Mokulele Airlines

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Mokulele Airlines
Mokulele Airlines Logo 2016.png
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1994 (as Mokulele Flight Service)
AOC #MK9A203N[1]
HubsKahului Airport
Kona International Airport
Honolulu International Airport
Fleet size16
Parent companySouthern Airways Express
HeadquartersKailua-Kona, Hawaii
Key people
Piper Navajo
Mokulele flew Piper Navajo Chieftans for years, with Hawai'i scenes branding each of the 3 aircraft it once flew.
Mokulele Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Shuttle America Embraer 170 operating for Mokulele Airlines

Mokulele Flight Service, Inc., doing business as Mokulele Airlines, Inc.,[2] is an American commuter airline based in Kona on the Big Island of Hawaii.[3] The airline operates scheduled inter-island and charter flights primarily among Hawaii's smaller airports. In 2019, it was acquired by Southern Airways Express, and continues to operate as its own brand within the larger airline.[4]


Mokulele Flight Service and Mokulele Airlines[edit]

The airline was founded in 1994 as Mokulele Flight Service by Rebecca "Kawehi" Inaba, and was the first airline in Hawaii to be founded by a Native Hawaiian woman. In 2005 it was acquired by Boyer Industries LLC, headed by former baggage handler turned entrepreneur William "Bill" Boyer Jr., who became the airline's CEO.[5] The company, at this point, had a fleet of three Piper Navajo Chieftains and was only operating charters and sightseeing trips to Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park and scenic flights around the Big Island and Maui. Mr. Boyer worked on obtaining scheduled authority for Mokulele to begin service to Kahului, Maui from both Kailua-Kona and Hilo, Hawai'i.

In September 2006, the airline announced that it had reached an agreement with Mesa Air Group and its go! division, whereby Mokulele would operate Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft to Kapalua, Molokai, and Lanai under the name go!Express. Service began with flights from Kapalua to Honolulu, Kahului, and Kona on April 17, 2007.[6][7] Service began for flights to Molokai on July 21, 2007 and flights to Lanai on October 6, 2007.

In January 2008, the airline reached an agreement with Aloha Airlines to provide cargo service to Molokai, Lanai, and Kapalua under the name Aloha Cargo Express beginning in April using a Cessna 208 Cargomaster.[8] Following Aloha's March 2008 bankruptcy, Boyer indicated that he had an agreement with Aloha CEO David Banmiller to work with the buyer of Aloha's cargo operations to continue the Mokulele-Aloha contract. Boyer also stated that the airline would go ahead with cargo operations under its own name, Mokulele Air Cargo.[9]

In October 2008, Mokulele announced that it had reached an agreement with Republic Airways Holdings to provide inter-island jet service. On November 19, Republic's Shuttle America began operating two Embraer 170 regional jet aircraft on flights between Honolulu, Lihue, and Kona under the Mokulele name, with additional aircraft and destinations to be added in 2009;[10] as a result of Mokulele's entrance into markets that compete directly with go!, that airline later announced that it would end the go!Express agreement with Mokulele in April 2009.[11]

In December 2008, Mokulele Airlines announced partnerships with two larger North American airlines; the first, with Alaska Airlines, allows members of Alaska's Mileage Plan frequent flyer program to earn and redeem miles on Mokulele flights, with a code-sharing agreement hoped for in early 2009.[12] The second, with WestJet Airlines, provides access to Mokulele's inter-island flights to WestJet's customers, including sightseeing air tours; each airline was to promote the other on their respective websites.[13] Mokulele continued to operate flights on behalf of go! Express while also operating its own, independent brand.

After running into financial difficulties earlier in the year, the airline announced in March 2009 that Republic had taken a 50% stake in the company. Boyer relinquished the CEO position to Republic vice president Scott Durgin, moving to head the airline's sales and marketing efforts. Republic also assumed control of the Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft operated by Mokulele.[14] A few days later, Mesa announced that the change of CEO allows the airline to terminate its agreement with Mokulele early, and would terminate the agreement effective March 24, 2009 and nullifying Mokulele agreement to operate Caravans as "go! express."[15]

go! Mokulele joint venture[edit]

In October 2009, Mokulele announced that it was going to join go! and become go! Mokulele.[16][17] Peter Forman, an airline historian, said that the merger would cause air fares in Hawaii to increase, since go! and Mokulele no longer compete with one another.[18] The merger agreement includes a joint venture, with 75% of the joint venture owned by Mesa and 25% owned by Mokulele shareholders.[19] Mesa decreased the size of the operation to just 4 Cessna Grand Caravans.

New Mokulele Airlines[edit]

In November 2011, Mesa Air Group announced that it had sold the go! Mokulele turboprop operation, operated by Mokulele Airlines, to Scottsdale, Arizona-based Transpac Aviation Inc. go!Mokulele's turboprop services continued to be operated by Mokulele under a code share agreement.[20] On Friday, December 9, Mokulele grounded its fleet in conjunction with an internal record-keeping audit. Flights resumed the following Monday.[21]

In December 2011, the airline unveiled plans to begin operating a charter service from Honolulu to Rockford, Illinois and London; when the service was approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation the following month, the schedule showed a Boeing 767-200ER leased from Air Transport International would operate the flights, with the Honolulu to Rockford segment beginning on April 13, 2012, and the Rockford to London segment starting May 4.[22] On April 8, the airline delayed the start of service until at least October.[23] In early 2012, Mesa Air Group announced it would rebrand its jets operations back to the go! name as the name go!Mokulele and Mokulele was causing some brand confusion among the two companies; the airline also abandoned its non-turboprop charter plans so it could focus on service in the isles.

Original logo used from 1998-2012
Logo briefly used from 2012-2013
Logo used from 2013-2016

In April 2012, the airline started operating daily service between Maui and Lanai.[24] In July 2012, the airline returned to Kapalua Airport in West Maui, with flights from Honolulu to Kapalua twice per day.[25]

In October 2012, the airline brought a new city to the network, Hana, located on the far east side of Maui; the flights operate twice a day under a partnership with the owners of the resort in Hana. The airline also outsourced eight flights a day to Schuman Aviation - Makani Kai, to bring additional frequencies on the Maui - Kona route, bringing the total daily flights to fifteen on peak days, each way; when Island Air announced plans to retire their fleet of Dash 8 aircraft, Mokulele jumped on the opportunity and ordered additional Caravans to fill the gap.[26] Mokulele presently flies 8 to 9 flights a day between West Maui and Honolulu, as well as 2 new flights linking West Maui to Kona, and a flight for tour operators to Hana, allowing customers on the "Road to Hana" tour to fly back to West Maui rather than drive. Passengers who flew to Hana can then drive back on the tour.[27]

On May 23, 2013, the airline bid on Essential Air Service to Kamuela/Waimea, Hawai'i; the airline has proposed 2 flights a day to Honolulu for an annual subsidy of $584,000 compared to over $900,000 bid by Makani Kai. The airline is hoping to secure a 4-year contract and has proposed decreasing subsidies for each year of service; the US DOT awarded the route to Mokulele on July 2, 2013 with flights to Kahului expected to start in late summer. Mokulele has since continued to be re-awarded this market despite attempts by other carriers. Mokulele operates 28 flights a week and in the summer will sometimes increase to 33 weekly flights, based on demand, despite only receiving government subsidies for only 24. Mokulele also continued operating at Kamuela, without subsidy, after a hiccup with the DOT funding for the market. Service and fares did not change during this period of no guarantees.[28]

Kamuela services started on time and with a completely full flight on September 21.[29]

The current plans of the airline are to continue phasing out the older Cessna Grand Caravan 208B aircraft with new, factory delivered Cessna Caravans. Mokulele Airlines is the largest passenger operator of the Cessna Grand Caravan 208EX, offering higher payload and a brand new Garmin 1000 "glass cockpit" software suite. Mokulele Airlines was also the first FAA Part 135 Scheduled Airline to have approved iPad "Flight bags" for its pilots.

In March 2014, Mesa Airlines announced the shut down of its go! division in Hawai'i - ending the codeshare relationship between Mesa and Mokulele, allowing the airline to now operate additional flights that were previously prohibited by the codeshare agreement. On April 11, 2014, Mokulele began commuter flights linking Honolulu and Kahului Airport in Maui;[30] the airline also began working with Hawai'i Department of Transportation and Oahu County officials on linking Kahului and Barbers Point/Kalaeloa/John Rodgers Field in West Oahu, and on May 13, 2014 confirmed that flights would begin on July 1.[31][32]

In April 2014, the airline operated 117 inter-island flights a day.

Starting in February 2015, Mokulele Airlines has entered into a one-year wet-lease agreement with Sun Air to provide up to 4 aircraft and crews for Sun Air's EAS Pittsburgh flying.

In May 2015, Mokulele and officials publicly announced plans to launch new service in Florida scheduled to begin on November 15, 2015; but it withdrew its plans, claiming that it needed more time to conduct research and that it had been threatened by competitor Silver Airways.[33][34][35]

On November 26, 2015, Mokulele Airlines changed its ICAO code to MHO, and its callsign to "Mahalo" for its Hawai‘i flight operations. 2016 also saw the company start a brand-refresh and new services in California.

On February 8, 2019, Mokulele Airlines was purchased by Southern Airways Express from Transpac Aviation.[36]

California expansion[edit]

In February 2016, Mokulele Airlines re-applied for Essential Air Service subsidy for Imperial County Airport and Visalia Municipal Airport after SeaPort Airlines terminated service in late January. Imperial County selected Mokulele, but Visalia voted instead to shift from EAS to request $3.7 million from the Community Flexibility Pilot Program, which pays cities to forego subsidized air service for 10 years in favor of a direct payment of two years’ worth of subsidies.[37][38] Officials expressed concern over low ridership and a pilot shortage, and Mokulele proposed using the same type of aircraft that SeaPort Airlines flew.[39]

In March 2016, the airline announced that it was considering serving Visalia without a subsidy, but did not pursue;[40] the airline's service to Los Angeles International Airport from Imperial County Airport began on May 23 and from Santa Maria Public Airport on October 10, 2016; with Inyokern Airport scheduled for early 2017.[41][42] Los Angeles flights were scaled back after congestion added significant taxi and flight times to its operations out of Los Angeles, all related to runway construction at the airport.

Southern Airways Express Acquires Mokulele[edit]

On February 8, 2019 Southern Airways Express purchased Mokulele Flight Service, Inc. from Transpac Holdings.[43] The company believes by adding Mokulele Airlines to its portfolio, it can lead to additional growth and opportunities, notably Southern's relationship with American Airlines. On April 24, 2019, Mokulele announced it will restore the link between Kahului, Maui and Lana'i City on June 17, 2019 - a route it once flew until 2016.[44]


Mokulele Airlines has historically been voted as "Hawai'i's #1 Island Hopper" or Commuter Airline by the local news media, along with awards for the "Best Air Tour".

Trip Advisor Travelers Choice 2019 Award
In 2019, Mokulele Airlines was recognized for its service by TripAdvisor

In 2019, Trip Advisor ranked Mokulele Airlines as the Best Specialty/Leisure Airline in North America.[45]


As of February 2019, the Mokulele Airlines fleet includes the following aircraft:[46]

Type Total Orders Passenger Capacity
Cessna 208EX Grand Caravan 14 0 9 (0/9)
Pilatus PC-12 1 0 8 (0/8) Operate on behalf of Lanai Air

The Embraer 170 regional jet aircraft operated by Shuttle America have since been returned to the mainland.


Mokulele Airlines operates flights to the following destinations within the state of Hawaii:

Island City Airport Refs
Hawaii Kailua-Kona Kona International Airport
Hawaii Waimea-Kohala Waimea-Kohala
Maui Hana Hana Airport [47]
Maui Kahului Kahului Airport
Maui Kapalua Kapalua Airport [48]
Molokai Hoʻolehua Molokai Airport
Molokai Kalaupapa Kalaupapa Airport
Oahu Honolulu Daniel K. Inouye International Airport
Lanai Lanai City, Hawaii Lanai Airport

Mokulele Airlines also operate between the following destinations within California:

City Airport Refs
Imperial Imperial County Airport
Los Angeles Los Angeles International Airport

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On October 21, 2013, Mokulele Flight 1770 made an emergency landing on the Piilani Highway on Maui after its engine failed while en route from Kahului Airport to Waimea-Kohala Airport on Hawaii. There were no injuries;[49] the aircraft was moved to a parking lot adjacent to the highway during the NTSB investigation and was later dismantled.[50]


  1. ^ "Federal Aviation Administration - Airline Certificate Information - Detail View". Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  2. ^ "Contract of Carriage Archived 2012-11-30 at WebCite." (Archive) Mokulele Airlines. Retrieved on November 29, 2012.
  3. ^ "Contract of Carriage." Mokulele Airlines. Retrieved on February 23, 2010.
  4. ^ Staff, Web (2019-02-13). "Mokulele Airlines acquired by Florida-based Southern Airways". KHON. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  5. ^ Gillie, John (2006-09-27). "Laid-off worker strikes isle airline deal". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Tacoma News Tribune. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  6. ^ "go! and Mokulele Airlines Establish Code Share Agreement" (Press release). Mesa Air Group. 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2006-10-11.
  7. ^ "go!Express launches". Pacific Business News. 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
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  9. ^ Segal, Dave (2008-04-25). "Mokulele goes ahead with cargo expansion". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
  10. ^ Sudick, Jennifer (2008-10-16). "Mokulele expands in isle market". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  11. ^ Segal, Dave (2009-01-13). "Go! cuts quarterly loss for third time". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  12. ^ Consillio, Kristen (2008-12-05). "Mokulele offering deals for travel between isles". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
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  21. ^ "Mokulele resumes interisland turboprop flights". Pacific Business News. December 12, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
  22. ^ Leaf, Brian (January 23, 2012). "Feds OK Rockford airport's charters to London, Hawaii". The Rockford Register Star. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  23. ^ Leaf, Brian (April 8, 2012). "Rockford airport's flights to London, Hawaii put on hold". The Rockford Register Star. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  24. ^ "April News and Discounts – Kahului Lanai starting at $42.49, 25% Keiki discount for travel in April" (Press release). Mokulele Airlines. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
  25. ^ "Mokulele Airlines returns to Kapalua and West Maui, flights start July 1" (Press release). Mokulele Airlines. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
  26. ^ "Mokulele Airlines to boost service to Maui's Kapalua airport".
  27. ^ "Mokulele Airlines to start Kona-Kapalua flights".
  28. ^ L; Monday, ry Fuller Special to West Hawaii Today |; January 22; 2018; A.m, 1:15 (2018-01-22). "Flights continue at Waimea-Kohala Airport: EAS contract expires, additional funding secured". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  29. ^ "Mokulele Airlines begins flights to Waimea". Hawaii News Now. September 21, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  30. ^ Thomaselli, Rich (April 15, 2014). "Shutdown of Go! Airlines Creating Turbulence in Hawaii". TravelPulse. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  31. ^ Segal, Dave (April 20, 2014). "Mokulele aims for July 1 to start Kalaeloa flights". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  32. ^ Segal, Dave (May 13, 2014). "Tickets go on sale for Mokulele's Kalaeloa Airport service". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  33. ^ [1] Potential Airline says Aloha!
  34. ^ "Mokulele suspends Florida Keys plans; blames Silver Airways".
  35. ^ "Delayed arrival |". Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  36. ^ Southern Airways Express acquires Mokulele Airlines, 13 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  37. ^ "EL CENTRO: Council sticks with Mokulele, moving forward with veterans memorial". Imperial Valley Press Online. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  38. ^ Maldonado, Tony; Vigran, Nancy. "Visalia Council Votes In Favor of Shifting Airport Toward Cargo, Private Aviation". Valley Voice. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  39. ^ Vigran, Nancy. "Destiny of Visalia Airport Put on Hold for Two Weeks". Valley Voice. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  40. ^ Vigran, Nancy. "Council Votes to End Air Service Subsidies, Airline Still Interested". Valley Voice. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  41. ^ Delgado, Edwin (April 9, 2016). "Mokulele ready to bring Essential Air Service to the mainland". Imperial Valley Press. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  42. ^ "IYK moves forward in restoring air service". The News Review - Ridgecrest CA. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  43. ^ Staff, Web (2019-02-13). "Mokulele Airlines acquired by Florida-based Southern Airways". KHON. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  44. ^ "Mokulele announces new service to Lanai | News, Sports, Jobs - Maui News". Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  45. ^ "Top Airlines in North America 2019 - TripAdvisor Travelers' Choice Awards". Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  46. ^ "Mokulele Airlines Aircraft Registration". Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
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  49. ^ Kakesako, Gregg (October 22, 2013). "FAA probes plane's emergency landing on Maui highway". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
  50. ^ "Crashed Plane returns to hanger". KAOI 1110 AM. October 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-24.

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