Montgomery is the capital city of the U. S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County. Named for Richard Montgomery, it stands beside the Alabama River, on the coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico. In the 2010 Census, Montgomery's population was 205,764, it is the second most populous city in Alabama, after Birmingham, is the 118th most populous in the United States. The Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area's population in 2010 was estimated at 374,536; the city was incorporated in 1819 as a merger of two towns situated along the Alabama River. It became the state capital in 1846, representing the shift of power to the south-central area of Alabama with the growth of cotton as a commodity crop of the Black Belt and the rise of Mobile as a mercantile port on the Gulf Coast. In February 1861, Montgomery was chosen the first capital of the Confederate States of America, which it remained until the Confederate seat of government moved to Richmond, Virginia, in May of that year. In the middle of the 20th century, Montgomery was a major center of events and protests in the Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Selma to Montgomery marches.
In addition to housing many Alabama government agencies, Montgomery has a large military presence, due to Maxwell Air Force Base. Two ships of the United States Navy have been named after the city, including USS Montgomery. Montgomery has been recognized nationally for its downtown revitalization and new urbanism projects, it was one of the first cities in the nation to implement Smart Code Zoning. Prior to European colonization, the east bank of the Alabama River was inhabited by the Alibamu tribe of Native Americans; the Alibamu and the Coushatta, who lived on the west side of the river, were descended from the Mississippian culture. This civilization had numerous chiefdoms throughout the Midwest and South along the Mississippi and its tributaries, had built massive earthwork mounds as part of their society about 950–1250 AD, its largest location was in present-day Illinois east of St. Louis; the historic tribes spoke mutually intelligible Muskogean languages, which were related. Present-day Montgomery is built on the site of two Alibamu towns: Ikanatchati, meaning "red earth.
The first Europeans to travel through central Alabama were Hernando de Soto and his expedition, who in 1540 recorded going through Ikanatchati and camping for one week in Towassa. The next recorded European encounter occurred more than a century when an English expedition from Carolina went down the Alabama River in 1697; the first permanent European settler in the Montgomery area was James McQueen, a Scots trader who settled there in 1716. He married a high-status woman in the Alabama tribe, their mixed-race children were considered Muskogean, as both tribes had a matrilineal system of property and descent. The children were always considered born into their mother's clan, gained their status from her people. In 1785, Abraham Mordecai, a war veteran from a Sephardic Jewish family of Philadelphia, established a trading post; the Coushatta and Alabama had moved south and west in the tidal plain. After the French were defeated by the British in 1763 in the Seven Years' War and ceded control of their lands, these Native American peoples moved to parts of present-day Mississippi and Texas areas of Spanish rule, which they thought more favorable than British-held areas.
By the time Mordecai arrived, Creek had migrated into and settled in the area, as they were moving away from Cherokee and Iroquois warfare to the north. Mordecai married a Creek woman; when her people had to cede most of their lands after the 1813-14 Creek War, she joined them in removal to Indian Territory. Mordecai brought the first cotton gin to Alabama; the Upper Creek were able to discourage most white immigration until after the conclusion of the Creek War. Following their defeat by General Andrew Jackson in August 1814, the Creek tribes were forced to cede 23 million acres to the United States, including remaining land in today's Georgia and most of today's central and southern Alabama. In 1816, the Mississippi Territory organized Montgomery County, its former Creek lands were sold off the next year at the federal land office in Milledgeville, Georgia. The first group of white settlers to come to the Montgomery area was headed by General John Scott; this group founded Alabama Town about 2 miles downstream on the Alabama River from present-day downtown Montgomery.
In June 1818, county courts were moved from Fort Jackson to Alabama Town. Alabama was admitted to the Union in December 1819. Soon after, Andrew Dexter Jr. founded the present-day eastern part of downtown. He envisioned a prominent future for his town. New Philadelphia soon prospered, Scott and his associates built a new town adjacent, calling it East Alabama Town. Rivals, the towns merged on December 3, 1819, were incorporated as the town of Montgomery; the name Montgomery came from a Revolutionary War general. Slave traders used the Alabama River to deliver slaves to plan
Maitland Grossmann High School is a government-funded co-educational comprehensive secondary day school, located in East Maitland, in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The school is situated on Cumberland St, adjacent to the old Maitland Gaol. Established in 1884 as the girls only single-sex Maitland Girls' High School, in 1986 the school collaborated with Maitland Boys High, now both schools are co-educational, with Maitland Girls' High School renamed as Maitland Grossmann High School, Maitland Boys' High School renamed as Maitland High School. Maitland Grossmann High School enrolled 1,200 students in 2018, from Year 7 to Year 12, of whom seven percent identified as Indigenous Australians and six percent were from a language background other than English; the school is operated by the NSW Department of Education. The school draws it name from Jeanette Grossman, who provided accommodation for the school in its early years. Maitland Grossmann excels in many areas of study, is one of the most successful schools in the Hunter Region.
The school has a reputation in the Maitland community in the following areas: academic achievement. In 2012, Maitland Grossmann High School celebrated its best NSW Higher School Certificate results in recent years, being placed 211th in New South Wales and second in Newcastle/Central Coast for comprehensive high schools based on Band 6 results. In 2017, Maitland Grossmann High School celebrated a student achieve first in the state for Visual Arts; this student was the first to come from a public, non-selective high school since the establishment of the HSC. The school holds the cross country regional combined high schools trophy; the school contains the swimming and athletics zone trophies, has for many years running. List of government schools in New South Wales Education in Australia Eichholzer, Mollie. Our Girls, Maitland Girls' High School 1884 - 1984. Watson, Alysson. Cumberland Hall. Maitland Mercury. Official website NSW Schools website
Örebro County is a county or län in central Sweden. It borders the counties of Västra Götaland, Värmland, Dalarna, Västmanland, Södermanland and Östergötland, it is culturally divided into the hilly northern region of Bergslagen, where mining and metallurgic industry have been important since the Middle Ages, the southern Mälardalen of lakes and farms. Sweden's counties are administrative units, whereas the provinces of Sweden fit cultural and historical boundaries. Örebro County consists of the province of Närke, the western half of Västmanland and minor parts of eastern Värmland and northeastern Västergötland. Örebro County is named after its capital city, Örebro, which in 2010 was the sixth largest city of Sweden. Official 2010 numbers sourced in the localities section indicate that 38% of the county population is living in the city of Örebro alone. Örebro itself contains just as many inhabitants as the 23 other largest localities put together, has grown ever since the official statistics began in the late 1960s.
The county was named Värmland County until 1779 when Värmland County seceded. The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case; the County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Örebro Governors; the County Council of Örebro or Örebro läns landsting, appointed by the electorate of the county, is responsible for health care and public transportation. The southern Närke plain, the forested north and the highland to the west makes for a varying landscape. Örebro County has coastlines on two of them. Capital Örebro is alongside Hjälmaren, located inland along Svartån; the southern area of the county has a transitional climate between oceanic and continental, with warm summers and cold, variable winters.
Örebro has a July high of around 23 °C and winter highs around 0 °C with frosts being frequent from November to April. The proximity to the major lakes moderates winter temperatures somewhat, undermining the continental effects of its inland position; the northern areas of the county are cooler year-round. The summer temperatures on the Närke Plain are some of the warmest in all of Scandinavia and by extension Northern Europe. Örebro County is divided into 12 municipalities. The arms for the County of Örebro is a combination of the arms of Västmanland and Värmland; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Duke of Närke, a title for members of the royal family County Administrative Board of Örebro