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Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat is an American media franchise centered on a series of video games developed by Midway Games' Chicago studio in 1992. The development of the first game was based on an idea that Ed Boon and John Tobias had of making a video game starring Jean-Claude Van Damme, but as that idea fell through, a fantasy-themed fighting game titled Mortal Kombat was created instead. Mortal Kombat was the first fighting game to introduce a secret fighter, reached if the player fulfilled a set of requirements; the original game has spawned many sequels and spin-offs consisting of several action-adventure games, as well as a comic book series and a card game. Film producer Lawrence Kasanoff licensed the rights to the game in the early 1990s and produced the first hit movie made from a video game. Lawrence produced the second movie, animated TV series, live-action TV series films, the first one million platinum-selling album and a live-action tour. Mortal Kombat has become the most successful fighting franchise in the history of video games and one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.

The series has a reputation for high levels of violent content, most notably, its Fatalities. Controversies surrounding Mortal Kombat, in part, led to the creation of the ESRB video game rating system. Early games in this series were noted for their realistic digitized sprites and an extensive use of palette swapping to create new characters. Following Midway's bankruptcy, the Mortal Kombat development team was acquired by Warner Bros. and turned into NetherRealm Studios. Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment owns the rights to the franchise, which it rebooted in 2011; the original three games and their updates, Mortal Kombat, Mortal Kombat II, Mortal Kombat 3, Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3, Mortal Kombat Trilogy, were styled in a 2D fighting fashion. The first two of them were played in the arcades with a joystick and five buttons: high punch, low punch, high kick, low kick, block. Mortal Kombat 3 and its updates added a sixth "run" button. Characters in the early Mortal Kombat games play identically to one another, with the only major differences being their special moves.

Through the 1990s, the developer and publisher Midway Games would keep their single styled fighting moves with four attack buttons for a different array of punches and blocks. Mortal Kombat: Deadly Alliance was the first Mortal Kombat game which the character could move 3D like. Mortal Kombat 4 tried to introduce the 3D system but it wasn't worked properly due to old system mechanics; the combination of the moves changed from the old Mortal Kombat games and this was done by differentiating characters' normal moves and giving them multiple fighting styles. Beginning in Deadly Alliance and until Mortal Kombat: Deception, the characters would have three fighting styles per character: two unarmed styles, one weapon style. Few exceptions to this arose in Mortal Kombat: Armageddon, such as monstrous boss characters like Moloch and Onaga who would have only one fighting style. While most of the styles used in the series are based on real martial arts, some are fictitious. Goro's fighting styles, for example, are designed to take advantage of the fact that he has four arms.

For Armageddon, fighting styles were reduced to a maximum of two per character due to the sheer number of playable characters. Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe dropped the multiple fighting style trend altogether in favor of giving each character a much wider variety of special moves, but some characters still use multiple fighting styles. 2011's Mortal Kombat returned to a single 2D fighting plane although characters are rendered in 3D. Mortal Kombat: Deception and Mortal Kombat: Armageddon feature "Konquest", a free-roaming action-adventure mode that expanded on the single-player experience. Both games include distinct minigame modes such as "Chess Kombat", an action-strategy game similar to Archon. Two other bonus minigames, "Puzzle Kombat" inspired by Puzzle Fighter and "Motor Kombat" inspired by Mario Kart, feature super deformed versions of Mortal Kombat characters; the games contain various unlockable content and hidden "cheats". The defining and best-known feature of the Mortal Kombat series is its finishing move system called Fatality.

An original idea behind it was to give gamers a free hit at the end of the fight. The basic Fatalities are finishing moves that allow the victorious characters to end a match in a special way by murdering their defeated, defenseless opponents in a gruesome manner in the predefined ways exclusive for the given character; the only exception from this is Mortal Kombat: Armageddon, which instead features the Kreate-A-Fatality, allowing the players to perform their own Fatalities by conducting a series of violent moves chosen from a pool, common for all characters. Other finishing moves in the various Mortal Kombat games include Animalities turning a victor into an animal to violently finish off the opponent.

Battle of the Defile

The Battle of the Defile or Battle of the Pass was fought in the Takhtakaracha Pass between a large army of the Umayyad Caliphate and the Turkic Türgesh khaganate over three days in July 731 CE. The Türgesh had been besieging Samarkand, its commander, Sawra ibn al-Hurr al-Abani, sent a request for relief to the newly appointed governor of Khurasan, Junayd ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Murri. Junayd's 28,000-strong army was attacked by the Türgesh in the pass, although the Umayyad army managed to extricate itself from the pass and reach Samarkand, it suffered enormous casualties, while Sawra's 12,000 men, commanded to attack the Türgesh from the rear in a relief effort, were annihilated; the battle, for which one of the most detailed accounts of the entire Umayyad era survives in the History of al-Tabari and reversed Muslim expansion into Central Asia for a decade. In addition, the losses suffered by the Khurasani army led to the transfer of reinforcements from the metropolitan regions of the Caliphate, which in the long term weakened the Umayyad regime and helped bring about its collapse twenty years later.

The region of Transoxiana had been conquered by the Muslim Arabs of the Syri-based Umayyad Caliphate under Qutayba ibn Muslim in the reign of al-Walid I, following the Muslim conquest of Persia and of Khurasan in the mid-7th century. The loyalties of the region's native Iranian and Turkic inhabitants and autonomous local rulers however remained volatile, in 719, they sent a petition to the Chinese and their vassals the Türgesh for military aid against the Muslims. In response, Türgesh attacks began in 720, the native Sogdians launched uprisings against the Caliphate; these were suppressed with great brutality by the governor of Khurasan, Sa'id ibn Amr al-Harashi, but in 724 his successor, Muslim ibn Sa'id al-Kilabi, suffered a major disaster while trying to capture Ferghana. For the next few years, Umayyad forces were limited to the defensive. Efforts to placate and win the support of the local population by abolishing taxation of the native converts to Islam were undertaken, but these were half-hearted and soon reversed, while heavy-handed Arab actions further alienated the local elites.

In 728 a large-scale uprising, coupled with a Türgesh invasion, led to the abandonment of most of Transoxiana by the Caliphate's forces except for the region around Samarkand. In the hope of reversing the situation, in early 730 Caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik appointed a new governor in Khurasan in the person of the experienced general Junayd ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Murri, engaged in the pacification of Sindh; the difficult security situation at the time is illustrated by the fact that Junayd needed an escort of 7,000 cavalry after crossing the Oxus River, that he was attacked by the Türgesh khagan Suluk while riding to link up with the army of his predecessor, Ashras al-Sulami, who in the previous year had advanced up to Bukhara in a hard-fought campaign. Although hard-pressed and his escort were able to repel the attack and link up with al-Sulami's forces. Bukhara and most of Sogdiana was recovered soon after, as the Türgesh army withdrew north towards Samarkand; the Muslim army followed, scored a victory in a battle fought near the city.

Junayd retired with his troops to winter in Merv. During the winter, rebellions broke out south of the Oxus, in Tokharistan, which had hitherto been quiescent to Muslim rule. Junayd was forced to set out for Balkh and there dispersed 28,000 of his men to quell the revolt; this left him short of men when, in early 731, the Türgesh laid siege to Samarkand and appeals for aid arrived from the city's governor, Sawra ibn al-Hurr al-Abani. Despite the opinion of the army's veteran Khurasani Arab leaders, who counselled that he should wait to reassemble his forces and not cross the Oxus with less than 50,000 men, Junayd resolved to march to Samarkand's rescue. Junayd could not advance along the old Persian Royal Road, which led from Bukhara east to Samarkand and, held by the Türgesh. Instead he led his army to Kish, about 70 kilometres due south from Samarkand. There he received news from his scouts that the Türgesh had sent detachments of their own to spoil the wells on his line of march, his counsellors suggested a route west around the mountains of the Zarafshan Range between Kish and Samarkand through the village of al-Muhtaraqah, but al-Mujashshir ibn Muzahim al-Sulami, one of the Khurasani leaders, advised against it since the Türgesh could set fire to the uncultivated grasslands along that route.

Instead he favoured a more direct approach over the steep but short—some 2 kilometres long—Takhtakaracha Pass, suggested the possibility that this would catch the Türgesh by surprise. Junayd followed al-Mujashshir's counsel, encamped before the entrance of the defile; the decision was unpopular with the army Khurasani Arabs who distrusted the "outsider" Junayd. The usual quarrels between the Qays–Yaman factions re-emerged, some began deserting. Undeterred, Junayd pressed on with some 28,000 men; the course of the subsequent events is described in detail in al-Tabari's 10th-century History of the Prophets and Kings, which in turn draws upon the work of the earlier historian Abu'l-Hasan al-Mada'ini, written about a century after the events. As a result, the Battle of the Defile is "by far the best-documented one to occur during Hisham's reign"; the two armies that met at the Takhtakaracha Pass represented two different military philosophies. While the Umayyad armies fielded a sizeable cavalry contingent, both light and heavy, their main

Rose Hill Farmstead

Rose Hill Farmstead known as the Rose—Wise—Patterson Farm, was a historic home and farm located near Vincennes in Palmyra Township, Knox County, Indiana. The original farmhouse as built in 1807 by Martin Rose; this house was replaced in 1827 by a two-story, Federal style brick I-house, built by Rose's son, Matthias Rose. It had a rear ell added in 1829 and was remodeled about 1890. On the property were a contributing silo, summer kitchen, two barns, garage chicken coop, tool or storage shed, it has been demolished. The property was part of 400 acres, granted to Jean Baptiste St. Aubin by the U. S. Congress for his support of the American revolution. St. Aubin assigned his rights to the property to Peyton Short of Kentucky. Short would sell the property to Martin Rose in 1807; the farmstead grew to 800 acres when Rose bought an additional 400 acres from future U. S. President William Henry Harrison. A small fort, known as Rose's Fort, was built around one of the property's springs during the War of 1812 but it was never attacked.

After the death of Rose the property passed to his son Matthias in 1828. Matthias died in 1834 and the house and a portion of the property was sold to his sister Malinda and her husband, Henry K. Wise. Mr. Wise was an abolitionist and the house became a stop on the Underground Railroad; when the Wises died the property passed to their daughter Nancy and her husband Robert B. Patterson, their son, George Martin Patterson, would attend Vincennes University and become a founder of Sigma Pi fraternity in 1897. When George died in 1960 he left the property to his daughters Martha Parks. Marion lived in the house until her death in 1988, she bequeathed many of the family's belongings to the fraternity. In 1992, the Sigma Pi Educational Foundation bought the property from the fraternity and established a memorial to the Patterson family on it; the foundation planned to move its offices to the building and establish an alumni center on the property. The property could be seen from nearby Shadowwood, which served as the fraternity's headquarters from 1963 to 2003.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995 and delisted in 2012


Ikuri is one of the westernmost districts of Tampere, near the border of Nokia. The streets in the district have been named in a rural fashion, such as Maamiehentie, Heinämiehentie and Marjamiehentie; the forests in the Myllypuro nature preservation area stretching from Ikuri to Kalkku have been classified as an ecologically important Natura 2000 site. The famous Finnish rock band Popeda is from Ikuri; the name Ikuri first appeared in a tax listing in the 16th century. The Ikuri farm was farmed by Niilo Ijkuri, by Simo Ikuri after him. In the early 17th century, the farm was unified with the Mattila farm in Hyhky; the district was named Ikuri in a zoning plan accepted in 1948. The zoning plan in Ikuri has been formed as quite uniform with the terrain. One reason for this seems to be that the worst rocky areas were not zoned for use as lots, but were left in their natural state; the district, intended for residence by war veterans and immigrants from Finnish Karelia consisted of the lands of the Kaarila mansion in Epilä.

Building of houses started soon in the area, in fact so soon that before 1950, the district had 31 inhabitants though the streets, the electricity and the sewage plumbing were still under construction. Old cart roads crossing the area were used as transport pathways, leading to the rocky forests and swampy fields of Ikuri from Lamminpää, Rahola and Villilä; as well as lots of 10 ares, 31 residential farm fields of a couple of hectares each were founded in Ikuri. Bus transport to Ikuri started by request from the newly founded residential association by an extra peak-time bus from Lamminpää in 1951, at first twice per day to the Haukiluomantie-Maamiehentie crossing, afterwards, as the road construction progressed, to the Maamiehentie-Kuokkijantie crossing; the bus route number 10 reached to the Ikurintie-Tuohikorventie crossing in summer 1953, which became the terminus of the route for years. According to Jarmo Peltola's book Onnikoita ja rollikoita, the bustraffic to Ikuri and to the neighbouring district of Kalkku was real social municipal transport, as Ikuri had a population of 1257 in the 1960s, with two buses and a distance of 13 km from the Tampere Central Square.

Ikuri has a kindergarten and a school for grades 1 to 4, renovated in the middle 2000s. The school is now a place of function of the Tesomajärvi school. Ikurin Virelä was built in the 1950s and is still in use in several events and celebrations. Tuomo Koivisto: Vireästi, Ikurin Vire 1957-1987 Tuomo Koivisto: Ikuri, Korpikolukkometsästä kotikyläksi, 2006 Official site

Thomas Stavros

Thomas Stavros is a Brazilian screenwriter and film producer. Stavros began his career writing and producing for the theater. In his first play in 2001 – Clube Privê – A Comedy in the Foolish 70's – was a box office record at Bibi Ferreira Theater. Bravo called it one of the 10 best comedies in the country, his last play was the musical Ceará Show – Agora eu Conheço, written in 2016 in partnership with Silvio Guindane, receiving 11 nominations for the Quimera Theater Award, earning 6, among them Best Play and Best Author. He founded Produção Carioca, where he signed the creation and direction of more than 30 institutional movies, he created a content factory, where he began to develop his audiovisual projects for cinema and television shows and series. In the cinema´s industry, began acquiring the rights of the biography of the world champion Eder Jofre for the movie 10 Seconds, his first project as Showrunner – where he is creator and producer, produced by Globo Filmes, in partnership with Tambellini Filmes, directed by José Alvarenga Jr.

It premiered on September 27, 2018. On August 25, 2018 the film was awarded by 2 Kikitos at the Gramado Film Festival; the best actor for Osmar Prado, the best supporting actor for Ricardo Gelli. He collaborated with Gonzaga – de Pai para Filho by Breno Silveira. In 2016 he wrote the movie Federal Police – No One is Above the Law, directed by Marcelo Antunez, which opened in 2017, hitting the national box office record of the same year. For TV, he began as one of the writers of the hit series Acerto de Contas, produced by Mariza Leão and directed by José Joffily for Multishow, beating audience record, he wrote Sem Volta, the first action and adventure series in Brazil, a super production of Record, in partnership with Gustavo Lipsztein. In 2015, he creates the TV series 1 Against All, where he is the screenwriter, produced by Conspiração Filmes for Fox Brazil and Latin America, directed by Breno Silveira, it was considered by the media as the Brazilian Breaking Bad. The 1st season of 1 Against All in 2016 increased the channel's audience by 74%, was nominated for the Golden Nymph Award and the ABRA Screenplay Award.

In 2017 was nominated as the best series by the APCA. The protagonist Julio Andrade was nominated for the International Emmy for his performance in the series; the second season premiered in 2017 with great success, was nominated for best drama series to the Emmy 2018. Season 3 premiered in 2018. Season 4 is under development, and after so much success in Latin America, the series will have a remake produced in Mexico in Spanish. He is developing two more TV series and is writing the film Tudo ou Nada, directed by João Jardim, in partnership with Silvio Guindane, about the life of Eike Batista, he wrote the 2 Shots of Tequila, directed by Juan Zapata, which will be filmed in Los Angeles in 2019. In 2019 he will lead the production and screenplay of the film based on the authoritative biography of singer-songwriter Bezerra da Silva. Thomas Stavros – Internet Movie Database Thomas Stavros


Zahidpur is a village in Batala in Gurdaspur district of Punjab State, India. It is located 35 kilometres from sub district headquarter, 32 kilometres from district headquarter and 15 kilometres from Sri Hargobindpur; the village is administrated by Sarpanch an elected representative of the village. As of 2011, The village has a total number of 14 houses and the population of 85 of which 46 are males while 39 are females. According to the report published by Census India in 2011, out of the total Population, 64 people are from Schedule Caste and the village does not have any Schedule Tribe population so far. List of villages in India Tourism of Punjab Census of Punjab