Monday Night Football

ESPN Monday Night Football is a live television broadcast of weekly National Football League games on ESPN in the United States. From 1970 to 2005, it aired on sister broadcast network ABC. Monday Night Football was, along with Hallmark Hall of Fame and the Walt Disney anthology television series, one of the longest-running prime time programs on commercial network television, one of the highest-rated among male viewers. MNF is preceded on air by Monday Night Countdown. Monday Night Football is broadcast in Canada on TSN and RDS, in most of Europe. On September 7, 2013, the NFL announced that British Eurosport would show Monday Night Football games live in the United Kingdom for the 2013 and 2014 seasons; the telecasts are seen in most of Australia on ESPN Australia, in Portugal on SportTV 3 and SportTV HD and on TV 2 Sport in Denmark, in some other regions of the world outside the U. S. on ESPN International. A Spanish-language version airs on ESPN Deportes in the U. S. and on ESPN International in Latin America, while a Portuguese version airs on ESPN Brasil.

Per an NFL broadcasting policy intended to allow those who do not subscribe to cable or satellite television to see games televised by a pay television network, the games are made available on over-the-air television stations in each participating team's local market. In 2011, ESPN extended its contract for the show for an additional eight seasons, giving it rights to the broadcasts until 2021; the new deal, valued around US$15 billion gives ESPN rights to expanded highlights and streaming rights. After 50 seasons, there have been over 700 games televised by Monday Night Football. To avoid any scheduling unfairness where, just before the first playoff game, a team may have five days off and others six, there is no Monday night game during the final week of the regular season. From 2003 to 2005, one game was played on Thursday and another Monday under the Monday Night Football banner. Starting in 2006, when the series moved to cable, two games are played on the opening Monday night to capitalize on fan interest during "NFL Kickoff Weekend".

Monday night games early in the season are highly anticipated since records are new, teams are showcasing fresh talent and potential, storylines coming into the season are played out as fans try to see if these hyped teams are up to form. Since no one knows during the first month of the season if a team is indeed good, or will rebound from a difficult start, interest is high for the first few weeks of the MNF season. Since the MNF schedule is set in April and cannot be changed, the league and network cannot guarantee a late season matchup will have any significance or be anticipated. Teams thought to be good during the off-season could be out of playoff contention by the middle of the season, it had seemed like a good pre-season matchup since the Falcons had played in the previous season's Super Bowl and the 49ers coming into the 1999 season had posted 16 consecutive 10-win seasons. It is possible for a team like the 1999 St. Louis Rams not to be scheduled for a Monday night game because of its dismal record the year before, many other NFL teams have had huge unforeseen turnarounds that result in lack of MNF attention.

However, the forecasting abilities of the NFL's scheduling officials have exhibited uncanny proficiency. Many MNF games occurring in the season feature at least one team, either headed to the playoffs or must win the MNF game to clinch a playoff spot; the problem of having a national spotlight game which during the season's most critical weeks late in the year would not show the most important game of the week was long known by the league and network. As a result of this, the NFL wished to move the "Game of the Week" idea to Sunday nights as to make flex scheduling possible; this was a move which would mean the end of Monday Night Football on ABC. The league has no interest in expanding flexible scheduling to include Monday Night Football, citing the logistical issues of moving games back and forth between Sundays and Mondays; the franchise with the most Monday night appearances is the Miami Dolphins. The San Francisco 49ers won their record 49th Monday Night game with a 31–3 win over the Cleveland Browns on October 7, 2019.

The most common Monday Night Football pairings are Broncos vs. Cowboys vs. Redskins; the defunct Candlestick Park in San Francisco holds the record for hosting the most Monday Night Football games, including its 36th and final Monday night game on December 23, 2013. Among the active stadiums following the conclusion of the 2017 season, Miami Gardens, Florida's Hard Rock Stadium has hosted the most games with 36. Monday Night Football has continued to provide as much entertainment as sports throughout its run. In addition to the extra cameras, the program has pioneered technological broadcast innovations, such as the use of enhanced slow motion replays and computerized graphics. Celebrity guests – such as former Vice President Spiro Agnew, singers Pl

Klaus von Oertzen

Baron Claus-Detlof von Oertzen was involved in the motor industry for most of his long life and is sometimes referred to as the “Father of Volkswagen of South Africa”. During 1932, four motor manufacturers of Saxony in Germany, namely Audi, DKW, Horch and Wanderer, amalgamated under the pressures of the depressed German economy to form Auto Union; the new company’s four-ringed emblem, which von Oertzen suggested, can still be seen in the modern Audi logo. Baron von Oertzen, in charge of sales at Wanderer, became sales director and chairman of the board of directors of Auto Union. Von Oertzen wanted a showpiece project. Together with Ferdinand Porsche and Hans Stuck, one of Germany’s most successful racing drivers, they began work on a new “people’s car” and a government-sponsored racing programme. A sum of 500,000 Reichsmarks was pledged to Mercedes-Benz, but Dr. Porsche was able to convince the government that two programmes were better than one, the 500,000 RM would be split by the two competing firms.

Mercedes-Benz was not pleased at this turn of events and a great rivalry began on the race circuits. Von Oertzen became uneasy in 1935 decided to relocate to South Africa. From 1936 he initiated the export of the DKW saloon car to South Africa and Australia and in 1937 he arranged for the Auto Union Grand Prix racing cars to be brought out to South Africa for promotional purposes, they competed in East London. In addition to South Africa and Australia, von Oertzen worked in Indonesia, where he and his wife, were interned in separate prison camps during the Second World War. After the war, Volkswagen in Germany appointed him as their representative in South Africa, he was instrumental in the early stages of negotiations to bring Volkswagen to South Africa, was present at the historic signing in 1951 of the agreement between SAMAD and Volkswagenwerk to assemble Volkswagens in Uitenhage. He became Chairman of SAMAD in 1956 when Volkswagenwerk took over a controlling interest in the company; the first Kombi in South Africa, a gift to a German malaria researcher who had to traverse southern and central Africa, landed in Cape Town in December 1952.

Soon afterwards, a second Kombi, fitted out as a hunting vehicle/ camper for Baron von Oertzen, arrived in Port Elizabeth. The owners tested both vehicles to their limits across the most inhospitable terrain. In 1956, Ben Pon, the Dutch Volkswagen dealer who could be regarded as the architect of the Kombi, visited South Africa as guest of von Oertzen. Being keen hunters, the men conducted several expeditions in von Oertzen’s Jagdwagen Kombi.. Baroness von Oertzen in her years divided her time between Johannesburg and Switzerland, she was a guest of honour at the opening of the AutoPavilion in 2004. She died in April, 2007 Volkswagen South Africa official website

Prince Philippe, Count of Paris

Prince Philippe of Orléans, Count of Paris, was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was the Count of Paris as Orléanist claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death. Prince Philippe became the Prince Royal, heir apparent to the throne, when his father, Prince Ferdinand-Philippe, Duc d'Orléans, died in a carriage accident in 1842. Although there was some effort during the days after the abdication of his grandfather in 1848 to put him on the throne under the name of Louis-Philippe II, with his mother as Regent, this came to nothing, they fled and the French Second Republic was proclaimed in its stead. An historian and outspoken democrat, Philippe volunteered to serve as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War along with his younger brother, Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres, he was appointed as an assistant adjutant general with the rank of captain on 24 September 1861 and served under the name of Philippe d'Orléans, the Count of Paris. He served on the staff of the commander of the Army of the Potomac, Major General George McClellan, for nearly a year.

He distinguished himself during the unsuccessful Peninsular Campaign. He resigned from the Union Army, along with his brother, on 15 July 1862. Philippe's history of the Civil War is considered a standard reference work on the subject. During their stay in the United States, the princes were accompanied by their uncle, the Prince of Joinville, who painted many watercolours of their stay. On 10 November 1880 Philippe was elected as a companion of the first class of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States – an organization of Union officers who had served during the American Civil War, he was assigned insignia number 2107. His eldest son, Philippe d'Orleans, was elected as a 2nd class member in 1890 and succeeded to first class membership in the Order upon Philippe's death. On May 30, 1864 at St. Raphael's Church in Kingston upon Thames, England he married his paternal first cousin, Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans, Infanta of Spain, she was daughter of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain and Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, the youngest son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily.

They had eight children: Princess Amélie d'Orléans. Prince Louis Philippe Robert d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans. Prince Charles d'Orléans. Princess Isabelle d'Orléans. Prince Jacques d'Orléans. Princess Louise d'Orléans. Through her daughter, Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, she was the grandmother of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier; the Orleans family had been in exile in England since the Revolution of 1848 which toppled King Louis Philippe. During their early married life, the Count and Countess of Paris lived at York House, where the young Rosa Lewis was a member of their household. However, in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and the downfall of Napoleon III, they were allowed to return to France, many of their properties were restored to them. In 1873, anticipating a restoration of the monarchy by the monarchist National Assembly, elected following the fall of Napoleon III, the Count of Paris withdrew his claims to the French throne in favour of the legitimist claimant, Henri V, best known as the Comte de Chambord.

It was assumed by most that the Count of Paris was Chambord's heir, would thus be able to succeed to the throne upon the childless Chambord's death, reuniting the two claims that had divided French monarchists since 1830. However, Chambord's refusal to recognize the tricolor as the French flag sabotaged hopes of a restoration, Chambord died in 1883 without specifically recognizing his Orléanist rival as his heir. Upon the Count of Chambord's death, the Count of Paris was recognized by most monarchists as Philippe VII of France; this succession was disputed by the Carlist descendants of the Bourbon kings of Spain, who argued that being descended directly from Louis XIV their claim was greater than that of the Orléanists'. In 1886 the family was exiled again returning to England, where they first lived at Sheen House, near Richmond. In 1890 they moved to the much grander Stowe House, where he died in 1894, he was succeeded as claimant to the French throne by his son Prince Philippe. Flers, marquis de.

Le comte de Paris. Paris: Perrin, 1888. Hanson, Edward. "The Wandering Princess: Princess Hélène of France, Duchess of Aosta". Fonthill, 2017. Count of Paris