click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Molten Sea

The Molten Sea or Brazen Sea was a large basin in the Temple in Jerusalem made by Solomon for ablution of the priests. It is described in 1 Kings 7:23-26 and 2 Chronicles 4:2-5, it stood in the south-eastern corner of the inner court. According to the Bible it was five cubits high, ten cubits in diameter from brim to brim, thirty cubits in circumference; the brim was "like the calyx of a lily" and turned outward "about an hand breadth". It was placed on the backs of twelve oxen, standing with their faces outward, it was capable of containing three thousand baths of water. The fact that it was a wash basin, too large to enter from above lends to the idea that water would have flowed from it down into a subcontainer beneath; the water was supplied by the Gibeonites, but was afterwards brought by a conduit from Solomon's Pools. The molten sea was made of brass or bronze, which Solomon had taken from the captured cities of Hadarezer, the king of Zobah. Ahaz removed this laver from the oxen, placed it on a stone pavement.

It was destroyed by the Chaldeans. The basin contained water sufficient for 150 ritual baths. According to the Talmud the laver was not round, as might be inferred from Scripture; the sea represented the world. The depth of the sea was five ells, corresponding to the distance of five hundred years' journey between heaven and earth; the band of thirty ells around it corresponded to the Ten Commandments, to the ten words of God at the creation of the world, to the ten Sefirot: for the world can exist only when the Ten Commandments are observed, the ten Sefirot as well as the ten words of God were the instruments of the Creation. The two rows of colocynths below the rim were symbolic of the sun and the moon, while the twelve oxen on which the sea rested represented the zodiac, it contained 2,000 baths, for the world will sustain him who keeps the Torah, created 2,000 years before the world. In the Priestly Code of Exodus, instead of the Molten Sea is described a bronze laver, to rest on a bronze foot.

The text explains that this laver was to be used for the Israelite priests to wash their hands and feet when they entered the sanctuary. This is confirmed in a part of the Priestly Code, in the passage describing the actual installation of the Tabernacle furniture; the size and shape of this laver are not mentioned anywhere in the Bible, nor are those of its stand, unlike the case for the Molten Sea. By contrast, the special golden candlestick is described by the Priestly Code, but not in the description of Solomon's temple, it might therefore be the case that the candlestick are somehow the same object. Solomon is described by the Book of Chronicles as having constructed a special platform in his Temple, for him to use during the opening ceremony. Although it is assumed that the text describes Solomon as standing on this platform, the text could be read stood next to; this platform is described by the masoretic text as a laver, as with the Priestly Code's laver, there is only one platform, it is placed in the centre of the outer court.

The Septuagint calls it a base, the size of the brazen platform is the same as that of each base for the ten brazen lavers. It is therefore quite possible that the account of this platform in the Book of Chronicles is an account of a laver corresponding to the laver of the Priestly Code. Adherents of Mormonism believe; as explained by apostle Bruce R. McConkie: In Solomon’s Temple a large molten sea of brass was placed on the backs of 12 brazen oxen, these oxen being symbolical of the 12 tribes of Israel; this brazen sea was used for performing baptisms for the living. There were no baptisms for the dead until after the resurrection of Christ, it must be remembered that all direct and plain references to baptism have been deleted from the Old Testament and that the word baptize is of Greek origin. Some equivalent word, such as wash, would have been used by the Hebrew peoples. In describing the molten sea the Old Testament record says, "The sea was for the priests to wash in.". This is tantamount to saying.

Every temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints contains a baptismal font on twelve oxen, modeled after the molten sea. The LDS Church performs baptisms for the dead in these fonts; the biblical description that the bowl has a diameter of 10 cubits and a circumference of 30 cubits suggest that in the construction of the basin, π was approximated with the integer value 3. This is consistent with the practice in Babylonian mathematics at the time, but it has given rise to debate within rabbinical Judaism from an early period due to the concern that the biblical text might here be inaccurate. Rabbi Nehemiah in the 2nd century argued that the text is not claiming that π equals 3, but that instead the Hebrews measured the diameter from the outside edge of the rim of the bowl, while the circumference was measured from under the rim, since it cannot be measured with a cord along the outside edge of the rim. After accounting for the width of the brim--"

Macedonia (theme)

The Theme of Macedonia was a military-civilian province of the Byzantine Empire established between the late 8th century and the early 9th century. Byzantine Macedonia incorporated the region of Thrace, its capital was Adrianople. From the beginning of the 6th century, the former Roman Diocese of Macedonia part of the Byzantine Empire became a subject to frequent raids by Slavic tribes which, in the course of next centuries, resulted in drastic demographic and cultural changes; the Slavs organized themselves into "Sklaviniai", that continued to assault the Byzantine Empire, either independently, or aided by Bulgars or Avars during the 7th century. In the late 7th century, the Byzantines organized a massive expedition against the Slavs in the area, they subdued many Slavic tribes and established a new theme of Thrace in the hinterland of Thessaloniki. Despite these temporary successes, the rule in the region was far from stable; the Empire instead resorted to withdraw its defense-line south along the Aegean coast, until the late 8th century.

As a consequence, a new theme called Macedonia was created between 789 and 801/802 by the Empress Irene of Athens, from the older theme of Thrace. Sigillographic evidence shows that a tourma named "Macedonia" existed before, subordinated to the strategos of Thrace; the first known strategos of Macedonia, the patrikios John Aplakes, was mentioned in 813, but Theophanes the Confessor mentioned Leo, brother of the eunuch chamberlain Aetios, being appointed as the monostrategos of Thrace and Macedonia in 801/802. Its creation came in the aftermath of a series of military successes that had extended Byzantine reach over most of the wider region of Thrace, was intended to make imperial control more efficient by entrusting the expanded territory to two strategoi. Although the theme was attested in the 960s, its absence in the Escorial Taktikon of c. 975 has led to the supposition that it may have been abolished and subsumed into the command of the new doux of Adrianople. However, the theme of Macedonia was attested again in 1006/7, there is some sigillographic evidence to support its continued existence alongside the doukaton of Adrianople.

In the late 10th century, as a result of the conquests of John I Tzimiskes and Basil II, the theme of Macedonia ceased being a border theme. Little is known of the provincial organization in the 12th century. In an imperial chrysobull to the Venetians dating to 1198, "Thrace and Macedonia" appear as a single territorial entity describing all of Thrace, but it was subdivided into smaller units centred on the major cities; the core area of the old theme of Macedonia was recorded as the "province of Adrianople and Didymoteichon". The seat of the new theme was Adrianople, it comprised modern Western Thrace, the western parts of Eastern Thrace, the southern fringes of Northern Thrace; the Arab geographers Ibn Khordadbeh and Ibn al-Faqih, whose accounts are a major source on the Byzantine themes, mentioned that the theme of Macedonia extended from the "Long Wall" to the "lands of the Slavs" in the west, from the Aegean and Marmara Seas to the borders of Bulgaria to the north. In days, to the west it bounded the theme of Thessalonica and the themes of Strymon and Boleron.

Thus, the theme of Macedonia had no relation to the historical region of Macedonia, when Byzantine sources of the 10th to 12th centuries refer to "Macedonia", they mean the area of western Thrace. Hence, for instance, the emperor Basil I "the Macedonian" hailed from Thrace, the Macedonian dynasty he founded was named after the theme of Macedonia. Being derived from the theme of Thrace, Macedonia was counted among the "Eastern" themes, which ranked higher in Byzantine hierarchy than the "Western" themes. In the late 9th and 10th centuries, its strategos ranked in the second tier of thematic governors, above that of Thrace, he received an annual salary of 36 pounds of gold, according to the account of Ibn al-Faqih, in the late 9th century controlled 5,000 troops. A number of tagmatic soldiers were permanently stationed in the theme. Strymon, a kleisoura of Macedonia, was split off sometime in the early 9th century, taking some 2,000 men along with it; as with other themes, at least some of the administrative posts of Macedonia were sometimes combined with those of Thrace in the 11th century, where numerous strategoi and judges are attested holding jurisdiction over both themes

Grant Park, Illinois

Grant Park is a village in northeastern Kankakee County, United States. Grant Park was incorporated in 1883. In 2010, Grant Park had a population of 1,331, it is part of the Kankakee–Bradley Metropolitan Statistical Area Much of the town was destroyed by a cyclone in 1912, according to Frank Leslie's Weekly magazine, which ran pictures. Grant Park is located at 41°14′26″N 87°38′45″W. According to the 2010 census, Grant Park has a total area of 3.436 square miles, of which 3.41 square miles is land and 0.026 square miles is water. According to the 2000 census, there were 1,358 people, 497 households, 389 families residing in the village; the population density was 2,196.2 people per square mile. There were 517 housing units at an average density of 836.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.57% White, 0.07% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.81% from other races, 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72% of the population. There were 497 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families.

17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.09. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $52,153, the median income for a family was $55,250. Males had a median income of $45,694 versus $22,750 for females; the per capita income for the village was $22,403. About 3.5% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Grant Park contains a preschool, elementary school, middle school, a high school; the mascot for the elementary school, middle school, high school is the Dragons and the colors are green and gold.

The high school followed a block schedule in which students attend four 87-minute class periods a day, but is now going back to 8 hours a day and tray lunches. As of 2014, the district's superintendent is Dr. John Palan, Tom Sandias is the high school and middle school principal, Tracy Planeta is principal of the elementary school. Http://www.daily-journal.com/news/local/maxwell-named-new-grant-park-principal/article_a29ad022-86b6-506b-837e-5c53f8c30356.html</ref> Richard L. Alexander, World War II fighter ace, was born here List of municipalities in Illinois Official website Grant Park Schools Chamber of Commerce Grant Park Library

List of My-Otome characters

This article is a list of fictional characters who appear in the My-Otome anime series and its sequel My-Otome Zwei. Arika Yumemiya Voiced by: Mika Kikuchi, she enters Garderobe dreaming of becoming an Otome like her mother into the Coral class at rank 51 progressing to rank 29. She possesses a memento from her mother, it was believed that she might be the true heir of the throne, as she possesses the Blue Sky Sapphire. However, this is revealed to incorrect and she is indeed the daughter of Lena Sayers, the previous user of this G. E. M, she forms a contract with Mashiro as a Coral Otome, as Meister Otome. In the sequel, she is shown to be able to channel a "Zwei" form of a Robe, thought to be the true form, which allows for immense strength, she quotes sayings from her grandmother, who raised her. In the manga, Arika's role is somewhat reduced into that of a comedy sidekick, in favor of a different leading character. Arika has a childish innocence about her and a naivety, taken advantage of by some of the other characters.

She can be awkward, due to lack of contact with people while she was growing up. In battle she is a natural adapting to situations and never giving up; this gives her an advantage over the other Otome and allows her to surpass the other students in her class. Nina Wáng Voiced by: Ami Koshimizu; as the top Coral student, Nina dreams to become a great Otome to make Sergay, her adoptive father, proud. She dislikes Arika from the moment. In the series she receives the Ultimate Black Diamond and in My-Otome Zwei the Neptune Emerald as an interim contract with Mashiro. In My-Otome Zwei, Nina gains the Neptune Emerald GEM, her element is a Bident and she has a special attack known as the Dash Cold Water Spout. In the manga, Nina obtains her own Meister GEM, called the Black Smoke Chrysoberyl. Erstin Ho Voiced by: Minami Kuribayashi. Erstin serves as a bridge between Arika and Nina, who don't get along well. She's part of the Coral class at rank 17, but is demoted to rank 30, it is revealed on, a Schwarz member, summoning a Slave.

She decided mid-battle to use her Slave to prevent Arika and Nina from fighting, however this results in her Slave being killed and alongside it, Erstin herself. Irina Woods Voiced by: Kumiko Higa, she is under the tutelage of Yohko. Tomoe Marguerite Voiced by: Rie Tanaka. On the outside she is jealous of Arika's and Shizuru's relationship. In the series she joins to the Valkyries and becomes a somewhat leader figure in the forces; as a Valkyrie she wears the Cursed Obsidian. In the Zwei series, she is no longer an Otome and chooses to become a presidential candidate for Aries. Lilie Adean Voiced by: Akiko Kimura, she and Yayoi are always hanging out together. She and Yayoi become honorary Maki Maki members by Shiho, she is the My-Otome incarnation of My-HiME character Sayuri Shino. Yayoi Alter Voiced by: Kimiko Koyama: Another of Shiho's attendants and a girl with a overactive imagination. She's from Lutetia Romulus, she and Lilie are made honorary Maki Maki members by Shiho. Miya Clochette Voiced by: Yui Itsuki.

She is close friends with Tomoe. She’s from Lutesia Remus. Akane Soir: The top Pearl student and leader of the Trias, she becomes torn between her dreams of becoming a Meister Otome. The GEM she receives upon appointment as Meister is the Pure Heart Malachite. Voiced by: Junko Iwao, she has yet to lose her virginity in Zwei. Chie Hallard: Chie is Pearl number two and a member of the Trias, she is boyish and carries a blue rose around. Voiced by: Mitsuki Saiga. Chie remains calm and tries to help out whenever she can and balances out Shiho's aggressive behavior when dealing with student discipline. In episode 15 she tells Nao; when Nao's gang was about to torture Miya's gang for attempting to rape Arika and Aoi showed up on the scene in which both Nao and Chie took in Miya to interrogate. On, she said she was out on a date; when Mashiro was feel

Blackwater Park

Blackwater Park is the fifth studio album by Swedish progressive metal band Opeth. It was released on March 12, 2001 in Europe and a day in North America through Music for Nations and Koch Records; the album marks the first collaboration between Porcupine Tree frontman Steven Wilson and the band, as Wilson had been brought in to produce the album, which led to a considerable shift in Opeth's musical style. Blackwater Park did not chart in the United Kingdom; the album had two singles released from it: "The Drapery Falls" and "Still Day Beneath the Sun". Blackwater Park was acclaimed on its initial release and has been praised by critics, with Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic stating that the album is "surely the band's coming-of-age album, therefore, an ideal introduction to its remarkable body of work". Following a few live dates in Europe, Opeth's guitarist and vocalist Mikael Åkerfeldt went to an old friend's house in Stockholm, Sweden, to record some demos and develop ideas for the new album.

The album is named after the German progressive rock band of the same name and was the first album for which the group had a title before they started recording. A few months when Åkerfeldt was having dinner with Porcupine Tree frontman Steven Wilson, Åkerfeldt discussed the idea of Wilson producing the next Opeth album. After Åkerfeldt sent Wilson the demos he had recorded, Wilson agreed to produce the album. Opeth entered Studio Fredman to begin work on Blackwater Park on August 10, 2000; the band had no previous lyrics written and had only rehearsed three times before entering the studio. The band's engineer Fredrik Nordström had arranged for the group to stay in a small room in the studio that had four beds. Opeth stayed there for around two weeks and later rented out Dark Tranquillity member Mikael Stanne's flat. After recording the basic drums, rhythms and acoustic guitars, Wilson arrived to produce the clean vocals and add some guitar leads. Åkerfeldt wrote that Wilson had an "immense impact on the recording" and after working with him the group entered "a new phase".Åkerfeldt described the recording of the album as "rather smooth".

Soilwork was recording in the studio at the same time as Opeth. Åkerfeldt wrote. They were working all the time; when they came into the kitchen for a break, we're still there, on the same break we took 3 hours ago. We don't want this to become something you do because you have to. We wanna have a good time, thus we only work when it feels right." Blackwater Park was released on March 12, 2001 in Europe and a day in North America. This was the first Opeth album to be released in North America at the same time as it was in the rest of the world, it has been released on compact vinyl record formats. A special edition of Blackwater Park was issued in 2001 with a bonus second disc that included "Still Day Beneath the Sun" and "Patterns in the Ivy II"; those two bonus tracks were released together as a vinyl-only 7" EP by Robotic Empire Records in February 2003. The limited edition EP sold out in less than 24 hours and continues to be one of Opeth's most sought-after releases to date. Two singles were released to promote Blackwater Park.

A shortened radio edit version of "The Drapery Falls" was released as a promo single. The bonus track "Still Day Beneath the Sun" was released as a vinyl only single. Blackwater Park did not chart in the United States or United Kingdom; as of May 2008, Blackwater Park has sold over 93,000 copies in the United States. On March 29, 2010, Opeth re-released a Legacy Edition of Blackwater Park which included a live version of "The Leper Affinity" and a second DVD, the entire album in 5.0 Surround Sound and a making of documentary. This version was released in North America in April 2012 by The End Records. Blackwater Park received positive reception on its initial release, Opeth was compared to critically acclaimed groups from previous eras; the Village Voice wrote in their review of the album, that "Opeth paint on an epic canvas, sounding at times like... metal's answer to'70s King Crimson". CMJ wrote a positive review calling the album "Godlike... A metal fusion of Pink Floyd and the Beatles"; the Canadian music magazine Exclaim! wrote that the album "might be the best metal record this year, it is worth every bit of energy the band has put into the creating of it".

Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic wrote that the album was "a work of breathtaking creative breadth" and noted the album's critical praise stating that "not since the release of Tiamat's groundbreaking masterpiece Wildhoney in 1994 had the extreme metal scene witnessed such an overwhelming show of fan enthusiasm and uniform critical praise as that bestowed upon Blackwater Park". He said that the album is "surely the band's coming-of-age album, therefore, an ideal introduction to its remarkable body of work". In a review of the'Legacy Edition' reissue for Pitchfork, Ned Raggett praised the album, writing that "Blackwater Park has the reputation it does in large part because none of the songs follow the same songwriting formula, instead looking toward variations within general themes that all build to a dramatic conclusion in the title track." A more mixed review came from Alex Silveri of Sputnikmusic, who praised several of the album's songs but wrote negatively about "The Drapery Falls", "Dirge for November" and "The Funeral Portrait", which Silveri referred to as "boring to the point of tears".

The album was ranked at number eighteen on IGN's list of the "top metal albums", issued in January 2007. In 2012, Loudwire listed "Blackwater Park" as number two on their list of the Top 50 Metal Songs of the 21st Century. In June 2015, Rolling Stone ranked "Blackwater Park" at 28th place for th

Grain quality

In agriculture, grain quality depends on the use of the grain. In ethanol production, the chemical composition of grain such as starch contents is important, in food and feed manufacturing, properties such as protein and sugar are significant, in milling industry soundness is the most important factor to consider and for seed producer, the high germination percentage and seed dormancy is the important feature to consider, for consumers the properties like color and flavor will be important. Overall quality of grain is affected by several factors includes, growing practices and type of harvesting, postharvest handling, storage management and transportation practices; the properties of grain quality can be summarized into ten main factors Uniform moisture contents, High test weight, No foreign material, Low percentage of discolored and damaged kernels, Low breakability, High milling quality, High protein and oil content, High viability, No afaltoxin, No presence of insects and molds. Grain quality is characterized into two main factors intrinsic factors, extrinsic factors.

The intrinsic factors of grain includes, composition, bulk density, aroma and shape. Color is an important primary factor for characterization and grading and processing of grain, it is a common criterion used in wheat trade. The main compositions of grain are carbohydrates, lipids, fiber, phytic acid, tannins, it varies significant depends on the type of grain, varieties, agricultural practice, handling of the grain. Grain composition plays a significant role in grading and marketing of grains. Bulk density is defined as the ratio of the mass to a given volume of a grain sample including the interstitial voids between the particles. Size and shape are important factors in grain grading, it is used in rice grading and key factors in milling industry. The extrinsic factors include: age, broken grain, immature grain, foreign matter, infected grain and moisture content. Grain grading and specification system assures that a particular lot of grain meets the required set standards customer. In many countries grading of grain depends on four main properties.

Test weight known as volumetric weight is one of the simplest and traditional criteria used to determine quality of grain and measure of grain bulk density. It is an indicator of general grain quality and primary grain specification the higher the test weight the higher the quality, the lower the test weight the lower the quality, grain quality decreases as grain deteriorates. Test weight of grain is affected by many factors including moisture contents, frost damage, maturity and harvesting conditions, drying conditions, fine material, degree of kernel damaged, variety; the moisture content is one among important factors in grains quality. It expressed on a percentage basis. Moisture content does not directly affect grain quality but can indirectly affect quality since grain will spoil at moisture contents above that recommended for storage Broken foreign material is an important factor in grading and classification of grains, it is described as foreign material other than grains such as sands, pieces of rocks, plastics particles and pieces of glass, contaminating a particular lot of grain.

In the grains trade presences of more than set percentage of FM results either low grades, price discount or lot rejection, because the higher the FM the more the cost to clean before uses. Damaged kernels constitute an important grading factor. DK are considered those that have an evident visual damaged and negatively affect their value of the grains, it is quantified by removing damaged kernels by hand from potions free of impurities. Grain grades contain a limit of damage kernels for each grade, for instance for wheat to be grade one must contain no more than 0.4% of the total weight. Main types of damaged are due to insects, heat and weathering, frost, non-uniform maturity and lack of/partial grain filling. In the grading systems or specification damaged kernels is divided into two main parts heat damaged and total damaged. Important non-grain standards in U. S. grain standards includes breakage susceptibility, milling quality seed viability, nutritive value, mold count and carcinogen content, insect infestation and damage Best example of grain quality can be described into two common grains.

Grain color is an important characteristic in grain grading. One form of color deterioration, common is milled rice discoloration. Rice whiteness changes to different classes of milled rice discoloration. Rice discoloration has been shown to be due to microbial and chemical reactions depending on storage temperature, moisture content, duration. Based on U. S. standard, rice will be downgraded. Wheat grain is the world's leading agricultural source of energy and fiber. Wheat quality can best be described in terms of end-user, nutritional quality and baking and rheology quality. In general wheat n