Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg
The Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg is one of the larger colleges of music in Germany. It was founded 1950 as Staatliche Hochschule für Musik on the base of the former private acting school of Annemarie Marks-Rocke and Eduard Marks. Studies include various music types from church music over Jazz to pop music, conducting, instrumental music as well as voice; the theatre academy offers directing in these fields. A third academy offers educational degrees of study; the university is located in the prestigious Budge-Palais in Hamburg Rotherbaum at the Außenalster, close to the city centre. Philipp Jarnach Wilhelm Maler Hajo Hinrichs Hermann Rauhe Michael von Troschke Elmar Lampson Beatrix Borchard, musicology Margot Guilleaume, voice György Ligeti, composition Heinz Wunderlich, organ Education in Hamburg Music schools in Germany Hochschule fur Musik und Theater Hamburg
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Tony Allen (musician)
Tony Oladipo Allen is a Nigerian drummer and songwriter who lives and works in Paris, France. His career and life story have been documented in his 2013 autobiography Tony Allen: Master Drummer of Afrobeat, co-written with author/musician Michael E. Veal, who wrote a comprehensive biography of Fela Kuti; as drummer and musical director of Fela Anikulapo Kuti's band Africa'70 from 1968 to 1979, Allen was one of the primary co-founders of the genre of Afrobeat music. Fela once stated that, "without Tony Allen, there would be no Afrobeat." He has been described by Brian Eno as "perhaps the greatest drummer who has lived." A self-taught musician, Allen began to play drum-kit at the age of 18, while working as an engineer for a Nigerian radio station. Allen was influenced by music his father listened to, but American jazz, the growing highlife scene in Nigeria and Ghana. Allen worked hard to develop a unique voice on the drums – feverishly studying LPs and magazine articles by Max Roach and Art Blakey, but revolutionary Ghanaian drummer Guy Warren.
Allen was hired by "Sir" Victor Olaiya to play claves with the Cool Cats. Allen was able to fill the drum-set chair. Allen played with Agu Norris and the Heatwaves, the Nigerian Messengers and the Melody Makers. In 1964, Fela Kuti invited Allen to audition for a jazz-highlife band. Kuti and Allen had played together as sidemen in the Lagos circuit. Fela complimented Allen's unique sound: "How come you are the only guy in Nigeria who plays like this – jazz and highlife?" Thus Allen became an original member of Kuti's "Koola Lobitos" highlife-jazz band. In 1969, following a turbulent and educational trip to the United States and the newly renamed Africa'70 band developed a new militant African sound, mixing the heavy groove and universal appeal of soul with jazz and the polyrhythmic template of Yoruba conventions. Allen developed a novel style to complement Fela's new African groove that blended these disparate genres. Allen recounts how he and Fela wrote in 1970: "Fela used to write out the parts for all the musicians in the band.
I was the only one. Fela would ask what type of rhythm I wanted to play.… You can tell a good drummer because we… have four limbs… and they are… playing different things… the patterns don't just come from Yoruba… other parts of Nigeria and Africa."Allen recorded more than 30 albums with Fela and Africa'70. But by the late 1970s, dissension was growing in the ranks of Africa'70. Arguments over royalties/pay, recognition grew in intensity; as inventor of the rhythms that underpinned Afrobeat and musical director, Allen felt slighted. Fela stood his ground. Fela did support Allen's three solo recordings: Jealousy, Progress, No Accommodation For Lagos, but by 1979, Allen chose to leave Africa'70, taking many members with him. "'What makes me decide it's time to go? It's … everything...and carelessness...like he doesn't care, like he doesn't know...he doesn't feel he's done anything. And with all the parasites around too.... There were 71 people on tour by now and only 30 working in the band....you got to ask why.
Those guys were sapping Fela of his Force, of his Music.' So Tony moved on, once again in search of his own sound." Allen formed his own group, recording No Discrimination in 1980, performing in Lagos until emigrating to London in 1984. Moving to Paris, Allen recorded with King Sunny Adé, Ray Lema and Manu Dibango. Allen recorded N. E. P. A. in 1985. Post-Fela, Allen developed a hybrid sound and fusing Afrobeat with electronica, dub, R&B, rap. Allen refers to this synthesis as afrofunk. Allen returned with a much anticipated new project for his 13th release. Recorded live in Lagos, with a full-sized Afrobeat band, Lagos No Shaking, signified Allen's return to roots Afrobeat after forays into avant-garde electronica hybrids. Lagos No Shaking was released on 13 June 2006. In 2002, Allen appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot and Riot in tribute to Fela Kuti. Allen appeared alongside Res, Ray Lema, Baaba Maal, Positive Black Soul and Archie Shepp on a track entitled "No Agreement."
Allen played drums throughout the 2003 album Love Trap by Susheela Raman and has performed with her live. In 2004 Allen recorded with French electronic artist Sébastien Tellier on the album Politics including the hit song "La Ritournelle". In 2006, Allen joined with Damon Albarn, Paul Simonon, Simon Tong as drummer for The Good, the Bad & the Queen. Allen plays drums on two tracks on the 2007 album 5:55 by Charlotte Gainsbourg: "5:55" and "Night-Time Intermission", backed by French duo Air and Jarvis Cocker of Pulp, he made an appearance playing the drums in the video for "Once Upon a Time" by French duo Air in late 2007. He has been a featured artist on Zap Mama's albums Supermoon and ReCreation, adding his voice to the tracks "1000 Ways" and "African Diamond." Allen contributed drums on "People Dansa", an afrobeat rhythm-fuelled track on the second album of the Brazilian singer Flavia Coelho, released in 2014. His album entitled Secret Agent was released in June 2009 by World Circuit. Allen has influenced a range of artists across a number of genres.
In the single "Music Is My Radar" Blur pay homage to him, the song ends with Damon Albarn repeating the p
Basic Channel is a techno production duo and record label, composed of Moritz von Oswald and Mark Ernestus, that originated in Berlin in 1993. The duo became known in the mid-1990s for a series of vinyl-only releases under various aliases including Basic Channel, Phylyps and Cyrus; the original nine releases under the Basic Channel name would draw on minimalism and the sparse production techniques of dub reggae, becoming influential and pioneering works of minimal and dub techno. The duo set up a studio in Berlin on Paul-Lincke-Ufer, in a building, to house Mark Ernestus’ distributing company and shop Hard Wax, the label's mastering studio Dubplates & Mastering, set up to ensure a desired dynamic quality for the vinyl; the Basic Channel imprint were followed by a string of similar labels. Main Street handled Chicago house-inspired releases. Basic Channel has shown a strong affinity for Jamaican music; the Rhythm & Sound label imprint saw the duo's sound move closer to dub reggae. Frequent Rhythm & Sound collaborator Paul St. Hilaire set up the subsidiary False Tuned in 2003.
Basic Channel has released two compilation CDs which collect edits of their 12" releases: BCD and BCD-2. Basic Channel reissues out-of-print music. Basic Replay specialises in dancehall reissues. Cyrus – Enforcement 12" Phylyps – Trak 12" Vainqueur – Lyot 12" Quadrant – Q 1.1 12" Cyrus – Inversion 12" Quadrant – Dub 12" Basic Channel – Octagon / Octaedre 12" Radiance – I / II / III 12" Phylyps – Trak II 12" Basic Channel – BCD CD Paperclip People – Basic Reshape 12" Quadrant – Infinition/Hyperism 12" Basic Channel – BCD-2 CD Basic Channel – Q-Loop CD Rhythm & Sound - "Never Tell You/Version" 10" Rhythm & Sound - "Spend Some Time/Version" 10" Rhythm & Sound – Showcase CD Rhythm & Sound - "King In My Empire/Version" 10" Rhythm & Sound - "Jah Rule/Version" 10" Rhythm & Sound - "We Been Troddin/Version" 10" Rhythm & Sound – Rhythm & Sound w/ The Artists CD Rhythm & Sound – The Versions CD Rhythm & Sound – See Mi Ya 7" box set Rhythm & Sound – See Mi Ya CD Rhythm & Sound – See Mi Ya Remixes CD Maurizio Ploy 12" Maurizio – Domina 12" Maurizio – M4 12" Maurizio – M4.5 12" Maurizio – M5 12" Maurizio – M6 12" Maurizio – M7 12" Maurizio – M Series CD Various –...
Compiled CD Round One - Round Five – 1993-99 Main Street Records CD Scion – Scion Arrange And Process Basic Channel Tracks CD Various – Basic Replay CD Basic Channel – official site Basic Channel discography at Discogs Basic Channel discography at Discogs Maurizio discography at Discogs Maurizio discography at Discogs Basic Channel article'On First Listen' at Stylus Magazine
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Nils Petter Molvær
Nils Petter Molvær known as NPM is a Norwegian jazz trumpeter and record producer. He is considered a pioneer of future jazz, a genre that fuses jazz and electronic music, best showcased on his most commercially successful album, Khmer. Molvær was born and raised on the island of Sula, Møre og Romsdal and left at age nineteen to study on the Jazz program at Trondheim Musikkonservatorium, he joined the bands Jazzpunkensemblet with Jon Eberson and Masqualero, alongside Arild Andersen, Jon Christensen and Tore Brunborg. Masqualero recorded several albums for ECM Records, Molvær recorded with other ECM artists before his 1997 debut solo album, Khmer; the record was a fusion of jazz, electronic soundscapes, hip-hop beats – and quite unlike the delicate "chamber jazz" associated with ECM. Molvær's muted trumpet sound, sometimes electronically processed, had an obvious debt to Miles Davis's work of the 1970s and 1980s, but without being a slavish copy. For the first time, ECM released singles - "Song of Sand", backed with three remixes, "Ligotage".
In 2000, a second album followed, Solid Ether, after which Molvær left ECM. He has recorded several albums since, has produced film and theater music, he works with guitarist Eivind Aarset. He has played with Tabla Beat Science created by Zakir Hussain and Bill Laswell. 1996: Kongsberg Jazz Award 1997: Spellemannprisen in the Open class 1998: Gammleng-prisen in the class Jazz 1996: Kongsberg Jazz Award 2000: Spellemannprisen in the Open class 2003: Buddyprisen 2005: Spellemannprisen in the Open class 1983: Masqualero 1985: Bande À Part 1987: Aero 1990: Re-Enter 1997: Khmer 1998: Khmer: The Remixes 1998: Ligotage 2000: Solid Ether 2001: Recoloured 2002: NP3 2004: Streamer 2005: Er 2005: Edy 2005: Remakes 2005: An American Compilation 2008: Re-Vision 2009: Hamada 2011: Baboon Moon 2014: Switch 2016: Buoyancy 1990: So I Write, with Sidsel Endresen, Django Bates, Jon Christensen 1995: Hastening Westward, with Robyn Schulkowsky 1997: Small Labyrinths, in Marilyn Mazur's Future Song 2005: Electra, in Arild Andersen Group 2008: Corps Electriques, with Hector Zazou/KatieJane Garside, Bill Rieflin, Lone Kent 2013: 1/1, with Moritz von Oswald 2015: Infolding, in Spin Marvel 2015: Høst: Autumn Fall, with Mapping Oceans 2018: Nordub, with Sly & Robbie 1990: Nonsentration - Jon Balke 1992: Night Caller - Rita Marcotulli 1993: Exile - Sidsel Endresen 1997: Brytningstid - Kenneth Sivertsen 1998: Électronique Noire - Eivind Aarset 2001: Radioaxiom – A Dub Transmission - Bill Laswell & Jah Wobble 2003: Digital Prophecy - Dhafer Youssef 2004: Seafarer's Song - Ketil Bjørnstad 2006: Mélange Bleu - Lars Danielsson 2007: A Pure Land - Sienna 2007: Ataraxis - Deeyah 2008: Dome - Johannes Enders 2012: Manu Katché - Manu Katché 2015: Deeper Green - Christof May Beginner's Guide to Scandinavia Nils Petter Molvær on IMDb Official website Nils Petter Molvær Biography by Johs Bergh on Store Norske Leksikon