Basketball is a non-contact team sport played on a rectangular court by two teams of five players each. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line. A team can score via free throws, which are worth one point, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time is mandated when the score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by passing it to a teammate and it is a violation to lift, or drag, ones pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling. The game has many techniques for displaying skill—ball-handling, passing, dunking, shot-blocking.
The point guard directs the on court action of the team, implementing the coachs game plan, Basketball is one of the worlds most popular and widely viewed sports. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague, the FIBA Basketball World Cup attracts the top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for teams, like EuroBasket. The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup features the top womens basketball teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA, whereas the EuroLeague Women has been dominated by teams from the Russian Womens Basketball Premier League, in early December 1891, Canadian Dr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied, after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball and these laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.
Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith, dribbling was not part of the original game except for the bounce pass to teammates. Passing the ball was the means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a part of the game around the 1950s
Rainforest Cafe is a themed restaurant chain owned by Landrys, Inc. of Houston. It was founded by entrepreneur Steven Schussler, the first location opened in the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota, on February 3,1994. By 1997, the chain consisted of six restaurants, all in the United States, in 1998, it was planned to build 12 additional restaurants in the United States, seven in Mexico, and five in the UK, for a total of 22 restaurants by 2008. In 2000, the Rainforest Cafe was bought by Landrys Restaurants Inc. a company specializing in dining, entertainment, to date, the company owns restaurants in the United States, France, the United Kingdom, the U. A. E. Rainforest Cafe focuses on tourism for a majority of their income. Most locations have themed exteriors as well as interiors, the Rainforest Cafe in Disney Springs, located under a large artificial volcano which erupts during the simulated thunderstorms. Others, such as the locations in Atlantic City, Mall locations usually have waterfalls and simulated plant growth outside of them, visible to those who pass in the mall.
Nearly all locations have a pond, usually with a moving crocodile figure. The restaurants are partitioned into rooms by means of rain curtains that fall into basins running along the tops of partition walls and booths. Most locations have two connected, but at the Walt Disney World locations, three tanks are connected. One portion of most locations includes a bar located underneath an enormous mushroom, the chain is known for its characteristic bar stools, made to resemble the legs of animals and sculpted by the artist Glenn Carter. There is usually a ceiling in the middle of the restaurant. Rainforest themed merchandise is sold in the shop, mostly printed by the Atlanta-based fashion apparel company. Toys including stuffed toys and action figures of the restaurant mascots are sold as well, Rainforest Cafe has a set of mascots, called The Wild Bunch. Cha. the red eye tree frog, the iguana, the crocodile, Rio, a macaw, the leopard, the elephant, the gorilla, the orangutan. These eight characters may be represented on childrens menus, merchandise, to enhance the theme, some of the animals are animatronic, manufactured by Russells Creative, LLC of Apopka, formerly UCFab International.
Nearly all locations have elephants, gorillas, snakes, elephants are typically found in a pair consisting of an adult and young. These face diners from, like most animatronics, an area from a wall
Montreal Junior Canadiens
The Montreal Junior Canadiens were a junior ice hockey team in the Quebec Junior Hockey League from 1933 to 1961, and the Ontario Hockey Association from 1961 to 1972. They played out of the Montreal Forum in Montreal, the Junior Canadiens were a farm team to the NHL Montreal Canadiens from the early 1930s until the institution of the NHL Entry Draft. The Juniors originally played in the Quebec Junior Hockey League, in 1961 the franchise switched to the Ontario Hockey Association to compete at the major junior level. It was granted entry as a club in 1961. At the time, major hockey in Quebec, and the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, in the Quebec Junior playoffs, the Junior Canadiens defeated the Quebec Citadels and the Halifax St. Marys. The series versus Halifax was surrendered by St. Marys when Montreal won the first two games on the road by scores of 11–3 and 10–1, after that the Junior Canadiens defeated the Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters to represent eastern Canada in the Memorial Cup. The Memorial Cup of 1950 saw two teams of the Montreal Canadiens playing each other for the top junior prize.
The Junior Canadiens defeated the Regina Pats in a game series by 4 games to 1. In 1955, the Quebec Junior Hockey League disbanded, with the Canadiens as the sole-survivor of the league, they elected to play an independent schedule but still compete in the Laurier Cup seasonal tournament with the teams of the OHA. The Canadiens would win the Laurier Cup that year, outplaying the best of the OHA, the Canadiens entered the Richardson Trophy playdowns as an independent team, but lost in the finals to the OHAs Toronto Marlboros 4-games-to-3 with 1 tie. In 1956, their parent team moved them to the Capital Region under the name Ottawa-Hull Canadiens, the Jr. Habs would play a series of games against the OHA, the Quebec Hockey League, and the OHA Senior A League to prepare for the playoffs. The Canadiens finished second in the Laurier Cup to the Toronto Marlboros, the Canadiens would have a great season, win the George Richardson Memorial Trophy as Eastern Canadian Junior A champions, but lose the 1957 Memorial Cup in seven games to the Flin Flon Bombers.
In 1957, the Canadiens would win the Laurier Cup for the time of its four-year existence. This time around, the Canadiens would win the 1958 Memorial Cup by defeating the Regina Pats in five games, in 1958, the Canadiens dropped their series with the OHA as the Laurier Cup was abolished. They joined the OHA Senior A League as a member instead. With a mixed Senior/Junior roster, the Canadiens would finish third in the OHA Senior Leagues Eastern League, the junior portion of the squad moved on to the Richardson Trophy playdowns, where it lost the final to Peterborough Petes. In 1959, the Eastern Professional Hockey League formed the Hull-Ottawa Canadiens in the region, to avoid conflict with the new club, the Jr. Habs were moved to become the Brockville Canadiens and joined the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League. Their players still maintained affiliation with the Pro Canadiens and often played for both teams, the Canadiens dominated their new league with a 25-1-0 record and participated in the Quebec Junior championships instead of the leagues playoffs
Frank Patrick (ice hockey)
Francis Alexis Frank Patrick was an early Canadian professional ice hockey player, NHL head coach and manager. Raised in Montreal, Patrick moved to British Columbia with his family in 1917 to establish a lumber company, the family sold the company in 1910 and used the proceeds to establish the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, the first major professional hockey league in the West. Patrick, who served as president of the league, would take control of the Vancouver Millionaires, serving as a player, coach. It was in the PCHA that Patrick would introduce many innovations to hockey that remain today, including numbers, the blue line. His Millionaires won the Stanley Cup in 1915, the first team west of Manitoba to do so, in 1926 the league, which had since been renamed the Western Canada Hockey League and Western Hockey League due to mergers, was sold to the eastern-based National Hockey League. Patrick would join the NHL in 1933, serving first in a role for the league. His brother Lester Patrick was an ice hockey player, coach.
Patrick was the son of a wealthy lumberman Joseph Patrick, who invented the idea of putting numbers on players uniforms, while attending McGill University, Patrick played hockey from 1904 to 1908, winning the Queens Cup championship in 1905 alongside his brother Lester Patrick. In 1907 Patrick moved with the rest of his family to Nelson, British Columbia, Patrick would spend the next several winters there, except for 1909–10 when he and his brother Lester joined the Renfrew Creamery Kings of the newly formed National Hockey Association. Well-regarded nationally as one of the top defenders in hockey, Patrick was paid $2,000 for the season and he scored 8 goals in 11 games for Renfrew, though the team failed to win the championship despite having some of the biggest names in the sport. Frank and Lester helped found the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and he played for the Vancouver Millionaires of that league from 1911–1918, winning a Stanley Cup in 1915. He served as PCHA president until 1924, in addition, he was the owner of the Vancouver Amazons womens hockey team.
In 1926 the WCHA was sold to the NHL, and Patrick retired from hockey, however he returned to the game in 1933 when he became the managing director of the NHL in. Art Ross and coach of the Boston Bruins, asked Patrick to replace him as coach of the Bruins in September,1934, offering a salary of $10,500. Among Patricks contributions to hockey were the line, the penalty shot, the boarding penalty, and the raising of the stick when a goal is scored. He made a prophecy, I dream of the day that teams will dress two goaltenders for each game and this became a reality in the NHL in 1964–65. Frank Patrick was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder in 1950, Patrick is a member of the British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame, elected in 1966. On June 29,1960, Frank died of a heart attack four weeks after his brother Lester died
Atwater Avenue is a major north-south street located in Montreal, Canada. It links Doctor Penfield Avenue in the Ville-Marie borough to the north and it is named for Edwin Atwater. The street runs through the Atwater Tunnel near the Atwater Market in Saint-Henri, the Montreal Forum, Place Alexis-Nihon, Dawson College and Lionel-Groulx stations of the Montreal Metro, and the Atwater Market are located on this street. Below downtown Montreal, it runs through the Little Burgundy district and, by way of the Atwater Tunnel under the Lachine Canal and it is named after Edwin Atwater. It was in 1871, that Montreal City Council named the street after Atwater
The Bell Centre, formerly known as the Molson Centre, is a sports and entertainment complex in Montreal, Canada. It opened on March 16,1996, after three years under construction. It is best known as the home of the National Hockey Leagues Montreal Canadiens ice hockey team and it is currently owned by a partnership group headed by Geoff Molson and his brothers and Justin. The same ownership group owns the Montreal Canadiens and Evenko, since it opened in 1996, it has consistently been listed as one of the worlds busiest arenas, usually receiving the highest attendance of any arena in Canada. In 2012, it was the fifth-busiest arena in the based on ticket sales for non-sporting events. Construction began on the site on June 22,1993, almost two weeks after the Canadiens defeated the Los Angeles Kings at the Forum for their 24th and most recent Stanley Cup. The name of the arena initially reflected Molson, Inc. a brewing company which was owner of the Canadiens at the time. Molson elected not to keep the rights when they sold the team.
The renovations, which are not expected to interfere with operations, have a budget of $100 million. Bell Centre is located in downtown Montreal, near the corner of Avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal, the Lucien LAllier station, to which it is connected, is next door on that corner. In addition it is located across the street from the 1250 René-Lévesque skyscraper and it is easily accessible by public transportation, as it is linked to both Lucien-LAllier and Bonaventure Metro stations. It is connected to the city and Central Station. The building covers an area of 1.568 hectares or 3.87 acres and it has a seating capacity of 21,288, making it the largest hockey arena in the world. It holds four restaurants, the most popular being La Cage aux Sports, madame Diane Bibeau plays the organ on Saturday nights. A new scoreboard was installed prior of the 2008-2009 season, the new scoreboard consists of four 510 square foot video panels. It was the biggest in the NHL until 2012 when Tampa Bay installed their new scoreboard and it is one of only two NHL arenas that uses an old-style siren to mark the end of periods instead of a horn, the other is TD Garden in Boston.
Each siren was inherited from each arenas predecessor facility in case, coming from the disused Montreal Forum. Unlike most North American arenas, which have generally been designed by Populous and its predecessors, Bell Centre was designed by a local consortium, the grandstands are sloped steeply, to improve sight lines
The Chicago Blackhawks are a professional ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois. They are members of the Central Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League and they have won six Stanley Cup championships since their founding in 1926. The Blackhawks are one of the Original Six NHL teams along with the Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens, Toronto Maple Leafs, Boston Bruins, since 1994, the clubs home rink is the United Center. The club had played for 65 years at Chicago Stadium. The clubs original owner was Frederic McLaughlin, who owned the club until his death in 1944, under McLaughlin, a hands-on owner who fired many coaches during his ownership, the club won two Stanley Cup titles. The club was owned by the Norris family, who as owners of the Chicago Stadium were the clubs landlord. At first, the Norris ownership was as part of a syndicate fronted by long-time executive Bill Tobin, after the senior James E. Norris died in 1952, the Norris assets were spread among family members and James D.
Norris became owner. Norris Jr. took an active interest in the team and under his ownership, after James D. Norris died in 1966, the Wirtz family became owners of the franchise. In 2007, the club came under the control of Rocky Wirtz, who is credited with turning around the organization, under Rocky Wirtz, the Blackhawks won the Stanley Cup three times within six seasons. On May 1,1926, the NHL awarded a franchise for Chicago to a syndicate headed by former football star Huntington Hardwick of Boston. However, only one later, Hardwicks group sold out to Chicago coffee tycoon Frederic McLaughlin. McLaughlin had been a commander with the 333rd Machine Gun Battalion of the 86th Infantry Division during World War I and this Division was nicknamed the Blackhawk Division after a Native American of the Sauk nation, Black Hawk, who was a prominent figure in the history of Illinois. McLaughlin named the new team in honor of the military unit. The Black Hawks began play in the 1926–27 season, along with new expansion franchises Detroit Cougars, McLaughlin took a very active role in running the team despite having no background in the sport.
McLaughlin hired Bill Tobin, a goaltender who had played in the Western league, as his assistant. He was interested in promoting American hockey players, very rare in professional hockey. The Hawks first season was a moderate success and they played their first game on November 17 when they played the Toronto St. Patricks in the Chicago Coliseum. The Black Hawks won their first game 4–1, in front of a crowd of over 7,000 and they ended up finishing the season in third place with a record of 19–22–3
Montreal, officially Montréal, is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the 2nd-most populous in Canada as a whole. Originally called Ville-Marie, or City of Mary, it is believed to be named after Mount Royal, the city has a distinct four-season continental climate, with warm-to-hot summers and cold, snowy winters. In 2016, Montreal had a population of 1,704,694, Montreals metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927 and a population of 1,958,257 in the urban agglomeration, with all of the municipalities on the Island of Montreal included. Legally a French-speaking city,60. 5% of Montrealers speak French at home,21. 2% speak English and 19. 8% speak neither, Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with 56% of the population able to speak both official languages. Montreal is the second-largest primarily French-speaking city in the world after Paris, historically the commercial capital of Canada, it was surpassed in population and economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s.
It remains an important centre of commerce, finance, technology, education, tourism, film, Montreal was named a UNESCO City of Design. In 2009, Montreal was named North Americas leading host city for international events, according to the 2009 preliminary rankings of the International Congress. According to the 2015 Global Liveability Ranking by the Economist Intelligence Unit, in the 2017 edition of their Best Student Cities ranking, Quacquarelli Symonds ranked Montreal as the worlds best city to study abroad. Also, Montreal has 11 universities with 170,000 students enrolled, the Greater Montréal region has the highest number of university students per capita among all metropolitan areas in North America. It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics, the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In 2012, Montreal was ranked as a Beta+ world city, in Kanien’kéha, or Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià, ke Tsi or Ka-wé-no-te.
In Anishinaabemowin, or Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang, though the city was first named by French colonizers Ville Marie, or City of Mary, its current name comes from Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The most popular theory is that the name derives from Mont Réal, Cartiers 1535 diary entry, naming the mountain, according to the Commission de toponymie du Québec and the Geographical Names Board of Canada, Canadian place names have only one official form. Thus, Montreal is officially spelled with an accent over the e in both English and French. In practice, this is limited to governmental uses. English-speaking Montrealers, including English-language media, regularly omit the accent when writing in English, archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD1000, they had started to cultivate maize, within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages.
Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at locations in the valley since at least the 14th century
Saint Catherine Street
Saint Catherine Street is the primary commercial artery of Downtown Montreal, Canada. The street runs parallel to the largest segments of Montreals underground city, the series of interconnected office tower basements and shopping complexes that make up this main thoroughfare lie immediately north of the street. Educational institutions located on or near the street include Concordia University, McGill University, Université du Québec à Montréal, Dawson College, Saint Catherine Street has been home to many of Montreals prominent department stores, including such former retailers as Eatons, Morgans and Dupuis Freres. Today, the Morgans building is home to Hudsons Bay Company, the Simpsons building is now shared by the La Maison Simons department store and a multiplex cinema, while Eatons was converted to the Complexe Les Ailes. Dupuis Frères, located further east at Saint Catherine and Saint Hubert, is now a shopping mall, the Ogilvys department store remains a fixture on Saint Catherine Street, although it is now a collection of boutiques rather than a single store.
The Montreal Forum, once home to the Montreal Canadiens, is located on Saint Catherine Street at Atwater Street. It has since turned into a shopping and movie theatre complex called the Pepsi Forum. Due to the Forums presence on this street, Saint Catherine was used as the parade route whenever the Canadiens won the Stanley Cup. This was once referred to as the route by Mayor Jean Drapeau, during the Canadiens dynasties of the mid-century. The segment in the district of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve is an important commercial area in that neighbourhood, for one weekend in July every year, Saint Catherine Street hosts Canadas largest open-air sidewalk sale. 2 km of the street between Jeanne-Mance Street and St. Mark is closed to traffic, and vendors from nearby shopping centres bring out their sale merchandise, there is live entertainment along the street. It is estimated that over 300,000 people visit the downtown during this event, bus service is provided by the STMs 15 Sainte-Catherine and 34 Sainte-Catherine which both operate 7 days a week.
Montreals Place des Arts, the primary concert venue, is located on Saint Catherine Jeanne-Mance and Saint-Urbain streets. Other churches on the street include St. James the Apostle Anglican Church, a Gay Village extends along Sainte-Catherine Street in the east end of downtown, between Saint-Hubert and Papineau. Beaudry Metro station, on the Green Line, provides the most convenient access to the Village, summer is punctuated with special events and festivals such as the art festival FIMA, Festival International Montréal en arts, Pride Celebrations and Divers/Cité. The strip clubs which made their home on Saint Catherine have now declined in number, though a few prominent clubs, such as Supersexe and Super Contact, remain
Boston Garden was an arena in Boston, United States. It was above North Station, a station which was originally a hub for the Boston and Maine Railroad and is now a hub for MBTA Commuter Rail. It was used as a hall for political rallies such as the speech by John F. Kennedy in November 1960. Boston Garden was demolished in 1998, three years after the completion of its new arena, TD Garden. The Gardens first event was on November 17,1928, a card headlined by Boston Native Honey Boy Dick Finnegans defeat of Andre Routis. The first team sporting event was three days later, an ice hockey game between the Bruins and the archrival Montreal Canadiens, won by the Canadiens 1–0. The game was attended by 17,000 fans,2,000 over capacity, the game started 25 minutes late. Windows and doors were broken by the fans in the action, the first non-sporting event, a conclave featuring evangelist Rodney Gipsy Smith, was held on March 24,1929. During the Boston Gardens early years, the arena was owned by the Boston and Maine Corporation and controlled by Rickard, in 1934, the Madison Square Garden Corporation sold its interest in the Boston Garden to the Boston Arena Corporation, led by Henry G.
Lapham. This resulted in the creation of the Boston Garden-Arena Corporation, george V. Brown served as general manager of the Garden under the Boston Garden-Arena Corporation until his death in 1937, when he was succeeded by his son, Walter A. Brown. During the early years of the Boston Garden, the main draws were boxing, wrestling. Johnny Indrisano, Lou Brouillard, Ernie Schaaf, Al Mello, wrestling became big due to the popularity of Gus Sonnenberg. Sonnenberg defeated Ed Strangler Lewis at the Garden in 1929 in a fight that set a record for a wrestling match. Paul Bowser promoted wrestling in Boston at this time and when the sport began to lose popularity, OMahony became a popular draw at the Garden. The Garden suffered economically during the Great Depression, during this period Sonja Henies Hollywood Ice Revue and the Ice Follies were successful draws and kept the Garden afloat. In 1939, a dispute between Henie and her managers led Walter Brown and eight other arena managers to found the Ice Capades.
It was famous as the hotel of choice for people attending Garden events, and by 1958 had been purchased by the Boston and Maine Railroad, and renamed the Hotel Madison. The permanently closed black-painted skyway doors on the Gardens west-facing exterior after the hotels closure, the Tip ONeill Federal Building now stands on the site of the former hotel
The Canadian dollar is the currency of Canada. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or sometimes Can$ or C$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies and it is divided into 100 cents. Canadas dollar is the fifth most held reserve currency in the world, accounting for approximately 2% of all global reserves, behind only the U. S. dollar, the euro, the yen and the pound sterling. In 1841, the Province of Canada adopted a new system based on the Halifax rating, the new Canadian pound was equal to four US dollars, making one pound sterling equal to 1 pound,4 shillings, and 4 pence Canadian. Thus, the new Canadian pound was worth 16 shillings and 5.3 pence sterling, the 1850s was a decade of wrangling over whether to adopt a sterling monetary system or a decimal monetary system based on the US dollar. In 1851, the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly passed an act for the purposes of introducing a sterling unit in conjunction with decimal fractional coinage. The idea was that the coins would correspond to exact amounts in relation to the U. S. dollar fractional coinage.
This gold standard was introduced with the gold sovereign being legal tender at £1 = US$ 4.86 2⁄3, no coinage was provided for under the 1853 act. Sterling coinage was legal tender and all other silver coins were demonetized. The British government in principle allowed for a decimal coinage but nevertheless held out the hope that a unit would be chosen under the name of royal. However, in 1857, the decision was made to introduce a decimal coinage into the Province of Canada in conjunction with the U. S. dollar unit, in 1859, Canadian colonial postage stamps were issued with decimal denominations for the first time. In 1860, the colonies of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia followed the colony of Canada in adopting a system based on the U. S. dollar unit. In the following year, Canadian colonial postage stamps were issued with the shown in dollars. The U. S. dollar was created in 1792 on the basis of the weight of a selection of worn Spanish dollars. As such, the Spanish dollar was slightly more than the U. S. dollar, and likewise.
In 1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were united in a called the Dominion of Canada. In 1871, Prince Edward Island went decimal within the U. S. dollar unit, the currency of Prince Edward Island was absorbed into the Canadian system shortly afterwards, when Prince Edward island joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873. The Canadian Parliament passed the Uniform Currency Act in April 1871, tying up loose ends as to the currencies of the various provinces, the gold standard was temporarily abandoned during the First World War and definitively abolished on April 10,1933
The Montreal Canadiens are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League, the clubs official name is le Club de hockey Canadien. The team is referred to in English and French as the Habs. French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens, Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle, Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux, Les Habitants, Le CH and Le Grand Club. Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team worldwide, the franchise is one of the Original Six teams, a description used for the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. The teams championship season in 1992–93 was the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup, the Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise. They have won 24 Stanley Cups,22 of them since 1927, on a percentage basis, as of 2014, the franchise has won 25. Since 1996, the Canadiens have played their games at Centre Bell.
The team previously played at the Montreal Forum which housed the team for seven decades and all, the Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose OBrien on December 4,1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association, the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the community in Montreal, composed of francophone players. The teams first season was not a success, as they placed last, after the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal and the teams fortunes improved over the next seasons. The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season, in 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL, and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz. The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season, the club began the 1930s decade successfully, with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. The Canadiens and its rival, the Montreal Maroons, declined both on the ice and economically during the Great Depression.
Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to interests in Cleveland, the Maroons still suspended operations, and several of their players moved to the Canadiens. Led by the Punch Line of Maurice Rocket Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens added ten more championships in 15 seasons from 1965 to 1979, with another dynastic run of four-straight Cups from 1976 to 1979. In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set two still-standing team records — for most points, with 132, and fewest losses, by losing eight games in an 80-game season. The next season, 1977–78, the team had a 28-game unbeaten streak, scotty Bowman, who would set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the teams head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 1970s