The Auckland Region is one of the sixteen regions of New Zealand, named for the city of Auckland, the country's largest urban area. The region encompasses the Auckland metropolitan area, smaller towns, rural areas, the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. Containing 35 percent of the nation's residents, it has by far the largest population and economy of any region of New Zealand, but the second-smallest land area. On 1 November 2010, the Auckland Region became a unitary authority controlled by the Auckland Council, replacing the previous regional council and seven local councils. In the process, an area in its southeastern corner was transferred to the neighbouring Waikato Region; the name "Auckland Region" remains present in casual usage. On the mainland, the region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the Northland Peninsula, past the Waitakere Ranges and the isthmus of Auckland and across the low-lying land surrounding the Manukau Harbour; the region ends within a few kilometres of the mouth of the Waikato River.
It is bordered in the north by the Northland Region, in the south by the Waikato Region. It includes the islands of the Hauraki Gulf; the Hunua Ranges and the adjacent coastline along the Firth of Thames were part of the region until the Auckland Council was formed in late 2010, when they were transferred to the neighbouring Waikato Region. In land area it is smaller than unitary authorities except Nelson, its highest point is the summit of at 722 metres. Auckland Province Media related to Auckland Region at Wikimedia Commons Auckland Region travel guide from Wikivoyage Geographic data related to Auckland Region at OpenStreetMap
Auckland Libraries is the public library system for the Auckland Region of New Zealand. It was created when the seven separate councils in the Auckland region merged in 2010, it is the largest public-library network in the Southern Hemisphere with 55 branches from Wellsford to Waiuku. In November 2010, Auckland's local councils merged to create the Auckland Council; as a result of this process, the seven public library systems within the region were combined to form Auckland Libraries. The following library networks were amalgamated, forming Auckland Libraries: Auckland City Libraries Bookinopolis Manukau Libraries North Shore Libraries Papakura Library Services – The Sir Edmund Hillary Library Rodney Libraries Waitakere Libraries In the years leading up to the merger of the library systems within Auckland, the separate library systems combined to form a consortium in order to align their processes; this organisation was called eLGAR. This consortium settled on Millenium as their Library Management System, the libraries within this system all moved to this software.
The result was that the library systems were able to offer their customers a seamless transition to membership of the larger network, with immediate access to all 55 libraries from November 1, 2010. Prior to amalgamation, Auckland City Libraries was a network of 17 public libraries and a mobile library operated by Auckland City Council. In September 1880, Auckland City Council took responsibility for the library of the Auckland Mechanics' Institute which had come under financial difficulties; the Mechanics’ Institute was formed in 1842 and the items remaining in its library, along with items from the Library of the old Auckland Provincial Council, were included in the collection of the Auckland Free Public Library. In 1887, George Grey donated around 8,000 books, doubling the existing collection, a new building was erected for the library on the corner of Wellesley and Coburg streets. At the time, this building housed the entire collection for the Auckland public library, in addition to the city's art collection.
Additionally, from its inception in 1916 until it was closed in 1957, The Old Colonists’ Museum was in this building. This building is now the Auckland Art Gallery; the building on Lorne Street that houses the Central City library was opened in 1971. Before amalgamation, three public libraries—Pukekohe and Tuakau—made up a network known as "Bookinopolis". A municipal library had first been established at Pukekohe in 1913 and at Waiuku in 1946, in each case taking over an existing subscription library. Tuakau Public Library was opened in 1977. After local-body amalgamation in 1989, these three libraries formed the Franklin District library system. In 2000, this was taken over by the Franklin District Library Trust; the Trust renamed its library system "Bookinopolis". In 2010, the Pukekohe and Waiuku libraries became branches of Auckland Libraries, due to boundary changes, Tuakau was taken over by Waikato Dictrict Council; when Manukau City Council was formed by the amalgamation of Manukau County and Manurewa Borough in 1965, it took over responsibility for a small subscription library at Māngere East and volunteer-run community libraries in Alfriston, Clevedon, Kawakawa Bay, Orere Point and Weymouth.
The newly formed city opened its first full-service public library at Manurewa in 1967. This was followed by children’s libraries at both Otara and Māngere East in 1969, branch libraries at Pakuranga in 1973 and Manukau City Centre in 1976, a combined school and public library at Ngā Tapuwae College in 1978. Came Māngere Bridge in 1979, Māngere Town Centre in 1980 and Highland Park in 1987. Local-body amalgamation in 1989 saw two more libraries added to the system: Papatoetoe and Howick, where the municipal library services dated from 1945 and 1947 respectively. In 1958 Papatoetoe Library had earned the distinction of setting up the first municipal mobile library in New Zealand. Manukau Libraries’ last three branches were Clendon, the innovative Tupu-Dawson Road Youth Library, the Botany Idealibrary. Clendon Library was renamed Te Matariki Clendon when it was relocated in 2006. Throughout its life, Manukau Libraries operated as a dispersed rather than a centralised library system. However, in 2001 it opened a reference and reading room near Manukau City Centre that expanded into the Manukau Research Library.
By 2010 Manukau Libraries operated 13 branch libraries, a research library, five volunteer-run'rural libraries', a mobile library. In 1989, the North Shore City Council was formed by combining the various boroughs that had existed on the North Shore, so that prior to the 2010 amalgamation of the council into the Auckland Council, North Shore Libraries was a network of six libraries and a mobile library. Membership of Auckland Libraries is free for residents and ratepayers of the Auckland Council region. Auckland Libraries has a small number of rental collections. Library members can request an item from any of the libraries in Auckland Libraries for free. Many of the libraries provide Internet access; the library system gives access to three specialised eBook suppliers: Overdrive, BorrowBox, Wheelers. There is a Digital Library which includes over 100 databases; the library system provides a number of free events: Wriggle and Rhyme: Active Movement for Early Learning for babies.
Sandringham, New Zealand
Sandringham is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is a bustling, multi-ethnic suburb, has a population of 10,800. Sandringham Village is a walk of a few blocks south along Sandringham Rd from the Outer Link bus route, has a strong South Asian influence in restaurants and small supermarkets, Halal butchers and Bollywood movies. Nearby are gentrified Mt Eden and Chinese-influenced Balmoral; the village has a post office, chemists and legal practices, real estate agencies and a community centre. The village architecture is art deco influenced, most has survived, except the original village cinema; the surrounding streets are wooden bungalows from the 1920s and 1930s. The volcanic cone of Owairaka forms Sandringham’s view to the west, the Roy Clements Treeway on Meola Creek leads from nearby Ferguson Avenue to Rocket Park and the Mt Albert Community Centre. Sandringham was named after the country house of Edward, Prince of Wales in Norfolk, still used by the present royal family; the main road is Sandringham Road which runs less north-south.
At the northern end, Kingsland is located near the Eden Park stadium. Sandringham Village is located at the southern end of Sandringham Road just before it connects with Mount Albert Road; the top New Zealand football club Central United play at the Kiwitea Street Stadium in Sandringham. The local Secondary schools are Marist College and St Peter's College; the Sandringham suburb began as a small farming settlement known as Cabbage Tree Swamp, named for the prevalence of cordyline australis and the area's predisposition to flooding. The first European settlers in the area were engaged in dairy farming or growing produce. By 1862, there were sixteen properties along what was Cabbage Tree Swamp Road. In 1877, Cabbage Tree Swamp residents lobbied to have the road's name changed to Kingsland Road; the road and suburb were renamed again as Edendale in 1916, as Sandringham in 1929. Through the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the suburb grew and remained farmland and scrub. There was no water supply in the district by 1900 and by 1924 the area was still without gas or electricity.
Flooding was a major problem in the area. Eden Park and Gribblehurst Park became lakes during heavy winter rain, as did the reserve land east of Sandringham Shops. After a heavy storm in 1919, locals recalled boating through the streets and floodwaters "flowing through the bay windows" of one low-lying house. Substantial development only came around 1925 with the construction of the tramline, resulting in the core of what is now the Sandringham Shopping Centre being built. Rows of evenly spaced streets spread on each side of Sandringham road and were lined with wooden Edwardian houses. Large parts of the area remained undeveloped however, services such as telephone and gas were only provided at a minimum level. Over the following decades more retail buildings were constructed. Large-scale subdivision of farmland began in the 1920s, Californian bungalows began to dominate the architecture of the area. Around 1927, the Mayfair Cinema was built, an elegant building in the Neo-Greek style; the Sandringham Service Station, still operating in 2011, was first erected by Sydney Waring in 1929.
After the Second World War, what little remained of the farmland was developed as state housing. Sandringham Village is a intact example of an interwar suburban shopping precinct; as part of the Eden electorate, Sandringham became a no-licence area from 1909 until 2000, meaning that alcohol could not be sold. As a result, there are no public houses in Sandringham. Plans to build a tavern at 597 Sandringham Road were opposed by residents in 2001. Sandringham falls within the Mt Albert constituency for the national Parliament. In terms of local government, Sandringham comes under the Albert-Eden Local Board, of Auckland Council; the Albert-Eden Local Board includes the suburbs of Waterview, Point Chevalier, Mount Albert, Owairaka, Kingsland, Mount Eden and Greenlane. Public transportation extended from the inner city to the surrounding areas in the late 1870s and early 1880s with horse-drawn buses being the first mode of regular public transportation in the late 1870s. At the beginning of the 20th century, trams began connecting Mt. Eden, Kingsland, Mt Albert with the city.
The trams ran for the last time in the 1950s. Waring Shops - This imposing block of narrow shop blocks was constructed in 1923 and takes its name from the local grocery store; the shop has maintained its look, with the same clear white paint job. It is now electrician's office. Sandringham Community Centre - the community centre is an important gathering place, with an expanding range of classes and bookings for personal and community events. Two community playgroups meet in facilities behind the community centre: a Muslim group Tuesdays and Thursday mornings, the general community group Monday and Friday mornings. Edendale Primary School is on Sandringham Rd, Good Shepherd and Maungawhau Primary are a little further. Te Kura Kaupapa Maori o Nga Maungarongo, where the New Zealand School curriculum is taught in the Maori language, is on Haverstock Rd; the local Secondary schools are Marist College and St Peter's College. Sandringham is home to the Mt Albert Ramblers softball club. Edendale Reserve has a playing field for amateur sport.
Sandringham is home to the top New Zealand association football club Central United who compete in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Premier. Sandringham is well served by south bound buses, a
Kingsland, New Zealand
Kingsland is an inner-city suburb of Auckland, the largest and most populous urban area in New Zealand. Kingsland is under the local governance of the Auckland Council, it is the home of Eden Park, New Zealand's largest stadium, which hosted the finals for the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Kingsland has a village centre that contains a series of shops, restaurants and monthly markets. Kingsland was established in the 1880s with the sale of allotments. Kingsland has a heritage trail that features iconic buildings and sites of interest identified by plaques, which uses smartphone technology to provide information on the local history. New North Road is the main thoroughfare in Kingsland, running northeast–southwest from the Auckland Central Business District, with the suburb running along the ridge line. Kingsland's main street is located on New North Road next to the Kingsland railway station and directly across from Eden Park. Don Croot Street, established in the late 1960s, connects the Kingsland stretch of New North Road to the Western Springs stretch of Great North Road.
The Northwestern motorway was cut through in the 1970s, severing the cross streets that linked Kingsland to Surrey Crescent and Arch Hill, leaving Bond St as the sole direct connection to these suburbs. The presence of the motorway means a certain amount of noise, but for the most part Kingsland remains a remarkably quiet suburb. There has been a certain amount of gentrification in the area resulting in several cafes and boutique shops; the local secondary schools are Marist College and St Peter's College. The origins of Kingsland are linked to the European settlement of Auckland. In 1835, Thomas Mitchell, a Sydney trader, purchased land from Āpihai Te Kawau, rangatira of the local Māori tribe, Ngati Whatua, for £160, in a transaction which the Lands Claim Commission disallowed. In 1841, Te Kawau gifted 3,000 acres to the colonial government and Auckland began to take shape as a city. Land continued to be bought and sold, in 1852 John McElwain purchased 55 acres for the purpose of farming and received the adjoining 60 acres from his brother George in what is present-day Kingsland.
Cabbage Tree Swamp Road was one of the original streets in the area, but the settlers of Mt Albert and Kingsland appealed for a change of name, it became Kingsland Road. Auckland experienced significant growth in population between 1874 and 1886, putting pressure on the areas closest to the city; that population growth combined with the establishment of rail and bus connections into the city by the early 1880s created excellent conditions for John McElwain to subdivide his farm. In 1882, 227 allotments were laid out. Kingsland Avenue — along with First, Second and Fourth Avenues — provided road access to the properties. Prices for sections in the subdivision ranged from £28 to £100. By 1903 trams serviced the area, Kingsland was a well-established residential suburb. Public transportation extended from the inner city to the surrounding areas in the late 1870s and early 1880s with horse-drawn buses being the first mode of regular public transportation in the late 1870s. In 1881, the long-awaited railway came, connecting Newmarket with Helensville with stops in Mt Eden, Morningside and Mt Albert.
At the beginning of the 20th century, trams began connecting Mt Eden, Kingsland and Mt Albert with the city. The trams ran for the last time in the 1950s. Kingsland falls within the Mt Albert general constituency and the Tāmaki Makaurau Māori constituency for the national Parliament. In terms of local government, Kingsland comes under the Albert-Eden Local Board of Auckland Council; the Albert–Eden Local Board includes the suburbs of Waterview, Point Chevalier, Mount Albert, Owairaka, Kingsland, Mount Eden and Greenlane. Eden Park is New Zealand's largest stadium with a capacity of 50,000 seats; every year it hosts half a million local and international sports fans and patrons who attend matches and functions at the park. The park underwent a $240 million, three-year redevelopment prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Including a temporary expansion to 60,000 seats and the addition of four giant Māori carvings at each of the four main public entrances; the carvings represent the spirit of the forest.
The carvings were designed by Arekatera Maihi. Eden Park was located at the low point of Cabbage Tree Swamp, with the road running on a causeway across it. Eden Park has been used as a sports ground since 1900, by 1914 the ground was drained and turned into two ovals for cricket. Eden Park has been the home of Auckland Cricket since 1910 and Auckland Rugby since 1925, its 100-year history boasts some of New Zealand's proudest sporting moments, including the 1950 Empire Games, the inaugural 1987 Rugby World Cup, the 1992 Cricket World Cup. Since the early 1900s it has hosted major rugby and cricket matches, is now a regular host of the Bledisloe Cup, ITM Cup, the Super Rugby games. Most Eden Park hosted the finals for the 2011 Rugby World Cup and it has been named the co-host for 2015 Cricket World Cup; the underground rivers that run through the area are known by the Māori as Ngā Ana Wai, which translates to ‘the watery caves.’ These ancient lava caverns were created 30,000 years ago during the eruption of Mount Albert and Maungawhau / Mount Eden.
Water springs up at various locations including Eden Park grounds, swamp land. Many of Kingsland's older buildings have survived by adapting to contemporary uses. Shooters B
Bro'Town is a New Zealand adult animated comedy television series and sitcom. It stars Mario Gaoa, Shimpal Lelisi and Oscar Kightley; the series is set amongst New Zealand's fast-growing Pacific Islander community, focuses on a central cast of five young boys. Bro'Town is heavy with popular culture references, is based on the performance of the local four-man group The Naked Samoans. Vale, Jeff da Māori and Mack live in the suburb of Morningside, attend the local college, St Sylvester’s, where their principal is a Fa’afafine and the P. E. teacher is the ex-All Black rugby player Michael Jones. Produced by New Zealand company Firehorse Films and funded by New Zealand On Air, bro'Town was made using three animation studios – two in New Zealand and one in India – and involved over 100 staff; the series was done in traditional paint animation. The show satirises the boys’ culture, with dialogue in the local vernacular; the series includes references to New Zealand literature the novels and short stories of Witi Ihimaera.
The series has strong religious references, with most episodes starting with events between God, Jesus Christ and other historical figures, which leads to the theme of the episode and the subsequent events between the boys. Vale Pepelo has a strong social conscience. Contrary to his given name, Vale is considered the intelligent one of the group seen carrying a literary classic. Valea Pepelo - brother of Vale Pepelo, is more interested in girls than his brother Vale. Whenever he sees an attractive one, he does a rendition of the'schwing!' Gesture Valea's name is an apt description. Valea has a description of " the pasher" after noting in a Bro' Town annual his moral in life is to pash hot chicks and his dream is for hot chicks that like to be pashed. Although loosely translated to Dumber, Valea is known to be only a bit behind in the National Standards, Jeff da Maori is more to fail exams, and, if under correct conditions he is amazingly intelligent. Sione Tapili - From A Samoan Descent, His Mother is known as a Sheman katera and Valea’s best mate and fancies himself as a bit of a ladies' man, while he looks for ways to impress the girl of his dreams, sixth former Mila Jizovich.
He is the bro to have dream sequences e.g. posing as a super hero, starring in famous movies ( in a scene cut from Sionerella, giving references to "Enter the Dragon" Jeff da Māori - Jeff Da Māori lives with his mum and eight dads in a car shell outside the house. He was brought up in the country by his Aunt Queenie but moved to the city for better TV reception and "because the thieving colonialist stole our land", he is portrayed with a horribly runny nose. More than the other boys, he is known for his catchphrase'Not Even Ow!'. He is known to call many people his cousin, claims "everyone's my cousin, except Winston Peters he's a'dick' ow", he is known to be cousins with famous actress Keisha Castle-Hughes and famous actor Cliff Curtis. Rodney David Damascus McCorkenstein-Taifule aka Mack - Mack rounds out the group, a heavyset boy with an effeminate demeanor and a knack for talking his way out of things, though he does stand behind his word eventually. Mack is considered a tough guy by the group.
He lives in a high class mansion with a loving mum and dad. Mack's homosexual tendencies and feminine behaviour are more and more obvious as the show develops, but his friends seem to choose to ignore it, he is known to be a snob at school excelling at most subjects, noted to be reading Memoirs of a Geisha. Pepelo Pepelo - Vale & Valea's dad is a benefit bludging, occasional fork-lift driver with a love of beer and gambling, his catchphrase is "I'm going to the pub... I may be some time". Pepelo's wife died when they were entrusted to his care. However, his method of child rearing was ignoring them to fend for themselves; the closest he inadvertently gets to parenting is telling the boys a relevant and touching story from his own life. He's known to discriminate against other ethnic minorities in Morningside, have frequent drunk-driving accidents and blame his dysfunctions on the war in Vietnam. Wong - Initially a Chinese exchange student from Hong Kong. After a rocky start he became mates with the Boys by sharing his wealth and letting them ride in his car.
He once helped the Boys by joining in the St. Sylvester's Rugby team in Get Rucked and bet a million dollars on Honky the Wonderhorse. Wong has a brother named White, who exists only to facilitate a racist pun about being unable to tell White from Wong. Constable "Bobby" Bababiba - A cynical and unsympathetic policeman who, being the only police officer to appear on the show, has been involved with many of the Boys' mishaps as he tries to restores Morningside Order, his image and name are based on actor Robbie Magasiva. Rakeesh Maadkraklikka - A disgruntled Indo-Fijian dairy store owner, he is eager to zap any potential troublemaker or thief in his store. Pepelo owes a massive debt to Rakeesh's store due to improper spending. Is married to the beautiful Satisha. Satisha Maadkraklikka - Rakeesh's spouse, she isn't as brash as her husband. However, she shows a sympathetic side as well: twice, so far, Satisha helped The Boys with their problems and issues. Reverend Minister - Stereotypical minister who heads a Samoan flock in Mornings
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Western Springs is a residential suburb and park in the city of Auckland in the north of New Zealand. It is located four kilometres to the west of the city centre, Auckland CBD; the park is situated to the north of State Highway 16 and the residential suburb is located southeast of the park on the opposite side of State Highway 16. The suburb is dominated by the large park, within which are situated Auckland Zoo, Western Springs Stadium and M. O. T. A. T.. The park is the location of the annual Pasifika Festival, one of Auckland's most popular public events. Across the road from the zoo is the school of Western Springs College, with a student population of around 1459; the Māori valued Waiorea for eels that lived in the stream. After colonisation, the area was part of a block of land farmed by William Motion, a Scottish settler; the area was called Western Springs to differentiate it from the springs in the Auckland Domain to the east of the town. The main source of the water that feeds the lake at Western Springs is rain falling on the slopes of the volcanoes Te Tatua-a-Riukiuta, Mount Albert and Maungawhau / Mount Eden.
The water runs underground for several miles through the lava flows, emerges from the ground at a constant rate, well filtered by the miles of scoria rocks. As the city of Auckland grew, it found. In the 1860s a pipe from the Domain Springs was constructed but in 1874 the city bought William Motions' mill and 120 acres of land including the spring. In 1875, the swampy ground was made into a 15-acre artificial lake 6 feet in depth and capable of holding 22 million gallons of water; the scale of this work is revealed by the fact that Mr. Blewdon and his men removed 20,000 cartloads of spoil from the site and used 7,850 cubic yards of earth to construct the embankment, 40 feet wide at the base and 9 feet wide at the crest, they excavated the 25 feet deep Engine Pond and dug a 60 feet long tunnel between the lake and the Engine House. A pumphouse was built of brick, it was fitted with a steam engine, known as a beam engine, still in working order having been restored. The engine pumped water up to the two new reservoirs.
The cost of maintaining the pump was high however and by the end of the 19th century, Auckland's growth required a much greater and more reliable source of fresh water. This coincided with pressure to safeguard the remaining native forests of the Waitakere Ranges to the west of the city. Auckland City purchased land and built large reservoirs in this secluded area, thus safeguarding both the water quality and the flora & fauna of the area; the height of the reservoirs above sea level meant pumping was kept to a minimum as the water could be gravity fed down to town. This left the Western Springs area with no specific use; the rough and uneven land was unsuitable for housing as apart from the lake it contained large stretches of boggy ground. Unable to divest itself of the land, the Auckland City Council was at a loss; some light industry and market gardens were developed along Great North Road and Chinamans hill and an attempt was made to convert the boggy land around the lake into a park. However over the next thirty years or so most of the land deteriorated as it became overgrown and used for illegal rubbish dumping.
From the early 1920s onwards various developments took place. To the west a camping ground was set up. To the south of the lake was established a golf club and to the west, land was set aside for primary and secondary schools to service the growing suburbs of Westmere and Point Chevalier; the council used some of the more usable land to construct council housing in the 1920s, in the 1930s sold much of the land used for market gardens to the government for state housing. To the north of the zoo was an area of mangrove swamp where the Western Springs creek reached the sea near the Meola Reef lava outcrop; this was hence reclaimed during the 1950s and 1960s. The reclaimed land was developed as playing fields and an additional area for the MOTAT Airfield, the Sir Keith Park Memorial Airfield, is the site of the Westpoint Performing Arts Center. In the 2000s the landfill was found to be emitting methane gas and was subsequently capped with clay. After the war the population of the surrounding suburbs grew markedly and it became obvious that the untidy state of Western Springs was an embarrassment.
As a wilderness of bogs full of rubbish and mosquitoes, it was not only unattractive but a potential health hazard. In 1961 the Auckland City Council embarked on developing the park in earnest; the lake, which had become choked by introduced waterweed was reclaimed and the overgrown landscape was cleared of weeds and rubbish. In 1953 a plan was put forward to use the area around the lake as an amusement park with a scenic railway and rollercoasters etc. but this was soon discovered to be beyond the financial capabilities of the Auckland City Council. In 1962 the Museum of Transport and Technology was established