1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Missouri Route 5
Missouri Route 5 is the longest state highway in Missouri and the only Missouri state highway to traverse the entire state. It is part of a three state, 650 mile highway 5. To the north, it continues into Iowa as Iowa Highway 5 and to the south it enters Arkansas as Highway 5. With only a few exceptions, it is two-lane for its entire length. Business Route 5 serves Ava. Route 5 begins at the Arkansas state line in Ozark County as a continuation of Arkansas Highway 5. 8.5 miles to the north of the state line, Route 5 meets U. S. 160 after which it forms a 6.2 mi east-west concurrency to the east where it enters Gainesville. After leaving its U. S. 160 concurrency to the north, Route 5 continues northwest for 13.2 mi before forming a 3.3 mi north-south wrong-way concurrency with Route 95 into Wasola. Route 5 enters Douglas County 0.6 mi north of Wasola. Thirteen miles into Douglas County, Route 5 forms a four-mile north-south concurrency with Route 76 past Ava, serves the town itself with a business route.
Within the northwest part of Ava, the concurrent routes intersect Route 14. After Route 76 leaves the concurrency to the east, Route 5 continues for 10 miles before entering Wright County. Shortly after entering Wright County, Route 5 forms a one-mile east-west concurrency with U. S. 60 in Mansfield. After leaving its U. S. 60 concurrency to the north, the route intersects with Route 38 in Hartville 11 miles and continues for 24 miles into Laclede County. In Laclede County, Route 5 passes through Evergreen, intersects I-44, Route 32 and Route 64 in Lebanon, enters Camden County 16 miles north of Lebanon. Between Lebanon and Camdenton, the road has been realigned and straightened, several older alignments are visible. Just south of Camdenton, Route 5 forms an 11-mile north-south concurrency with Route 7 which continues through the town and intersects U. S. Route 54. After Route 7 leaves the concurrency to the west, Route 5 leaves the Ozark Mountains and crosses the Lake of the Ozarks at the Hurricane Deck Bridge, passing through Sunrise Beach shortly before entering Morgan County.
Twenty miles north into Morgan County, Route 5 forms a short east-west concurrency with Route 52 in Versailles. After leaving its Route 52 concurrency to the north, it continues north for 14 miles and enters Tipton, in which the route forms a four-mile east-west concurrency with U. S. 50. Soon after leaving its U. S. 50 concurrency to the north, Route 5 enters Cooper County. In Cooper County, Route 5 continues north for 20 miles before intersecting I-70 just south of Boonville. Three miles north of I-70, the route enters Boonville and forms a triple concurrency with U. S. 40 and Route 87. All three routes together cross the Missouri River into Howard County. After entering Howard County, Route 87 leaves the concurrency to the west, less than a mile thereafter, U. S. 40 leaves the concurrency to the east. From there, Route 5 continues north to Fayette, in which it forms a nine-mile concurrency with Route 240 that starts with a north-south alignment, but becomes an east-west alignment after intersecting Route 3.
Shortly thereafter, Route 240 leaves the concurrency to the south, Route 5 enters Glasgow, after which it returns to a north-south alignment and enters Chariton County. Thirteen miles to the north of the Chariton County line, Route 5 forms a five-mile east-west concurrency with U. S. 24 and enters Keytesville, where it leaves the concurrency to the north and enters Linn County 21 miles later. After entering Linn County, Route 5 passes through Marceline and forms a 12-mile east-west concurrency with U. S. 36 past Brookfield, where they intersect Route 11 together. In Laclede, the route leaves the concurrency to the north at its intersection with Route 139, passes through Linneus before entering Sullivan County. In Sullivan County, Route 5 forms an eight-mile concurrency with Route 6 as they bypass Milan to the south and east. Business Route 5 serves Milan directly, using an older alignment of the route, ends north of the town where Route 6 leaves the concurrent bypass to the east. From there, Route 5 enters Putnam County 15 miles later.
In Putnam County, Route 5 forms a brief east-west concurrency with U. S. Route 136 in Unionville. After leaving its U. S. 136 concurrency to the north, the route crosses the Iowa state line and turns into Iowa Highway 5 in Appanoose County. As built in the original 1922 road system, the route is unchanged from its first path. Most of the paths bypassed are now business routes through cities. In the 1950s a section of the route in Wright and Ozark counties between Mansfield and Gainesville was straightened and widened. At this time the city of Ava was bypassed and the old route through the center of the town became business Route 5. Beginning in the summer of 2008, MoDOT began a project to convert Route 5 into a "shared four-lane" highway, with continuous passing lanes based on the European 2+1 road model, between Lebanon and Camdenton. A shared four-lane road can be constructed within the same footprint as a two-lane road, but allows for alternating passing lanes in each direction. A number of roadways in Europe are built in this way, but Missouri is among the first to do so in the U.
S. having first used the method on separate segments of US 63 and Route 37. The project was completed in 2010
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Benton County, Missouri
Benton County is a county located in the west central part of the U. S. state of Missouri. The population was 19,056 as of the 2010 Census, its county seat is Warsaw. The county was organized January 3, 1835, named for U. S. Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 753 square miles, of which 704 square miles is land and 48 square miles is water. Pettis County Morgan County Camden County Hickory County St. Clair County Henry County U. S. Route 65 Route 7 Route 83 Route 82 Route 52 As of the census of 2000, there were 17,180 people, 7,420 households, 5,179 families residing in the county; the population density was 24 people per square mile. There were 12,691 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.96% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,420 households out of which 23.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.20% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.72. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.50% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 21.80% from 25 to 44, 29.70% from 45 to 64, 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,646, the median income for a family was $32,459. Males had a median income of $26,203 versus $19,054 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,457. About 10.20% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.50% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cole Camp R-I School District – Cole Camp Cole Camp Elementary School Cole Camp Middle School Cole Camp High School Lincoln R-II School District – Lincoln Lincoln Elementary School Lincoln High School Warsaw R-IX School District – Warsaw Ruth Mercer Elementary School North Elementary School South Elementary School John Boise Middle School Warsaw High School Lutheran School Association – Cole Camp – Lutheran Most of the students who attend Cole Camp's Lutheran School Association attend Benton County R-1 High in Cole Camp. Boonslick Regional Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Benton County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county. Benton County is split between two of Missouri’s legislative districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives. Both are represented by Republicans. District 57 — Wanda Brown. Consists of the northern half of the county, including Cole Camp and Lincoln. District 125 — Warren Love.
Consists of the southern half of the county, including Edwards and Warsaw. All of Benton County is a part of Missouri’s 28th District in the Missouri Senate; the seat is vacant. The previous incumbent, Mike Parson, was elected Lieutenant Governor in 2016. All of Benton County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,753, than any candidate from either party in Benton County during the 2008 presidential primary. Cole Camp Edwards Ionia Lincoln Mora Warsaw National Register of Historic Places listings in Benton County, Missouri History of Cole, Morgan, Miller and Osage counties, Missouri: from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business and the private records.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Moniteau County, Missouri
Moniteau County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,607, its county seat is California. The county was organized February 14, 1845 and named for the Moniteau Creek.'Moniteau' is a French spelling of Manitou, Algonquian for the Great Spirit. Moniteau County is part of MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419 square miles, of which 415 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. A detailed map of Moniteau County with its historic township boundaries, for historical and genealogical research can be found on page 2 of the atlas accessible via the following link: http://cdm16795.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/moplatbooks/id/1258 Cooper County Boone County Cole County Miller County Morgan County U. S. Route 50 Route 5 Route 87 Route 179 As of the census of 2000, there were 14,827 people, 5,259 households, 3,728 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile.
There were 5,742 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.75% White, 3.78% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.8% were of German, 20.5% American, 8.2% English and 7.0% Irish ancestry. There were 5,259 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.10% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,168, the median income for a family was $42,487. Males had a median income of $26,807 versus $20,853 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,609. About 7.30% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over. Clarksburg C-2 School District – Clarksburg Clarksburg Elementary School High Point R-III School District – High Point High Point Elementary School Jamestown C-1 School District – Jamestown Jamestown Elementary School Jamestown High School Moniteau County R-I School District – California California Elementary School California Middle School California High School Moniteau County R-V School District – Latham Moniteau County Elementary School Tipton R-VI School District – Tipton Tipton Elementary School Tipton High School California Christian Academy – California – Nondenominational Christian Hazel Dell School – Latham – Mennonite Prairie Union School – Latham – Mennonite South Latham School – Latham – Mennonite St. Andrew School – Tipton – Roman Catholic Moniteau County @ Wood Place Library Price James Memorial Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Moniteau County.
Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county. Moniteau County is split between two of the districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives. District 50 — Consists of the communities of California and Lupus. District 58 — David Wood. Consists of the communities of Clarksburg, High Point and Tipton. All of Moniteau County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Mike Kehoe. All of Moniteau County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 858, than any candidate from either party in Moniteau County during the 2008 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Moniteau County, Missouri History of Cole, Morgan, Miller and Osage counties, Missouri: from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business and the private records.
Jesse Woodson James was an American outlaw and train robber and leader of the James–Younger Gang. Raised in the "Little Dixie" area of western Missouri and his family maintained strong Southern sympathies, he and his brother Frank James joined pro-Confederate guerrillas known as "bushwhackers" operating in Missouri and Kansas during the American Civil War. As followers of William Quantrill and "Bloody Bill" Anderson, they were accused of participating in atrocities against Union soldiers and civilian abolitionists, including the Centralia Massacre in 1864. After the war, as members of various gangs of outlaws and Frank robbed banks and trains across the Midwest, gaining national fame and popular sympathy despite the brutality of their crimes; the James brothers were most active as members of their own gang from about 1866 until 1876, when as a result of their attempted robbery of a bank in Northfield, several members of the gang were captured or killed. They continued in crime for several years afterward, recruiting new members, but came under increasing pressure from law enforcement seeking to bring them to justice.
On April 3, 1882, Jesse James was shot and killed by Robert Ford, a new recruit to the gang who hoped to collect a reward on James' head and a promised amnesty for his previous crimes. A celebrity in life, James became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death. Despite popular portrayals of James as an embodiment of Robin Hood, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor, there is no evidence that he and his gang shared any loot from their robberies with anyone outside their close kinship network. Scholars and historians have characterized James as one of many criminals inspired by the regional insurgencies of ex-Confederates following the Civil War, rather than as a manifestation of alleged economic justice or of frontier lawlessness. James continues to be one of the most iconic figures from the era, his life has been dramatized and memorialized numerous times. Jesse Woodson James was born on September 5, 1847 in Clay County, near the site of present-day Kearney; this area of Missouri was settled by people from the Upper South Kentucky and Tennessee, became known as Little Dixie for this reason.
James had two full siblings: his elder brother, Alexander Franklin "Frank" James, a younger sister, Susan Lavenia James. His father, Robert S. James, farmed commercial hemp in Kentucky and was a Baptist minister before coming to Missouri. After he married, he migrated to Bradford and helped found William Jewell College in Liberty, Missouri, he held more than 100 acres of farmland. Robert traveled to California during the Gold Rush to minister to those searching for gold. After Robert's death, his widow Zerelda remarried twice, first to Benjamin Simms in 1852 and in 1855 to Dr. Reuben Samuel, who moved into the James family home. Jesse's mother and Samuel had four children together: Sarah Louisa, John Thomas, Fannie Quantrell, Archie Peyton Samuel. Zerelda and Samuel acquired a total of seven slaves, who served as farmhands in tobacco cultivation; the approach of the American Civil War loomed large in the James–Samuel household. Missouri was a border state, sharing characteristics of both North and South, but 75% of the population was from the South or other border states.
Clay County in particular was influenced by the Southern culture of its rural pioneer families. Farmers raised the same crops and livestock as in the areas, they purchased more according to their needs. The county counted more slaves than most other regions of the state. Aside from slavery, the culture of Little Dixie was Southern in other ways as well; this influenced how the population acted for a period of time after the war. After the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act in 1854, Clay County became the scene of great turmoil, as the question of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory bred tension and hostility. Many people from Missouri migrated to Kansas to try to influence its future. Much of the dramatic build-up to the Civil War centered on the violence that erupted on the Kansas–Missouri border between pro- and anti-slavery militias. After a series of campaigns and battles between conventional armies in 1861, guerrilla warfare gripped Missouri, waged between secessionist "bushwhackers" and Union forces which consisted of local militias known as "jayhawkers".
A bitter conflict ensued. Confederate guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners, scalped the dead; the Union presence enforced martial law with raids on homes, arrests of civilians, summary executions, banishment of Confederate sympathizers from the state. The James–Samuel family sided with the Confederates at the outbreak of war. Frank James joined a local company recruited for the secessionist Drew Lobbs Army, fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in August 1861, he returned home soon afterward. In 1863, he was identified as a member of a guerrilla squad. In May of that year, a Union militia company raided the James–Samuel farm looking for Frank's group, they tortured Reuben Samuel by hanging him from a tree. According to legend, they lashed young Jesse. Frank James eluded capture and was believed to have joined the guerrilla organization led by William C. Quantrill known as Quantrill's