Madison is a city in Morgan County, United States. It is part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke-Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area; the population was 3,636 at the 2000 census. The city is the site of the Morgan County Courthouse; the Historic District of Madison is one of the largest in the state. Many of the nearly 100 antebellum homes have been restored. Bonar Hall is one of the first of the grand-style Federal homes built in Madison during the town's cotton-boom heyday from 1840 to 1860. Budget Travel magazine voted Madison as one of the world's 16 most picturesque villages. Madison is featured on Georgia's Antebellum Trail, is designated as one of the state's Historic Heartland cities. Madison was described in an early 19th-century issue of White's Statistics of Georgia as "the most cultured and aristocratic town on the stagecoach route from Charleston to New Orleans." In an 1849 edition of White's Statistics of Georgia, the following was written about Madison: "In point of intelligence and hospitality, this town acknowledges no superior."
On December 12, 1809, the town, named for 4th United States president, James Madison, was incorporated. While many believe that Sherman spared the town because it was too beautiful to burn during his March to the Sea, the truth is that Madison was home to pro-Union Congressman Joshua Hill. Hill had ties with General William Tecumseh Sherman's brother in the House of Representatives, so his sparing the town was more political than appreciation of its beauty. In 1895 Madison was reported to have an oil mill with a capital of $35,000, a soap factory, a fertilizer factory, four steam ginneries, a mammoth compress, two carriage factories, a furniture factory, a grist and flouringmill, a bottling works, a distillery with a capacity of 120 gallons a day, an ice factory with a capital of $10,500, a canning factory with a capital of $10,000, a bank with a capital of $75,000, surplus $12,000, a number of small industries operated by individual enterprise. Against the backdrop of this Jim Crow-era prosperity, white Madisonians participated in at least three documented lynchings of African Americans.
In February 1890, after a rushed trial involving knife-wielding jurors, Brown Washington, a 15-year-old, was found guilty of the murder of a 9-year-old local white girl. After the verdict, though the sheriff with the governor's approval, called up the Madison Home Guard to protect Washington, "only three militiamen and none of the officers" responded to the order. Washington was thus taken from jail by a posse of ten men organized by a "leading local businessman." Described as "among the best citizens," they promptly handed him over to a mob of 300+ waiting outside the courthouse. From there, he was taken to a telegraph pole behind a Mr. Poullain's residence, allowed a prayer strung up and shot, his body mutilated by more than a hundred bullets. Afterwards, in the patriarchal exhibition-style common of southern lynchings, a sign was posted on the telegraph pole: "Our women and children will be protected." His body was not taken down until noon the next day. According to Brundage's account of the lynching of Brown Washington in Lynching in the New South: Georgia and Virginia, 1880-1930: The open participation of men'of all ages and standing in life,' the organized public meeting that planned the mob's course of action, the obvious complicity of the militia, the ritualized execution of Washington all highlight the degree to which the lynching was sanctioned by the community at large.
Shared attitudes toward women and black criminality, combined with local bonds of community and family, focused the fears and rage of whites on Washington and guaranteed mass involvement in his execution. In the aftermath, though local and state authorities vowed to investigate the lynching as well as the Madison Home Guard's dereliction of duty, just a week a grand jury was advised by a judge of the superior court of Madison that any investigation would be a waste of time. In addition, the state body charged with investigating the home guard's non-response reported that their absence had been satisfactorily explained and no tribunal would be convened to investigate the matter." Although the local Madisonian newspaper failed to report on the 1890 extra-judicial murder of Mr. Washington, an earlier first lynching by Madisonians of a man they pulled out of the old stone county jail appears in the contemporary accounts from the Atlanta Constitution. In 1919, ten years after the erection of a Lost Cause memorial in front of the newly-built Morgan County courthouse, a third lynching occurred in the dark of night a few days before Thanksgiving.
This time, citizens skipped the show-trials altogether, opting to travel to the home of Mr. Wallace Baynes in what one paper of the day called an "arresting party," though no charges against Mr. Baynes were stipulated in the news account. Baynes shot at the party, striking Mr. Frank F. Ozburn of Madison in the head, killing him instantly. In response, the mob outside his home grew to 40-50 men. Despite the arrival of Madison Sheriff C. S. Baldwin, Mr. Baynes was shot near the Little River. Afterwards, the sheriff present at the lynching said he could not identify any of the men who came for Mr. Baynes, despite the fact that they arrived in cars and lit up Mr. Baynes' home with the headlights of their vehicles. In an editorial that argued that mobs in the south were no worse than mobs in the north yet condemned future lynchings, the local Madisonian claimed: "There is not now and will never be, any friction between the races here." The Lost Cause monument erected in 1909 by the Morgan County Daughters of the Confederacy in front of the courthouse w
Lake Oconee is a reservoir in central Georgia, United States, on the Oconee River near Greensboro and Eatonton. It was created in 1979 when Georgia Power completed the construction of the Wallace Dam on the Oconee River. Lake Oconee runs through Georgia's Morgan and Putnam counties and is separated from its sister lake, Sinclair, by Wallace Dam. Oconee is the name of an ancient Creek town. Lake Oconee serves as a reservoir for Georgia Power Company's Wallace Hydroelectric Plant; the lake has 374 miles of shoreline with a surface area of 19,971 acres. It is formed by the Oconee River and Apalachee River Lake Oconee is home to a number of golf communities, including Reynolds Lake Oconee and Harbor Club. There are senior living communities including Del Webb at Lake Oconee. Georgia Power- Lake Oconee
Georgia State Route 83
State Route 83 is an 86.5-mile-long state highway that runs southwest to northeast, with a southeast–to–northwest section, within portions of Monroe, Jasper and Walton counties in the central part of the U. S. state of Georgia. It connects Forsyth and Madison; the portion from the southwestern city limits of Monticello to the Jasper–Morgan county line is included in the Monticello Crossroads Scenic Byway. SR 83 begins in Monroe County, it heads northeast paralleling the Monroe–Lamar county line, to Forsyth. Once in Forsyth, the route forms a concurrency with US 41/SR 18, heading to downtown. Once in downtown Forsyth, the route intersects US 41/SR 18/SR 42. Here, SR 42/SR 83 begin a brief concurrency to the north. Less than 2,000 feet the concurrency ends. SR 83 has an interchange with Interstate 75 before leaving Forsyth. Just before leaving Monroe County, the route crosses over the Towaliga River and intersects US 23/SR 87 near Juliette; the route continues to the northeast, crossing over the Ocmulgee River at the Monroe–Jasper county line, heads toward Monticello.
Just prior to entering town, it has an intersection with SR 380, a bypass south and east of the town. SR 83 makes its way into downtown, where it intersects SR 11/SR 16/SR 212 at the southwestern corner of the town's square; the four routes are concurrent for one block. However, since the square is a one-way road, SR 11's northern lanes continue the concurrency to the northeastern corner of the square. Here, SR 16's and SR 212's eastbound lanes depart the concurrency and SR 83 departs the square and the concurrency. SR 83 leaves Monticello, passing the Hunter Pope Country Club, continues to travel to the northeast, toward Madison. On the way, the route has an intersection with SR 142 in Shady Dale. Shortly after, it crosses into Morgan County, it crosses over the Little River. In Madison, it has an interchange with I-20, it begins a concurrency with US 278/SR 12. Just under 4,000 feet US 129/US 441/SR 24 join the concurrency on the northeastern corner of Walton Park; the six routes head to past Hill Park, before reaching downtown.
Once in downtown Madison, SR 83 travels to the northwest, toward Monroe. It passes through the town of Bostwick, it crosses into Walton County and enters Good Hope, where the route has an intersection with the western terminus of SR 186. SR 83 continues in a northwest direction until its northern terminus, an intersection with US 78/SR 10 in the northeastern part of Monroe. SR 83 is not part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility. State Route 83 Connector was a 5.8-mile-long connector that existed within the central part of Jasper County. It is the original number of SR 380, it started at an intersection with the SR 83 mainline southwest of Monticello. The route crossed over a Norfolk Southern Railway line and traveled to the southeast; the route back to the southeast. It passed north of Malone Lake before it curved to the intersected SR 11 south of the town. SR 83 Connector traveled to the northeast to an intersection with SR 212 east-southeast of Monticello.
Just past this intersection, SR 83 Connector met its eastern terminus, an intersection with SR 16 east of town. The entire route is in Jasper County. Georgia portal U. S. Roads portal Media related to Georgia State Route 83 at Wikimedia Commons Georgia Roads
Newton County, Georgia
Newton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,958; the county seat is Covington. Newton County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Newton county is named after Sgt. John Newton, who served under Gen. Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox", in the American Revolutionary War, it was created on December 24, 1821. During the American Civil War, the county provided the Lamar Infantry, a part of Cobb's Legion. Newton county adjoins Jasper County, Georgia: Georgia is one of many states that have a Newton County and a Jasper County that border each other. In late 1978, the first five episodes of The Dukes of Hazzard were filmed in and around Covington, Georgia; the TV series In The Heat of the Night was filmed in Covington from 1988 to 1995. In Remember the Titans, there were many scenes shot on "The Square" and the final football scene was shot at Homer Sharp Stadium, located near downtown Covington. Part of the new series The Vampire Diaries is being fiimed on "The Square".
Additionally, major films including My Cousin Vinny, Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives and Halloween II, Rob Zombie's sequel to his 2007 film Halloween, were filmed near and around "The Square" in downtown Covington. Newton county claims to be the birthplace of Georgia 4-H; the Girls Canning and Boys Corn Clubs in 1904 by G. C. Adams was renamed the 4-H Club in 1906, after the original 4-H Club that opened in Iowa in 1905. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 279 square miles, of which 272 square miles is land and 7.0 square miles is water. The majority of Newton County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. A small eastern portion of the county, from southwest of Social Circle to southwest of Newborn, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. Walton County Morgan County Jasper County Butts County Henry County Rockdale County As of the census of 2000, there were 62,001 people, 21,997 households, 17,113 families residing in the county.
The population density was 224 people per square mile. There were 23,033 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 55.27% White, 45.21% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 21,997 households out of which 37.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,875, the median income for a family was $49,748. Males had a median income of $36,742 versus $26,097 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,317. About 7.20% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,958 people, 34,390 households, 26,165 families residing in the county; the population density was 367.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 38,342 housing units at an average density of 140.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 53.8% white, 40.9% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.4% were American, 9.2% were Irish, 8.0% were English, 7.5% were German.
Of the 34,390 households, 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families, 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.27. The median age was 34.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $52,361 and the median income for a family was $56,519. Males had a median income of $44,504 versus $33,133 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,583. About 10.8% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. National Register of Historic Places listings in Newton County, Georgia Covington and Newton County Living The City of Covington official site Downtown Covington The Covington/Newton County Chamber of Commerce The Center for Community Preservation and Planning The Covington News The Newton Citizen Turner Scrapbook Collection from the Digital Library Collection
U.S. Route 278 in Georgia
U. S. Route 278 in the U. S. state of Georgia is an east–west United States Highway traversing the north-central portion of the state. The highway travels from its western terminus as US 278/SR 74 at the Alabama state line near Esom Hill to its eastern terminus at US 1/US 25/US 78/US 278/SC 121 in the Augusta metropolitan area where it crosses the Savannah River into South Carolina; the route is concurrent with SR 6 from the Alabama state line to Lithia Springs, SR 100 and SR 1 in Cedartown, SR 8 from Lithia Springs to Decatur, SR 5 from Lithia Springs to Austell, SR 10 from Atlanta to Avondale Estates, again from Thomson to the South Carolina state line. It is concurrent with SR 12 for 118 miles, is concurrent with the southern terminus of SR 124 in Lithonia. Concurrencies of US 278 with US highways in Georgia include two long ones with its parent route US 78 from Lithia Springs to Druid Hills, again from east of Thomson to the South Carolina state line. Others include US 19/US 41 in the vicinity of Georgia Tech in Atlanta, US 29 from Georgia Tech to Druid Hills, US 23 from the eastern part of Atlanta to Druid Hills, US 129/US 441 in the vicinity of Madison, US 1 from Augusta to the South Carolina state line, US 25 from Augusta to the South Carolina state line.
It is concurrent with I-20 from exit 75 in Lithonia until it reaches exit 90 in Covington in Newton County. US 278 travels parallel to I-20 from DeKalb County, near Atlanta, to McDuffie County; the highway starts at the Alabama state line, near Esom Hill in Polk County, is concurrent with SR 6 from its western terminus. It travels southeast as a two-lane undivided highway until the intersection with Hardin Road, where it curves northeast. Along the way, it travels straight east along the north edge of a waterway known as Esom Slough turns to the northeast again at the intersection with Brewster Field Road. Getting away from Esom Hill, it travels through a community known as Akes, only has intersections with three local roads. At some point, it passes a short proposed eastbound right-of-way. Just before entering Cedartown, the road is joined by a concurrency with SR 100. At a bridge over an abandoned Seaboard Air Line Railroad line, it travels over a connecting spur to the Silver Comet Trail, enters the City of Cedartown.
The spur leads to a trailhead on the northeast corner of the bridge, while the trail itself travels along the south side of the road beginning at the southeast corner of the bridge. The trail continues to run along the south side of the road as it passes an Underwriters Laboratory building, crosses a bridge over Dry Creek, where it loops around like the inner ramps of a cloverleaf interchange and leaves the side of the road to travel along the east bank of the creek. Condominiums are along the north side of the road and single-family houses line the south side until it reaches U. S. Route 27 Bus./SR 1 Bus.. From there, Canal Street becomes Junior Boulevard; this segment of the highway shifts between southeast and east trajectories and, at one point, crosses an at-grade former Central of Georgia Railway line. MLK Jr Boulevard travels southeast for the last time and ends at a short concurrency with US 27/SR 1, where SR 100 turns south and US 278/SR 6 turns north; that concurrency ends at an overpass with two connecting roads on the southwest and northeast corners.
The Silver Comet Trail, which travels in close proximity with US 278 from the Alabama state line flanks the highway directly along the south side for the second time east of the bridge over Fish Creek. At the border with Rockmart, US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus. branches off to the southeast, while mainline US 278/SR 6 curves to the northeast onto Nathan Dean Parkway. Before the intersection of Calloway Drive, the Silver Comet Trail makes a sharp turn south; the eastern terminus of US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus. is the west end of the concurrency with SR 101. US 278/SR 6/SR 101 makes a slight turn to the southeast where it encounters the intersection with SR 113, that route joins them as they all turns south. US 278/SR 6/SR 101/SR 113 leaves the city limits at a bridge over Braswell Road and a parallel railroad line. Just after the intersection with Fairview Road, the routes curve to the southeast; the concurrency travels over a bridge above the Silver Comet Trail again, just before the intersection with Atlanta Highway and Coots Lake Road, the former of, once a segment of US 278/SR 6/SR 101/SR 113.
Not long after this, the highway passes by Coots Lake. SR 101/SR 113 leaves the concurrency a little further southeast, after descending into a slight valley, US 278/SR 6 crosses the Polk–Paulding county line, where the street name is changed to Rockmart Highway. Along the way, it passes by few sites of any note other than Paulding Northwest Atlanta Airport. Further east, a former segment on the opposite side called "Wayside Lane" begins, which serves the Lillian C. Poole Elementary School, Wayside Baptist Church. Wayside Lane ends west of a power line right-of-way. After the west end of Olivet Loop and at a break in the median, the route enters Dallas. At the intersection of the east end of Olivet Loop and Vista Lake Drive, Rockmart Highway becomes the Jimmy Campbell Parkway. What passes for a major intersection after this is West Memorial Drive, another former segment of the highways. A real major intersection follows shortly Buchanan Street, where SR 120 and SR 6 Bus. meet. SR 120 joins US 278/SR
Interstate 20 in Georgia
In the U. S. state of Georgia, Interstate 20 travels from the Alabama state line to the Savannah River, the South Carolina state line. The highway enters the state near Tallapoosa, it travels through exits the state in Augusta. The highway travels through the cities of Bremen, Conyers and Madison. I-20 has the unsigned state highway designation of State Route 402. I-20 is four lanes wide in much of the state. In the Atlanta metropolitan area, the highway ranges from six lanes wide in the most outlying counties to 10 lanes wide in downtown Atlanta. I-20 enters Georgia from Alabama south-southwest of Tallapoosa; the state line is the Central–Eastern time zone boundary. It crosses over Williams Creek, it passes the Georgia Visitor Information Center. The highway crosses over Walton Creek just before entering the city limits of Tallapoosa. After it leaves the city limits, it has an interchange with SR 100. Within the interchange, I-20 enters the city limits of Tallapoosa twice more. After crossing over Blalock Creek, it curves to the east.
After it curves back to the east-northeast, it crosses over Walker Creek twice. It curves to the east-southeast and travels along the southern edge of Waco, where it has an interchange with Waco Road; the interstate enters Bremen. It enters Carroll County. I-20 curves to the east and has an interchange with US 27/SR 1, it travels southeast of the city. It crosses over Buck Creek. Right after the creek, the westbound lanes have a weigh station; the highway travels south of Spence Lake. It crosses over Allen Creek, it crosses over Bethel Creek. After a crossing of Webster Creek, the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with SR 113, it leaves Temple. It crosses the Little Tallapoosa River and curves back to the east-northeast, it enters Villa Rica. It travels just south of Villa Rica High School, it has an interchange with SR 61/SR 101. It passes the Glanton -- Hindsman Elementary School, it enters Douglas County. After I-20 starts curving to the east-southeast, it has an interchange with Liberty Road.
It curves to the east. It crosses over Keaton Creek, it has an interchange with Post Road southwest of Winston. It crosses over Mobley Creek, it enters Douglasville. It has an interchange with SR 5, it passes the Arbor Place Mall on its northern side. It crosses over Anneewakee Creek and has an interchange with Chapel Hill Road; the highway passes the WellStar Douglas Hospital on its eastern side. After crossing over Slater Mill Creek, it has an interchange with SR 92. Within the interchange, I-20 crosses over Little Anneewakee Creek, it travels along the Lithia Springs–Douglasville city line before re-entering Douglasville proper. It very travels along the Lithia Springs–Dawsonville city line. There, it crosses over Beaver Creek. After the interchange begins, the interstate enters Lithia Springs proper, it leaves the city limits of Lithia Springs and crosses over Sweetwater Creek on the Blair Bridge. Upon re-entering the city, it curves to the east-southeast and has an interchange with SR 6. Right after leaving the interchange, it enters Cobb County.
I-20 has an interchange with both the northern terminus of Riverside Parkway and the eastern terminus of Six Flags Drive. Is a partial interchange with Six Flags Parkway; this interchange is only accessible from the westbound lanes. At this interchange, the highway begins to travel along the southern edge of Mableton, it crosses over the Chattahoochee River on the Debra Mills Commemorative Bridge. This marks the eastern end of Mableton, as well as the Fulton County line. I-20 has an interchange with SR 70, it curves to the east-northeast and enters the western part of Atlanta, on the Adamsville–Old Gordon neighborhood line. At a bridge over SR 139, the highway begins traveling along the Adamsville–Fairburn Heights neighborhood line. After passing Collier Heights Park, it curves to the southeast and has an interchange with I-285; this interchange is just south of the Basoline E. Usher Elementary School and on the southwestern edge of Harwell Heights Park. Right after the I-285 interchange, the highway travels on the Westhaven–Collier Heights neighborhood line.
It crosses over Sandy Creek and has an interchange with SR 280. At this interchange, it begins to travel on the Westhaven–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. Just southeast of this interchange, it travels along the Florida Heights–Dixie Hills neighborhood line. At a crossing of Fairfield Place NW, I-20 begins to parallel SR 139. Just north of Westview Cemetery, it travels along the southern edge of the Penelope Neighbors neighborhood; the highway curves to the east-northeast and has an interchange with Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, it curves back to the southeast and begins to travel along the southern edge of the Mozley Park neighborhood. Upon traveling under a bridge that carries Westview Drive SW, it begins traveling along the Westview–Mozley Park neighborhood line. Upon reaching a partial interchange with Langhorn Street SW, only accessible from the westbound lanes, it enters the
Jasper County, Georgia
Jasper County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900; the county seat is Monticello. Jasper County is part of the large Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; this area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the European encounter. At the time of European-American settlement, it was inhabited by the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast; the County was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land, part of Baldwin County, Georgia. It became part of the new area of upland settlement through the South known as the Black Belt, a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century had made processing of this type of cotton profitable, it was cultivated throughout the inland areas; as migration continued to the west, the county population rose and fell through the nineteenth century.
Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Jasper County was named Randolph County; because of Randolph's opposition to U. S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812, to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. However, Randolph's reputation was restored, in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County. Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821; the Jasper County, Georgia courthouse, was shown and used for filming the courthouse scenes in the motion picture comedy "My Cousin Vinny", starring Joe Pesci. Although the setting of the movie is in Beechum County, near the end of the movie, Sheriff Farley mentions Jasper County, Georgia by name; the county has a five-member county commission, elected from single-member districts. The commission elects a vice-chairman to aid in conducting business.
The county is protected by a combined Fire Rescue Department providing Fire Services. The department operates out of 7 fire stations with the majority of their manpower being volunteers; the department employs 50 personnel which include full time, part time and volunteer and his headed by a Fire Chief Christopher Finch. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles, of which 368 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. The western portion of Jasper County, west of a line formed by State Route 11 to northwest of Monticello along the eastern border of the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the eastern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. State Route 11 State Route 16 State Route 83 State Route 142 State Route 212 State Route 380 Morgan County - northeast Putnam County - east Jones County - south Monroe County - southwest Butts County - west Newton County - northwest Oconee National Forest Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 11,426 people, 4,175 households, 3,122 families residing in the county.
The population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 4,806 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.95% White, 27.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,175 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,890, the median income for a family was $43,271. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $21,785 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,249. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,900 people, 5,044 households, 3,778 families residing in the county; the population density was 37.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,153 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.8% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 11.9% were American, 6.6% were German.
Of the 5,044 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder wi