Manuel Mercado "Lito" Lapid is a Filipino actor, who served as a Senator of the Philippines. Lapid was born in Porac, Pampanga on October 25, 1955. Lapid was the fifth child of Eleuteria Mercado, he completed his elementary education at the Porac Central School in 1968 and secondary education at St. Catherine Academy in Porac in 1972, he did not enroll for his tertiary education. Lapid entered the film industry as a stuntman, became an actor. In the 1992 general election he ran under the opposition block Nationalist People's Coalition as vice governor of Pampanga, defeated the incumbent vice governor Cielo Macapagal-Salgado. In 1995, he won; when he sought a second term in 1998, Lapid joined the administration party Lakas-NUCD. After the impeachment of President Joseph Estrada in 2000 and the second EDSA Revolution the following year, he ran again for his final term and won, he decided to run as mayor of Angeles City, Pampanga in the 2004 elections but abandoned his plans when he was encouraged to run as senator.
In this statement 2004 Senatorial elections, his fellow cabalen, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo encouraged him to run as senator under the administration coalition K4. He won the election landing in the eleventh position. In the bid to change the Philippine Constitution, Lapid was rumored to be planning to participate in the House backed Constituent Assembly but Lapid backed the senate resolution against the resolution passed by the House of Representatives creating the constituent assembly without Senate concurrence. In May 2006, Lapid said he would run against Jejomar Binay as mayor of Makati City citing reasons that he could save Makati from public demonstrations against President Arroyo, he further stated that he could retain his position as senator in case he lost in the 2007 local elections. Senators Panfilo Lacson, Raul Roco, Miriam Defensor Santiago, Sergio Osmeña III, Juan Ponce Enrile, Francisco Tatad all retained their senate seats when they ran for higher elective positions President and Vice President in the 1998 and 2004 elections.
However, eminent former justice Isagani Cruz takes exception to this view. In May 2010, Lapid was re-elected as Senator placing 11th in the overall ranking. Lapid ran under the Lakas-CMD but subsequently left the party in 2012, he is an Independent. Lapid is the principal author of the "Lapid Law", which provides expanded Free Legal Services to indigent Filipinos. Lapid was the Senate Committee on Cooperatives Chairman. Lapid married Marissa Tadeo, with whom he has two daughters. Jack Em Popoy: The Puliscredibles Sgt. Domingo Ang Panday Apo FPJ's Ang Probinsyano Romulo Dumaguit Little Champ Tatlong Baraha Lapu-Lapu Dugong Aso: Mabuting Kaibigan, Masamang Kaaway Bukas, Babaha ng Dugo Masikip na ang Mundo mo, Labrador Eskort Huwag mong Ubusin ang Bait ko! Pasasabugin ko ang Mundo mo Patigasan Fidel Jimenez: Magkasubukan tayo Largado, Ibabalik kita sa Pinanggalingan mo! Ako'y Ibigin mo... Lalaking Matapang Tatapatan ko ang Lakas mo Lisensyado Alamid: Ang Alamat Da Best in Da West 2 Kasangga mo ako sa Huling Laban Tapatan ng Tapang Dante Falcon Hindi Lahat ng Ahas ay nasa Gubat Tolentino Escobar: Walang Sasantuhin Sa Iyo Ang Pampanga, Akin Ang Bulacan Hanggang sa Huling Bala Ikaw pa, Mahal kita Macario Durano....
Carding Durano Geron Olivar.... Geron Olivar Aguinaldo Gascon, Bala ang Katapat Mo.... Florencio Lacson Lacson, Batas ng Navotas..... Narcing Lacson Dudurugin Kita ng Bala ko.... Reden Verdadero Medal of Valor: Habang Nasasaktan Lalong Tumatapang.... Lt. Jack Moreno Walang Piring ang Katarungan Karapatan ko ang Pumatay Kapitan Guti Kahit Singko ay di ko Babayaran ang Buhay Mo Ibabaon Kita Sa Lupa! Hindi Palulupig Sgt. Melgar Jones Bridge Massacre Task Force Clavio Barbaro Santo Tadtarin ng Bala si Madelo Sa Likod ng Kasalanan Ex-Army Akyat Bahay Gang Cabarlo Maruso Desperado Kamagong Asong Gubat No Return, No Exchange Macho Gigolo Sa Bawat Hahakbangan, Babaha ng Dugo Calapan Jailbreak Hari ng Gatilyo Walang Katapat Ben Tumbling Abandonado Julian Vaquero Walang Daigdig, Mga Angkan ng Siste Reales Alakdang Bato Lukas Zigomar Barakuda The Gunfighter Gamu-gamo sa Pugad Lawin Pedro Tunasan Isla Sto. Nino Anak ng Tulisan Ang Tapang para sa Lahat! Isaac Dugo ni Abraham Tatlong Baraha San Basilio Kamaong Asero Viva Santiago Kalibre 45 Yakapin Mo ako Lalaking Matapang Diego Santa Cruz Ang Sisiw ay Agila Kastilyong Buhangin Ang Pagbabalik Ni Leon Guerrero Death Has No Mercy Alas at Reyna Batang Salabusab Bruce the Super Hero The Jess Lapid Story Enter the Panther Mrs. Eva Fonda, 16 Nagmula sa Lupa Ang Alamat ni Leon Guerrero Geronimo Leon Guerrero Notes Senate of the Philippines - Lito Lapid Lito Lapid as governor of Pampanga at the Wayback Machine Profile, imdb.com.
De La Salle University
De La Salle University known as La Salle and abbreviated DLSU, is a leading private, Catholic research university run by De La Salle Brothers located in Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines. It was established in 1911 as the De La Salle College in Nozaleda Street, Manila with Br. Blimond Pierre serving as first director; the educational institution moved to its present location on September 21 to facilitate the increase in enrollment. The college was granted university status in February 1975 and is the oldest constituent of De La Salle Philippines, a network of 17 Lasallian institutions established in 2006 to replace the De La Salle University System; the university started as a boys' high school. In 1920 it began offering a two-year Associate in Arts Commerce program, discontinued in 1931 in favour of a Bachelor of Science in Commerce programme. DLSU offers coeducational undergraduate and graduate degree programmes through its seven colleges and one school specializing in various disciplines, including business and liberal arts.
The university is identified by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education as a "Center of Excellence" in six of its programmes, a "Center of Development" in 3 of its programmes. The university is among the 40 institutions granted autonomous status by CHED as of 2010, it is the first of the only two institutions granted the highest-level accreditation by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools and Universities. The university ranks 151-160th and 601-650th in the 2013 Asian University Rankings and 2013 World University Rankings published by Quacquarelli Symonds; the university is a member of several international university associations, including the ASEAN University Network and International Association of Universities as well as local organizations such as the South Manila Inter-Institutional Consortium. The Philippines was one of the last Asian countries that the De La Salle Christian Brothers established themselves in because the country was dominated by several Spanish religious orders.
Several years before the De La Salle Brothers were invited to the Philippines, the local American government ordered Ateneo to modernize and use English as a mode of instruction, but the Spanish Jesuits refused and argued that their allegiance was with Spain and not the United States of America. The Americans decided that it would be better for the De La Salle Brothers to take over the task, the Christian Brothers having established several reputable De La Salle schools worldwide that provided quality Christian-values-based education in more than 80 countries; the Americans have always known that De La Salle Brothers were up to the given task due to the Brother's main religious vocation was education. The De La Salle Brothers had 3 centuries of teaching experience making them knowledgeable and qualified in providing modern educational methods to the young Filipinos in Manila; the De La Salle Brothers were hesitant in establishing a De La Salle school in the country because the Americans insisted that the first De La Salle school should only educate the rich children of the Filipino ruling class.
The Americans wanted the Christian Brothers to Americanize future Filipino leaders through Lasallian education. The American request puts the De La Salle Brothers in a dilemma because it ran contrary to the original teachings and charism of Saint Jean Baptiste de La Salle - Patron Saint of Teachers whose religious vocation was to provide tuition free, quality Christian-values-based education that empowered the less privileged and poor children around the world. De La Salle University traces its founding roots to Manila archbishop Jeremiah James Harty. Harty, a graduate of a Lasallian school in the U. S. believed that the establishment of a De La Salle school in Manila would be instrumental and vital in preempting the spread of Protestantism in the Philippines through the arrival of the Thomasites and American Protestant church missions. His request would be endorsed in 1907 by Pope Pius X. An envoy of De La Salle Brothers arrived in 1910. Together with Harty, the Brothers searched for a suitable campus.
A 13,000 m2 property in Paco, Manila was purchased for this purpose. The De La Salle College was established as an elementary school later on as a high school for boys on June 16, 1911 by the De La Salle Brothers. Br. Blimond Pierre Eilenbecker FSC, Br. Aloysius Gonzaga McGiverin FSC, Br. Augusto Correge FSC, who arrived in Manila in March 1911. Classes started on the same day with 125 students, with 175 by July 10. On February 12, 1912, the college was incorporated under the sole ownership of the college director, Eilenbecker; the college was permitted to confer high school diplomas in the same year. Meanwhile, it received a charter from the Governor-General of the Philippines, allowing the college to confer associate degrees in commerce, it started offering the degree as a two-year program in 1920. The college had 425 students by 1921. Due to the lack of space in the Paco campus, the growing population of its student and faculty, the college moved to its present location in Malate, Manila on February 12.
In 1931, the College discontinued its two-year commerce program in favor of a three-year Bachelor of Science in Commerce program, approved a year earlier. A few hours before the Imperial Japanese Army could enter and ravage the "Open City" of Manila a contingent of young La Salle boys led by a De La Salle Brother marched on from Taft Avenue all the way towards the pre-war Ateneo de Manila, Padre Faura campus (presently occupied
1988 Summer Olympics
The 1988 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. In the Seoul Games, 159 nations were represented by a total of 8,391 athletes: 6,197 men and 2,194 women. 237 events were held and 27,221 volunteers helped to prepare the Olympics. 11,331 media showed the Games all over the world. These were the last Olympic Games for the Soviet Union and East Germany, as both ceased to exist before the next Olympic Games; the Soviets utterly dominated the medal table, winning 132 total medals. No country came close to this result after 1988; the games were boycotted by its ally, Cuba. Ethiopia and the Seychelles did not respond to the invitations sent by the IOC. Nicaragua did not participate due to financial considerations; the participation of Madagascar had been expected, their team was expected at the opening ceremony of 160 nations. However, the country withdrew because of financial reasons.
Nonetheless, the much larger boycotts seen in the previous three Summer Olympics were avoided, resulting in the largest number of participating nations during the Cold War era. Seoul was chosen to host the Summer Games through a vote held on 30 September 1981, finishing ahead of the Japanese city of Nagoya. Below was the vote count that occurred at the 84th IOC Session and 11th Olympic Congress in Baden-Baden, West Germany. After the Olympics were awarded, Seoul received the opportunity to stage the 10th Asian Games in 1986, using them to test its preparation for the Olympics. In its final Olympics, the Soviet Union utterly dominated the medal table winning 55 gold and 132 total medals. No country came close to this result after 1988. Soviet Vladimir Artemov won four gold medals in gymnastics. Daniela Silivaş of Romania won three and equalled compatriot Nadia Comăneci's record of seven Perfect 10s in one Olympic Games. After having demolished the world record in the 100 m dash at the Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, U.
S. sprinter Florence Griffith Joyner set an Olympic record in the 100-metre dash and a still-standing world record in the 200-metre dash to capture gold medals in both events. To these medals, she added a gold in the 4×100 relay and a silver in the 4×400. Canadian Ben Johnson won the 100 m final with a new world record, but was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol. Johnson has since claimed. In the Women's Artistic Gymnastics Team All-Around Competition, the U. S. women's team was penalized with a deduction of five tenths of a point from their team score by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique after the compulsory round due to their Olympic team alternate Rhonda Faehn appearing on the podium for the uneven bars during the duration of Kelly Garrison-Steve's compulsory uneven bars routine, despite not competing, having been caught by the East German judge, Ellen Berger. The U. S. finished fourth after the completion of the optional rounds with a combined score of 390.575, three tenths of a point behind East Germany.
This still remains controversial in the sport of gymnastics, as the U. S. performed better than the East German team and they would have taken the bronze medal in the team competition had they not been penalized or had an inquiry accepted to receive the points back. Phoebe Mills won an individual bronze medal on the balance beam, shared with Romania's Gabriela Potorac, making history as the first medal won by a U. S. woman in artistic gymnastics at a attended games. The USSR won their final team gold medals in artistic gymnastics on both the men's and women's sides with scores of 593.350 and 395.475 respectively. The men's team was led by Vladimir Artemov. Lawrence Lemieux, a Canadian sailor in the Finn class, was in second place and poised to win a silver medal when he abandoned the race to save an injured competitor, he arrived in 21st place, but was recognized by the IOC with the Pierre de Coubertin medal honoring his bravery and sacrifice. U. S. diver Greg Louganis won back-to-back titles on both diving events despite hitting his head on the springboard in the third round and suffering a concussion.
Christa Luding-Rothenburger of East Germany became the first athlete to win Olympic medals at the Winter Olympics and Summer Olympics in the same year. She added a cycling silver to the speed skating gold she won earlier in the Winter Olympics of that year in Calgary. Anthony Nesty of Suriname won his country's first Olympic medal by winning the 100 m butterfly, scoring an upset victory over Matt Biondi by.01 of a second. Swimmer Kristin Otto of East Germany won six gold medals. Other multi-medalists in the pool were Janet Evans. Swedish fencer Kerstin Palm became the first woman to take part in seven Olympics. Swimmer Mel Stewart of the U. S. was the most anticipated to win the men's 200 m butterfly final but came in 5th. Mark Todd of New Zealand won his second consecutive individual gold medal in the three-day event in equestrian on Charisma, only the second time in eventing history that a gold medal has been won consecutively. Baseball and Taekwondo were demonstration sports; the opening ceremony featured a mass demonstration of taekwondo with hundreds of adults and children performing moves in unison.
This was the last time the U. S. was represented by a basketball tea
Legislative districts of Makati
The Legislative Districts of Makati City are the representations of the urbanized city of Makati in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The city is represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first and second districts. Areas now under the jurisdiction of Makati were represented as part of the first district of Rizal in 1907, remained so until 1972. Makati was separated from Rizal on 7 November 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, was represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa along with other Metropolitan Manila municipalities and cities as part of Region IV from 1978 to 1984. Makati was still a municipality first gained separate representation in 1984, when it returned one representative to the Regular Batasang Pambansa; the municipality continued to constitute a separate congressional district under the new Constitution proclaimed on 11 February 1987. Upon its cityhood, Makati was divided into two congressional districts by virtue of Section 52 of Republic Act No.
7854, enacted on 2 January 1995 and approved by plebiscite on 4 February 1995, the day Makati became a city. The districts first elected their separate representatives in the 1998 general elections. There remains an unresolved dispute over which city has jurisdiction over lands encompassed within the former Fort McKinley U. S. Military Reservation. Portions of two of Makati's barangays are claimed by the neighboring city of Taguig as part of its own three barangays. Residents of areas where Makati exercises de facto control vote as part of this congressional district, while residents of areas where Taguig exercises de facto control vote as part of the Legislative district of Taguig. Barangay: Bangkal, Bel-Air, Dasmariñas Village, Forbes Park, Kasilawan, La Paz, Olympia, Pio del Pilar, San Antonio, San Isidro, San Lorenzo, Santa Cruz, Tejeros, Valenzuela Area: 16.31 km² Population: 242,655 Barangay: Cembo, East Rembo, Guadalupe Nuevo, Guadalupe Viejo, Pinagkaisahan, Rizal, South Cembo, West Rembo, Post Proper Northside1, Post Proper Southside1 Area: 15.65 km² Population: 339,947
The Hunt for Eagle One
The Hunt for Eagle One is a 2006 direct-to-video war film. The story takes place during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Philippines. A group of U. S. Marines are sent to rescue a captured U. S. Marine Captain and a Filipino Major while tracking down a group of Al-Qaeda terrorists intent on launching biological weapons; the film was produced by the legendary B-movie producer Roger Corman. The Hunt for Eagle One stars Theresa Randle, Rutger Hauer, Joe Suba and Zach McGowan; the sequel, The Hunt for Eagle One: Crash Point, featuring many of the same production crew and cast, came out on DVD, some months later. After a successful amphibious insertion, a small group of Marines prepare for combat against the local rebels in the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. While making a routine fly-by, a UH-1 Huey helicopter, carrying some Philippine troops and Marines, is shot down by the rebels. Among the occupants is USMC Captain Amy Jennings and Major Aguinaldo. Jennings and Aguinaldo escape the wreckage, try to flee from the pursuing rebels.
A rescue team is shot down by anti-aircraft fire. The surviving Lt. Daniels and his team continue onward to search for Captain Jennings and Major Aguinaldo. Jennings and Aguinaldo are captured by the rebels, taken to a village. There, Jennings is caught; the following morning, Aguinaldo is executed by the rebel leader. They take Jennings to their headquarters. Gen. Frank Lewis is in charge of the Marine Corps on the island, receives hell from higher ranking Marine Corps officials regarding the captured Jennings; the rescue team approaches the village, learns that the rebels have moved Jennings to their HQ. They begin following the rebels; the rebels try to force Jennings to tell the United States. In response, the rebels torture her. After battling several rebels, the rescue team link up with Philippine troops, battle the remaining rebels in the HQ, they destroy an anthrax lab. They escape from the blast; the rebel leader survives the blast. The film ends with a Filipino attached to him mourning the loss of their soldiers.
Hollywood producer Roger Corman was legendary for producing films on a shoestring budget, yet launching the careers of many famous filmmakers and stars. Corman managed to turn a profit on every single one of his films, using the small budgets to the effect and exploiting marketing techniques. For The Hunt for Eagle One. Corman tamed with Philippine producer Cirio H. Santiago as his co-producer; the pair had worked together on over 20 productions. Much of the principal photography took place in the Philippines with Corman employing a number of local actors; the actors who played terrorists spoke in the Tagalog language or Filipino with key scenes having English subtitles. While not reviewed by critics in mainstream media, The Hunt for Eagle One did garner some interest from internet bloggers and critics. Nix in BeyondHollywood.com said, "For an action film on a budget,'The Hunt for Eagle One' is more than decent entertainment. A bigger budget and longer shooting schedule, not to mention about 30 extra minutes added to the running time, would have fleshed out the characters and the political situation in the Philippines.
To be sure, the script for “Eagle One” doesn’t show much interest in being substantive on a geopolitical level, not that anyone should notice, as that particular niche is filled up by Hollywood ala “Syriana” and others. Which leaves you to wonder what Brian Clyde and company could have done with'Syriana"s budget... We’ll get to find out one day."Robert Cetti in Terrorism in American Cinema: An Analytical Filmography, 1960-2008, described The Hunt for Eagle One as a war film with "parallels to the mainstream hit'Black Hawk Down'." As an allusion to geopolitics, the film was "one of the few films to deal with Al-Qaeda directly. It explores; the Hunt for Eagle One on IMDb The Hunt for Eagle One at AllMovie
Filipinos are the people who are native to or identified with the country of the Philippines. Filipinos come from various ethnolinguistic groups that are native to the islands or migrants from various Asia Pacific regions. There are more than 175 ethnolinguistic groups, each with its own language, identity and history; the modern Filipino identity, with its Austronesian roots, was influenced by Spain and the United States. The name Filipino was derived from the term las Islas Filipinas, the name given to the archipelago in 1543 by the Spanish explorer and Dominican priest Ruy López de Villalobos, in honour of Philip II of Spain. During the Spanish colonial period the term Filipino was used to classify Spaniards born in the Philippine islands, while indigenous peoples of the islands were called Indio. Historian Ambeth Ocampo has suggested that the first documented use of the word to Filipino to refer to Indios was the Spanish-language poem A la juventud filipina, published in 1879 by José Rizal..
The lack of the letter "F" in the pre-1987 Tagalog alphabet caused the letter "P" to be substituted for "F", though the alphabets and/or writing scripts of some non-Tagalog ethnic groups included the letter "F". Upon official adoption of the modern, 28-letter Filipino alphabet in 1987, the term Filipino was preferred over Pilipino. Locally, some still use "Pilipino" to refer to the people and "Filipino" to refer to the language, but in international use "Filipino" is the usual form for both. A number of Filipinos refer to themselves colloquially as "Pinoy", a slang word formed by taking the last four letters of "Filipino" and adding the diminutive suffix "-y". Other collective endonyms for the Filipino people include: "Patria Adorada" as popularized by Jose Rizal through his poem "Mi último adiós", "Bayang Pilipino" or the more poetic "Sambayanáng Pilipino". In 2010, a metatarsal from "Callao Man", discovered in 2007, was dated through uranium-series dating as being 67,000 years old. Prior to that, the earliest human remains found in the Philippines were thought to be the fossilized fragments of a skull and jawbone, discovered in the 1960s by Dr. Robert B.
Fox, an anthropologist from the National Museum. Anthropologists who examined these remains agreed; these include the Homo sapiens. The "Tabon Man" fossils are considered to have come from a third group of inhabitants, who worked the cave between 22,000 and 20,000 BCE. An earlier cave level lies so far below the level containing cooking fire assemblages that it must represent Upper Pleistocene dates like 45 or 50 thousand years ago. Researchers say this indicates that the human remains were pre-Mongoloid, from about 40,000 years ago. Mongoloid is the term which anthropologists applied to the ethnic group which migrated to Southeast Asia during the Holocene period and evolved into the Austronesian people, a group of Malayo-Polynesian-speaking people including those from Indonesia, the Philippines, Malagasy, the non-Chinese Taiwan Aboriginals or Rhea's. Fluctuations in ancient shorelines between 150,000 BC and 17,000 BC connected the Malay Archipelago region with Maritime Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
This may have enabled ancient migrations into the Philippines from Maritime Southeast Asia 50,000 BC to 13,000 BC. A January 2009 study of language phylogenies by R. D. Gray at the University of California, Los Angeles published in the journal Science, suggests that the population expansion of Austronesian peoples was triggered by rising sea levels of the Sunda shelf at the end of the last ice age; this was a two-pronged expansion, which moved north through the Philippines and into Taiwan, while a second expansion prong spread east along the New Guinea coast and into Oceania and Polynesia. The Negritos are descendants of the indigenous populations of the Sunda landmass and New Guinea, pre-dating the Mongoloid peoples who entered Southeast Asia. Multiple studies show that Negritos from Southeast Asia to New Guinea share a closer cranial affinity with Australo-Melanesians, they were the ancestors of such tribes of the Philippines as the Aeta, Ayta, Ati and other similar groups. Today they comprise just 0.03% of the total Philippine population.
The majority of present-day Filipinos are a product of the long process of evolution and movement of people. After the mass migrations through land bridges, migrations continued by boat during the maritime era of South East Asia; the ancient races became homogenized into the Malayo-Polynesians which colonized the majority of the Philippine and Indonesian archipelagos. Since at least the 3rd century, various ethnic groups established several communities; these were formed by the assimilation of various native Philippine kingdoms. South Asian and East Asian people together with the people of the Indonesian archipelago and the Malay Peninsula, traded with Filipinos and introduced Hinduism and Buddhism to the native tribes of the Philippines. Most of these people stayed in the Philippines where they were absorbed into local societies. Many of the barangay were, to a varying extent, under the de jure jurisprudence of one of several neighboring empires, among them the Malay Srivijaya, Javanese Majapahit, Malacca, Indian Chola and Khmer empires, although de facto had established their own independent system of rule.
Trading links with Sumatra, Java, Malay Peninsu
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around