Bullhead City, Arizona
Bullhead City is a city located on the Colorado River in Mohave County, United States 90 mi south of Las Vegas and directly across the Colorado River from Laughlin, whose casinos and ancillary services supply much of the employment for Bullhead City. Bullhead City is located on the southern border of Lake Mohave. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 39,540; the nearby communities of Laughlin, California, Fort Mohave and Mohave Valley bring the Bullhead area's total population to about 100,000, making it the largest micropolitan area in Mohave County. With over 59 square miles, Bullhead City is the largest city in Mohave County in terms of total land area. In 2011, the Laughlin/Bullhead International Airport was named Airport of the Year by the Arizona Department of Transportation; the latest figures indicate that "...more than 115,000 people flew into Laughlin/Bullhead International Airport on casino-sponsored charters in 2010." In the 1980s the airport was home to the helicopters of the TV show Airwolf.
The earliest inhabitants of the Colorado River Valley were the Mojave people. The rich soil and plentiful water provided the valley's natives with the necessities to create a prosperous farming community. According to Mojave legend, life began on Spirit Mountain, the highest peak visible from the Bullhead City area; the first account of European contact was with Spanish explorer Melchor Díaz. He documented his travels in Northwestern Mohave County in 1540, he accounts of meeting a large population of natives who referred to themselves as the Pipa Aha Macav, meaning "People by the River". From "Aha Macav" came the shortened name "Mojave". While Mohave County uses the modern English spelling, the tribe retains the traditional Spanish spelling "Mojave". Both are correct, both are pronounced "Moh-hah-vee". Father Francisco Garces crossed the Colorado River in the Bullhead City area in 1774. In March 1864 the current site of Bullhead City was the location of a settlement called Hardyville, it was named for William Harrison Hardy.
A New York native and an entrepreneur, Hardy established, with the support of George Alonzo Johnson's steamboat company, a ferry service and a steamboat landing where the Mojave Road crossed the Colorado River. He built and owned the Hardyville - Prescott Road, a toll road from Hardyville to the new Arizona territorial capital of Prescott and raised Angora goats, he was a somewhat controversial figure. He was the town's first postmaster from January 17, 1865, is credited with the invention of the riveted mail sack, he was a Mohave County supervisor and a member of the Arizona Territorial Legislature. In 1864 his personal worth was over $40,000. From 1864 to 1883, steamboats made regular trips up the Colorado River from Port Isabel, Sonora and, after the arrival of the railroad from Yuma, stopping at Hardyville to deliver supplies to the mines of the surrounding mining districts and those to the east in the interior of Arizona and carry out their ore for processing and sale; these stern-wheeler riverboats played an important part in the early development of the areas bordering the Colorado River and Hardyville was considered the low water limit of navigation for the steamboats.
Steamboat travel above that point to places in like El Dorado Canyon and Rioville was possible only during the few months of the late spring to early summer flood caused by snow melt in the upper Colorado River watershed. Hardyville was the starting point for wagon roads and pack trails to the mines and other settlements in the upper region of the river, it was the port for flatboats that ascended the river as far as Callville in the extreme low water time of the year. In April 1866, Brevet Brigadier General James Fowler Rusling visited the settlement and described it: Hardyville received a boost in 1867, when it became the county seat of Mohave County and the mills at Eldorado Canyon began operating stimulating trade up river again. Hardyville had a population of 20 in 1870; the 1870s saw a population boom in Hardyville. With the end of hostilities with the Native Americans in Mohave County, mines in the interior boomed again and the small town grew with the addition of the construction of a general store, a saloon, a blacksmith shop, a billiard hall, a respectable public hall.
However, in 1873, the county seat was moved to the mining boomtown of Cerbat. In 1877, the Southern Pacific Railroad arrived at Yuma, it bought out Johnson's Colorado Steam Navigation Company, by 1878 had built rails into Maricopaville resulting in wagon traffic moving to that railhead, closer to the mines in the northern interior than Hardyville. Traffic on the road to the interior mines of the east from Hardyville waned except for that to Cerbat, Mineral Park, Chloride. In May 1881, Issac Polhamus, captain of one of the Southern Pacific-owned Colorado Steam Navigation Company steamboats, went into competition with Hardy for the trade to those mines establishing Polhamus Landing, a rival landing five miles up river, closer to the mines, taking away most of its river trade. Worse yet, the construction of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad to its bridge crossing on the Colorado River near Needles, in May 1883, saw the remaining interior mining trade move away from the Colorado River and Hardyville.
The Hardyville post office was discontinued in favor of the one in Mohave City on February 19, 1883. As the silver price declined in the late 1880s and early 1890s, the Hardyville mill, its only remaining economic resource, became idle and the remaining population of the town left, leaving it to become a gho
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Kaibab Indian Reservation
The Kaibab Indian Reservation the home of the Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians, a federally recognized tribe of Southern Paiutes. The Indian reservation is located in northern part of the U. S. state of Arizona. It covers a land area of 188.75 square miles in northeastern Mohave County and northwestern Coconino County adjacent to the southern Utah border. The Pipe Spring National Monument lies in the southwestern section of the reservation; the Thunder Mountain Pootseev Nightsky area is located with the reservation. As of the 2000 census its population was 196; the Kaibab Paiutes have a long and cherished history, passed down through countless generations. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the reservation has a total area of 188.75 square miles all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 196 people, 65 households, 49 families residing on the reservation; the population density was 1 inhabitant per square mile. There were 88 housing units at an average density of 0.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the reservation was 23.47% White, 66.84% Native American, 4.59% from other races, 5.10% from two or more races, with no persons identifying as Black or African American, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
10.20 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 65 households out of which 61.54% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.92% were married couples living together, 32.31% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.62% were non-families. 23.08% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.54% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.49. On the reservation the population was spread out with 44.39% under the age of 18, 9.69% from 18 to 24, 24.49% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, 1.53% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 73.45 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.81 males. The median income for a household on the reservation was $20,000, the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $22,000 versus $16,607 for females; the per capita income for the reservation was $7,951.
About 29.69% of families and 31.65% of the population were below the poverty line. Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, official website Community Profile
Coconino County, Arizona
Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U. S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census; the county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai, it is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, with its 18,661 square miles, or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states. Coconino County comprises Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area. Coconino County contains Grand Canyon National Park, the Havasupai Nation, parts of the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Nation, Hopi Nation, it has a large Native American population at nearly 30% of the county's total population, being Navajo with smaller numbers of Havasupai and others. The county was the setting for George Herriman's early-20th-century Krazy Kat comic strip. After the building of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883 the region of northern Yavapai County began experiencing rapid growth.
The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of travelling all the way to Prescott for county business. They believed that they were a significant enough entity that they should have their own county jurisdiction. Therefore, they decided in 1887 to petition for secession from Yavapai and the creation of a new Frisco County, they remained part of Yavapai, until 1891 when Coconino County was formed and its seat declared to be Flagstaff. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,661 square miles, of which 18,619 square miles is land and 43 square miles is water, it is the largest county by area in Arizona and the second-largest county in the United States after San Bernardino County in California. It has more land area than each of the following U. S. states: Connecticut, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont. The highest natural point in the county, as well as the entire state, is Humphreys Peak at 12,637 feet or 3,852 metres.
The Barringer Meteor Crater is located in Coconino County. Mohave County – west Yavapai County – south Gila County – south Navajo County – east San Juan County, Utah – northeast Kane County, Utah – north Coconino County has 7,142.42 square miles of federally designated Indian reservation, second only to Apache County. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, the Kaibab Indian Reservation; the Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies within the county's borders. As of the 2000 census, there were 116,320 people, 40,448 households, 26,938 families residing in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 53,443 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.09% White, 28.51% Native American, 1.04% Black or African American, 0.78% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.13% from other races, 2.36% from two or more races.
10.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.59 % reported speaking Navajo at home. There were 40,448 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.36. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, the median income for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.10% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 134,421 people, 46,711 households, 29,656 families residing in the county; the population density was 7.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 63,321 housing units at an average density of 3.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% white, 27.3% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.5% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 46,711 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 31.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $49,510 and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $42,331 versus $31,869 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,632. About 11.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. Flagstaff Page Sedona Williams Fredonia Tu
Yavapai County, Arizona
Yavapai County is near the center of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073; the county seat is Prescott. Yavapai County comprises AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area. Yavapai County was one of the four original Arizona counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature; the county territory was defined as being east of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Gila River. Soon thereafter, the counties of Apache, Coconino and Navajo were carved from the original Yavapai County. Yavapai County's present boundaries were established in 1891; the county is named after the Yavapai people, who were the principal inhabitants at the time the United States annexed the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,128 square miles, of which 8,123 square miles is land and 4.4 square miles is water. It has about 93% of the area of the U. S. state of New Jersey. It is larger than three U. S. states and the District of Columbia combined. The county's topography makes a dramatic transition from the lower Sonoran Desert to the south to the heights of the Coconino Plateau to the north, the Mogollon Rim to the east.
The highest point above sea level in Yavapai County is Mount Union at an elevation of 7,979 ft and the lowest is Agua Fria River drainage, now under Lake Pleasant. Mohave County—west La Paz County—southwest Maricopa County—south Gila County—east Coconino County—north/northeast Agua Fria National Monument Coconino National Forest Kaibab National Forest Montezuma Castle National Monument Prescott National Forest Tonto National Forest Tuzigoot National MonumentThere are nineteen official wilderness areas in Yavapai County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Fourteen of these are integral parts of National Forests listed above, whereas five are managed by the Bureau of Land Management; some of these extend into neighboring counties: Apache Creek Wilderness Arrastra Mountain Wilderness in Mohave County. Public land: about 75% of the county's area is publicly owned, includingFederal ownership: about 50% of the county's area is owned by the federal government of the United States, includingNational Forest lands, managed by the US Forest Service: 38% of the county's area Federal lands managed by the U.
S. Bureau of Land Management: 11.6% of the county's area Small areas of federal land are managed by the U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs and the National Park Service: less than 0.5% of the county's area. Yavapai-Prescott Tribe 1,413 acres Yavapai-Apache Nation 685 acres About 25% of Yavapai County is owned by the State of Arizona as state trust lands, managed by the Arizona State Land Department. There are numerous fauna species within Yavapai County. For example, a number of plants within the genus Ephedra and Coreopsis are found in the county. Yavapai County is the location of several groves of the near-threatened California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera. Yavapai County is home to Arcosanti, a prototype arcology, developed by Paolo Soleri, under construction since 1970. Arcosanti is just north of Arizona. Out of Africa Wildlife Park is a private zoo; the park moved to the Camp Verde area from the East Valley in 2005. 10 miles northwest of the town of Bagdad lies the Upper Burro Creek Wilderness Area, a 27,440-acre protected area home to at least 150 species of birds and featuring one of the Arizona desert's few undammed perennial streams.
As of the 2000 census, there were 167,517 people, 70,171 households, 46,733 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile. There were 81,730 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.89% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 1.60% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.58% from other races, 1.95% from two or more races. 9.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 70,171 households out of which 23.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.79. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age
The Hualapai is a federally recognized Indian tribe in Arizona with over 2300 enrolled members. 1353 enrolled members reside on the Hualapai Indian reservation, which spans over three counties in Northern Arizona. The name, meaning "people of the tall pines", is derived from hwa:l, the Hualapai word for ponderosa pine and pai "people", their traditional territory is a 108-mile stretch along the pine-clad southern side of the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River with the tribal capital at Peach Springs. The Hualapai tribe is a sovereign nation and governed by an executive and judicial branch and a tribal council; the tribe provides a variety of social, cultural and economic services to its members. The Hualapai language is a Pai branch of the Yuman–Cochimí languages spoken by the related Havasupai, more distantly to Yavapai people, it is still spoken by most people over 30 on the Reservation as well as many young people. The Peach Springs School District runs a successful bilingual program for all local students, both Hualapai and non-Hualapai, in addition to immersion camps.
The Hualapai Indian Reservation, covering 1,142 square miles, was created by the Presidential Executive order of Chester A. Arthur on January 4, 1883. Major traditional ceremonies of the Hualapai include the "Maturity" ceremony and the "Mourning" ceremony. Nowadays the modern Sobriety Festival is celebrated in June; the souls of the dead are believed to go northwestward to a beautiful land where plentiful harvest grow. This land is believed to be seen only by Hualapai spirits. Traditional Hualapai dress consists of full suits of rabbit skin robes. Conical houses formed from cedar boughs using the single slope form called a Wikiup; the Hualapai Reservation was created by executive order in 1883 on lands that just four regional bands considered as part of their home range, like the Yi Kwat Pa'a or Ha'kasa Pa'a. The other Hualapai regional bands lived far away from the current reservation land; the Hualapai War was caused by an increase in traffic through the area on the Fort Mojave-Prescott Toll Road which elevated tensions and produced armed conflicts between the Hualapai and European Americans.
The war broke out in May 1865, when the Hualapai leader Anasa was killed by a man named Hundertinark in the area of Camp Willow Grove and in March 1866. In response, a man named Clower was killed by the Hualapai, who closed the route from Prescott, Arizona to the Colorado River ports due to the conflict; the most important and principal Hualapai leaders at that time were: Wauba Yuba, Hitchi Hitchi and Susquatama. It was not until William Hardy and the Hualapai leaders negotiated a peace agreement at Beale Springs that the raids and the fighting subsided. However, the agreement lasted only nine months when it was broken with the murder of Chief Wauba Yuba near present-day Kingman during a dispute with the Walker Party over the treaty. After the chief's murder, raids by the Hualapai began in full force on mining settlers; the cavalry from Fort Mojave responded, with the assistance of the Mohave, by attacking Hualapai rancherias and razing them. The pivotal engagement took place in January 1868, when Captain S.
B. M. Young joined in by Lt. Johnathan D. Stevenson, surprised the rancheria of Sherum with his more than one hundred warriors. Known as the Battle of Cherum Peak, it lasted all day. Stevenson fell in the first volley; the Hualapai lost twenty-one warriors, with many more wounded. The Battle broke the military resistance of the Hualapai; the Hualapai began to surrender, as whooping cough and dysentery weakened their ranks, on August 20, 1868. They were led by Chief Leve Leve of the Amat Whala Pa'a of the Yavapai Fighters subtribe; the warrior Sherum, known for his tenacity as a warrior surrendered, thus marking the end of the Hualapai Wars in 1870. It is estimated that one-third of the Hualapai people were killed during this war either by the conflict or disease. Ethnically, the Havasupai and the Hualapai are one people, although today, they are politically separate groups as the result of U. S. government policy. The Hualapai had three subtribes - the Middle Mountain People in the northwest, Plateau People in the east, Yavapai Fighter in the south.
The subtribes were divided into seven bands, which themselves were broken up into thirteen regional bands or local groups. The local groups were composed of several extended family groups, living in small villages: The Havasupai were one band of the Plateau People subtribe. Ko'audva Kopaya included seven bands in the plateau and canyon country east of the Grand Wash Cliffs, the eastern Hualapai Valley, this area include the current Hualapai Reservation, bands listed from west to east: Mata'va-kapai Ha Dooba Pa'a / Haduva Ba:' Tanyika Ha' Pa'a / Danyka Ba:' ("Grass Springs band", were able to st
Kaibab National Forest
At 1.6 million acres the Kaibab National Forest borders both the north and south rims of the Grand Canyon, in north-central Arizona. It is divided into three major sections: the North Kaibab Ranger District and the South Kaibab and are managed by the United States Forest Service; the South Kaibab is further divided into two districts, the Tusayan Ranger District, the Williams Ranger District. The Grand Canyon is a natural boundary between the South Kaibab; the South Kaibab covers the North Kaibab stretches over 1,010 square miles. Elevations vary on the forest from 5,500 feet in the southwest corner to 10,418 feet at the summit of Kendrick Peak on the Williams Ranger District; the forest as a whole is headquartered in Williams. The Kaibab Plateau is an island surrounded by lower elevations; the plateau, with elevation up to 9,215 feet is bordered on the south by the Grand Canyon, on the east and the west by tributary canyons of the Colorado River, on the North by tiers of uplifted cliffs. The North Kaibab Ranger District was part of the lands withdrawn from the public domain in 1893 and included in the Grand Canyon Forest Reserve.
President Theodore Roosevelt created the Grand Canyon Game Preserve in 1906. The game preserve which includes 612,736 acres of the Kaibab National Forest, is "set a side for the protection of game animals and birds," and is "to be recognized as a breeding place therefore." In 1908, the Forest Reserve north of the Grand Canyon, including the game preserve, was renamed Kaibab National Forest. In 1919, National Park was created from the forest service lands surrounding the Grand Canyon. In 1934, the Tusayan National Forest south of the Grand Canyon was consolidated into the Kaibab National Forest, forming the present forest boundaries. Up until 1972 the North Kaibab consisted of Big Springs and Jacob Lake; the headquarters of each were somewhat remote the Big Springs district. The two were combined and the forest area north of the canyon became the North Kaibab Ranger District and the district ranger station moved to Fredonia; the headquarters for the Kaibab National Forest is in Arizona. The climate of the North Kaibab, which encompasses the Kaibab Plateau, is a snowy highland climate, qualifying as Dsb/Csb under the Köppen climate classification, a type described as Continental climate.
There are two weather stations in this area: Jacob Lake, near the center of the plateau, Bright Angel Ranger Station, located at a more southerly location and is higher in altitude. The higher altitude is reflected in Bright Angel's cooler temperatures and increased precipitation versus Jacob Lake. Using the 0 °C isotherm between temperate and continental climates preferred by some climatologists, Bright Angel Ranger Station is Dsb, the dry-summer version of the warm summer humid continental climate; the North Kaibab is unusual for either a Csb or Dsb climate, featuring lower precipitation in early summer, with July and August being wetter. This is followed by a drier period during the autumn months, a wetter period from December to March. Summers in this area feature cool nights. Winters are chilly at night, snowy. Jacob Lake averages 105 inches of snow per annum, Bright Angel Ranger Station 135 inches; the South Kaibab includes the Williams Ranger District. Vegetation in the forest varies by exposure.
Principal tree species are ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, blue spruce, pinyon pine, juniper. Among other things, they enhance the beauty of the landscape, hold soil in place, provide cover and food for wildlife; as elevation decreases, trees give way to bitterbrush, Gambel oak and cliffrose. Within the forest, there are irregular areas free of tree growth. Seen large wild animals include white-tailed deer, mule deer, pronghorn, wild turkey and coyote. Cougar and black bear are seen less frequently. Common small animals in Kaibab National Forest include chipmunks, ground squirrels and Abert's squirrels. Less common are porcupines, small lizards, rattlesnakes. Most common birds are bluebirds, Steller's jays, nuthatches and other woodpeckers, various hummingbirds, a variety of hawks. Bats occupy the park. There are four designated wilderness areas in the Kaibab National Forest. Two in the North Kaibab Ranger District and two in the Williams Ranger District. Kanab Creek Wilderness Kendrick Mountain Wilderness Saddle Mountain Wilderness Sycamore Canyon Wilderness The historic Spring Valley Cabin, near Parks, Arizona in the Williams Ranger District, is available for rentals through the "Rooms with a View" Arizona Cabin Rental Program.
The cabin was built in 1917. It served as the residence for rangers; the bunkhouse was the original office. Located one mile south of the Grand Canyon, Hull Cabin is the oldest surviving historic cabin near the Grand Canyon’s south rim; this rustic cabin was built in 1889 as part of a sheep ranch, was acquired by the Forest Service in 1907 for use as a ranger station. In 1985, the cabin was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Hull Cabin is available for rentals through the "Rooms with a View" program. A three-acre fishing facility, Perkins Tank is a