Moraga is a town in Contra Costa County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The town is named in honor of Joaquín Moraga, member of the famed Californio family, son of Gabriel Moraga, grandson of José Joaquín Moraga, famous 18th century expeditionaries of the Californias. Moraga incorporated in 1974, when the communities of Moraga Town and Rheem Valley, united into one town; as of 2010, Moraga had a total population of 16,016 people. Moraga is located at 37 ° 50' 122 ° 07' 47" West, at an elevation of 499 feet, it is located adjacent to the cities of Lafayette and Orinda, as well as the unincorporated community of Canyon. Other nearby cities include Walnut Creek, San Francisco and Berkeley. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.4 square miles, of which, 9.4 square miles is land and 0.09% is water. Moraga is in a valley, surrounded by rolling hills. Large sections of the Lafayette-Moraga Regional Trail pass through the town; the land now called Moraga was first inhabited by the Saklan Indians, who belonged to the Bay Miwok language group.
Joaquin Moraga was the grandson of José Joaquín Moraga, builder of the Presidio of San Francisco and founder of the pueblo that grew into the city of San Jose. Joaquin's father Tenzin Moraga was a soldier, an early explorer who named many of the state's rivers, including the Sacramento and San Joaquin. Moraga is located on the 1835 Mexican Land Grant Rancho Laguna de Los Palos Colorados given to Joaquin Moraga and his cousin, Juan Bernal. Part of that grant was the property today known as Moraga Ranch; the Moraga Adobe is located in neighboring Orinda. Joaquin Moraga Intermediate School, a middle school in Moraga, bears his name. In the first half of the 20th century, the line of the Sacramento Northern Railroad ran through Moraga. Moraga's first post office opened in 1886, was closed in 1887. In 1955, Moraga built a new post office. Saint Mary's College of California moved to Moraga in 1928. In June 2017, Moraga declared a fiscal emergency, because a sinkhole in the downtown area and a failed bridge on Canyon Road were expected to cost $5 million to repair.
Moraga has a Mediterranean climate, with cool, wet winters. In the summer, morning fog is a common occurrence, but it burns off by the late morning or early afternoon, giving way to clear skies the rest of the day. Most of the annual rainfall comes during the winter. Over the course of a year, the town averages 26 days of 90 °F or higher, 40 nights of 32 °F or lower, 59 days with rain. In 2014, the southwestern US was plagued by a serious drought. Moraga was badly burdened, with high fire warnings; as of the 2000 census, Moraga was the 79th-wealthiest place in the US with a population above 10,000. The 2010 United States Census reported that Moraga had a population of 16,016; the population density was 1,696.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Moraga was 12,201 White, 277 African American, 31 Native American, 2,393 Asian, 25 Pacific Islander, 281 from other races, 808 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1,123 persons; the Census reported that 14,293 people lived in households, 1,545 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 178 were institutionalized.
There were 5,570 households, out of which 1,945 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,685 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 418 had a female householder with no husband present, 165 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 121 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 24 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,073 households were made up of individuals and 564 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 4,268 families; the population was spread out with 3,474 people under the age of 18, 2,342 people aged 18 to 24, 2,193 people aged 25 to 44, 4,947 people aged 45 to 64, 3,060 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males. There were 5,754 housing units at an average density of 609.4 per square mile, of which 4,673 were owner-occupied, 897 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%.
12,073 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,220 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there are 16,290 people, 5,662 households, 4,325 families permanently residing in the town; the population density is 1,756.9 people per square mile. There are 5,760 housing units at an average density of 621.2 people/sq mi. The racial makeup is 81.10% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 12.44% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, 3.75% from two or more races. 4.76 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 5,662 households out of which 35.1% have children under age 18 living with them, 67.7% are married couples living together, 6.5% have a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% are non-families. 19.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.5% have someone living alone, 65 years
Raymond Walter Charles Pitman was an English first-class cricketer. Pitman was a right-handed batsman. Pitman first represented a Hampshire side in 1950 when he made his debut for the Hampshire Second XI in the 1950 Minor Counties Championship, with Pitman playing his last match for the Second XI against Surrey Second XI in 1952. Pitman made his first-class debut for Hampshire 1954 against Oxford University and followed this by making his County Championship debut against Northamptonshire in the same season. Pitman played 50 first-class matches for Hampshire, with his final match for Hampshire coming in the 1959 county season against the Marylebone Cricket Club at Lord's. In Pitman's 50 first-class matches he scored just 926 runs at a batting average of 13.61, with just a single half century score of 77. Pitman's medium-fast bowling was used with Pitman taking just a single wicket for the cost of 68 runs. Pitman represented the Hampshire Second XI in two Second Eleven Championship matches, both against the Kent Second XI.
Following his retirement from cricket, Pitman held a coaching and administrative post at Rydal Penrhos school in Wales. Shortly after Pitman's retirement at the age of 65, he was diagnosed with cancer and subsequently died at Rhos-on-Sea, Denbighshire on 5 June 1998. Raymond Pitman at Cricinfo Raymond Pitman at CricketArchive Matches and detailed statistics for Raymond Pitman
Valeriy Neverov is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and four-time Ukrainian Chess Champion. In 1991 Neverov won the Capablanca Memorial in Havana, was a winner of the Politiken Cup in 1994, he played for Ukraine in the 35th Chess Olympiad at Bled 2002. He took part in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2004 but was eliminated in the first round by Shakhriyar Mamedyarov. Neverov won the 2005/06 Hastings International Chess Congress, he tied for first with Merab Gagunashvili in the 2006/07 edition of the same event, with Nidjat Mamedov and Vadim Malakhatko in 2007/08. Valeriy Neverov chess games at 365Chess.com Valeriy Neverov player profile and games at Chessgames.com
Charles Sprague "Carl" Ruggles was an American composer. He wrote finely crafted pieces using "dissonant counterpoint", a term coined by Charles Seeger to describe Ruggles' music, his method of atonal counterpoint was based on a non-serial technique of avoiding repeating a pitch class until a fixed number such as eight pitch classes intervened. He wrote painstakingly so his output is quite small. Famous for his prickly personality, Ruggles was nonetheless friends with Henry Cowell, Edgard Varèse, Charles Ives, Thomas Hart Benton, Ruth Crawford Seeger, Charles Seeger. Benton painted Ruggles in his portrait "The Suntreader", his students include Merton Brown. Conductor Michael Tilson Thomas has championed Ruggles' music, recording the complete works with the Buffalo Philharmonic and performing Sun-Treader with the San Francisco Symphony. In life, Ruggles was a prolific painter, selling hundreds of paintings during his lifetime. Carl Ruggles was born in Marion, Massachusetts on March 11, 1876, his mother died at an early age and he was raised by his grandmother.
Ruggles' father, was rumored to have a gambling problem and lost most of the family's inherited wealth. Ruggles was never close to his father and did not see him from the age of 29 onwards, he modified his given name Charles to the more Teutonic Carl at an early age due to his great admiration for German composers Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss. Though he never changed it, he signed all documents and works in his adult life "Carl Ruggles", he began taking violin lessons at the age of four with a local itinerant music teacher. He continued playing and gave performances on the violin, which were well received, he was appointed director of the YMCA orchestra in 1892. A reviewer wrote: "A musical program of entertainment was rendered in the church, each number of which received hearty applause. Master Charles Ruggles' violin selections were rendered with much delicacy, he captivated the audience by his manly bearing, is evidently at home in the concert room." In 1899, C. W. Thompson & Co. published Ruggles' first compositions, three songs titled How Can I Be Blythe and Glad, At Sea and Maiden with Thy Mouth of Roses.
The first song is one of two surviving compositions from his early days. Ruggles had to work to support himself as his family's financial situation worsened, he worked a number of odd jobs and started to teach violin and music theory though teaching did not provide much income or success. In 1902 he started writing music criticism for the Watertown Tribune; this continued until July 1903. Ruggles' reviews are characteristically brash, he did not hesitate to express his opinion, laudatory or not. In 1906, he met a contralto. Ruggles began a search for steady employment; this led him to Minnesota, to work for the Mar D'Mar School of Music as a violin teacher. He became active as a soloist as well directing the Winona Symphony Orchestra. Charlotte joined him as a vocal teacher at Mar d'Mar. Ruggles continued to direct the symphony. Charlotte was a choir mistress at the First Baptist Church and Ruggles was hired to conduct the YMCA orchestra and glee club, they took private students. In 1912 Ruggles moved to New York and began writing an opera based on the German play The Sunken Bell by Gerhart Hauptmann.
Due to both his sluggish composing pace and anti-German sentiment as a result of World War I, he never finished the opera, though he submitted a version to the Metropolitan Opera. He destroyed. Ruggles continued supplementing his income by giving composition lessons. For his son's fourth birthday in 1919 he wrote Toys for soprano and piano, his first composition in his atonal, contrapuntal style, he continued to live and compose in New York until 1938, when he began teaching composition at the University of Miami, where he remained until 1943. He moved to a converted one-room school in Vermont where he spent his time revising compositions and painting, he painted hundreds of paintings over the course of his lifetime and he was offered the opportunity to have one-man shows. He was elected to membership in the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1963. According to Donal Henahan, Ruggles "spoke with an earthiness, he told dirty stories. He attacked his fellow composers, sneering at everyone but Ives.
He refused to play the part of the genteel artist." Known for his profanity, Ruggles was anti-semitic. For example, he wrote to Henry Cowell about, "that filthy bunch of Juilliard Jews... cheap, without dignity, with little or no talent," targeting Arthur Berger. His friend Lou Harrison dissociated himself from Ruggles after the 1949 performance of Angels because of the older composer's racism, noting a luncheon at Pennsylvania Station in New York at which Ruggles shouted anti-black and anti-semitic slurs. Ruggles' wife died in 1957, they had Micah. Ruggles died in Vermont, on October 24, 1971, after a long illness. Ruggles' compositional style was "error, he sat at the piano and moved his fingers around, listened hard to the sounds... shouting out some of the lines." According to Ruggles himself, he never learned any music theory and never analyzed other composers' pieces. The majority of his early works were destroyed, leaving their compositional style a matter of speculation. Review
Frank Green was a British industrialist. Frank Green was born in Chorlton-cum-Hardy in 1861, he was the second son of 1st Baronet, a Yorkshire industrialist and Mary Lycett. His elder brother Edward Lycett Green was born in 1860 and would become 2nd Baronet after his father died; the father, Sir Edward was created a baronet for services to politics and was at one time MP for Wakefield. Frank Green's grandfather Edward Green had invented, patented in 1845, a fuel economiser, successful during the 19th and 20th centuries and which made the family fortune. Green was educated at Eton College and the University of Oxford but he did not graduate. Frank displayed a volatile temper from early on, once for example, striking a tutor with a cricket bat. Whilst his brother's role was to raise the family's social position, Frank assisted his father in the management of the company that had factories in various countries. Frank travelled on company business and described his journeys in travelogues forwarded to the Wakefield press.
He took over the management of the company following his father's death in 1923 and was a formidable employer. His obsession with tidiness and good order would lead him to inspect factory and offices for signs of mess and muddle: a typical response would be for him to empty drawers onto the floor or sweep items off desks with his cane; the family moved to York in 1888 and lived at Nunthorpe Hall, overlooking York racecourse – they had developed a passion for horse racing and hunting. They created a hunting lodge and a shoot; as hoped, the Prince of Wales became their first visitor, establishing the Greens' connections to the Prince and his "Marlborough set". Frank purchased three-fifths of a York property adjacent to York Minster in 1897–8 and commissioned architect Temple Lushington Moore to oversee extensive alterations and restoration. Frank called the result "Treasurer's House" and it was a show case for his collection of objets d'art and antique furniture. Frank was an antiquarian and he tried to create'period rooms' wherein the furniture and artefacts reflected a style or age, for example, a drawing room of the Georgian style.
Frank became an honorary lieutenant colonel of the Queen's Own Yorkshire Dragoons in 1906. He and the Green family were philanthropists in Wakefield and York, donating to many causes and public works, including York Minster. Frank was a member of a number of intellectual societies, he would spend his free time travelling around Europe in his Rolls-Royce cars for leisure and for purchasing items for his collection. Frank Green bought a number of properties in York and in other parts of the country – his aim being to restore and renovate. One such property was St William's College in York and Temple Moore restored this also. Frank sold St William's to the church for the price he paid for it. Edward Lycett Green used his middle name as a double-barrelled surname, Lycett-Green, in years, he was Master of the York and Ainsty Hunt and a successful horse breeder and racehorse owner. Edward and his wife Ethel achieved notoriety when involved in the'Royal Baccarat Scandal' publicising their social connections to the Prince of Wales.
Despite vilification in the press following the court case, the Greens continued to enjoy Bertie's patronage and no doubt gratitude, as Ethel Lycett-Green's father contributed around £200,000 to the Prince of Wales when he was in debt. Public endorsement of the Greens came when the Prince of Wales, Princess Alexandra and their daughter Princess Victoria stayed as Frank Green's guest at Treasurer's House for three days in 1900, around a year before the Prince became King Edward VII. Green was a significant collector although he bought to furnish his houses, rather than for investment, he did not, for example, collect contemporary works. He was happy to lend or donate items to museums, for example, around 400 items to Wakefield Museum and around 50 items to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, he embraced what he called "folk art" including textiles, craft work, rather than paintings and his art collection in Treasurer's House is not of huge overall merit. His collection contains a number of significant pieces and items of interest.
In 1928 Green decided to move south for his health. He gave Treasurer's House, other York properties and his collection to the National Trust in 1930, thus providing the Trust with its first furnished property. Green never married, he loved to entertain and enjoyed the company of actors and musicians including Ellen Terry. In York he organised events and society balls, for example the York Bachelors' Ball, guests would be entertained lavishly. At Treasurer's his footmen would be dressed as bewigged page boys to serve guests from gold plate, he was himself changing his clothes at least three times a day. His trademark outfit was a bowler hat and a hand-tied bow tie but he favoured frilled shirts and capes; when visiting abroad he purchased examples of national costume. Frank Green's ill temper remained with him as he grew older and his strict orders regarding cleanliness and hygiene had to be obeyed to the letter. Staff had to meet exacting standards governed by his personal inspections of the kitchens and other rooms.
He was known to visit the kitchens at night. Pieces of coal had to be wrapped individually before putting in the fireplace, his laundry was sent by train to London. Once, when a fly was seen in
"Hear My Plea" was the Albanian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2007, performed in English and Albanian by Frederik Ndoci. The song is a dramatic ballad, with Ndoci pleading with an unnamed power to bring his love back to him, he uses dramatic imagery to underscore his feelings. Since Albania failed to qualify for the final of the 2006 contest it was forced to sing in the semi-final of the 2007 contest. Here it performed 11th, following the Netherlands' Edsilia Rombley with "On Top of the World" and preceding Denmark's DQ with "Drama Queen". At the close of voting, the song had received 49 points, placing 17th in a field of 28, failing to qualify for the final; this is the worst placing of Albania in Eurovision history. An Albanian-only version of the song was recorded, entitled "Balada e gurit"; the song was succeeded as Albanian representative at the 2008 contest by Olta Boka with "Zemrën e lamë peng"