click links in text for more info


Montalcino is a hill town and comune in the province of Siena, central Italy. It is known for its Brunello di Montalcino wine; the town is located to the west of Pienza, close to the Crete Senesi in Val d'Orcia. It is 110 kilometres from Florence and 150 kilometres from Pisa. Monte Amiata is located nearby; the hill upon which Montalcino sits has been settled since Etruscan times. Its first mention in historical documents in 814 AD suggests there was a church here in the 9th century, most built by monks associated with the nearby Abbey of Sant'Antimo; the population grew in the middle of the tenth century, when people fleeing the nearby town of Roselle took up residence in the town. The town takes its name from a variety of oak tree; the high site of the town offers stunning views over the Asso and Arbia valleys of Tuscany, dotted with silvery olive orchards, vineyards and villages. The lower slopes of the Montalcino hill itself are dominated by productive vines and olive orchards. During medieval times the city was known for its tanneries and for the shoes and other leather goods that were made from the high-quality leathers that were produced there.

As time went by, many medieval hill towns, including Montalcino, went into serious economic decline. Like many of the medieval towns of Tuscany, Montalcino experienced long periods of peace and enjoyed a measure of prosperity; this peace and prosperity was, interrupted by a number of violent episodes. During the late Middle Ages it was an independent commune with considerable importance owing to its location on the old Via Francigena, the main road between France and Rome, but Montalcino came under the sway of the larger and more aggressive city of Siena; as a satellite of Siena since the Battle of Montaperti in 1260, Montalcino was involved and affected by the conflicts in which Siena became embroiled in those with the city of Florence in the 14th and 15th centuries, like many other cities in central and northern Italy, the town was caught up in the internecine wars between the Ghibellines and the Guelphs. Factions from each side controlled the town at various times in the late medieval period.

Once Siena had been conquered by Florence under the rule of the Medici family in 1555, Montalcino held out for four years, but fell to the Florentines, under whose control it remained until the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was amalgamated into a united Italy in 1861. In the case of Montalcino, gradual economic decline has been reversed by economic growth due to the increasing popularity of the town's famous wine Brunello di Montalcino, made from the sangiovese grosso grapes grown within the comune; the number of producers of the wine has grown from only 11 in the 1960s to more than 200 today, producing some 330,000 cases of the Brunello wine annually. Brunello was the first wine to be awarded Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita status. In addition to Brunello di Montalcino, which must be aged five years prior to release, 6 years for the Riserva, Rosso di Montalcino, made from sangiovese grosso grapes and aged one year, a variety of Super Tuscan wines are produced within the comune, as well as the Moscadello sweet white wines for which it was most famous until the development of the Brunello series.

The first walls of the town were built in the 13th century. The fortress, built in 1361 atop the highest point of the town, was designed with a pentagonal layout by the Sienese architects Mino Foresi and Domenico di Feo; the fortress incorporates some of the pre-existing southern walls, the pre-existing structures including the keep of Santo Martini, the San Giovanni tower and an ancient basilica which now serves as the fortress chapel. Though the town itself was conquered, the fortress itself never submitted, an admirable feat, considering the size of the Sienese and Florentine forces that besieged Montalcino at varying intervals; the narrow, short street leads down from the main gate of the fortress to the Chiesa di Sant'Agostino with its simple 13th-century, Romanesque façade. Adjacent to the church is the former convent, now the Musei Riuniti, both a civic and diocesan museum, housing among its collections: a wooden crucifix by an unknown artist of the Sienese school, two 15th century wooden sculptures, including a Madonna by an anonymous artist, several terracotta sculptures attributed which to the Della Robbia school.

The collection includes a St Peter and St Paul by Ambrogio Lorenzetti and a Virgin and Child by Simone Martini. There are modern works from the early 20th century in the museum; the Duomo, dedicated to San Salvatore, was built in the 14th Century, but now has a 19th-century Neoclassical façade designed by the Sienese architect Agostino Fantasici. The Piazza della Principessa Margherita is down the hill from the fortress and Duomo on the via Matteotti; the principal building on the piazza is the former Palazzo dei Priori or Palazzo Comunale, now town hall. The palace is adorned with the coats of arms of the Podesta, once rulers of the city. A tall medieval tower is incorporated into the palazzo. Close by is a Renaissance-style building with six round arches, called La Loggia, for which construction began at the end of the 14th century and finished in the early 15th, but which has undergone much restoration work over the subsequent centuries. Montalcino is divided, like most medieval Tuscan cities, into quarters called contrade, Travaglio and Ruga, each with their own colors and separat

Mary Ann Beavis

Mary Ann Beavis is a Canadian scholar and Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Saskatchewan. She is known for her research on religion. Christian Goddess Spirituality: Enchanting Christianity, Routledge, 2016 The Lost Coin: Parables of women and wisdom, Continuum, 2002, ISBN 1-84127-313-9 Jesus and Utopia: Looking for the Kingdom of God in the Roman Empire, Fortress, 2006 The Lost Coin. Parables of Women and Wisdom, Sheffield Academic Press Feminist Theology With A Canadian Accent: Canadian Perspectives on Contextual Theology, edited by Mary Ann Beavis, Elaine Guillemin & Barbara Pell, Novalis, 2008 Dictionary of the Bible and Western Culture, Phoenix Press, 2012 Pheme Perkins Parable of the Lost Coin Journal of Religion and Popular Culture Mary Ann Beavis at St. Thomas More College

Joanna Wardlaw

Joanna Marguerite Wardlaw is a Scottish physician and academic specialising in neuroradiology and pathophysiology. Wardlaw worked as a junior doctor before specialising as a radiologist, she continues to practice medicine as an Honorary Consultant Neuroradiologist with NHS Lothian. She has spent her entire academic career at the University of Edinburgh. Wardlaw was born on 4 November 1958 in England, she was educated at an all-girls school in Glasgow, Scotland. She studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with a first class Bachelor of Science degree in 1979, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery in 1982, she undertook research for a Doctor of Medicine degree, completing it in 1994. Her doctoral thesis concerned the pathophysiology and treatment of ischaemic stroke, was titled "Imaging and treatment of acute ischaemic stroke: the application and verification of non-invasive imaging techniques in the investigation and treatment of acute ischaemic stroke". Having worked as a junior doctor, Wardlaw specialised as a radiologist.

In 1986 she became a Member of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the United Kingdom, in 1988 a Fellow of both the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Radiologist. From 1992 to 1994 she worked as a consultant neuroradiologist at the Institute of Neurological Sciences in Glasgow. Since 1994 she has been an honorary consultant neuroradiologist with NHS Lothian. From 1994 to 1998 Wardlaw was a MRC senior lecturer at the University of Edinburgh. In 1997 or 1998 she established the Brain Imaging Research Centre at the University, now grouped with the Clinical Research Imaging Centre into Edinburgh Imaging and continues to serve as its director, she was a Reader from 1998 to 2001. She has been Head of the Division of Neuroimaging since 2001, she was appointed to a personal chair as Professor of Applied Neuroimaging in 2002. She was the founding director of the Scottish Imaging Network: A Platform for Scientific Excellence, leading the organisation until 2010. Wardlaw is recognised as an expert in brain blood vessel diseases and neuroimaging.

Her current research is focused on the prevention and treatment of strokes cerebral small vessel diseases. She is interested in the use of imaging in pathophysiology. In 2005 Wardlaw was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences. In 2011 she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's national academy of science and letters, she was made a Fellow of the American Heart Association in 2014. In the 2016 New Year Honours, she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire "for services to neuroimaging and clinical science". In 2008 Wardlaw was awarded the President's Medal of the British Society of Neuroradiologists. In May 2017, she was awarded the Presidential Award of the European Stroke Organisation.. In 2018, she received both the Karolinska Stroke Award for Lifetime Contribution to Excellence in Advancing Knowledge in Stroke and the American Stroke Associations' William M. Feinberg Award for Excellence in Clinical Stroke. Hankey, Graeme J.. Clinical neurology.

London: Manson. ISBN 978-1840760101. Warlow, Charles P.. Stroke: practical management. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-1405127660. Wardlaw, Joanna M.. "Lacunar stroke is associated with diffuse blood-brain barrier dysfunction". Annals of Neurology. 65: 194–202. Doi:10.1002/ana.21549. Sandercock, PAG. "The benefits and harms of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 6 h of acute ischaemic stroke: a randomised controlled trial". The Lancet. 379: 2352–2363. Doi:10.1016/S0140-673660768-5. PMC 3386495. PMID 22632908. Wardlaw, Joanna M. "Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischaemic stroke: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis". The Lancet. 379: 2364–2372. Doi:10.1016/S0140-673660738-7. PMC 3386494. PMID 22632907. Wardlaw, Joanna M. "Mechanisms of sporadic cerebral small vessel disease: insights from neuroimaging". The Lancet Neurology. 12: 483–497. Doi:10.1016/S1474-442270060-7. PMC 3836247. PMID 23602162. Wardlaw, Joanna M. "Neuroimaging standards for research into small vessel disease and its contribution to ageing and neurodegeneration".

The Lancet Neurology. 12: 822–838. Doi:10.1016/S1474-442270124-8. PMC 3714437. PMID 23867200. Gorelick, Philip B..


Tigerspring is an independent record label and music publisher based in Copenhagen, Denmark. The company was founded in 2006 by Søren Winding Lorenzen. Since the beginning of 2006 they have been working with various artists and songwriters such as Choir of Young Believers, Fallulah, I Got You on Tape, Fridolin Nordsø and many others. Furthermore, they have contributed to various no. 1 singles and albums on charts around the world including America and Japan and collaborating with artists such as P. Diddy, Kid Cudi, Danity Kane, Girls Generation and many more. Christian Møller and Søren Winding, who are both students of Music Management at the Royal Danish Music Conservatorium, founded Tigerspring in the summer of 2006. Christian, a former member of early 2000s Danish indie darlings Moon Gringo and Søren, a former DJ and employee of EMI Music Denmark both shared a love of quality music and launched Tigerspring, on the idea of creating a new kind of record label for the “post-crisis” music business.

Tigerspring is an umbrella organization and the house of Tigerspring Records, Tigerspring Publishing, Heartbeats Publishing and Easy Tiger Records. Each department has its own focus. Tigerspring Publishing has a big focus on delivering music for TV shows, computer games and movies. Heartbeats Publishing is a joint venture with Fridolin Nordsø with a focus on writing great songs and hits for international artists. Tigerspring Records have worked with several artists, who has won great acknowledgement from both curators and their audience. Among others Tigerspring Records’ roster consists of:Choir of Young Believers is a musical project of singer and guitarist Jannis Noya Makrigannis. COYB is signed to Tigerspring Record with a licensing deal with Ghostly International. In 2009, Choir of Young Believers released the debut album ‘This Is For The White In Your Eyes, which received great reviews by both NPR and The Guardian. Choir of Young Believers has won several awards including a Danish Music Award as New Danish Artist of the Year.

In the late winter and early spring 2014, Choir of Young Believers went on support tour on Depeche Mode’s ‘Delta Machine Tour’. Michael Møller won the prize as innovator of the year in 2011 for his online release of ‘A Month of Unrequited Love’, which consists of 31 songs, uploaded one by one – one for each day of May – to the site On the songs were released on a double disc and as a triple vinyl. Fans funded the physical release, the project won acknowledgement as the first crowd funded release in Denmark. I Got You On Tape has released two albums ‘Spinning For The Cause’, ‘Church Of The Real’, on Tigerspring Records and has grown to become one of the biggest indie acts on the Danish music scene. In 2010 the group won the P3 Award and the accompanying 100,000 DKK at the Danish radio station's annual award show. Heartbeats Publishing is a joint venture between Tigerspring and the songwriter Fridolin Nordsø. It's a boutique publishing company with a strong international focus.

It includes great songwriters and producers such as Fridolin Nordsø, Shaka Loveless, Anders Rhedin, Martin Hedegaard and Christian Vinten. Heartbeats Publishing has contributed to albums by multi award-winning and platinum selling artists in both US, Japan and South Korea. In 2008 Tigerspring made the first big cut with P. Diddy aka Puff Daddy's label Badboy Records, when Fridolin Nordsø sold a song to the girl group Danity Kane; the song "Is Anybody Listening" is featured on the girl group's debut and gold certificated album Welcome To The Dollhouse, which went #1 on the Official Billboard Chart. Kid Cudi's album Man on the Moon pt II, which debuted at No 1 on the Official Billboard Chart features Fridolin and Heartbeats writer Anders Rhedin on the song "Mojo so Dope", which samples the song "Claustrophobia" by Choir of Young Believers. Heartbeats Publishing does not only make hits in the States and several of their songwriters have written big international hits, such as “Genie” and ‘Galaxy Supernova’ for the South Korean girl group, Girls’ Generation.'Galaxy Supernova’ peaked at no. 1 on the Korean Oricon chart and as #2 on the Japanese chart, while ’Genie’ peaked as #1 on the Japanese Billboard Chart, #1 on the Korean Gaon Singles Chart and #2 on the Korean Oricon chart.

Tigerspring runs the successful publishing company Tigerspring Publishing which focuses on artists development, co-writes and sync placements in commercials, computer games, TV shows and movies. The company has delivered music for commercials for brands like Old Navy, Victoria's Secret and Chevrolet. TV shows including The Bridge, Melrose Place, 90210, Revenge has benefitted from the Scandinavian sound of Tigerspring's artists. Choir of Young Believers Our Broken Garden Chimes & Bells Moi Caprice Fallulah released ‘The Black Cat Neighborhood’ in 2010, which earned her the main award at P3 Guld in 2011; the single ‘Bridges’ from the album was the most played song on the Danish radio station P3 in 2010 and the single ‘Out Of It’ peaked as #1 on the Danish chart. List of record labels Website Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube

Belgrave Harriers

Belgrave Harriers, founded in 1887, is an athletics club in Britain, with headquarters located in Wimbledon, close to Wimbledon Common. As of February 2013, they had the most successful record in the history of the British Athletics League, with 11 titles. In the early days, Belgrave's headquarters were in Belgravia, races were held along the Embankment of the River Thames and over the common lands south of London. Nowadays, Belgrave's home track is located at the Millennium Arena, Battersea Park, and'Belgravians' train there on Tuesday and Thursday evenings. Belgrave Harriers compete in track and field, road running and cross country, have traditionally drawn their members from South London and Surrey, but in recent decades have attracted athletes from counties all over England, the Home Nations and overseas. Belgrave Harriers' most successful period lasted from the 1920s to 1950s, but the 21st century saw a resurgence, they have won 29 national championships in this period, on the road, cross-country and track.

In 2013, they announced their withdrawal from the British Athletics League due to a shortage of volunteer officials. The club's membership contains several of Britain's leading athletes, including Olympic silver medallist and World Champion Phillips Idowu, Goldie Sayers, Dwain Chambers, William Sharman and Chicago Marathon winner Paul Evans. European Champion Clubs Relays: 4x100m, 4x200m, 4x400m and 4x800m 1999 British Athletics League Division One: 1992, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006 British Athletics League Gold Cup: 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 British Athletics League Golden Jubilee Cup: 2002, 2003 British Athletics League Golden Jubilee Cup: 2002, 2003 National Cross Country Championship: 1935, 1939, 1946, 1948, 2004. National Cross Country Relay Championship: 2003, 2007 AAA National 6-Stage Road Relay: 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 AAA National 12-Stage Road Relay: 1934, 1935, 1936, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2009 AAA 5 km: 2006 AAA 10 km: 2003 AAA Half-Marathon: 2002, 2004, 2007 AAA Marathon: 1996 AAA 10 km: 2006 AAA Marathon: 2004 RWA 20 miles: 1924, 1925, 1928, 1929, 1938, 1939, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1960, 1970 RWA 50 km: 1934, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1951, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1964, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970 RWA 20 km: 1968, 1969, 1973, 1979 RWA 10 miles: 1947, 1948, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1982, 1984 Official site

Ostia (Rome)

Ostia is a large neighbourhood in the X Municipio of the comune of Rome, near the ancient port of Rome, now a major archaeological site known as Ostia Antica. Ostia is the only municipio or district of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea, many Romans spend the summer holidays there. Ostia was the site of the death of Saint Monica in 387 in a house property of the Diocesi of Rome, on their way back to Africa after Augustine's conversion to Christianity; the neighbourhood was founded in 1884, near the remains of Ostia Antica, the port city of ancient Rome. This was possible after reclamation of the nearby marshland, infested by malaria; the first inhabitants were peasants coming from Ravenna, in Romagna. Due to the opening of the urban Roma–Ostia railway in 1924, the new village soon became the favourite sea resort of the Romans, while many Art Nouveau houses were built on the waterfront; the new village was connected to central Rome through the new Via Ostiense, opened in 1907. During the Fascist period, the government massively expanded the neighbourhood, which got its ultimate architectural character thanks to many new buildings in Stile Littorio.

New infrastructures, like a second road to Rome, the promenade, a water airport were all built during this period. After World War II, many bathing establishments were built on the sea side, Ostia experienced a tourist boom; the new Cristoforo Colombo avenue connected Ostia with the EUR district in Rome. However, sea pollution, which became apparent during the 1970s, lowered the popularity of Ostia as a sea resort; the building of the Leonardo da Vinci Airport in Fiumicino in 1956 made Ostia an attractive district for airport and airline workers. Italian intellectual, film director and poet Pier Paolo Pasolini was assassinated near the water aerodrome on 2 November 1975. In 1976, Ostia became part of the XIII Municipio of the comune of Rome. Nowadays, due to the expansion of the city, only the Park of Castelfusano separates Ostia from the other quarters of Rome; the town is located on the Tyrrhenian coast, close to Acilia and separated from Fiumicino by the mouth of the Tiber. Located on the coast, Ostia enjoys cooler summers than central Rome.

The regional Rome–Lido railway, which carries over 90,000 passengers a day, connects Ostia to the centre of Rome, providing up to 12 journeys per hour during rush hour. The full length of the line is 28.359 kilometres. It has 13 stops, the journey time is 37 minutes; the Roman terminal is at Roma Porta San Paolo station close to the Piramide stop and close to Roma Ostiense railway station. Rail stops in Ostia are Ostia Antica, Ostia Lido Nord, Ostia Lido Centro, Ostia Stella Polare, Ostia Castel Fusano and Ostia Cristoforo Colombo. Ostia travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Ostia at Wikimedia Commons