Monroe County is located in the Arkansas Delta in the U. S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for the fifth President of the United States. Created as Arkansas's 20th county on November 2, 1829, Monroe County is home to two incorporated town and three incorporated cities, including Clarendon, the county seat, Brinkley, the most populous city; the county is the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. Occupying only 621 square miles, Monroe County is the 22nd smallest county in Arkansas; as of the 2010 Census, the county's population is 8,149 people in 4,455 households. Based on population, the county is the fifth-smallest county of the 75 in Arkansas. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county is flat with fertile soils. Covered in forest, bayous and grasslands, the area was cleared for agriculture by early European-American settlers who used enslaved African Americans to do the work and to cultivate cotton, it is drained by the Cache River, Bayou DeView, the White River.
Three large protected areas preserve old growth bald cypress forest and wildlife habitat in the county: Cache River National Wildlife Refuge, Dagmar Wildlife Management Area and White River NWR and provide places for hunting and fishing. Interstate 40 is the only Interstate highway in Monroe County, crossing the county from east to west through Brinkley, the largest city; the county has three United States highways and twelve Arkansas state highways run in the county. A Union Pacific Railroad line crosses the county from southwest to northeast. Shortly after the United States had completed the Louisiana Purchase, officials began to survey the territory at a site near the intersection of Monroe and Lee counties. From forested wetlands in what would become southern Monroe County 900,000 square miles of land would be explored after President James Madison commissioned a survey of the purchase area; the point was commemorated in 1961 by the Arkansas General Assembly as part of Louisiana Purchase State Park.
Settlement in Monroe County began when Dedrick Pike settled in 1816 where the Cache River enters the White River. The settlement was named Mouth of the Cache, a post office by that name was opened years later; the community renamed itself Clarendon in 1824 in honor of the Earl of Clarendon. Monroe County was established under the Arkansas territorial legislature in 1829, the county seat was established at Lawrenceville, where a jail and courthouse were erected. A ferry across the White River was founded in 1836. In 1857 the county seat was moved to Arkansas; the new brick courthouse was nearly finished by the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. The county sent five units into Confederate service. After Union troops captured Clarendon in 1863, they destroyed the small city; the Union had dismantled the brick courthouse and shipped the bricks to De Valls Bluff. After the war, during Reconstruction, there was a high level of violence by insurgent whites seeking to suppress the rights of freedmen and to keep them from voting.
After Republican Congressman James M. Hinds was murdered by the Ku Klux Klan in Monroe County in October, 1868, Governor Powell Clayton established martial law in ten counties, including Monroe County, as the attacks and murders were out of control. Four military districts were operated for four years in an effort to suppress guerrilla insurgency by white paramilitary groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan and others, they continued to challenge enfranchisement of blacks and the increasing power of Republicans in the county. The Monroe County Sun newspaper was established in 1876. Violence continued after Reconstruction, when Democrats had regained control of the state legislature. Whites struggled to re-establish white supremacy, by violence and intimidation of black Republican voters. At the turn of the century, the state legislature passed measures that disenfranchised most blacks for decades; the Equal Justice Initiative reported in 2015 that the county had 12 lynchings of African Americans from 1877-1950, most in the decades near the turn of the 20th century.
This was the fourth-highest of any county in the state. To escape the violence, thousands of African Americans left the state in the Great Migration to northern and western cities after 1940. Mechanization of farming and industrial-scale agriculture have decreased the need for workers; the rural county has continued to lose population because of the lack of work opportunities. There has been a decrease in population every decade since 1940; the county is located in one of the six primary geographic regions of Arkansas. The Arkansas Delta is a subregion of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, a flat area consisting of rich, fertile sediment deposits from the Mississippi River between Louisiana and Illinois. Large portions of Monroe County are within the Grand Prairie, a subdivision of the Arkansas Delta known today for rice farming and aquaculture. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 621 square miles, of which 607 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. Prior to settlement, Monroe County was densely forested, with bayous and swamps crossing the land.
Seeking to take advantage of the area's fertile soils, settlers cleared the land to better suit row crops. Although some swampland has been preserved in the conservation areas like the Cache River NWR and White River NWR, some former farmland has undergone reforestation, the majority of the county remains in cultivation. Another large land use in Monroe County is the Cache River NWR and White River NWR, owned by the
The Air Reserve Personnel Center manages personnel records for the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve and it is located at Buckley Air Force Base in Aurora, Colorado. It maintains the virtual Personnel Center, a Web-based portal for Airmen to perform personnel services transactions; the major command direct reporting unit of Air Force Reserve Command with technical and policy guidance provided by the Chief of Air Force Reserve. ARPC is responsible for personnel and administrative support to more than 970,000 Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard forces to ensure they are available resources in the event of a national emergency; the center provides support throughout their military careers, from initial entry to retirement, including assignments and separations ARPC Personnel Data Update Branch: provides service to a large customer base including Individual Mobilization Augmentees, Individual Ready Reservists and "Gray Area" retirees. ARPC Recognition Services Branch: provides service to a large customer service base to include Individual Mobilization Augmentees, Individual Ready Reserve.
ARPC Selection Board Secretariat develops and implements personnel policies and procedures relating to officer and enlisted promotions and evaluations for the Reserve components. Air Force Reserve Advisory Board: the primary, direct-feed forum to develop and implement clear policies for the Air Force Reserve Readiness Management Group: established April 1, 2005, at Air Reserve Personnel Center, Colo. and transferred to Robins Air Force Base, Ga. on July 1, 2005, to align administrative control within the Air Force Reserve Command. Section source: ARPC FactsheetThe Center was established Nov. 1, 1953, as Detachment 1, Headquarters Continental Air Command, to centralize the custody and maintenance of master personnel records of Reserve Airmen not on extended active duty. The detachment began operations March 1, 1954, soon had responsibilities for a wide variety of personnel actions, including administrative capability for mobilization of the Air Force Reserve. On Jan. 1, 1957, the organization became Headquarters Air Reserve Records Center, acquiring the status of a numbered Air Force within Continental Air Command.
Because of increasing involvement in all areas of personnel management, the Center was renamed the Air Reserve Personnel Center on Sept. 1, 1965. Responsibility for maintaining personnel records of Air National Guard officers was added in July 1971, enlisted Airmen in March 1978. ARPC was designated a separate operating agency on Aug. 1, 1968, with no significant change in mission. In 1978, its status changed to that of a direct reporting unit and organizational element of the Air Force Reserve. Separate operating agency status was re-established May 1, 1983; the Center was designated as a field operating agency Feb. 5, 1991. With the establishment of the Air Force Reserve Command on Feb. 17, 1997, ARPC was assigned to AFRC as a major command direct reporting unit. The center moved from the former Lowry Air Force Base to its current location at Buckley Air Force Base Aug. 1, 2011. "To deliver strategic Total Force human resource warfighting capability for the Air Force." "To be the recognized leader providing human resource services to generations of Airmen."
Provides professional financial management services and budget support for Air Reserve Personnel Center headquarters and Select Members of the Ready Reserve. Defense Finance and Accounting Service, former Lowry AFB, Denver, CO Air Reserve Technician Program Civil Reserve Air Fleet This article contains information that came from a US Government website, in the public domain. Air Force Reserve Official Website Air Force Reserve Command Website Air Force Link Fact Sheet
The "Blog" of "Unnecessary" Quotation Marks is an inactive blog about the misuse of English quotation marks. The blog features photographs of signs and advertisements that misuse quotation marks intended as emphasis. Most photographs are reader submissions and commented on by blog author Bethany Keeley-Jonker, who intentionally misinterprets the depicted sign; the blog was started in 2005, after being featured on Yahoo! became an Internet phenomenon. In September 2016, Keeley-Jonker announced; the theme of the blog has become an Internet meme. On occasion, some businesses will correct their signs after being featured on the blog. In May 2008, Blogger removed unnecessary quotation marks from a cancel button on the service's delete page. A related book was published by Chronicle Books in July 2010; the book is titled The Book of "Unnecessary" Quotation Marks. Amphibology Apostrophe Protection Society Scare quotes The "Blog" of "Unnecessary" Quotation Marks at the Wayback Machine Book Listing Los Angeles Times article Atlanta Journal Constitution article Salon article Washington Herald article
Hana-Kimi or known as Hanazakari no Kimitachi e in Japan, is a shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Hisaya Nakajo. The series was first serialized in the 20th issue of Hakusensha's semi-monthly shōjo manga magazine, Hana to Yume in 1996, its serialization continued where the series ended with 23 tankōbon volumes with 144 chapters without including 5 special chapters that were published during the series' serialization and another 5 special chapters that were published after the series ended. The series' 23 volumes were first published under the Hana to Yume Comics, it was later re-published into 12 volumes of aizōban under the Hana to Yume Comics Special imprint. Each volume featured a new cover design as well as colored pages. Hana-Kimi was published in English by Viz Media; the English release was only limited to Waldenbooks from February to May 2004. It was made available to other retail stores after May that year; the English title originated from a fan abbreviation of the original Japanese title as the official U.
S. translation ends the title with a he instead of e
In common law systems, a superior court is a court of general competence which has unlimited jurisdiction with regard to civil and criminal legal cases. A superior court is "superior" relative to a court with limited jurisdiction, restricted to civil cases involving monetary amounts with a specific limit, or criminal cases involving offenses of a less serious nature. A superior court may hear appeals from lower courts; the term "superior court" has its origins in the English court system. The royal courts were the highest courts in the country, with what would now be termed supervisory jurisdiction over baronial and local courts. Decisions of those courts could be reviewed by the royal courts, as part of the Crown's role as the ultimate fountain of justice; the royal courts became known as the "superior courts", while lower courts whose decisions could be reviewed by the royal courts became known as "inferior courts". The decisions of the superior courts were not reviewable or appealable, unless an appeal was created by statute.
Superior Courts in Canada exist at the federal and territorial levels. The provincial and territorial superior courts of original jurisdiction are courts of general jurisdiction: all legal matters fall within their jurisdiction, unless assigned elsewhere by statute passed by the appropriate legislative authority, their jurisdiction includes civil lawsuits involving contracts, torts and family law. They have jurisdiction over criminal prosecutions for indictable offences under the Criminal Code of Canada, they hear civil appeals from decisions of the provincial and territorial "inferior" courts, as well as appeals from those courts in summary conviction matters under the Criminal Code. They have jurisdiction of judicial review over administrative decisions by provincial or territorial government entities such as labour boards, human rights tribunals and licensing authorities; the superior courts of appeal hear appeals from the superior courts of original jurisdiction, as well as from the inferior courts and administrative tribunals.
The jurisdiction of the superior courts of appeal are statutory. The details of their jurisdiction will vary depending on the laws passed by the federal government and the particular province or territory. All judges of the provincial superior courts are appointed by the federal government under the authority of the Constitution Act, 1867, while judges of the territorial superior courts are appointed under the authority of their respective territorial acts passed by the federal Parliament; the judges of the Federal Courts are appointed by the federal government under the authority of the Federal Courts Act. In Hong Kong, the Court of Final Appeal, the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance, are all superior courts of record; the general superior courts of South Africa are the High Courts, the Supreme Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Court. The High Courts are courts of first instance with general jurisdiction. Most cases are, tried in the magistrates' courts or other lower courts, appeals from these courts are heard by the High Court.
The Supreme Court of Appeal is an appellate court, hearing appeals from the High Courts. The Constitutional Court is an appellate court, hearing appeals on constitutional matters from the Supreme Court of Appeal or in some cases directly from the High Courts; the Constitutional Court occasionally acts as a court of first instance in certain cases involving the constitutionality of laws and government actions. There are specialist superior courts with exclusive jurisdiction over certain matters; the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the superior court of record of the United Kingdom and is the final appellate court for all separate legal systems of the parts of the United Kingdom. In England and Wales, the Court of Appeal, the High Court and the Crown Court, altogether form the Senior Courts of England and Wales, are all superior courts of record; the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the final forum for several independent Commonwealth nations as well as all Overseas Territories of the United Kingdom and Crown Dependencies, thus is the superior court in its capacity as the final appellate court of the respective legal systems.
In a number of jurisdictions in the United States, the Superior Court is a state trial court of general jurisdiction with power to hear and decide any civil or criminal action, not specially designated to be heard in some other courts. California, Washington, the District of Columbia, Georgia are all examples of such jurisdictions. In other states, equivalent courts are known as courts of common pleas, circuit courts, district courts or, in the case of New York, supreme courts; the term "superior court" raises the obvious question of superior to what. Many jurisdictions had inferior trial courts of limited jurisdiction such as municipal courts, traffic courts, justice of the peace courts, so it was natural to call the next level of courts "superior." However, some states, like California, have unified their court systems. In California, all lower courts were absorbed into the Superior Courts of California after 1998; the lower courts now exist only as mere administrative subdivisions of the superior courts.
The superior courts are no
Brookton Highway is a 112 kilometres long undivided single carriageway highway in Western Australia, running from the southern Perth suburb of Kelmscott, through Westdale, to the southern Wheatbelt town of Brookton. It is signposted as State Route 40. Near its western terminus, the road passes through thick jarrah forest in the Darling Scarp; the highway is a part of the route linking Perth to Esperance and is identified as a strategic freight and tourist route. For most of the road it is able to cater for heavy vehicle combinations up to 36.5 m in length which carry grain and livestock. Tourism traffic to Wave Rock, is prevalent along the western stretch of the road; the bushfire in Kelmscott and Roleystone on 6 February 2011 destroyed the Buckingham Bridge. The bridge had been built from timber in 1935. A temporary bridge over the Canning River was opened on 4 March 2011 and was constructed using 400 tonnes of rock, 250 tonnes of crushed limestone and 4,500 tonnes of fill material. Heavy vehicles had to detour at Welshpool Road.
This part of the highway is used by up to 4,000 vehicles per day. The Buckingham Bridge was replaced with a permanent concrete and steel bridge, constructed to the south of the temporary crossing so that traffic was not disturbed; the new Buckingham Bridge was opened to traffic on 25 July 2013. Australian Roads portal Highways in Australia List of highways in Western Australia