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Monument Avenue

Monument Avenue is an avenue in Richmond, Virginia with a tree-lined grassy mall dividing the east- and westbound traffic, punctuated by statues memorializing Virginian Confederate veterans of the American Civil War, including Robert E. Lee, J. E. B. Stuart, Jefferson Davis, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, Matthew Fontaine Maury. There is a monument to Arthur Ashe, a Richmond native and international tennis star, African-American; the first monument, a statue of Robert E. Lee, was erected in 1890. Between 1900 and 1925, Monument Avenue expanded with architecturally significant houses and apartment buildings. Monument Avenue is the site of several annual events in the spring, including an annual Monument Avenue 10K race. At various times the Sons of Confederate Veterans gather along Monument Avenue in period military costumes. Monument Avenue is the site of "Easter on Parade," another spring tradition during which many Richmonders stroll the avenue wearing Easter bonnets and other finery. "Monument Avenue Historic District" includes the part of Monument Avenue beginning at the termination of West Franklin Street at Stuart Circle in the east, extending westward for some fourteen blocks to Roseneath Avenue, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark District.

In 2007, the American Planning Association named Monument Avenue one of the 10 Great Streets in the country. The APA said Monument Avenue was selected for its historic architecture, urban form, quality residential and religious architecture, diversity of land uses, public art and integration of multiple modes of transportation. Monument Avenue was conceived during a site search for a memorial statue of General Robert E. Lee after Lee's death in 1870. Richmond citizens had been wanting to erect statues for three Virginians who had helped defend the city. City plans as early as 1887 show the proposed site, a circle of land, just past the end of West Franklin Street, a premier downtown residential avenue; the land was owned by a wealthy Richmonder, Otway C. Allen; the plan for the statue included building a grand avenue extending west lined with trees along a central grassy median. The plan shows building plots which Allen intended to sell to developers and those wishing to build houses on the new grand avenue.

On May 29, 1890, crowds were estimated at 100,000 to view the unveiling of the first monument, to Robert E. Lee, it would take about 10 years for wealthy Richmonders and speculative developers to start buying the lots and building houses along the avenue, but in the years between 1900 and 1925 Monument Avenue exploded with architecturally significant houses and apartment buildings. The architects who built on Monument Avenue practiced in the region and nationally, included the firms of John Russell Pope, William Bottomley, Duncan Lee, Marcellus Wright, Claude Howell, Henry Baskervill, D. Wiley Anderson and Albert Huntt. Speculative builders such as W. J. Payne, Harvey C. Brown and the Davis Brothers bought lots and built many houses to sell to those not designing with an architect; the street was and continues to be, a favored living area for Richmond's upper class. It is lined with large mansions from the end of the Gilded Age; the Museum District part of Monument Avenue includes a combination of such houses, apartment buildings and smaller single-family houses.

West of Interstate 195, Monument Avenue becomes a more commonplace suburban avenue. Through the decades the avenue has had its downs; as early as 1910, but during the 1950s and'60s, many of the large houses were subdivided into apartments, or interior rooms and carriage houses were let to boarders. A few houses were demolished to make way for parking lots or building expansions, several modern additions were tucked between earlier existing buildings, but protections put in place by the city by designating Monument Avenue as an Old and Historic Neighborhood have helped maintain the integrity of the neighborhood. In 1969 a group was incorporated called The Residents and Associates for the Preservation of Monument Avenue, led by Zayde Rennolds Dotts, granddaughter of Beulah and John Kerr Branch, who had commissioned a house on Monument Avenue in 1914 by the firm of John Russell Pope. In 1970 the group changed its name to the Monument Avenue Preservation Society. From 1981 to 1988, just over 1 mile of Monument Avenue between Malvern Avenue and Arthur Ashe Boulevard was designated State Route 418 but this was not posted on the route itself.

In August 2017, following violence linked to far right white supremacist groups in Charlottesville, VA, Richmond Mayor Levar Stoney announced that the city's Monument Avenue commission would include potential removal of the confederate monuments, illegal under Virginia law, as an option for dealing with the issues raised by statues honoring veterans who died fighting for the Confederacy. Robert E. Lee Monument – equestrian sculpture by Antonin Mercié. E. B. Stuart – equestrian sculpture by Frederick Moynihan.

The Great American Bash (1995)

The Great American Bash was the ninth The Great American Bash professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by World Championship Wrestling. The event took place on June 18, 1995 at the Hara Arena in Ohio; this was the first Great American Bash event in nearly three years, with the last event taking place in 1992. Seven matches were contested at the event; the main event was a standard wrestling match between Ric Flair and Randy Savage, part of a rivalry stemming from a match in a tournament to crown the new United States Heavyweight Champion. Flair defeated Savage; the undercard featured many matches including a tournament final for the United States Heavyweight Championship between Sting and Meng. Sting defeated Meng to win the title; the event storylines. Wrestlers portrayed villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that built tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches; the Fantastics were substitutes for the Rock'n Roll Express, who failed to show, due to commitments with the National Wrestling Alliance and Smoky Mountain Wrestling.

Scott D'Amore was mistakenly billed as Chris Kanyon in this match. After their match, Harlem Heat and Sister Sherri came out to confront Dick Slater and Bunkhouse Buck. Robert Parker and challenged Slater and Buck to a match that night. Dave Sullivan won a date with the Diamond Doll by defeating Diamond Dallas Page. Referee Nick Patrick disqualified Sgt. Craig Pittman when he refused to let go of the Code Red while Jim Duggan was holding onto the ropes. Pittman was supposed to face Marcus Alexander Bagwell, but Bagwell suffered an injury and Duggan was announced as his replacement; the match between Sting and Meng was scheduled as a semifinal match in the United States Championship Tournament started after Vader was stripped of the title. However, the other semifinal between Ric Flair and Randy Savage ended in a no-contest and both men were eliminated from the tournament. ^1 This match was scheduled as a semifinal match in the tournament but the other semi-final match between Randy Savage and Ric Flair ended in a no contest and both men were eliminated from the tournament, resulting in Sting and Meng's match determining the champion.

The Great American Bash 1995

Arkesilas Painter

The Arkesilas Painter was a Laconian vase painter active around 560 BC. He is considered one of the five great vase painters of Sparta, his conventional name is derived from his name vase, the so-called Arkesilas Cup, a kylix now on display at the Cabinet des médailles of the Bibliothèque nationale de France. The vessel, found at Vulci, depicts Arkesilaos II, King of Cyrene, watching his subjects packing and weighing trade goods, it is a singular motif in ancient Greek art, one of few vase painting depicting recognisable historical figures. Along with a further painting by the artist which depicts the nymph Kyrene wrestling a lion, it led to the original suggestion that the artist was active in North Africa, but excavations in laconia proved that notion to be false. Another of his vases depicts women, their skin indicated by white paint; this technique, typical of Corinthian and Attic vase painting, is not otherwise known from Laconian workshops. A similar image shows Herakles fighting two amazons.

Their faces are white. The Arkesilas Painter painted cups, he painted symposion scenes and images from Greek mythology. The latter are dominated by depictions of Herakles, the amazons and Prometheus; the latter two figures occur together on a single vase. Apart from figural painting, he ascribed vases bearing ornamental decoration, his drawing style is lively. He was identified, as one of the first known Laconian vase painters, by Eugene Numa Lane, his early work was falsely attributed to the so-called Hephaistos Painter, now known as the Boreades Painter. John Boardman: Early Greek Vase Painting. Thames and Hudson, London 1998. 11th to 6th Century BC. A Handbook and Hudson, London 1998, pp. 185–188, ISBN 0-500-20309-1. Thomas Mannack: Griechische Vasenmalerei. Eine Einführung. Theiss, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 125–128, ISBN 3-8062-1743-2. Matthis Steinhart: Arkesilas-Maler, In: Der Neue Pauly, V.2. P. 8. Conrad M. Stibbe: Das andere Sparta. von Zabern, Mainz 1996, pp. 163–203, ISBN 3-8053-1804-9. Media related to Arkesilas Painter at Wikimedia Commons