|Mohsin Hamid |
23 July 1971|
Harvard Law School
The Reluctant Fundamentalist
Mohsin Hamid (Urdu: محسن حمید; born 23 July 1971) is a Pakistani novelist, writer and brand consultant. His novels are Moth Smoke (2000), The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007), How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia (2013), and Exit West (2017).
Early life and education
Hamid spent part of his childhood in the United States, where he stayed from the age of 3 to 9 while his father, a university professor, was enrolled in a PhD program at Stanford University. He then moved with his family back to Lahore, Pakistan, and attended the Lahore American School.
At the age of 18, Hamid returned to the United States to continue his education. He graduated from Princeton University summa cum laude in 1993, having studied under the writers Joyce Carol Oates and Toni Morrison. Hamid wrote the first draft of his first novel for a fiction workshop taught by Morrison. He returned to Pakistan after college to continue working on it.
Hamid then attended Harvard Law School, graduating in 1997. Finding corporate law boring, he repaid his student loans by working for several years as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company in New York City. He was allowed to take three months off each year to write, and he used this time to complete his first novel Moth Smoke.
Hamid moved to London in the summer of 2001, initially intending to stay only one year. Although he frequently returned to Pakistan to write, he continued to live in London for eight years, becoming a dual citizen of the United Kingdom in 2006. In 2004 he joined the brand consultancy Wolff Olins, working only three days a week so as to retain time to write. He later served as managing director of Wolff Olins' London office, and in 2015 was appointed the firm's first-ever Chief Storytelling Officer.
Hamid's first novel, Moth Smoke, told the story of a marijuana-smoking ex-banker in post-nuclear-test Lahore who falls in love with his best friend's wife and becomes a heroin addict. It was published in 2000, and quickly became a cult hit in Pakistan and among Indians who speak English. It was also a finalist for the PEN/Hemingway Award given to the best first novel in the US, and was adapted for television in Pakistan and as an operetta in Italy.
Moth Smoke had an innovative structure, using multiple voices, second person trial scenes, and essays on such topics as the role of air-conditioning in the lives of its main characters. Pioneering a hip, contemporary approach to English language South Asian fiction, it was considered by some critics to be "the most interesting novel that came out of [its] generation of subcontinent (English) writing." In the New York Review of Books, Anita Desai noted:
One could not really continue to write, or read about, the slow seasonal changes, the rural backwaters, gossipy courtyards, and traditional families in a world taken over by gun-running, drug-trafficking, large-scale industrialism, commercial entrepreneurship, tourism, new money, nightclubs, boutiques... Where was the Huxley, the Orwell, the Scott Fitzgerald, or even the Tom Wolfe, Jay McInerney, or Brett Easton Ellis to record this new world? Mohsin Hamid's novel Moth Smoke, set in Lahore, is one of the first pictures we have of that world.
His second novel, The Reluctant Fundamentalist, told the story of a Pakistani man who decides to leave his high-flying life in America after a failed love affair and the terrorist attacks of 9/11. It was published in 2007 and became a million-copy international best seller, reaching No.4 on the New York Times Best Seller list. The novel was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize, won several awards including the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award and the Asian American Literary Award, and was translated into over 25 languages. The Guardian selected it as one of the books that defined the decade.
Like Moth Smoke, The Reluctant Fundamentalist was formally experimental. The novel used the unusual device of a dramatic monologue in which the Pakistani protagonist continually addresses an American listener who is never heard from directly. (Hamid has said The Fall by Albert Camus served as his model.) According to one commentator, because of this technique:
maybe we the readers are the ones who jump to conclusions; maybe the book is intended as a Rorschach to reflect back our unconscious assumptions. In our not knowing lies the novel's suspense... Hamid literally leaves us at the end in a kind of alley, the story suddenly suspended; it's even possible that some act of violence might occur. But more likely, we are left holding the bag of conflicting worldviews. We're left to ponder the symbolism of Changez having been caught up in the game of symbolism—a game we ourselves have been known to play.
In an interview in May 2007, Hamid said of the brevity of The Reluctant Fundamentalist: "I’d rather people read my book twice than only half-way through."
His third novel, How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia, was excerpted by The New Yorker in their 24 September 2012 issue and by Granta in their Spring 2013 issue, and was released in March 2013 by Riverhead Books. As with his previous books, How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia bends conventions of both genre and form. Narrated in the second person, it tells the story of the protagonist's ("your") journey from impoverished rural boy to tycoon in an unnamed contemporary city in "rising Asia," and of his pursuit of the nameless "pretty girl" whose path continually crosses but never quite converges with his. Stealing its shape from the self-help books devoured by ambitious youths all over "rising Asia," the novel is playful but also quite profound in its portrayal of the thirst for ambition and love in a time of shattering economic and social upheaval. In her New York Times review of the novel, Michiko Kakutani called it "deeply moving," writing that How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia "reaffirms [Hamid's] place as one of his generation's most inventive and gifted writers."
Hamid has also written on politics, art, literature, travel, and other topics, most recently on Pakistan's internal division and extremism in an op-ed for the New York Times. His journalism, essays, and stories have appeared in TIME, The Guardian, Dawn, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The International Herald Tribune, the Paris Review, and other publications. In 2013 he was named one of the world's 100 Leading Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine.
Hamid's most recent novel, Exit West, is about a young couple, Nadia and Saeed, and their relationship in a time where the world is taken by storm by migrants. It was shortlisted for the 2017 Man Booker prize.
Hamid moved to Lahore in 2009 with his wife Zahra and their daughter Dina. He now divides his time between Pakistan and abroad, living between Lahore, New York, London, and Mediterranean countries including Italy and Greece. Hamid has described himself as a "mongrel" and has said of his own writing that "a novel can often be a divided man’s conversation with himself."
List of works
- Moth Smoke (2000) ISBN 0-374-21354-2
- The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007) ISBN 0-241-14365-9
- How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia (2013) ISBN 978-1-59448-729-3
- Discontent and Its Civilisations: Despatches from Lahore, New York & London (2014) ISBN 978-0-241-14630-9
- Exit West (2017) ISBN 978-0-241-97907-5
- 2000 New York Times Notable Book of the Year: Moth Smoke
- 2001 Betty Trask Award: Moth Smoke
- 2001 Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award (shortlist): Moth Smoke
- 2007 Man Booker Prize for Fiction (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2007 New York Times Notable Book of the Year: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Ambassador Book Award of the English Speaking Union: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Anisfield-Wolf Book Award: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Arts Council England Decibel Award (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Asian American Literary Award: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Australia-Asia Literary Award (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Commonwealth Writers Prize (Eurasia Region, Best Book) (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 Index on Censorship T R Fyvel Award (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 James Tait Black Memorial Prize (for fiction) (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2008 South Bank Show Annual Award for Literature: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2009 International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award (shortlist): The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2009 Premio Speciale Dal Testo Allo Schermo: The Reluctant Fundamentalist
- 2013 DSC Prize for South Asian Literature (shortlist): How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia
- 2013 Foreign Policy magazine's 100 Leading Global Thinkers
- 2014 Tiziano Terzani International Literary Prize: How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia
- 2014 International Literature Award (shortlist): How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia
- "Mohsin Hamid". Front Row. 24 April 2013. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "Mohsin Hamid: A Muslim novelist's eye on U.S. and Europe" International Herald Tribune 12 October 2007
- "Why I Write: Mohsin Hamid" The Guardian 6 June 2008
- "A Novel Idea" Harvard Law Bulletin Summer 2000
- "Akhil and Mohsin Get Paid" The New York Observer 22 April 2001
- "Mohsin Hamid on citizenship" The Independent 25 February 2007
-  Design Week 8 November 2007
-  Fast Company 01 May 2015
- Anisfield-Wolf Award citation
- Basu, Shrabani (7 October 2007). "The Crescent and the Pen," The Telegraph (Calcutta)
- Desai, Anita (21 December 2000). "Passion in Lahore" New York Review of Books
- "Taking a hermit to a party and letting him dance" Dawn
- Best Sellers, Hardcover Fiction, The New York Times, 29 April 2007.
- Guardian Books of the Noughties
- Freeman, John (30 March 2007). "Critical Outakes: Mohsin Hamid on Camus, Immigration, and Love", Critical Mass.
- Solomon, Deborah (15 April 2007). "The Stranger: Questions for Mohsin Hamid" The New York Times
- Kerr, Sarah (11 October 2007). "In the Terror House of Mirrors". New York Review of Books.
- "10 Questions". Outlook India.
- "The Third-Born" by Mohsin Hamid The New Yorker 24 September 2012
- Granta Issue 122: Betrayal Spring 2013
- "Love and Ambition in a Cruel New World: ‘How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia’ by Mohsin Hamid" The New York Times 21 February 2013
- "To Fight India, We Fought Ourselves" The New York Times 21 February 2013
- "Paying for Pakistan" Dawn 7 May 2007
- "Why do they hate us?" Washington Post 22 July 2007
- "Flailing, But Not Yet Failing" The International Herald Tribune 18 March 2009
- "The Pathos of Exile" TIME 18 August 2003
- "My Reluctant Fundamentalist" Archived 8 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Powells Original Essays
- Ashlin Mathew (22 November 2013). "Three Indians in race for DSC prize for South Asian Literature 2014". India Today. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Leading Global Thinkers of 2013" Foreign Policy December 20013
- "Tiziano Terzani Prize" Press Release
- "Mohsin Hamid's novel shortlisted for International Literary Award"
- article (in Italian). Accessed 4 March 2007
- Houpt, S.: "Novelist by Night", The Globe and Mail, 1 April 2000
- Patel, V.: "A Call to Arms for Pakistan", Newsweek, 24 July 2000