the game he remembers details that suggest his father was murdered by Wyntech for reasons related to the aforementioned project. One day, Bob, is found brutally murdered in Curtis' cubicle. Though Bob was disliked by the whole office, Curtis had expressed the joking desire to kill him and feels apathy towards his death, which leads Curtis to fear he may have murdered Bob in a psychotic break; this incident impacts the myriad of other relationships in the office. While Curtis has been dating his commitment-seeking coworker Jocilyn, he becomes involved with a more adventurous coworker, who on a first date introduces him to the local S&M scene. Another coworker and best friend, Trevor, is an homosexual man, Curtis admits to his therapist that he is attracted to Trevor.
After Curtis' superior Tom is murdered as well, Curtis suspects his boss, Paul Allen Warner, who had threatened Tom during an argument the previous day. The next day, Therese is found murdered after her date with Curtis, placing more suspicion upon him by the police. Curtis discovers this is all connected to "Threshold," the project his father worked on with Warner. Decades prior, Wyntech discovered a rift leading to "Dimension X" in the basement of their building and sought to use it for monetary gain by selling teleportation technology to the United States government, performing experiments first with animal subjects and mental patients supplied by the corrupt Dr. Marek, employed at the asylum where Curtis was committed. Desperate for better results, Warner took advantage of Curtis' father, bringing the child to work and using Curtis as a subject—without his father's permission—although Curtis was returned from the rift; the project was shut down when the military showed no interest, but reactivated when Warner discovered the inhabitants of Dimension X could synthesize any chemical desired at the cost of some components and a couple of "human specimens."
Warner planned on sacrificing as many people as necessary in exchange for a addictive antidepressant/weight loss drug which would be released on the market, causing the Earth's population to become reliant on the product and making Wyntech the most powerful corporation on Earth. As Curtis comes closer to the truth, his therapist and Trevor are murdered, causing Curtis to confront Warner. Warner, however, is knocked out by a humanoid creature that introduces itself as a manifestation of the "real" Curtis Craig; the child Curtis that returned from the rift is in fact an alien duplicate while the real Curtis was trapped in Dimension X, experimented upon, hideously mutated, developed vast psychic powers—and madness—as a result. The real Curtis, acting through the Hecatomb, was responsible for the murders and hallucinations, with the purpose of driving the duplicate Curtis insane; this would allow the real Curtis to psychically take over the duplicate's body, regaining the life the duplicate unintentionally stole.
The duplicate Curtis escapes the Hecatomb through the Dimension X portal, kills the real Curtis, returns to Earth. Jocilyn appears, revealing that she knows the truth. A message from the inhabitants of Dimension X is heard, asking Curtis to return since he doesn't belong on Earth; the player has the choice of two endings: either Curtis chooses to leave, in which case he spends one last day with Jocilyn before departing, or he chooses to remain on Earth. If the player chooses the latter, the ending sequence shows Jocilyn talking about everyday life arrangements to a regretful-looking Curtis, who curls up an anxious fist beneath the table; the fist morphs into a grotesque alien shape. Prior to either ending, the scene implies. A post-credits scene in Dimension X shows the still-living severed head of Warner suspended in bio-organic matter; the basic aspects of a point-and-click adventure game are here. A Puzzle of Flesh's gameplay features a standard point-and-click interface, played from a third-person perspective: the cursor, when