Verisäkeet is the fourth full-length album by Finnish metal band Moonsorrow. It was released on February 2005 through Spinefarm Records; the album comes in a full-black shining case with golden Moonsorrow logo, with the original booklet inside. The United States release of the album, through Season of Mist, however, is packaged in a clear jewel case displaying the album's artwork. Ville Sorvali - vocals, bass Marko Tarvonen - drums, guitars, vocals Lord Eurén - keyboards, vocals Mitja Harvilahti - guitars, vocals Henri Sorvali - keyboards, mouth harp, vocals, tin whistle, recorder Blastmor - backing vocals Frostheim - kantele Hittavainen - fiddle, recorder Jukka Varmo - vocals choir Janne Perttilä - vocals choir Hunaja-Pasi Moilanen - photography Tero Salonen - cover art, layout Mika Jussila - mastering Ahti "Periaatteessa se on mulle aivan sama" Kortelainen - mixing Henri Sorvali - mixing Tanja Ahtila - photography
Columbia Heights, Minnesota
Columbia Heights is a city in Anoka County, United States. The population was 19,496 at the 2010 census. Minnesota State Highways 47 and 65 are two of the main routes in the city. Columbia Heights is a first-ring northern suburb of Minneapolis, its downtown district is centered at the intersection of 40th Avenue NE and Central Avenue, includes the Heights Theater, county offices, the Public Library, a variety of businesses. Central Avenue forms a commercial district along its length. More businesses line University Avenue. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.52 square miles, of which, 3.41 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water. Columbia Heights is bordered by the city of Fridley to the west; the city of Hilltop is enclosed within the city. Columbia Heights has a hilly terrain and features one of the highest points in Hennepin and Anoka Counties along Stinson Boulevard between Fairway Drive and 45th Avenue NE/County Road E. There are five lakes in the city, which include Sullivan Lake, Highland Lake, Silver Lake, Hart Lake, LaBelle Pond.
The city park system resides in low lying and former swampland areas, unsuitable for building. Huset Park is the main park in the city. Prestemon, Gauvitte and McKenna Parks were all named for members of the first city council in 1921. Ava Ostrander, first woman elected to the council in 1924 has a park named for her. Kordiak Park is an Anoka County park in the city named after former County Commissioner Albert A. Kordiak. Other parks include Edgemoor, La Belle, Keyes, Sullivan and Hilltop. Columbia Heights was formed as a village on March 14, 1898 when it separated from the former Fridley Township. On July 21, 1921 the Charter of the City of Columbia Heights was adopted and the city was formed. A Polish flag and white eagle are on the sign marking the border between Columbia Heights and Minneapolis, visible when entering Columbia Heights on Central Avenue, in celebration of the suburb's early roots as a Polish–American community. In 1991, Columbia Heights joined Sister Cities International and selected Łomianki, Poland as its Sister City.
In 1944, a plane of Allied flyers was shot down near Łomianki. The brother of a long time Columbia Heights resident was on that mission. In 1987, the people of Łomianki erected a monument in memory of the American flyers who lost their lives; because of this personal connection Łomianki was selected as the Sister City. Abraham Lincoln's funeral car was bought by Thomas Lowry who restored it and featured it at a number of exhibitions throughout the country; when not in use, it was stored in Columbia Heights but was destroyed by a fire on March 18, 1911. In 2016, Columbia Heights was honored with the All-American City Award according to the National Civic League Columbia Heights, the Heights Jamboree and many other references to the city and Minnesota appear in Pat Proft's 1998 film Wrongfully Accused. Columbia Heights is served by public schools, private schools, charter schools. Columbia Heights High School: grades 9–12 Columbia Academy: grades 6–8 Highland Elementary: grades K–5 Valley View Elementary: grades K–5 North Park Elementary: grades K–5 Early Childhood Programs: Birth–5 years ALC West Campus: grades 7–12 Immaculate Conception Catholic School: grades K–8 Little Voyageurs Montessori School: grades PreK–K Academy of Bioscience: grades 5–8 NEI College of Technology was located in Columbia Heights until it merged with Dunwoody College of Technology in 2003.
The college building was demolished in November 2004. John Alt, former Kansas City Chiefs NFL and University of Iowa football player, was raised and went to school in Columbia Heights. Earl Bakken, inventor of the first external, battery-operated, wearable artificial pacemaker, founder of Medtronic. Don Carlson, professional basketball player. James D. La Belle, Medal of Honor recipient, went to school in Columbia Heights. Pat Proft, screen writer and movie producer, went to school in Columbia Heights. Henry Scholberg and bibliographer. Edward J. Tomczyk, Minnesota state representative; as of the census of 2010, there were 19,496 people, 7,926 households, 4,558 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,717.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,584 housing units at an average density of 2,517.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.7% White, 13.5% African American, 1.5% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, 4.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.9% of the population. There were 7,926 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.5% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 18,520 people, 8,033 households, 4,731 families residing in the city; the population densit
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
Markus Eurén is a keyboard musician. He plays keyboard in the Finnish pagan metal band Moonsorrow, he is in their grindcore side project called Lakupaavi. Markus uses N364 Keyboards, his idols are Matti Kärki, C. G. E. Mannerheim, his favorite bands and albums to listen to are Vreid - Kraft, Demoniac - The Fire and the Wind, Satyricon - The Shadowthrone, Dismember - Death Metal
Viking metal is a style of heavy metal music characterized by a lyrical and thematic focus on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, the Viking Age. Viking metal is quite diverse as a musical style, to the point where some consider it more a cross-genre term than a genre, but it is seen as black metal with influences from Nordic folk music. Common traits include a slow-paced and heavy riffing style, anthemic choruses, use of both sung and harsh vocals, a reliance on folk instrumentation, the use of keyboards for atmospheric effect. Viking metal emerged from black metal during the late 1980s and early 1990s, sharing with black metal an opposition to Christianity, but rejecting Satanism and occult themes in favor of the Vikings and paganism, it is similar, in lyrics and thematic imagery, to pagan metal, but pagan metal has a broader mythological focus and uses folk instrumentation more extensively. Most Viking metal bands originate from the Nordic countries, nearly all bands claim that their members descend, directly or indirectly, from Vikings.
Many scholars view Viking metal and the related black and folk metal genres as part of broader modern Pagan and neo-völkisch movements as well as part of a global movement of renewed interest in, celebration of, local and regional ethnicities. Though artists such as Led Zeppelin, Yngwie Malmsteen, Heavy Load, Manowar had dealt with Viking themes, Bathory from Sweden is credited with pioneering the style with its albums Blood Fire Death and Hammerheart, which launched a renewed interest in the Viking Age among heavy metal musicians. Enslaved, from Norway, followed up on this burgeoning Viking trend with Hordanes Land and Vikingligr Veldi. Burzum, Emperor and Helheim, among others, helped further develop the genre in the early and mid-1990s; as early as 1989 with the founding of the German band Falkenbach, Viking metal began spreading from the Nordic countries to other nations with Viking history or an broader Germanic heritage, has since influenced musicians across the globe. The death metal bands Unleashed, Amon Amarth and Ensiferum, which emerged in the early 1990s adopted Viking themes, broadening the style from its black metal origin.
Viking metal features the Vikings for evocative imagery. The Vikings were Northern European seafarers and adventurers who, during the Middle Ages, relied on sailing vessels such as longships and karvi to explore, pirate and settle along the North Atlantic, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Caspian coasts and Eastern European river systems; the Viking Age is cited as beginning in 793, when a Viking raid struck Lindisfarne, concluding in 1066, with the death of Harald Hardrada and the Norman conquest of England. During this two-hundred-year period, the Vikings ventured west as far as Ireland and Iceland in the North Atlantic and Greenland and what is now Newfoundland in North America, south as far as the Kingdom of Nekor, Italy and Constantinople in the Mediterranean, southeast as far as what are now Belarus and Ukraine in Eastern Europe, Georgia in the Caucasus, Baghdad in the Middle East; the Vikings originated from the Nordic countries and the Baltic states, consisted of Scandinavians, though Finns, Estonians and Sami people went on voyages as well.
While otherwise disparate peoples, they shared some commonalities in that they were not considered "civilized" and were not, at first, adherents to Christianity, instead following their indigenous Nordic and Finnic religions. However, they adopted Christianity upon settling in an area, intermixing the faith with their own pagan traditions, by the end of the Viking Age, all Scandinavian kingdoms were Christianized and what remained of Viking cultures were absorbed into Christian Europe. Nordic folk music encompasses traditions from Denmark, Sweden, Finland and the dependent countries Åland Islands, Faroe Islands, Greenland, nearby regions. Specific instruments vary between countries and regions, but some common instruments include the lur, säckpipa, Hardanger fiddle, keyed fiddle, willow flute, mouth harp, animal horns. Common genres in Nordic folk include ballads, herding music, dance music, genres which trace back to the medieval era. Nordic melodies will contain the phrase C2-B-G. In Swedish folk music, songs are monophonic and solemn in character, though working and festive songs might be more lively and rhythmic.
Danish songs melodies tend to lean toward the major. In Icelandic folk music, the rímur, a form of epic poem dating back to the medieval era and Viking Age, is prominent. Faroese music contains dances directly descended from medieval ballad and epic poems from literature in the Icelandic tradition, follows unusual time signatures. Many Norwegian folk ballads follow a four-stanza structure known as stev. Stev alternate a trochaic tetrameter with a trimeter, lines rhyme following an ABCB scheme, though stev are not standardized. Finnish folk music tends to be based on Karelian traditions and the meter and thematic material found in the Kalevala; these themes include magic, shamanism, Viking sea voyages, Christian legends, ballads and dance songs. The older runo song tradition follows meters such as 54, 58, or 24. Under Swedish and German influence, a newer, round-dance tradition based on the runo emerged – the rekilaulu – and these follow a 24 or 44 time. Sami music traditions were rather insular, exerting little influence on the music surrounding cultures.
Sami music is known for joiking, improvised singing part
Folk metal is a fusion genre of heavy metal music and traditional folk music that developed in Europe during the 1990s. It is characterised by the widespread use of folk instruments and, to a lesser extent, traditional singing styles, it sometimes features soft instrumentation influenced by folk rock. The earliest folk metal bands were Skyclad from Cruachan from Ireland. Skyclad's debut album The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth was released in 1991 and would be considered a thrash metal album with some folk influences, unlike Cruachan’s early work which embraced the folk element as a defining part of their sound, it was not until 1994 and 1995 that other early contributors in the genre began to emerge from different regions of Europe and beyond. Among these early groups, the German band Subway to Sally spearheaded a different regional variation that over time became known as medieval metal. Despite their contributions, folk metal remained little known with few representatives during the 1990s, it was not until the early 2000s when the genre exploded into prominence in Finland with the efforts of such groups as Finntroll, Korpiklaani and Moonsorrow.
The music of folk metal is characterised by its diversity with bands known to perform different styles of both heavy metal music and folk music. A large variety of folk instruments are used in the genre with many bands featuring six or more members in their regular line-ups. A few bands are known to rely on keyboards to simulate the sound of folk instruments. Lyrics in the genre deal with fantasy, paganism and nature; the English band Skyclad was formed in 1990 after vocalist Martin Walkyier left his previous band, Sabbat. Skyclad began as a thrash metal band but added violins from session musician Mike Evans on several tracks from their debut album, The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth, an effort described by Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic as "ambitious" and "groundbreaking." The song "The Widdershins Jig" from the debut album has been acclaimed as "particularly significant" and "a certain first in the realms of Metal". With a full-time fiddler in their lineup, the band's second album feature a "now legendary folky jig style" and "more prominent inclusion of the fiddle playing lead lines and melodies associated with the lead guitar parts of most other rock bands."Even with the departure of Martin Walkyier in 2001, Skyclad remains an active folk metal group today after nearly two decades since their formation.
In contrast, the Portuguese band Moonspell had a brief tenure in the genre. Their first release was the 1994 Under the Moonspell EP with music that featured Lusitanian folk and Medieval influences. With the release of their debut album Wolfheart in the following year, the band made a transition into gothic metal and within a matter of years "quickly evolved into one of the major players of the European goth-metal scene."Cruachan were formed in 1992 in Dublin, Ireland. From the outset their intention was to mix the native Irish folk music of their home country with the more extreme side of metal music, their debut album Tuatha Na Gael was released in 1995 and was a full folk metal album from start to finish. In the Italian book “FOLK METAL, Dalle Origini Al Ragnarok”, a comprehensive history of the genre, Author Fabrizio Giosue credits Cruachan as being the first real Folk Metal band, he acknowledges that Skyclad did have some folk parts in some songs before Cruachan however he goes on to say Cruachan used folk music as much as they used heavy metal music.
Cruachan used arrangements of known folk songs and melodies, Skyclad wrote folk "sounding" parts. Spanish band Mägo de Oz was among early Folk Metal artists that were influenced by the Celtic folk music; the band introduced folk elements and instruments in their power metal-based music from their 1994 debut album. Another early contributor to folk metal is the Finnish group Amorphis, they formed in 1990 with The Karelian Isthmus, following two years later. Their sophomore effort Tales from the Thousand Lakes was released in 1994 with "plenty of fascinating melodies and song structures that drew from the traditional folk music of their native country." The album received a favorable reception from fans with "its content being exalted across the Metal underground as the pinnacle of atmospheric Death Metal achievement." In the years 1994 and 1995, several distinct variations on folk metal emerged from different regions. The German band Subway to Sally was formed in 1992 as a folk rock band, singing in English and incorporating Irish and Scottish influences in their music.
With their second album MCMXCV released in 1995, the band adopted a "more traditional approach" and started singing in German. Taking Skyclad as an influence, Subway to Sally performs a blend of hard rock and heavy metal "enriched with medieval melodies enmeshed in the songs via bagpipes, hurdy-gurdy, mandoline, shalm and flute" and combined with "romantic-symbolic German-speaking poetry" in their lyrics. With chart success in their native Germany, they have since been credited as the band "that set off the wave of what is known as medieval rock."This distinctly German phenomenon has been continued and expanded further by subsequent bands. Formed in 1996, the Berlin based In Extremo has found chart success with their "medieval style stage garb and unashamed usage of such bizarre, sometimes hand made, instruments as the Scottish bagpipes." Another band that has experienced commercial success in Germany is the Bavarian outfit Schandmaul. Describing themselves as the "minstrels of today," the band employs a musical arsenal that includes the bagpipes, barrel organ, shawm
Amoral was a metal band from Helsinki, formed in 1997. They played technical, melodic, hardrock oriented metal; the band's 4th album was an about-turn, replacing the dominance of quirky death metal with an exemplary display of riff-driven, yet melodic power groove and the occasional sing-along chorus. Amoral performed extensively in bars, clubs and other venues in Finland, Japan, Philippines and USA; the band split up in 2017 after 20 years together. Amoral was formed in 1997 by Ben Varon and Juhana Karlsson. Silver Ots joined soon after; the first vocalist was Matti Pitkänen, replaced by Niko Kalliojärvi. Former band members include Ville Sorvali from Moonsorrow on bass. For some time before Sorvali joined Amoral, the band was without bass player, Ots played bass on some of their demos. Amoral released two demos and Other Flesh, with varying line-ups, played some minor gigs before releasing their first full-length album. Amoral signed with Rage of Achilles Records and released their first album, Wound Creations, in 2004.
After the bankruptcy of Rage of Achilles Amoral was picked up by Spikefarm, a division of Spinefarm Records, a major Finnish rock and heavy metal record label with whom they re-released Wound Creations and added a bonus track to mark the new release version. The album has received predominantly positive reviews from metal magazines and webzines around Finland and Europe, Amoral played numerous gigs following the release and thenceforth Their rise from the underground metal scene was further marked by a month-long European tour with renowned metal bands Finntroll and Naglfar, their inclusion in Tuska Open Air Metal Festival 2005, Finland's most important heavy metal festival. Soon after the 2005 European tour, Amoral returned to the studio to record their second album, Decrowning; the album was released in Finland and several other countries in October 2005 and in Japan and the United States in March 2006. A music video has been shot for the song "Lacrimal Gland." The band embarked on a second European tour in the spring of 2006.
The 37-date tour was headlined by Dark Funeral and Naglfar, supported by Amoral and Asmodeus. Amoral has since played a mini-tour in Italy. Amoral's third album was recorded in Studio Sound Supreme in Hämeenlinna in early 2007, it was released in August 2007. A video was shot for the opening track and first and only single of the album, "Leave Your Dead Behind". Amoral's fourth studio album was announced in November 2008 when the band announced Ari Koivunen as their new vocalist; the album was the debut of bassist Pekka Johansson. On January 21, their first single Year of the Suckerpunch was put up the band's MySpace account. At the first single and at the total album Amoral replaced the previous growling vocals with clean vocals and big choruses. "Year of the Suckerpunch" was on the Finnish national radio Ylex´s playlist with the highest hopes of receiving song of the year for 2009. The album, Show Your Colors, was released May 6, 2009. Show Your Colors has been released in Great Britain, Germany, USA, Canada and Japan.
The album was ranked by public voting as the fifth best domestic metal album at the Finnish Metal Awards 2009.12 January 2010 the band announced that Amoral and Silver Ots had parted ways. Valtteri Hirvonen, who played at the European tour 2009 replacing Silver, was announced to be the "permanent stand-in guitarist" for the time being. 2010 Amoral worked with its 5th album Beneath. At the end of 2010 Amoral announced its new guitarist Masi Hukari, who shared the lead guitar with Ben Varon as well as co-wrote two of the songs. 2011 the band recorded Beneath at Sound Supreme studios in Hämeenlinna and the CD was released 26 October. The Japan edition was out 19 October; the album was produced by guitarist Ben Varon. Beneath continued on the path Amoral started with ”Show Your Colors”; the emphasis is still on solid songwriting, big hooks, new arrangements and guitar riffs, but the scale is wider than before: From 9-minute epics ”Beneath” to straightforward rock songs ”Silhouette” and ”Same Difference”, to nods to the band's death metal past ” Home” and ”Staying Human” and talks between acoustic guitars and industrial landscapes in ”Wastelands”.
The first single "Same Difference" was released in the beginning of summer 2011. The second single "Silhouette" was played first time on Radio Rock in October 2011 and was followed by a video. Silhouette has both electric and acoustic versions; the second video was made from the punk rock oriented track Wrapped in Barbwire, which pays obeisance to Guns N' Roses video "Garden of Eden". 14 February 2012 Beneath was released in the US via The End Records and in Mexico it was published 15 February. In Russia it was out 27 March 2012 via Fono Records; the album was ranked by public voting as the fourth best domestic metal album at the Finnish Metal Awards 2011.2012 in March 15 Amoral made its US live debut at the South By Southwest SXSW event in Austin, Texas. The band debuted in China, at Shanghai in May and during the same tour they performed with other Finnish bands Insomnium, Profane Omen and Swallow The Sun at The Finland Fest 2012 Metal Attack in Liquid Room, Tokyo. After Amoral still played on Owari Metal Fest in Nagaya.
Amoral toured in Europe in autumn 2012 supporting the Finnish Viking metal band Ensiferum with the Finnish metal band Profane Omen. The band toured in Asia in April–May and played at Pulp Summer Slam festival in The Philippines and at Peking and Shanghai Midi Festivals in China; the festival in Peking was the biggest one in the band´s history with an audience of 10 000 people