Montjuïc is a hill in Barcelona, Spain. Montjuïc translates to "Jewish Mountain" from medieval Latin and Catalan, remains of a medieval Jewish cemetery have been found there; some sources suggest. The city of Girona has a hill or mountain named Montjuïc just to the north of its old quarter with a similar history. Montjuïc, because of its strategic location at the foot of the Mediterranean, alongside an important river communication channel such as the Llobregat River, was the birthplace of the city of Barcelona. In recent years, archaeological discoveries that have been carried out have changed the vision of the history of Barcelona. Montjuïc became since the Iberian period, Roman, the main quarry of Barcelona, which meant a drastic change in the mountain's physics. Barcelona's Montjuïc is a broad shallow hill with a flat top overlooking the harbour, to the southwest of the city centre; the eastern side of the hill is a sheer cliff, giving it a commanding view over the city's harbour below. The top of the hill was the site of several fortifications.
The fortress dates from the 17th century, with 18th-century additions. In 1842, the garrison shelled parts of the city, it served as a prison holding political prisoners, until the time of General Franco. The castle was the site of numerous executions. In 1897, an incident popularly known as Els processos de Montjuïc prompted the execution of anarchist supporters, which led to a severe repression of the struggle for workers' rights. On different occasions during the Spanish Civil War, both Nationalists and Republicans were executed there, each at the time when the site was held by their opponents; the Catalan nationalist leader Lluís Companys was executed there in 1940, having been extradited to the Franco government by the Nazis. Wooded, the slopes of the Montjuïc were traditionally used to grow food and graze animals by the people of the neighbouring Ciutat Vella. In the 1890s, the forests were cleared, opening space for parklands; the site was selected to host the 1929 International Exposition, for which the first large-scale construction on the hill began.
The surviving buildings from this effort include the grand Palau Nacional, the Estadi Olímpic, the ornate Magic Fountain of Montjuïc, a grand staircase leading up from the foot of Montjuïc at the south end of the Avinguda de la Reina Maria Cristina, past the Font Màgica and through the Plaça del Marquès de Foronda and the Plaça de les Cascades to the Palau Nacional. The Poble Espanyol, a "Spanish village" of different buildings built in different styles of Spanish architecture survives, located on the western side of the hill. Mies van der Rohe's German national pavilion was constructed at the foot of the hill, near the Plaça del Marquès de Foronda, it was demolished in 1930 but was rebuilt in 1988. Completed in 1929, the Olympic stadium was intended to host an anti-fascist alternative Olympics in 1936, in opposition to the 1936 Berlin Olympics; these plans were cancelled due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. The stadium served as the home for football team Espanyol, until the club left for a new stadium in Cornellà/El Prat upon its completion in 2008.
The roads in the slopes facing the city were once the Montjuïc circuit Formula One race track, hosting the Spanish Grand Prix on four occasions. However, a terrible accident in the 1975 race saw Rolf Stommelen's car crash into the stands, killing four people; the Montjuïc was selected as the site for several of the venues of the 1992 Summer Olympics, centred on the Olympic stadium. Extensively refurbished and renamed the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, the 65,000-seat stadium saw the opening and closing ceremonies and hosted the athletic events. Around it the Anella Olímpica of sporting venues was built, including the Palau Sant Jordi indoor arena, the Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya state, a centre of sports science. Of the Piscines, the diving pool was selected as the setting for the "Slow" music video recorded in 2003 by Australian singer Kylie Minogue; the ornate Palau Nacional houses the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, an extensive showcase of Catalan painting and sculpture.
The top of the hill can be reached using the Funicular de Montjuïc, a funicular railway that operates as part of the Barcelona Metro, a gondola lift. On the eastern slope is the Miramar terminal of the Port Vell Aerial Tramway connecting Montjuïc with Barceloneta on the other side of Port Vell. Part of the slopes are covered with gardens; the hill is used for amateur cycling. In June 1792 the French astronomers Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre and Pierre François André Méchain set out to measure the meridian arc distance from Dunkirk to Barcelona, two cities lying on the same longitude as each other and the longitude through Paris; the fortress on Montjuïc was chosen as the reference point in Barcelona. After protracted negotiations Méchain made his measurements from the fortress on 16 March 1794. Using this measurement and the latitudes
Taede Anne Smedes is a Dutch philosopher of religion specializing in the relationship between religion and science. He received a Ph. D degree from the University of Groningen in 2004 for a thesis on Avoiding Balaam's Mistake: Exploring Divine Action in an Age of Scientism. T. A. Smedes. Chaos and God: Divine Action and Scientism. Peeters. Taede Smedes. God en de menselijke maat. Zoetermeer: Meinema. Taede Smedes. God én Darwin: Geloof kan niet om evolutie heen. Nieuw Amsterdam. Taede Smedes. God, iets of niets? De postseculiere maatschappij tussen geloof en ongeloof. University of Amsterdam Press. Taede Smedes. Thuis in de kosmos: Het Epos van Evolutie en de vraag naar de zin van ons bestaan. University of Amsterday Press. Willem Drees, Hubert Meisinger, Taede A. Smedes, eds.. Creation's Diversity: Voices from Theology and Science. London: T&T Clark. Dirk Evers, Antje Jackelén, Taede A. Smedes, eds.. How Do We Know? Understanding in Science and Theology. London: T & T Clark. Palmyre Oomen and Taede Smedes, eds..
Evolutie, cultuur en religie: Perspectieven vanuit biologie en theologie. Kampen: Klement. Dirk Evers, Antje Jackelén, Taede A. Smedes, eds.. Is Religion Natural? London: T & T Clark. Smedes's Homepage Taede A. Smedes publications indexed by Google Scholar
Kalabha Mazha is a 2011 Malayalam film directed by P Sukumenon, starring Krisha and Radhika in the lead roles. Kalabha Mazha tells the friendly relationship between a Muslim family. Madhava Menon who worked in the All India Radio always respects other religions and works for the upliftment of the society. Malavika is the eldest daughter of Madhava Menon, she is betrothed to Unnikrishnan. She is more than a sister to her two younger siblings, since their mother had died when they were quite young. Menon, is regretful that he hasn't been able to save much money for his children, the family finds it hard, to make both ends meet, as days pass by. There is a Muslim family staying nearby, his son-in-law, on a job in the Middle East, had been missing for about six long years. Malavika's sister, falls for a film director, soon realizes that her decision was wrong, her brother on the other hand, takes up a job at a local bank, finds himself having transformed into a goon. Malavika bumps into her sister's absconding lover, meets with the same fate in his hands.
Krishna as Unnikrishnan Devika as Malavika Thilakan as Madhava Menon Mamukkoya as Kunjali Cochin Haneefa Jagathy Sreekumar as Vilwadiri Iyyer Indrans Saina Krishna Kalaranjini as Kamashi Sarat Mohan Kartha Hanna Yazir Baby Gandhika Nowrunning article OneIndia article OneIndia report
"Just What I Do" is a song recorded by American country music group Trick Pony. It was released in January 2002 as the third single from their debut album Trick Pony; the song was written with Burns taking lead vocals. The song was nominated for a 2003 Grammy Award for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, it was nominated for Single Record of the Year at the 2003 Academy of Country Music awards while the video was nominated for Music Video of the Year. The music video was directed by Peter Zavadil and premiered in April 2002. "Just What I Do" debuted at number 55 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart for the week of January 19, 2002. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Bussigny-sur-Oron is a former municipality in the district of Lavaux-Oron of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland. The municipalities of Bussigny-sur-Oron, Châtillens, Chesalles-sur-Oron, Oron-la-Ville, Oron-le-Châtel, Palézieux, Les Tavernes, Les Thioleyres and Vuibroye merged on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Oron. Bussigny-sur-Oron is first mentioned in 1433 as Bussignye. In 1517 it was mentioned in a land registry of Count Jean II de Gruyère. Bussigny-sur-Oron has an area, as of 2009, of 1.2 square kilometers. Of this area, 0.92 km2 or 79.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.16 km2 or 13.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.1 km2 or 8.6% is settled. Of the built up area and buildings made up 3.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 4.3%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 30.2% is used for growing crops and 47.4% is pastures, while 1.7% is used for orchards or vine crops. The municipality was part of the Oron District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, Bussigny-sur-Oron became part of the new district of Lavaux-Oron.
The small municipality is located near the Lausanne-Bulle road along the Mionnaz river. The municipalities of Bussigny-sur-Oron, Châtillens, Chesalles-sur-Oron, Oron-la-Ville, Oron-le-Châtel, Palézieux, Les Tavernes, Les Thioleyres and Vuibroye are seeking approval from the Canton to merge on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Oron; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per pale, 1. Azure, two mullets of five above a crescent upward Or. Or, a kid rampant Sable, langued Gules and lined Argent. Bussigny-sur-Oron has a population of 77; as of 2008, 6.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 25.4%. It has changed at a rate of 1.6 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with German being second most English being third; the age distribution, as of 2009, in Bussigny-sur-Oron is. Of the adult population, 13 people or 16.5 % of the population are between 29 years old. 10 people or 12.7% are between 30 and 39, 14 people or 17.7% are between 40 and 49, 7 people or 8.9% are between 50 and 59.
The senior population distribution is 9 people or 11.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 6 people or 7.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 2 people or 2.5% who are between 80 and 89. As of 2000, there were 27 people who never married in the municipality. There were 3 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.54, fewer people per room than the cantonal average of 0.61 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m² as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms and habitable cellars and attics. About 75 % of the total households were in other words did not pay rent; as of 2000, there were 24 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.7 persons per household. There were 7 households that consist of 4 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 25 households that answered this question, 28.0% were households made up of just one person and there was 1 adult who lived with their parents.
Of the rest of the households, there are 4 married couples without children, 10 married couples with children and 2 single parents with a child or children. In 2000 there were 12 single family homes out of a total of 20 inhabited buildings. There were multi-family buildings, along with 7 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 1 other use buildings that had some housing. In 2000, a total of 24 apartments were permanently occupied and one apartment was empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%; the historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 28.03% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Green Party, the EDU Party and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 22 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 44.9%. As of 2010, Bussigny-sur-Oron had an unemployment rate of 3.9%.
As of 2008, there were 10 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. No one was employed in the tertiary sector. There were 40 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 37.5% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 8. In 2000, there were 11 workers who commuted into 28 workers who commuted away; the municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 2.5 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. Of the working population, 25% used public transportation to get to work, 42.5% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 19 or 28.4% were Roman Catholic, while 26 or 38.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 8 individuals who belonged to another Chri
SS Uhenfels was a steam merchant ship operated by the German shipping firm Deutsche Dampfschiffahrts-Gesellschaft Hansa, shortly after the start of the Second World War by the British Elder Dempster Lines Ltd, as SS Empire Ability. She was sunk under this name in 1941 by a German U-boat; the Uhenfels was built in 1931 at the Bremen yards of Deschimag Werk Weser, being completed for service with DDG Hansa in March that year. Built as one of four early heavy lift ships for DDG Hansa, she was designed to carry locomotives and other large cargo, she operated for several years under this name, until the outbreak of the Second World War saw her outside Germany. She made a number of attempts to sail back, before making her third attempt, departing Lourenço Marques on 13 October 1939, bound for Germany and disguised as the Dutch merchant Aagtekerk, she was carrying opium, worth £ 250,000, as well as hides. Three of her crew deserted before the ship sailed from Lourenço Marques, they made their way to Zululand, where they were brought to Maritzburg.
After being fined, they were interned in South Africa for the duration of the war. During her crossing of the Atlantic she ran into Force K, a number of British ships, deployed in search of the German commerce raider the Admiral Graf Spee. Attached to the force was the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, whose aircraft had spotted another disguised German merchant the previous month, when on 9 October they had sighted the German tanker Altmark; the Altmark had been disguised as the American Delmar, had escaped unmolested. The Uhenfels was not so fortunate. Detected on 5 November the aircraft reported the German ship, the destroyer HMS Hereward was directed to secure the German merchant; the crew attempted to scuttle the ship but a boarding party from the Hereward was able to prevent this. The captured ship was brought into Freetown the following day; the 61 crew were marched off to a prison camp ashore. By the time she had been captured. Uhenfels was taken to Gibraltar for drydocking and inspection, arriving on 18 March.
She arrived at London on 5 April 1940, the first captured German vessel to arrive in port there. Her cargo consisted palm kernels and other foodstuffs from the West Indies, she was carrying 122 tanned sheepskins, which were offered for sale by public tender "in prize". The Uhenfels was taken into service with the British, being renamed Empire Ability in April 1940 by the Ministry of War Transport, she sailed in a number of convoys. On 23 October 1940 she was among those bombed and damaged by German aircraft while waiting in Gare Loch for a convoy to assemble. On 27 February 1941 the Italian submarine Bianchi attacked Convoy OB 290, claimed to have scored a probable hit on the Empire Ability; the Empire Ability was not a part of this convoy however. Empire Ability was a part of convoy SL 78 though, when it was attacked by German submarine U-69 on 27 June 1941. Empire Ability was carrying a cargo of 7,725 tons of sugar, 238 tons of rum, 400 tons of kernels and 35 tons of fibre, was under the command of her master Herbert Flowerdew.
The convoy was 200 miles southeast of the Azores. U-69's commander, Jost Metzler, made several attacks, sinking the SS River Lugar at 0149 hours, hitting the Empire Ability at 0237 hours with a single torpedo; the Empire Ability caught fire and was abandoned, sinking at 23°50′N 21°10′W 21 minutes after having been hit. Only two people were killed, with a total of 107 crew, military personnel and assorted passengers abandoning ship; the survivors were transferred to the corvette HMS Burdock. They were subsequently landed at Milford Haven; those lost on Empire Ability are commemorated at London. Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Empire Ability had the UK Official Number 167423. Uhenfels used the Code Letters QMLD; these were changed on 1 January 1934 to DOKS. Empire Ability used the Code Letters GQJY. Jameson, William. Ark Royal: the life of an aircraft carrier at war 1939-41. Periscope Publishing. ISBN 1-904381-27-8. Rossiter, Mike. Ark Royal: the life and rediscovery of the legendary Second World War aircraft carrier.
London: Corgi Books. ISBN 978-0-552-15369-0. OCLC 81453068. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Empire Ability". Allied Ships hit by U-boats. Uboat.net. Retrieved 22 November 2008. Finch, Ted. "EMPIRE - A". THE'EMPIRE' SHIPS. Mariners-l.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2008. Haworth, R. "Single Ship Report for "1167423"". THE'EMPIRE' SHIPS. Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 22 November 2008