Clay County, Mississippi
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,634, its county seat is West Point. Its name is in honor of American statesman Henry Clay, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century; the federal government designated Clay County as the West Point Micropolitan Statistical Area, but the county lost that status in 2013. It is part of the Golden Triangle region of the state. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 416 square miles, of which 410 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. U. S. Highway Alternate 45 Mississippi Highway 25 Mississippi Highway 46 Mississippi Highway 47 Mississippi Highway 50 Chickasaw County Monroe County Lowndes County Oktibbeha County Webster County Natchez Trace Parkway As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,634 people residing in the county. 58.2% were Black or African American, 40.5% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races.
1.0% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,979 people, 8,152 households, 5,885 families residing in the county; the population density was 54 people per square mile. There were 8,810 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.33% Black or African American, 42.82% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 0.42% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Clay County were African 56.3%, English 35% and Scots-Irish 4.5%. There were 8,152 households out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 22.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.80% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,372, the median income for a family was $35,461. Males had a median income of $30,038 versus $19,473 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,512. About 19.20% of families and 23.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.20% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of those age 65 or over. Clay County is within the service area of the East Mississippi Community College system. West Point National Register of Historic Places listings in Clay County, Mississippi
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Lowndes County, Mississippi
Lowndes County is a county located on the eastern border of the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,779, its county seat is Columbus. The county is named for U. S. Congressman William Jones Lowndes. Lowndes County comprises MS Micropolitan Statistical Area. Since the late 20th century, it has been designated as one of three counties in the Golden Triangle region of the state. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles, of which 506 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water; this upland area was settled by European Americans who wanted to develop cotton plantations to produce what became the largest commodity crop in the state. In the period from 1877 to 1950, Lowndes County had 19 documented lynchings of African Americans, third to Carroll and Leflore counties, which had 29 and 48, respectively; this form of racial terrorism was at its height in the decades around the turn of the 20th century, which followed the state's disenfranchisement of most blacks in 1890 through creating barriers to voter registration.
U. S. Highway 45 U. S. Highway 45 Alternate U. S. Highway 82 Mississippi Highway 12 Mississippi Highway 50 Mississippi Highway 69 Mississippi Highway 182 Noxubee County Oktibbeha County Clay County Monroe County Lamar County, Alabama Pickens County, Alabama As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 59,779 people residing in the county. 54.0% were White, 43.5% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.5% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 61,586 people, 22,849 households, 16,405 families residing in the county; the population density was 123 people per square mile. There were 25,104 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.47% White, 41.56% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 22,849 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 18.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 89.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,123, the median income for a family was $38,248. Males had a median income of $31,792 versus $20,640 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,514. About 18.00% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.80% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.
Portions of Lowndes County are served by the Columbus Municipal School District, Lowndes County School District, the Mississippi Association of Independent Schools - Lowndes County Division. The Columbus Municipal School District includes: Columbus High School Columbus Middle School McKellar Technology Center Joe Cook Elementary Fine Arts Magnet School Fairview Elementary Aerospace and Science Magnet School Franklin Academy Elementary Medical Sciences and Wellness Magnet School Sale Elementary International Studies Magnet School Stokes-Beard Elementary Communication and Technology Magnet School Columbus Alternative SchoolThe Lowndes County School District has three areas, each with an elementary school, a middle school, a high school Caledonia Schools New Hope Schools West Lowndes SchoolsThe Mississippi Association of Independent Schools - Lowndes County Division has provided five private and parochial schools for Lowndes County Heritage Academy High School Heritage Academy Elementary School Columbus Christian Academy Victory Christian Academy Annunciation Catholic School Lowndes County is home of Mississippi University for Women located in Columbus.
Lowndes County is within the service area of the East Mississippi Community College system. The Golden Triangle Campus is located in an unincorporated area in Lowndes County; the system offers classes at the Columbus Air Force Base Extension in Columbus. Columbus Artesia Caledonia Crawford Columbus AFB New Hope Moores Bluff Nashville Plymouth National Register of Historic Places listings in Lowndes County, Mississippi
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
United States Courthouse and Post Office (Aberdeen, Mississippi)
The U. S. Courthouse and Post Office in Aberdeen, Mississippi was built in 1885. Known as Old Federal Building, it served as a courthouse and as a post office, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. It is a red brick and gray stone 2-1/2-story building in the "Victorian Romanesque style embellished with Gothic and Classical details." It has terra cotta decorations. William A. Freret replaced Mifflin E. Bell as architect during the project
Chickasaw County, Mississippi
Chickasaw County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,392, its county seats are Okolona. The county is named for the Chickasaw people. Most were removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s, but some remained and became citizens of the state and United States. Early in the 20th century, the first agricultural high school in Mississippi opened in the unincorporated community of Buena Vista. Cully Cobb, a pioneer of southern agriculture, long-term farm publisher, an official of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in Washington, D. C. was the superintendent of the school from 1908-1910. The Mississippi state legislature created Chickasaw County in 1836, following the cession of the land by the Chickasaw Indians, it was settled by Americans from the east from the Southern states. By the time of the Civil War, riverfront landings had been developed by the many large cotton plantations worked by slaves, who outnumbered the white residents of the county.
The American Civil War devastated the local economy destroying the plantation-based infrastructure of Chickasaw County. The newly freed slaves had to adapt to the new labor system, in which the white landowners still retained partial control over their lives through the practice of sharecropping; the economy declined again in the late 19th century, when falling cotton prices reduced both black and white residents to poverty. Farmers began diversifying their crops, the economy began to improve. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles, of which 502 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. U. S. Route 45 Mississippi Highway 8 Mississippi Highway 15 Mississippi Highway 32 Mississippi Highway 41 Mississippi Highway 47 Natchez Trace Parkway Pontotoc County Lee County Monroe County Clay County Webster County Calhoun County Natchez Trace Parkway Tombigbee National Forest As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,392 people residing in the county.
54.0% were White, 42.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 2.5% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,440 people, 7,253 households, 5,287 families residing in the county; the population density was 39 people per square mile. There were 7,981 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.89% White, 41.26% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. 2.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Chickasaw County were English 44.1%, African 41% and Scots-Irish 13.5%. There were 7,253 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.10% were non-families.
24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,364, the median income for a family was $33,819. Males had a median income of $25,459 versus $20,099 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,279. About 16.80% of families and 20.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 22.40% of those age 65 or over. Okolona Houston New Houlka Woodland Singer-songwriter Bobbie Gentry, a Mississippi Musicians Hall of Fame inductee, was born in Chickasaw County in 1944.
Bukka White, early blues performer William Raspberry, journalist Milan Williams, founding member of The Commodores Jim Hood, Current Mississippi Attorney General Jeff Busby, Congressman that spearheaded the Natchez Trace Parkway Shaquille Vance, 2012 U. S. Paralympic National Championship, gold medal, silver medal Ida Mae Brandon Gladney, central character in the Pulitzer Prize winning book, The Warmth of Other Suns by Isabel Wilkerson Titus Andromedon, aka Ronald Ephen Wilkerson, a fictional Character from the comedy the Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt, was from Chickasaw County. Candieland, the plantation of the fictional Calvin Candie, played by Leonardo DiCaprio in Quentin Tarantino's film Django Unchained, is located in Chickasaw County. National Register of Historic Places listings in Chickasaw County, Mississippi
Mississippi Highway 6
Mississippi Highway 6 runs east–west from MS 161 in Lyon, east to MS 25 near Amory. It travels 136 miles, serving Coahoma, Panola, Pontotoc and Monroe Counties. West of Tupelo, it is concurrent with US 278. On September 4, 2004, a 19-year-old University of Mississippi student named Dustin Dill from Orlando, Florida struck and killed a fellow student, 23-year-old pharmacy major and Oxford native Amie Ewing, on this highway. Dill had a 0.12 percent blood-alcohol level when his Honda Accord struck Ewing and sent her into a parked Oldsmobile Achieva. Ewing had parked along the shoulder of Highway 6 walked to Vaught–Hemingway Stadium to watch the Ole Miss Rebels football team play the University of Memphis Tigers and was killed when she crossed the westbound lane of the highway 1,000 feet east of Old Taylor Road while returning to her car. Mississippi state and Oxford city laws prohibit the use of state highway shoulders as parking lots. Since this event, the'no parking' laws along this highway have been enforced.
This highway is now known as "Amie Ewing Memorial Highway". Tombigbee State Park Trace State Park University of Mississippi From east to west Amory Nettleton Plantersville Tupelo Pontotoc Oxford Batesville Marks Lyon Clarksdale Magnolia Meanderings Mississippi Department of Transportation Amie Ewing Memorial Highway sign