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Melrose, Massachusetts

Melrose is a city located in the Greater Boston metropolitan area in Middlesex County, United States. Its population as per the 2010 United States Census is 26,983, it is a suburb located seven miles north of Boston and is situated in the center of the triangle created by Interstates 93, 95 and U. S. Route 1; the land that comprises Melrose was first settled in 1628 and was once part of Charlestown and Malden. It became the Town of Melrose in 1850 and the City of Melrose in 1900. Melrose was called "Ponde Fielde" for its abundance of ponds and streams or "Mystic Side" because of its location in a valley north of the Mystic River; the area was first explored by Richard and Ralph Sprague in 1628, became part of Charlestown in 1633 along with a large area of land encompassing most of the surrounding communities. In 1649, the neighborhood of Charlestown known as Malden was incorporated as a separate town. North Malden remained a populated farming community. In 1845, the Boston and Maine Railroad built three stops.

Boston workers in search of a country atmosphere began commuting to work. The population of North Malden began growing, in 1850 North Malden split from Malden proper and was incorporated as the town of Melrose. Melrose annexed the highlands from neighboring Stoneham in 1853, creating the city's current borders; the population of Melrose continued to grow throughout the second half of the nineteenth century. Farmland was partitioned into smaller parcels for residences and businesses; the fire department and the town's school district were founded and town hall was built in 1873. In 1899, the City of Melrose became the 33rd incorporated city in Massachusetts. Levi S. Gould became the city’s first mayor on January 1, 1900. Melrose reached a peak in population of 33,180 residents in 1970, before beginning a slow decline continuing through 2010. On April 1, 1982, Downtown Melrose was added to the National Register of Historic Places; the name "Melrose" comes from the burgh of Scotland. It was a reference to the hills of Scotland which the new town resembled.

The name was suggested and advocated for by William Bogle, a Scotland native and longtime resident of North Malden. Melrose is located at 42°27′33″N 71°3′44″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles, of which 4.7 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 1.26%, is water. The city's largest body of water is Ell Pond, situated near the center of the city, while other major bodies are Swains Pond and Towners Pond, located on the east side near Mount Hood Golf Club. Melrose is 7 miles north of Boston, Massachusetts, it borders four cities and towns: Malden, Saugus and Wakefield. Major geographic features include Ell Pond, Swains Pond, Sewall Woods, Mount Hood, Boston Rock, Pine Banks Park, the eastern reaches of the Middlesex Fells Reservation; the writer Elizabeth George Speare, born in Melrose, wrote of her hometown: "Melrose was an ideal place in which to have grown up, close to fields and woods where we hiked and picnicked, near to Boston where we had family treats of theaters and concerts."

Cedar Park Downtown Melrose East Side Horace Mann Melrose Highlands Mount Hood Oak Grove/Pine Banks Wyoming Paul Brodeur is the Mayor of Melrose as of November 2019, taking over for Gail Infurna who had served since early 2018, replacing Mayor Robert J. Dolan, who resigned to take a position as Town Administrator in nearby Lynnfield. Melrose is represented by Jason Lewis in the Massachusetts Senate. Melrose is part of the fifth Congressional district of Massachusetts, is represented by Katherine Clark; the current U. S. senators from Massachusetts are Elizabeth Warren. Melrose is served by an eleven-member City council. Four At-Large City Councilors are elected by the entire city, while the seven Ward Councilors, elected by voters in their individual wards, are John N. Tramontozzi, Jennifer Lemmerman, Francis X. Wright, Jr. Robert A. Boisselle, Shawn M. MacMaster, Peter D. Mortimer and Scott Forbes.. Beginning in the 2007 election, the mayor's position became a four-year term and was given a seat on the School Committee.

All councilors are elected to two-year terms. City elections are held in odd-numbered years; as of the census of 2010, there were 26,983 people, 11,213 households, 7,076 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 2.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 11,213 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families. Of all households 31.3% were individuals living alone and 13.5% were composed of an individual 65 years or older living alone. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 20, 4.0% from 20 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 88

Kurtulu┼č

Kurtuluş, is a cosmopolitan neighborhood of Şişli whose population consists of Turks, Armenians and Jews. The Turkish name means "independence" or "deliverance"; the quarter was built in the 16th century as a residential area for Chian Greeks, settled here to work in the principal dockyards of the Ottoman Empire which were situated in the neighboring Kasımpaşa quarter. In 1832, a fire swept and destroyed the neighborhood with 600 houses and 30 shops going up in flames. Tatavla emerged as an Greek part of Istanbul, while during the 19th century reached a population of 20,000 and hosted several Orthodox churches and tavernas, it was nicknamed Little Athens due to its Greek character. The neighborhood's name was changed to Kurtuluş, six years after the Republic of Turkey was founded, for its rebuilding and symbolizing its rejuvenation, after a fire swept and destroyed the neighborhood on 13 April 1929, with 207 houses going up in flames. Despite the turmoil of the Balkan War, followed by World War I and the following Greco-Turkish War and the devastating fire, the neighborhood continued to retain its large Greek population and atmosphere, at least until the riots of 1955.

It was the residential area for Greeks of more modest income, as opposed to, for example, Tarabya on the Bosphorus, where richer Greeks as well as rich Turks and Europeans lived. A number of beautiful houses were built in the late 19th century, some of which still stand today. Kurtuluş, was the place that ended the Baklahorani carnival, an annual event led by the Greek community of the city, banned by the Turkish authorities in 1943, but got revived in 2010. Şişli Belediyesi. Tarihçe. Https://web.archive.org/web/20100302202602/http://www.sislibelediyesi.com/yeni/sisli/t1.asp? PageName=tarihce Retrieved 15 September 2009