A drum kit — called a drum set, trap set, or drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum. A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones – most cymbals, but can include the woodblock and cowbell. In the 2000s, some kits include electronic instruments. Both hybrid and electronic kits are used. A standard modern kit, as used in popular music and taught in music schools, contains: A snare drum, mounted on a stand, placed between the player's knees and played with drum sticks A bass drum, played by a pedal operated by the right foot, which moves a felt-covered beater One or more toms, played with sticks or brushes A hi-hat, played with the sticks and closed with left foot pedal One or more cymbals, mounted on stands, played with the sticksAll of these are classified as non-pitched percussion, allowing the music to be scored using percussion notation, for which a loose semi-standardized form exists for both the drum kit and electronic drums.
The drum kit is played while seated on a stool known as a throne. While many instruments like the guitar or piano are capable of performing melodies and chords, most drum kits are unable to achieve this as they produce sounds of indeterminate pitch; the drum kit is a part of the standard rhythm section, used in many types of popular and traditional music styles, ranging from rock and pop to blues and jazz. Other standard instruments used in the rhythm section include the piano, electric guitar, electric bass, keyboards. Many drummers extend their kits from this basic configuration, adding more drums, more cymbals, many other instruments including pitched percussion. In some styles of music, particular extensions are normal. For example, some rock and heavy metal drummers make use of double bass drums, which can be achieved with either a second bass drum or a remote double foot pedal; some progressive drummers may include orchestral percussion such as gongs and tubular bells in their rig. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, play small kits that omit elements from the basic setup.
Before the development of the drum set and cymbals used in military and orchestral music settings were played separately by different percussionists. In the 1840s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to enable them to play more than one instrument, but these devices would not be mass-produced for another 75 years. By the 1860s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set; the bass drum, snare drum and other percussion instruments were all struck with hand-held drum sticks. Drummers in musical theater shows and stage shows, where the budget for pit orchestras was limited, contributed to the creation of the drum set by developing techniques and devices that would enable them to cover the roles of multiple percussionists. Double-drumming was developed to enable one person to play the bass and snare with sticks, while the cymbals could be played by tapping the foot on a "low-boy". With this approach, the bass drum was played on beats one and three. While the music was first designed to accompany marching soldiers, this simple and straightforward drumming approach led to the birth of ragtime music when the simplistic marching beats became more syncopated.
This resulted in dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a "trap set", from the late 1800s to the 1930s, drummers were referred to as "trap drummers". By the 1870s, drummers were using an "overhang pedal". Most drummers in the 1870s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal. Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans 1904–05. Liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist; the bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would revolve. William F. Ludwig, Sr. and his brother, Theobald Ludwig, founded the Ludwig & Ludwig Co. in 1909 and patented the first commercially successful bass drum pedal system, paving the way for the modern drum kit. Wire brushes for use with drums and cymbals were introduced in 1912; the need for brushes arose due to the problem of the drum sound overshadowing the other instruments on stage.
Drummers began using metal fly swatters to reduce the volume on stage next to the other acoustic instruments. Drummers could still play the rudimentary snare figures and grooves with brushes that they would play with drumsticks. By World War I, drum kits were marching band-style military bass drums with many percussion items suspended on and around them. Drum kits became a central part of jazz Dixieland; the modern drum kit was developed in the vaudeville era during the 1920s in New Orleans. In 1917, a New Orleans band called "The Original Dixieland Jazz Band " recorded jazz tunes that became hits all o
Korn is an American nu metal band from Bakersfield, formed in 1993. The band is notable for bringing it into the mainstream. Formed in 1993 by three members of the band L. A. P. D. Korn's current lineup features founding members James "Munky" Shaffer, Reginald "Fieldy" Arvizu, Brian "Head" Welch, Jonathan Davis, with the addition of Ray Luzier in 2007, replacing the band's first drummer, David Silveria. Korn made a demo tape, Neidermayer's Mind, in 1993, distributed free to record companies and on request to members of the public, their debut album, was released in 1994, followed by Life Is Peachy in 1996. The band first experienced mainstream success with Follow the Leader and Issues, both of which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200; the band's mainstream success continued with Untouchables, Take a Look in the Mirror and See You on the Other Side. A compilation album, Greatest Hits Vol. 1, was released in 2004, spanning a decade of singles and concluding the band's recording contract with Immortal Records and Epic Records.
They signed to Virgin Records, releasing See You on the Other Side in 2005, an untitled album in 2007. Korn's other recent albums, Korn III: Remember Who You Are and The Path of Totality, were released via Roadrunner Records, The Paradigm Shift being released via Prospect Park and Caroline Records, their latest album, The Serenity of Suffering, was released on October 21, 2016. As of 2012, Korn had sold more than 35 million copies worldwide. Twelve of the band's official releases have peaked in the top ten of the Billboard 200, eight of which have peaked in the top five. Seven official releases are certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, two are certified double platinum, one is certified triple platinum, one is certified five times platinum and two are certified Gold. Korn has released seven video albums and thirty-nine music videos; the band has released forty-one singles. Korn has earned two Grammy Awards out of eight nominations and two MTV Video Music Awards out of eleven nominations.
Before Korn was formed, three of the original members of the band were associated with the band L. A. P. D. – James Shaffer, Reginald Arvizu, David Silveria. Consisting of Richard Morrill, James Shaffer, Reginald Arvizu, David Silveria joined when he was 16; when the band moved from Bakersfield, California to Los Angeles, Silveria dropped out of high school and Shaffer stayed in Bakersfield. When Shaffer reunited with the band, they found a manager and released an EP entitled Love and Peace Dude in 1989 through Triple X Records. L. A. P. D. Released their first full-length studio album on May 3, 1991 which consisted of eleven tracks; the album was entitled. After releasing two albums, L. A. P. D. Broke up, they were briefly known as Creep, recording a demo with a singer named Corey until Shaffer and Silveria enlisted Brian Welch and Jonathan Davis to form the band that went on to become Korn. When thinking of a band name, someone suggested "corn", but the band rejected that name, so Shaffer had the idea to spell the name with both a "K" instead of a "C", a backwards "R", so the band's name would appear as "KoЯn".
It may not be related to Korn Ferry, the management consulting firm. The idea of using a backwards "R" came from the logo of toy retailer Toys R Us, for which many of the band members had worked; the logo was designed by vocalist Jonathan Davis. Silveria explained, "the music makes the name, but once we get established, it makes the name cool."Korn rented a studio from Jeff Creath, called Underground Chicken Sound, in Huntington Beach, California. While they were recording at Underground Chicken Sound, a crowd had been loitering outside the studio; the band began playing a prelude to a song, "Clown", resulting in a larger crowd gathering. Arvizu said the crowd gathered because it sounded so "different." Korn started performing at gigs in the summer of 1993, with members saying that touring was a "pain-in-the-ass." While in Huntington Beach, the band was spotted by Immortal Records A&R employee Paul Pontius. Pontius would describe Korn's sound as "the new genre of rock." In 1993, Korn released Neidermayer's Mind.
The album had limited printing, was not well received by critics or the public. It was released to record companies and to people who filled out a flyer given out at gigs they played for free with Biohazard and House of Pain. With this demo, Korn pioneered the nu metal sound and rhythm. By May 1994, Korn began recording their debut album with Ross Robinson, it was finished recording by the end of June 1994. On October 11, 1994, Korn released a self–titled album through Immortal Records, an Epic imprint label, which peaked at number one on the Heatseekers Albums chart, would reach number seventy-two on the Billboard 200 in February 1996; the album received positive reviews by critics, it is said to have established the new wave of metal. As well as sparking the nu metal genre, the album started record producer Ross Robinson's music career, it influenced other bands, such as Slipknot, Coal Chamber and Limp Bizkit. After Korn finished recording the album, they began touring with House of Pain, their record company gave them enough money for their own tour bus.
Korn's first gig was in Atlanta. About halfway through the tour, the tour bus that their record company gave them stopped working, Korn had to find a new one, their first tour was not successful in promoting the
Vater Percussion is an American drumstick and percussion accessory manufacturing company. It was founded by Jack Adams, is now run by his three grandsons Alan and Pedro Vater. Although the company began producing sticks in 1956, it did not become Vater Percussion until much later; the first sticks made by Vater were made by Jack Adams and Ron and Alan's godfather Fred Michaeli in Jacks Drum Shop in Boston, Massachusetts. Jacks was one of the first shops to offer custom models, began producing custom models for Buddy Rich, Philly Joe Jones and Elvin Jones. In the early to mid-1980s what would become Vater began manufacturing drumsticks for Vic Firth percussion and Zildjian Cymbals. On 22 October, 1988, Vater moved their factory to Massachusetts. Three years the first Vater drumsticks were introduced at a Percussive Arts Society show. Vater guarantees their sticks to be "straighter, more consistent and of higher quality than all other leading drumstick manufacturers". Vater sticks have a higher moisture content than other drumsticks, intended to create more durable drumsticks, though this does result in a heavier stick.
Besides drum sticks, Vater manufactures a variety of timpani mallets, marimba mallets, vibraphone mallets, specialty sticks, silence mutes, stick bags, drink holders and other accessories. Mike Wengren Scott Travis Andy Williams Frank Ferrer Rikki Rockett Duayne Sanford aka DS DrummerBoi Paul Bostaph Morgan Rose John Fred Young Virgil Donati Will Hunt Jeremy Spencer Jess Bowen Mario Calire Stewart Copeland Max Weinberg Jason Hartless Nathan Followill Chico Hamilton Steve Prestwich Gary Wallis Sean Kinney Martin Langer Jay Lane David Lovering Chris Layton Chad Smith Chad Sexton Jürgen Zöller Jason Duffy Matt Flynn Ilan Rubin Austin Matthews Rob Bourdon Chris Gaylor Felipe Millar Terrell Sass Jimmy Cobb Charli Persip Ben Gillies Shawn Pelton Matt Johnson Tim Alexander Mike Byrne Jose Pasillas Chris Dave Sydney Sierota Mike Mangini Steven Adler Logan Baldwin, Matt Helders Josh Kans David Silvera Brent Fitz Vater Percussion company web site
Nu metal is a subgenre of alternative metal that combines elements of heavy metal music with elements of other music genres such as hip hop, alternative rock, funk and grunge. Nu metal bands have drawn elements and influences from a variety of musical styles, including multiple genres of heavy metal. Nu metal features guitar solos. Many nu metal guitarists use seven-string guitars. DJs are featured in nu metal to provide instrumentation such as sampling, turntable scratching and electronic backgrounds. Vocal styles in nu metal include singing, rapping and growling. Nu metal is one of the key genres of the new wave of American heavy metal. Nu metal became popular in the late 1990s with bands and artists such as Korn, Limp Bizkit, Kid Rock all releasing albums that sold millions of copies. Nu metal's popularity continued during the early 2000s, with bands such as Papa Roach, P. O. D. all selling multi-platinum albums, came to a peak with Linkin Park's diamond-selling album Hybrid Theory. However, by the mid-2000s, the oversaturation of bands combined with the under-performance of a number of high-profile releases led to nu metal's decline, leading to the rise of metalcore and many nu metal bands disbanding or abandoning their established sound in favor of other genres.
During the 2010s, there has been a minor nu metal revival. Nu metal is known as nü-metal and aggro-metal, it is a subgenre of alternative metal. MTV states that the early nu metal group Korn "arrived in 1993 into the burgeoning alternative metal scene, which would morph into nü-metal the way college rock became alternative rock." Stereogum has claimed that nu metal was a "weird outgrowth of the Lollapalooza-era alt-metal scene". Nu metal merges elements of heavy metal music with elements of other music genres such as grunge, hip hop, alternative rock. Nu metal bands have been influenced by and have used elements of a variety of musical genres, including electronic music, gothic rock, hardcore punk, punk rock, dance music, new wave, post-punk, symphonic rock and synth-pop. Nu metal bands are influenced by and use elements of genres of heavy metal music such as death metal, rap metal, groove metal, funk metal, thrash metal; some nu metal bands, such as Static-X and Dope, made nu metal music with elements of industrial metal.
In contrast with other heavy metal subgenres, nu metal tends to use the same structure of verses and bridges as those in pop music. Nu metal is syncopated and is based on guitar riffs. Mid-song bridges and a general lack of guitar solos contrasts it with other genres of heavy metal. Kory Grow of Revolver wrote, "... N its efforts to tune down and simplify riffs, nu-metal drove a stake through the heart of the guitar solo". Another contrast with other heavy metal genres is nu metal's emphasis on rhythm, rather than on complexity or mood its rhythm sounds like that of groove metal; the wah pedal is featured in nu metal music. Nu metal guitar riffs are similar to those of death metal. Nu metal bassists and drummers are influenced by funk and hip hop adding to nu metal's rhythmic nature. Blast beats, which are common in heavy metal subgenres such as black metal and death metal, are rare in nu metal. Nu metal's similarities with many heavy metal subgenres include its use of common time, distorted guitars, power chords and note structures revolving around Dorian, Aeolian or Phrygian modes.
While loud and distorted electric guitars are a core feature of all metal genres, nu metal guitarists took the sounds of "violence and destruction" to new levels with their overdriven guitar tone, which music journalists Kitts and Tolinski compared to the "...sound a Mack truck being crushed by a collapsing skyscraper."Some nu metal bands use seven-string guitars that are down-tuned, rather than traditional six-string guitars. Some bass guitarists use five-string and six-string instruments. Bass guitar-playing in nu metal features an emphasis on funk elements. In nu metal music, DJs are sometimes featured to provide instrumentation such as sampling, turntable scratching and electronic backgrounds. Nu metal tends to have hip hop rhythms. Vocal styles used in nu metal music include singing, rapping and growling. Vocals in nu metal are rhythmic and influenced by hip hop. Although some nu metal bands, such as Limp Bizkit and Linkin Park have rapping in their music, some nu metal bands, such as Godsmack and Staind, do not feature rapping.
Nu metal bands feature hip hop musicians as guests in their songs. The hip hop musician Nas was featured on Korn's song "Play Me", on the band's album Take a Look in the Mirror. Limp Bizkit has recorded with multiple hip hop musicians including Method Man, Lil Wayne, Redman, DMX and Snoop Dogg. Linkin Park collaborated with hip hop musician Jay Z on their 2004 extended play Collision Course. Kid Rock has recorded with hip hop musicians Snoop Dogg. Trevor Baker of The Guardian wrote, "Bands such as Linkin Park and the much reviled Limp Bizkit... did far more to break down the artificial barriers between'urban music' and rock than any of their more critically acceptable counterparts." Lyrics in nu metal songs are angry or nihilistic.
A death growl is a vocal style employed by death metal singers but used in other heavy metal styles, such as metalcore. Death growls are sometimes criticized for their "ugliness". However, the harshness of death growls is in keeping with death metal's abrasive music style and dark and obscene subject matter; the progressively more forceful enunciation of metal vocals has been noted from heavy metal to thrash metal to death metal. Death metal, in particular, is associated with growled vocals. Death metal, which tends to be lyrically and thematically darker and more morbid than other forms of metal, features vocals that attempt to evoke chaos and misery by being "usually deep and unintelligible". Natalie Purcell notes, "Although the vast majority of death metal bands use low, beast-like indiscernible growls as vocals, many have high and screechy or operatic vocals, or deep and forcefully sung vocals." Sociologist Deena Weinstein has noted of death metal: "Vocalists in this style have a distinctive sound and snarling rather than singing the words.
Making ample use of the voice distortion box." Death growls are known as death metal vocals, guttural vocals, death grunts, growled vocals, unclean vocals, harsh vocals, jocularly as Cookie Monster vocals. Voice teachers teach different techniques, but long-term use will still take its toll if done incorrectly – these techniques are designed to reduce rather than eliminate harm; however it has been shown by many vocalists that long-term use of these techniques can occur without causing harm to the voice. The techniques involve using the diaphragm and air pressure on the throat to form the sound, similar to forms of overtone singing; as a person tries to squeeze their throat, the sound gets less intense. Some vocalists tend to use too much pressure on their throats and thus have vocal cord problems/defects; the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre in The Netherlands reported in June 2007 that, because of the increased popularity of growling in the region, it was treating several patients who had performed the techniques incorrectly for edema and polyps on the vocal folds.
Growled vocals may have been a part of Viking music. In the 10th century, Arab-Spanish Sefardi Jewish merchant Abraham ben Jacob visited Denmark and commented on the local music as follows: "Never before I have heard uglier songs than those of the Vikings in Slesvig; the growling sound coming from their throats reminds me of dogs howling, only more untamed."In Hildegard of Bingen's 12th-century allegorical morality play Ordo Virtutum, the role of the Devil uniquely does not employ melodic singing, but is performed in a manner which Hildegard specifies as strepitus diaboli and, taken to mean a low and growling voice. In 1966, The Who released the song "Boris the Spider", which featured death growls sung in basso profondo by bass player John Entwistle; this can be considered one of the first uses of death growl in popular music. The use of growling, "monstrous" vocals for ominous effect in rock music can be traced at least as far back as "I Put a Spell on You" by Screamin' Jay Hawkins in 1956.
Mike Oldfield's "Tubular Bells, Part Two," from 1973, contains a section from 11:55 to 16:30 featuring extensive use of guttural vocals which are close in style to the modern "death growl", however this effect was created by manipulating tape speed. In 1969 and the early 1970s, the song "21st Century Schizoid Man" by King Crimson is notable for its distorted vocals sung by Greg Lake; the songs "Iron Man" by Black Sabbath and "One of These Days" by Pink Floyd both contain brief passages of ominously growled, low-pitched vocals against a heavy background of rock riffs. Other examples are Roger Waters' screams in some Pink Floyd songs, such as "Take Up Thy Stethoscope and Walk", "Careful with That Axe, Eugene". Punk rock bands like The Clash, Stiff Little Fingers, 999 regularly employed gruff sounding vocals, however nothing like the death growl common in metal music today. On the other hand, the low, aggressive pitch of Lemmy from Motörhead was not unlike the growl and can be thought to presage the current style.
Kate Bush employed raspy guttural vocals on the track Get Out of My House from her 1982 album The Dreaming The advent of the growl as it is used today coincided with the gradual emergence of death metal, it is thus difficult to pinpoint a specific individual as the inventor of the technique. Different vocalists developed the style over time; the band Death with its two vocalists—initially Kam Lee and subsequently Chuck Schuldiner—have been cited as among the first. Possessed are considered by some to be one of the earliest bands to employ growls, as are Necrophagia and Master. Around the same time, bands such as Hellhammer, with Tom G. Warrior on vocals, seminal act Massacre employed a variation of the growl. Massacre vocalist Kam Lee's growls were guttural, low pitched and unintelligible compared to other death metal vocalists of the mid 1980s; this influenced the British Grindcore band Napalm Death. The vocalists from Napalm Death—consecutively Nic Bullen, Lee Dorrian and Mark "Barney" Greenway—further developed the style in the late 1980s, adding more aggression and deeper guttural elements to it, while speeding up delivery of the lyrics.
Another vocalist who deepened his voice into the growling used today on death metal and grindcore was Chris Barnes, ori
Lajon Jermaine "LJ" Witherspoon is an American musician best known as the vocalist for the Atlanta-based alternative metal band Sevendust. Members from bands such as Staind, Alter Bridge, Diecast have listed Witherspoon and Sevendust as musical influences. In March 2008, Witherspoon was recognized in Hit Parader as one of the "Top 100 Metal Vocalists of All Time." He was ranked number 35, placing over numerous famous rock vocalists such as Bret Michaels, Scott Weiland, David Bowie. Lajon Witherspoon was born in Nashville, but grew up in Atlanta with his parents, along with his brother Reginald Ladon Witherspoon. Witherspoon's father was a singer in a funk band. Before getting into music, Witherspoon wrestled for Norcross High School, he practiced judo for a number of years, but chose music over sports as his primary activity. Before his days in Sevendust, Witherspoon was the frontman of Body & Soul. In 1994, his group supported local group Snake Nation, at a gig. Impressed by his vocal abilities, Vinnie Hornsby and Morgan Rose asked Witherspoon to sing for their band.
Guitarist John Connolly, the former drummer of the Piece Dogs, Lee Banks joined them to form Rumblefish. The name was soon changed to Crawlspace; when the band's schedule proved too much for Banks, Clint Lowery from North Carolina's Still Rain replaced him. The band had to change their name again. Struggling with a new moniker, the members settled on Sevendust after Hornsby found a can of "Sevin Dust" in his grandmother's garage. On Saturday, November 9, 2002, Lajon's brother Reginald was fatally shot in Tennessee. Lajon heard the news from his father just minutes before the band's performance in St. Joseph, Minnesota, his father urged him to dedicate it to Reginald. Sevendust had postponed all shows until November 15 where they performed in Hampton Beach, New Hampshire. Lajon Witherspoon recorded a song titled "Ready to Go" for the NHRA's 10-song compilation, released on June 1, 2010, he has talked about recording a solo project after the end of the touring and promotion cycle for Sevendust's ninth record, Black Out the Sun.
He has released a single titled "Love Song". "I think it resonates with what's going on in the world today," says Lajon Witherspoon regarding the inspiration of the song. Lajon Witherspoon has a wife, Ashley Witherspoon, two daughters, Maya Diane and Jada Legend Witherspoon. Lajon and his wife had a son. Lajon Witherspoon lives in Olathe, Kansas. SevendustSevendust Home Animosity Seasons Next Alpha Chapter VII: Hope & Sorrow Cold Day Memory Black Out the Sun Time Travelers & Bonfires Kill the Flaw All I See Is War Strait Up - Snot - "Angel's Son" NHRA Compilation 2010 - Various Artists - "Ready to Go" Moment of Impact - Eye Empire - "Victim" Truth Rising - Hed PE - "Stand Up" Fly 2 The Sun - Soulidium - "Fly 2 The Sun" No Amends - The Infinite Staircase - "The Things We've Done" and "Just To Meet You There" Earthside - A Dream in Static - "Mob Mentality" Lajon Witherspoon on IMDb Lajon Witherspoon Facebook official page
Call Me No One
Call Me No One was an American hard rock band founded by Sevendust members Clint Lowery and Morgan Rose in 2012. It was extended with Rek Mohr on bass and Souls Harbor guitarist/bassist and Shinedown touring guitarist Alan Price on guitar; the band entered the studio on January 22, 2012 to begin recording their debut album Last Parade, released on June 5, 2012 via 7 Bros. Records, their first single, "Biggest Fan", was released onto digital media outlets in April 24, 2012. Subsequently, a tour followed in the late summer alongside the bands Eye Empire. Talking about the project Lowery has explained that "It all has a dark spooky twist to it. We felt like it was time to explore a little bit beyond Sevendust.", that the sound of the band is "...a lot different from Sevendust, it's hard but it’s not the same type of heavy that Sevendust is.". Clint Lowery have mentioned that there will be no more Call Me No One. He's added. Clint Lowery - lead vocals, guitar Morgan Rose - drums, percussion Rek Mohr - bass Alan Price - guitar Official CMNO Website Official Clint Lowery Website Alien Freak Wear - Official Morgan Rose Website