Morogoro

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Morogoro
Municipality
Mji kasoro wa bahari
Panorama of Morogoro
Panorama of Morogoro
Morogoro is located in Tanzania
Morogoro
Morogoro
Location of Morogoro
Morogoro is located in Africa
Morogoro
Morogoro
Morogoro (Africa)
Coordinates: 6°49′S 37°40′E / 6.817°S 37.667°E / -6.817; 37.667Coordinates: 6°49′S 37°40′E / 6.817°S 37.667°E / -6.817; 37.667
CountryTanzania
RegionMorogoro Region
DistrictMorogoro Urban District
Area[1]
 • Total360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Land260 km2 (100 sq mi)
 • Water100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Highest elevation509 m (1,669 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total315,866
Time zoneGMT +3
ClimateAw
Websitewww.morogoro.go.tz

Morogoro is a town with a population of 315,866 (2012 census) in the eastern part of Tanzania, 196 kilometres (122 mi) west of Dar es Salaam, the country's largest city and commercial centre, and 260 kilometres (160 mi) east of Dodoma, the country's capital city.[3] Morogoro is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari", which translates as "city short of an ocean/port".[citation needed]

The Uluguru Mountains in the background of Morogoro city

Overview[edit]

Sisal plantations in the outskirts of Morogoro (Uluguru Mountains in the background)
Aerial view

Morogoro lies at the base of the Uluguru Mountains and is a centre of agriculture in the region. The Sokoine University of Agriculture is based in the city. A number of missions are also located in the city, providing schools and hospitals.

Morogoro is the home of Salim Abdullah, who was the founder of the Cuban Marimba jazz band, and the Morogoro Jazz Band, another well-known band established in 1944.[4] From the mid-1960s to the 1970s, Morogoro was home to one of Tanzania's most influential and celebrated musicians, Mbaraka Mwinshehe, a lead guitarist and singer-songwriter.[4]

Morogoro is home to the Amani Centre, which has helped over 3,400 disabled people in the surrounding villages.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Railway station[edit]

Intra City Railway Station[edit]

Morogoro is served by a station on the Central Railway of Tanzania Railways. In 2017, a new station on the standard gauge railway was proposed.

International Railway Station[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Public transport buses called dala dala are available for transport within the town.

Water supply[edit]

Eighty percent of the Morogoro's water supply comes from the Mindu Dam on the Ngerengere River. The dam project, begun in 1978, has been controversial. The lake behind the dam has led to high rates of bilharzia infection,[6] and mercury run-off from gold mining nearby the dam has polluted the city's water supply.[7] The dam is also being rapidly silted due to deforestation in the surrounding areas.[8]

In 2012-13 a $8.31m USAID/MCC-funded programme was implemented for the Morogoro Water Supply Authority (MORUWASA) to rehabilitate drinking water resources from the Uluguru Mountains with an inlet and treatment plant near the Regional Governance offices at the high end of the Boma Road.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Morogoro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
29
(85)
28
(83)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(83)
29
(85)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(89)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(69)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
19
(66)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(60)
17
(62)
18
(64)
19
(67)
21
(69)
18
(65)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 99
(3.9)
97
(3.8)
173
(6.8)
206
(8.1)
99
(3.9)
28
(1.1)
15
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
890
(35)
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Education[edit]

Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro Muslim University, and Jordan University College are located in Morogoro. Mzumbe University is located 26 km south of the town on the highway to Iringa. There are other famous colleges like Ardhi Institute Morogoro, Morogoro Teachers College, and LITI (Livestock Training Institute).

One of the oldest secondary schools in the country, Kilakala Girls High School (formerly known as Marian College), is also found in the municipality. Other secondary schools within the municipality are Morogoro Secondary School (formerly Aga Khan Secondary School), Forest Hill Secondary, Jabal Hira Muslim Secondary, Kigurunyembe Secondary, Lutheran Junior Seminary, and Lupanga Practising Secondary School (a newly established school near Kigurunyembe teacher's college).

Sports[edit]

The city is represented in the Tanzanian Premier League by football club Mtibwa Sugar F.C.

Sister cities[edit]

The city of Milwaukee in the state of Wisconsin in the United States is a sister city of Morogoro as designated by Sister Cities International.[9] Morogoro is also twinned with Linköping in Sweden and Vaasa in Finland.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Abstract 2011", Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, page 3 Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "2012 Population and Housing Census - Population Distribution by Administrative Areas", Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, page 56[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Morogoro, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Askew, Kelly Michelle (2002). Performing the nation: Swahili music and cultural politics in Tanzania. University Of Chicago Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-226-02981-8.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ IRDC Archive: The Essential Health Interventions Project Archived 2007-05-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Mindu destruction setting stage for a catastrophe Archived 2005-01-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Ashagre, B. B., White, S., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., Matalo, F., Mwakalila, S., Platts, P., Schaafsma, M., Smith, C. and Swetnam, R. (2014) Water to Everyone. The Arc Journal, (29), pp. 15 - 18
  9. ^ "Milwaukee's Sister Cities", Go Milwaukee, City of Milwaukee

External links[edit]

Media related to Morogoro at Wikimedia Commons