Morlaix

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Morlaix
Montroulez
Subprefecture and commune
Morlaix with its viaduct in the background
Morlaix with its viaduct in the background
Coat of arms of Morlaix
Coat of arms
Morlaix is located in France
Morlaix
Morlaix
Location within Brittany region
Morlaix is located in Brittany
Morlaix
Morlaix
Coordinates: 48°34′42″N 3°49′36″W / 48.5783°N 3.8267°W / 48.5783; -3.8267Coordinates: 48°34′42″N 3°49′36″W / 48.5783°N 3.8267°W / 48.5783; -3.8267
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Morlaix
Canton Morlaix
Intercommunality Morlaix
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Agnès Le Brun
Area1 24.82 km2 (9.58 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 14,830
 • Density 600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 29151 /29600
Elevation 0–104 m (0–341 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Morlaix (French pronunciation: ​[mɔʁlɛ]; Breton: Montroulez) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

Leisure and tourism[edit]

The old quarter of the town has winding streets of cobbled stones and overhanging houses constructed of stone and timber. Many have religious and secular sculptures on their façades.

One of these houses is "la Maison dite de la duchesse Anne", or the "so-called Duchess Anne’s house", which is now a museum, open to the public, this sixteenth-century house is said to be one of the oldest in the town. The Museum of the Jacobins in Morlaix, housed in a former convent, traces the history of Finistère, the town also contains the Parc botanique de Suscinio.

Morlaix is a popular location for sea sports enthusiasts with a diverse array of activities on offer including surfing, sand buggying and kite flying. Visitors can also find beautiful coastal paths for walks. Morlaix is home to France’s tallest lighthouse, "Phare de L’île Vierge". Inland activities include bowling, golf, horse-riding and many more. There are also a cinema and a swimming pool.[1]

Marina[edit]

A tidal river that almost completely dries out at low tide reaches the town of Morlaix where there is a lock into a marina.[2]

Transport[edit]

Breton language[edit]

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on June 27, 2008.

In 2008, 6.45% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools.[4]

The Diwan school in Morlaix, founded around 1988, was originally located in very old apartments; in January 2008 the mayor offered the Diwan school a move to a more suitable location, an empty school. In June 2008 the new mayor decided that the Diwan school should move location once again, the town council wanted to use their building to open a new public school. However the replacement building chosen for the Diwan school was in a very bad shape.[5]

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Morlaix are called in French Morlaisiens.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 10,393 —    
1800 9,351 −10.0%
1806 9,937 +6.3%
1821 9,781 −1.6%
1831 9,596 −1.9%
1836 9,740 +1.5%
1841 10,539 +8.2%
1846 11,529 +9.4%
1851 12,393 +7.5%
1856 12,904 +4.1%
1861 14,008 +8.6%
1866 14,046 +0.3%
1872 14,389 +2.4%
1876 15,183 +5.5%
1881 15,346 +1.1%
1886 16,013 +4.3%
1891 16,300 +1.8%
1896 16,027 −1.7%
1901 16,086 +0.4%
1906 15,984 −0.6%
1911 15,262 −4.5%
1921 13,931 −8.7%
1926 13,959 +0.2%
1931 14,073 +0.8%
1936 13,944 −0.9%
1946 15,121 +8.4%
1954 15,037 −0.6%
1962 18,866 +25.5%
1968 19,919 +5.6%
1975 19,237 −3.4%
1982 18,348 −4.6%
1990 16,701 −9.0%
1999 16,004 −4.2%
2008 15,574 −2.7%
2015 14,830 −4.8%

Economy[edit]

Brit Air, a regional airline and Air France subsidiary, is at Morlaix Airport in Morlaix.[6] In 2013 the airline merged with HOP![7]

Education[edit]

Morlaix has six public primary schools, four private primary schools,[8] three public junior high schools, two public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges,[9] two private junior high schools, and one public senior high/sixth-form.[10]

Public schools:

  • Preschools and elementary schools: Corentin-Caer, Emlie-Cloarec, Gambetta (separate preschool and elementary schools), Jean-Jaures (separate preschool and elementary schools), Jean-Piaget, and Poan Ben (separate preschool and elementary schools)[11]
  • Junior high schools: Collège du Château, College Mendes-France, College Tanguy-Prient[9]
  • Senior high schools: Lycée Agricole de Suscinio and Lycée Tristan-Corbiere[9]

Private schools:

  • Preschools and elementary schools: Diwan, Notre Dame de Loures, Notre Dame de Ploujean, and Saint-Joseph[11]
  • Junior high schools: College Saint-Augustin, College Saint-Joseph[10]
  • Senior high school: Ensemble Scolaire Le Porsmeur - Notre Dame du Mur[10]

Personalities[edit]

born in the 15th
born in the 18th
  • Lannux de la Chaume family, merchants, shipowners, financiers, mayor of Morlaix, consulates of Spain in France before the Revolution.
  • Nicolas Anthon (1714-v.1753), corsair of the port of Morlaix born in Roscoff, captain of the Comtesse de La Marck and the Comte de Saint Pern.
  • Charles Cornic (1731–1809), corsair.
  • Michel Behic (1736–1827), merchant, financier, revolutionary, mayor of Morlaix.
  • Joseph Gueguen (1741–1825), domestic, secretary, interpreter, translator, merchant and justice, born in Morlaix, died in Cocagne (New-Brunswick).
  • Armand Joseph Dubernad (1743–1799), merchant, financier, revolutionary.
  • Louis-Alexandre Expilly de la Poipe (1743–1794), French first constitutional bishop, bishop of Cornwall, guillotined May 22, 1794 in Brest with 26 administrators of Finistère (fr).
  • Jean Nicolas Anthon (1747–1790), privateer corsair, captain of the Count of Guichen (1781, shipowner Jean Diot), captured by the English, imprisoned in Falmouth, escaped, resumed activity as captain of the Éclipse based in Dunkirk and in the merchant navy.
  • Jean Augustin Masson (1749–1808), general of the armies of the Republic and the Empire, who died in this city.
  • Yves-Joseph Le Denmat de Kervern (1751–1794), a lawyer in the Parlement de Bretagne, mayor of Morlaix in 1790, guillotined May 22, 1794 in Brest with 26 directors of Finistère.
  • Jean Victor Marie Moreau (1763–1813), born in Morlaix, General of the Revolution, winner of Hohenlinden, Field Marshal of Russia posthumously, marshall of France posthumously.
  • Joseph Marie Moreau (1764–1849), born and died in Morlaix, brother of the general, lawyer, tribun, deputy head of the Post, député for Ille-et-Vilaine.
  • Charles Yves César Cyr du Coëtlosquet (1783-1837), general of the armies of the Republic and the Empire.
  • Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen (1790), admiral.
  • Édouard Corbière (1793–1875), sailor, writer, journalist and shipowner.
  • Joseph Coat (1798–1858), born in Saint-Mathieu (Morlaix) and died in Morlaix; worker and author of a large amount of original Breton tragedies. Founded in Morlaix a troupe of folk theater, father of the poet-worker Vincent Coat (1845-1908), born in Morlaix.
  • Auguste Barchou de Penhoën, (1799–1855),born in Morlaix, Staff Captain, man of letters, deputy of Finistère.
born in the 19th
Louis Le Guennec was born in the Hôtel called François du Parc.
  • Émile Souvestre (1806–1854), writer born in Morlaix, Prix de l'Académie française in 1854.
  • Arthur-Marie Le Hir (1811–1868), born in Morlaix, theologian and Hebraist, Ernest Renan's master.
  • Marie Bracquemond, femme-peintre 18411916.
  • Tristan Corbière (1845–1875), poet, Édouard Corbière's son. His bust, by Cyril de La Patellière is in the Bibliothèque des Amours Jaunes.
  • Vincent Coat (1845–1908), born in Morlaix. Breton poet and worker at the Tobacco Factory, son of Joseph Coat (1798-1858), born and died in Morlaix, author of many tragedies and worker.
  • Gabriel Pierné (1863–1937), composer and organ player.
  • Paul Sérusier (1864–1927), post-impressionnist painter and Nabi.
  • Joseph Pleyber (1866-1947), architect.
  • Maxime Weygand (1867–1965), general, had a manor in Morlaix and is buried at St. Charles Cemetery.
  • Jules Boucherit (1877–1962, violinist, born in Morlaix, professor at the Paris Conservatory, named "Just" by the State of Israel for harboring his students between 1941 and 1944.
  • Guillaume Seznec (1878–1954), lived in Morlaix , sawmill master.
  • Magdeleine Boucherit Le Faure (1879–1960), his sister, pianist and composer.
  • Louis Le Guennec (1878–1935),writer and artist.
  • Nina Ricci (1882–1970), couturière from Italy
  • Francis Gourvil (1889–1984), writer and resistant.
  • Léon Le Janne, (1894–1976), MD, resistant ("Commandant Noël"), auxiliary doctor in the 2nd Colonial Infantry Regiment in 1914-1918, commander of the secret army Libé Nord Morlaix and its region during World War II.
born in the 20th

International relations[edit]

Morlaix is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Touristic information at Frenchproperty.com
  2. ^ "Introduction to the Port of Morlaix - Plaisance Baie de Morlai", Retrieved on 20 May 2013.
  3. ^ [1] 12 - Article paru dans Morlaix Magazine de Mars 2007; Accessed 22 August 2013
  4. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  5. ^ 50 Breton schoolchildren call for support, Eurolang[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Présentation Archived 2009-04-08 at the Wayback Machine.." Brit Air. Retrieved on 21 May 2009.
  7. ^ "Air France Launches New Low-Cost Airline 'Hop!' Archived 2013-06-16 at Archive.is." Reuters. 26 March 2013. Retrieved on 26 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Education - Jeunesse." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Les collèges et lycées publics." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  10. ^ a b c "Les collèges et lycées privés." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Les établissements scolaires morlaisiens." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.

External links[edit]