Mohegan Sun is an American casino, with 364,000 square feet of gambling space. Operated by the Mohegan Tribe, it is located on 240 acres of reservation land along the banks of the Thames River in Uncasville, Connecticut, it is in the foothills of southeastern Connecticut, where 60 percent of the state's tourism is concentrated. It features the 12,000-seat capacity Mohegan Sun Arena, home of the New England Black Wolves of the National Lacrosse League and the Women's National Basketball Association's Connecticut Sun, it houses a 350-seat Cabaret Theatre, the 300-seat Wolf Den, 100,000 sq ft of meeting and function room space, including the Northeast’s largest ballroom and 130,000 sq ft of retail shopping. It is where the studio of WMOS is located; the casino contains slot machines, gaming tables including poker, craps, Caribbean stud poker and baccarat. The race book offers live horse or greyhound racing from around the U. S. as well as from Australia and England. It offers wagering on jai-alai from Florida.
The economic recession that began in 2007 took a heavy toll on receipts, by 2012 both the Mohegan Sun and nearby competitor Foxwoods Resort Casino were in debt. The development of the Mohegan Sun began in 1992 with RJH Development and LMW Investments of Connecticut, Slavik Suites Inc. proposed the idea of developing a casino with the Mohegan tribe. The three companies formed Trading Cove Associates, which provided the Mohegans with financial support, tribal attorneys, advisers to assist in the tribe's effort to gain official recognition as a people. In March 1994 they gained federal recognition as a sovereign people, opening the way to develop a casino; the land used by United Nuclear Corporation building nuclear reactors for submarines, was decommissioned and cleaned up. Sol Kerzner, head of Kerzner International, became involved with a 50 percent interest in TCA. Waterford Gaming had the other 50 percent interest in TCA; the Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority hired TCA to oversee construction of the casino.
The casino and resort first opened on October 12, 1996. In 2000, Trading Cove Associates gave complete control of the resort to the Mohegan tribe, although under the terms of the agreement TCA continued to receive a 5% dividend on the gross revenue generated by Mohegan Sun until 2014; the Casino of the Sky has a planetarium-like domed ceiling utilizing fiber optics to display the sun and stars, accompanying the lighting effects of the Wombi Rock, a three-story high crystal mountain crafted of alabaster and more than 12,000 individual plates of hand-selected onyx from quarries in Iran and Mexico. A 55 ft high indoor waterfall called "Taughannick Falls," representing a treacherous crossing point during the tribe's migration; the decor is Native American in style in many aspects. The artwork throughout the casino and the structural design has Native American feel. In addition, several mechanical wolves stand high atop rock structures inside the gaming areas that sit back and howl lightly. In many ways it reflects the four seasons: The casino uses a tribal theme for its playing cards.
Each suit represents a 20th-century Native American as well as one of the four seasons. A new buffet called the Seasons Buffet replaced both the Seasons and Sunburst Buffet. In the Fall of 2014, Mohegan Sun partnered with Blade to provide helicopter transportation between Manhattan and the Uncasville, CT casino. Comix Comedy Club relocated from Foxwoods to Mohegan Sun in late Summer of 2015; the Earth Tower opened on November 18, 2016, is a 400-room, 242,000 square-foot hotel tower. The gaming floor has 377 table games as well as a racebook; the table games at Mohegan Sun range from 116 blackjack tables, roulette, 3-card poker. They offer video game blackjack and roulette. Mohegan Sun employs some 10,000 local employees, with about 40% female and 60% male, brought in $1.62 billion in revenues in 2007. Concerts and boxing events bring revenues; the casino submits about 25% of its revenues from slot machines to the State of Connecticut. However, this impact has not been without costs to local communities.
The Mohegan Tribe is $1.6 billion in debt while local communities have complained about increased local costs for services associated with casino-related traffic and social welfare service demands. In November 2006, the tribe announced a $740 million expansion titled Project Horizon; the project was scheduled be completed in 2010, with phases of the expansion being completed prior to that. The expansion included the "Casino of the Wind," which opened in August 2008 and features 650 slot machines, 28 table games, 42-table poker room, it would have added 1,000 new hotel rooms, including 300 House of Blues themed rooms, accessible through a separate lobby. However, in September 2008, Mohegan Sun placed the Project Horizon expansion on hold, due to the economic recession affecting the regional gaming markets; the feasibility of the expansion would be reevaluated within a year. However, in 2010, the tribe had a $58.1 million impairment charge which halted any work on the project. Project Horizon was terminated.
In May 2011, Mohegan Sun announced that the casino would be expanded by building a new 300- to 500-room hotel. The expansion would accommodate the growing demand of hotel rooms at the casino; the Mohegans would let a third-party developer construct and own the new facility, unlike
David Jacques Way was an American harpsichord maker. Born in Elk Creek, Way was educated at Black Mountain College in North Carolina in its earliest days, where he gained his lifelong interest in graphic design and typography, his first commercial venture was the establishment in 1938 of Grafix Press in nearby Lake Eden, with fellow Black Mountain College student Emil Willimetz. After leaving the College, he began his working life as a fine-arts publisher. In 1953, he entered partnership with the graphic designer Bertram L. Clarke to form Clarke & Way, consolidating a collaboration which began four years with work on the production of the twelve volume catalog of the Frick Collection. Way came to harpsichord making late in his life. After having built a harpsichord kit by Wolfgang Zuckermann in the late 1960s, Way wrote the "Appendix—By a Harpsichord Kit Builder" for Zuckermann's book The Modern Harpsichord, published in 1969 by Way's own company October House Inc; when Zuckermann prepared to leave the United States soon afterwards, Way sensed a career change, purchased Zuckermann Harpsichords Inc and moved its premises from New York City to the historic seaside village of Stonington, Connecticut.
Beginning his evolution of new harpsichord designs based on more historic principles of construction, Way visited European museums and engaged William Hyman—one of the regarded American harpsichord makers in Zuckermann's book—as consultant and teacher. The rapid development of the historic harpsichord in this decade was fuelled by the popularity of the harpsichord kit, produced by several companies including Zuckermann and the Boston-based Hubbard Harpsichords Inc. During the 1970s, Way abandoned the more usual modern materials of plywood, hard steel wire and zither tuning pins. At this time, Stonington was the prototype and custom instrument shop while the Zuckermann kits were mass-produced by a facility in Philadelphia; when William Hyman died unexpectedly in 1976, Way was charged with the posthumous completion of several outstanding orders with the assistance of Hyman's last apprentice John Bennett, who remained in Stonington to preside over a dozen workers as foreman through 1990. Way developed a large network of domestic and international Agents who liaised with musicians and distributed the instruments and kits worldwide.
In 1983, Stonington took over full-time production of smaller runs of the Zuckermann kits, while continuing to complete the custom-finished instruments signed D. Jacques Way. In the late 1980s he formalised his cross-Atlantic partnership with French harpsichord maker Marc Ducornet, after which many instruments were signed D. Jacques Way & Marc Ducornet, he died of a heart attack in his workshop on February 4, 1994. Way did not try to make exact copies of old instruments but rather learn from historical makers: As a master instrument maker, he was always perfecting his craft and focused on the sound of his instruments: Harpsichords by David Way remain in regular use in many educational institutions and by orchestras worldwide, are played by many leading harpsichordists including Trevor Pinnock. Harpsichord makers who David Way mentored include Carey Beebe, Marc Ducornet, F. Jacob Kaeser, Kevin Fryer, Edward Kottick, Gerald Self and Kevin Spindler. Several of Way's designs are still produced by Zuckermann Harpsichords International, which continues today under the direction of Richard Auber.
Way's legacy is his encouragement of the thousands of amateur musicians and people from all walks of life who discovered the harpsichord through building their own instrument from a Zuckermann kit. Kosofsky, Scott-Martin. "David Jacques Way, harpsichord maker, 1918-94". Early Music. 22: 363–364. Doi:10.1093/earlyj/xxii.2.363. JSTOR 3128157. "David Way, a Printer And Musicologist, 75". The New York Times. February 10, 1994. P. Late Edition - Final, Section B, Page 10, Column 6. Harris, Mary Emma; the Arts at Black Mountain College. The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-58212-4. Zuckermann, Wolfgang; the Modern Harpsichord. October House Inc. ISBN 0-7206-0101-0. David Jacques Way on harpsichord building and related matters — at the Zuckermann Harpsichords International website Plain Talk About Funny Harpsichords — 1982 essay by David Jacques Way Homage to David Way by Marc Ducornet
Empress Xiaoshencheng, of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner Tunggiya clan, was a consort of the Daoguang Emperor. She was ten years his junior. Empress Xiaoshencheng's personal name was not recorded in history. Father: Shuming'a, served as the Magistrate of Yong'an from 1771–1772 and the Magistrate of Xin'an from 1776–1777, held the title of a first class duke The future Empress Xiaoshencheng was born on the 17th day of the fifth lunar month in the 57th year of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor, which translates to 5 July 1792 in the Gregorian calendar. On 2 February 1809, Lady Tunggiya married Minning, the second son of the Jiaqing Emperor, became his second primary consort. On 29 July 1813, she gave birth to his first daughter, Princess Duanmin of the First Rank, who would die prematurely on 7 December 1819; the Jiaqing Emperor died on 2 September 1820 and was succeeded by Minning, enthroned as the Daoguang Emperor. On 28 December 1822, Lady Tunggiya, as the emperor's primary consort, was instated as Empress.
As Empress, Lady Tunggiya was placed in charge of the emperor's harem. She was interred in the Mu Mausoleum of the Western Qing tombs. During the reign of the Qianlong Emperor: Lady Tunggiya During the reign of the Jiaqing Emperor: Primary consort During the reign of the Daoguang Emperor: Empress Empress Xiaoshen During the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor: Empress Xiaoshencheng As primary consort: Princess Duanmin of the First Rank, the Daoguang Emperor's first daughter Portrayed by Wong Man-ching in The Rise and Fall of Qing Dynasty Portrayed by Myolie Wu in Curse of the Royal Harem Ranks of imperial consorts in China#Qing Royal and noble ranks of the Qing dynasty Wan, Yi. Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912. Viking. ISBN 0670811645. Wei, Betty Peh-T'i. Ruan Yuan, 1764-1849: The Life and Work of a Major Scholar-Official in Nineteenth-Century China Before the Opium War. Hong Kong University Press. P. 272. ISBN 962-209-785-5. Zhao, Erxun. Draft History of Qing