Monaco the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides. Monaco is about 15 km from the state border with Italy. Monaco has an area of 2.02 km2, making it the second-smallest country in the world after the Vatican. Its population as of 2018 is 38,682. With 19,009 inhabitants per square kilometre, it is the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco has a land border of 5.47 km, the world's shortest coastline of 3.83 km, a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m. The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, 161 metres above sea level. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Through land reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by 20 percent. In 2005, it had an area of only 1.974 km2. Monaco is known to be the wealthiest place in the world due to its tax laws.
In 2014, it was noted. Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state. Although Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he wields immense political power; the House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. The official language is French, but Monégasque and English are spoken and understood; the state's sovereignty was recognised by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two small military units. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the country's first casino, Monte Carlo, a railway connection to Paris. Since Monaco's mild climate and gambling facilities have contributed to the principality's status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. In more recent years, Monaco has become a major banking centre and has sought to diversify its economy into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries.
The state has no income tax, low business taxes, is well known for being a tax haven. It is the host of the annual street circuit motor race Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One and birthplace of Scuderia Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc; the principality has a club football team, AS Monaco, who have become French champions on multiple occasions. Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union, but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the euro as its sole currency. Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004, it is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. Monaco's name comes from the nearby 6th-century BC Phocaean Greek colony. Referred to by the Ligurians as Monoikos, from the Greek "μόνοικος", "single house", from "μόνος" "alone, single" + "οἶκος" "house", which bears the sense of a people either settled in a "single habitation" or of "living apart" from others.
According to an ancient myth, Hercules passed through the Monaco area and turned away the previous gods. As a result, a temple was constructed there, the temple of Hercules Monoikos; because the only temple of this area was the "House" of Hercules, the city was called Monoikos. It ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire. An ousted branch of a Genoese family, the Grimaldi, contested it for a hundred years before gaining control. Though the Republic of Genoa would last until the 19th century, they allowed the Grimaldi family to keep Monaco, both France and Spain left it alone for hundreds of years. France did not annex it until the French Revolution, but after the defeat of Napoleon it was put under the care of the Kingdom of Sardinia. In the 19th century, when Sardinia became a part of Italy, the region came under French influence again but France allowed it to remain independent. Like France, Monaco was overrun by the Axis powers during the Second World War and for a short time was administered by Italy the Third Reich, before being liberated.
Although the occupation lasted for just a short time, it meant the deportation of the Jewish population and execution of several resistance members from Monaco. Since Monaco has been independent, it has taken some steps towards integration with the European Union. Following a land grant from Emperor Henry VI in 1191, Monaco was refounded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa. Monaco was first ruled by a member of the House of Grimaldi in 1297, when Francesco Grimaldi, known as "Il Malizia", his men captured the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco while dressed as Franciscan monks—a monaco in Italian, although this is a coincidence as the area was known by this name. Francesco, was evicted only a few years afterwards by the Genoese forces, the struggle over "the Rock" continued for another century; the Grimaldi family was Genoese and the struggle was something of a family feud. However, the Genoese became engaged in other conflicts, in the late 1300s Genoa los
South St. Paul Municipal Airport known as Richard E. Fleming Field or Fleming Field, is a city-owned public-use airport located two miles south of the central business district of South St. Paul, a city in Dakota County, United States, it is named for Richard E. Fleming, a United States Marine Corps Naval Aviator during World War II, posthumously awarded a Medal of Honor, it is the only reliever airport for Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport, not operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission. Although most U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, South St. Paul Municipal Airport is assigned SGS by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA. South St. Paul Municipal-Richard E. Fleming Field covers an area of 270 acres and contains one asphalt paved runway designated 16/34 which measures 4,002 x 100 ft. For the 12-month period ending May 31, 2016, the airport had 51,000 general aviation aircraft operations, an average of 140 per day. In January 2017, there were 401 aircraft based at this airport: 375 single-engine, 20 multi-engine and 6 helicopter.
South Saint Paul Fleming Field, official web site "Minnesota Airport Directory: South St. Paul Municipal Airport". Archived from the original on 2006-09-24. Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for SGS AirNav airport information for KSGS FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
The School Girl is an Edwardian musical comedy, in two acts, composed by Leslie Stuart with a book by Henry Hamilton and Paul M. Potter, lyrics by Charles H. Taylor and others, it concerns a French school girl from a convent. Through mistaken identity, she learns secrets that help her at the Paris stock exchange and ends up at a students' ball in the Latin Quarter. All ends happily; the musical was first produced in 1903 by George Edwardes and Charles Frohman at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London and ran for 333 performances there. It starred Marie Studholme and Billie Burke. George Grossmith, Jr. succeeded G. P. Huntley as Ormsby St. Ledger; the show played on Broadway in 1904, with May and Grossmith, on the national and international touring circuits. The most famous song from this show was "My Little Canoe". Lillian Leigh – Edna May Mother Superior – Violet Cameron Marianne – Marianne Caldwell Norma Rochester, Mamie Reckfeller, Violette, Fifine – Norma Whalley, Billie Burke, Pauline Chase, Maude Percival, Ethel Negretti, Mamie Stuart Saaefrada – Clarita Vidal Kate Medhurst – Mildred Baker Jessie Campbell, Evelyn Somers, Mabel Kingston – Mary Fraser, Evelyn Bond, Alice Coleman Miss Yost – Lulu Valli Mrs. Marchmont – Barbara Huntley Cicely Marchmont – Marie Studholme Sir Ormesby St. Leger – G. P. Huntley General Marchmont – George Graves Peter Overend – J. A.
Warden Corner – Gilbert Porteus Jacques De Crevert – Frank Walsh Tubby Bedford – James Blakeley George Sylvester, Adolphe Delapois, Jack Merrion, Edgar Verney – Charles Hampden, Murri Moncrieff, Talleur Andrews, J. Edward Fraser Act I - Scene 1 - The Convent Lawn No. 1 - Chorus - "Gaily rings the bell for recreation, occupation we willingly pursue..." No. 2 - Cicely and Chorus - "I'm going to be a Honeymoon Girl, leave my spinster days behind..." No. 3 - Mother Superior and Chorus - "When I was a girl like you, little girls, little girls..." No. 4 - Lilian - "We've formed a small battalion on a military plan, for none defeats a man as lovely woman can..."Act I - Scene 2 - The Open Stock Exchange No. 5 - Chorus - "We're going to be busy today, for the market is changing and chopping today..." No. 6 - Entrance of American Girls - "We say to you, good day to you, flotationers - Chickoo! chickoo! chickoo!..." No. 7 - Sir Ormesby - "There's a girl they call Belinda whom I met one day..." No. 8 - Tubby - "She had read Marie Corelli, emphatically swore that she'd never wed a man..."
No. 9 - - "The world has maidens sweet and pretty where'er we go. No. 10 - Lilian - "If you'd like to know what waiting is you may coquette with me..." No. 11 - Finale Act I - "We're going to be at least a nine days wonder, the rise is in'Jumping Jacks' today..."Act II - Edgar Verney's Studio No. 12 - Chorus - "Étudiant des Beaux Arts, what though posterity may give unto your honour'd name..." No. 13 - Mamie Reckfeller - "Mamie, if you've nothing else to do, ma Mamie girl, I'm goin' to give an invitation..." No. 14 - Lilian - "Clytie is so unsophisticated. No. 15 - Lilian and Verney - "Can't you see that I'm in love,and only wait till I can prove that I've been true?..." No. 16 - "There's nothing like a wife, they say, for driving worries and cares away..." No. 16a - Tarantella and Cake Walk No. 17 - Tubby - "I've been in love since seventeen, of course that's nothing new..." No. 18 - Lilian - "Our good Monsieur le Maire at a town that I come from in France was choosing out La Rosière..." Stuart, Leslie.
The School Girl: A Musical Play. London: Francis, Day & Hunter. Hamilton, Henry; the School Girl: A Musical Play. United States: Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-1-104-32744-6. Midi files and London cast list Information about the composer Information about the Broadway production Photograph of the star, Edna May