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Mortimer J. Adler

Mortimer Jerome Adler was an American philosopher and popular author. As a philosopher he worked within the Thomistic traditions, he lived for long stretches in New York City, San Francisco, San Mateo, California. He worked for Columbia University, the University of Chicago, Encyclopædia Britannica, Adler's own Institute for Philosophical Research. Adler was born in New York City on December 28, 1902, to Jewish immigrants from Germany, Clarissa, a schoolteacher, Ignatz Adler, a jewelry salesman, he dropped out of school at age 14 to become a copy boy for the New York Sun, with the ultimate aspiration to become a journalist. Adler soon returned to school to take writing classes at night where he discovered the works of men he would come to call heroes: Plato, Thomas Aquinas, John Locke, John Stuart Mill and others, he went on to study at Columbia University and contributed to the student literary magazine, The Morningside. Though he refused to take the required swimming test for a bachelor's degree, he stayed at the university and received an instructorship and a doctorate in psychology.

While at Columbia University, Adler wrote his first book: Dialectic, published in 1927. Adler worked with Scott Buchanan at the People's Institute and for many years on their respective Great Books efforts. In 1930 Robert Hutchins, the newly appointed president of the University of Chicago, whom Adler had befriended some years earlier, arranged for Chicago's law school to hire him as a professor of the philosophy of law. Adler was the first "non-lawyer". Adler taught philosophy to business executives at the Aspen Institute. Adler and Hutchins went on to found the Great Books of the Western World program and the Great Books Foundation, he founded and served as director of the Institute for Philosophical Research in 1952. He served on the Board of Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, succeeded Hutchins as its chairman from 1974; as the director of editorial planning for the fifteenth edition of Britannica from 1965, he was instrumental in the major reorganization of knowledge embodied in that edition.

He introduced the Paideia Proposal which resulted in his founding the Paideia Program, a grade-school curriculum centered around guided reading and discussion of difficult works. With Max Weismann, he founded the Center for the Study of The Great Ideas in 1990 in Chicago. Adler long strove to bring philosophy to the masses, some of his works became popular bestsellers, he was an advocate of economic democracy and wrote an influential preface to Louis O. Kelso's The Capitalist Manifesto. Adler was aided in his thinking and writing by Arthur Rubin, an old friend from his Columbia undergraduate days. In his own words: Unlike many of my contemporaries, I never write books for my fellow professors to read. I have no interest in the academic audience at all. I'm interested in Joe Doakes. A general audience can read any book I write – and they do. Dwight MacDonald once criticized Adler's popular style by saying "Mr. Adler once wrote a book called How to Read a Book, he should now read a book called How to Write a Book."

Adler was born into a nonobservant Jewish family. In his early twenties, he discovered St. Thomas Aquinas, in particular the Summa Theologica. Many years he wrote that its "intellectual austerity, integrity and brilliance... put the study of theology highest among all of my philosophical interests". An enthusiastic Thomist, he was a frequent contributor to Catholic philosophical and educational journals, as well as a frequent speaker at Catholic institutions, so much so that some assumed he was a convert to Catholicism. But, reserved for later. In 1940, James T. Farrell called Adler "the leading American fellow-traveller of the Roman Catholic Church". What was true for Adler, Farrell said, was what was "postulated in the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church", he "sang the same tune" as avowed Catholic philosophers like Étienne Gilson, Jacques Maritain and Martin D'Arcy. Farrell attributed Adler's delay in joining the Church to his being among those Christians who "wanted their cake and... wanted to eat it too", compared him to the Emperor Constantine, who waited until he was on his deathbed to formally become a Catholic.

Adler took a long time to make up his mind about theological issues. When he wrote How to Think About God: A Guide for the Twentieth-Century Pagan in 1980, he claimed to consider himself the pagan of the book's subtitle. In volume 51 of the Mars Hill Audio Journal, Ken Myers includes his 1980 interview with Adler, conducted after How to Think About God was published. Myers reminisces, "During that interview, I asked him why he had never embraced the Christian faith himself, he explained that while he had been profoundly influenced by a number of Christian thinkers during his life... There were moral – not intellectual – obstacles to his conversion, he didn't explain any further."Myers notes that Adler "surrendered to the Hound of Heaven" and "made a confession of faith and was baptized" as an Episcopalian in 1984, only a few years after that interview. Offering insight into Adle

No Jae-wook

No Jae-wook is a South Korean male volleyball player. He is part of the South Korea men's national volleyball team. On club level he plays the setter position for Seoul Woori Card Wibee. In the 2014 V-League Draft, No was selected third overall by the LIG Greaters. After having a mediocre rookie season in the Greaters, No was traded to the Hyundai Capital Skywalkers in 2015. No earned the starting spot for the Skywalkers in the 2015–16 season, racking up 1,179 total assists and averaging 10.72 per set. In the 2016–17 season, No won his first championship, setting the Skywalkers to their third V-League title. In 2010 No got called up to the South Korean national under-18 team for the 2010 Asian Youth Championship where his team won the bronze medal. During the tourney, he served as the backup setter to Lee Min-gyu. In May 2017 No was first selected for the South Korean senior national team to compete at the 2017 FIVB World League. After finishing the World League in 18th place, he took part in the 2017 Asian Championship, where South Korea won the bronze medal.

No Jae-wook at the International Volleyball Federation

Gloucester 2

Gloucester 2 North and Gloucester 2 South are English rugby union leagues which sits at the tenth level of league rugby union in England for teams based in Gloucestershire as well as some teams from Bristol. Promoted clubs move into Gloucester 1 and since the discontinuation of Gloucester 3 at the end of the 2017-18 season there is no relegation. Up until 2017-18 Gloucester 2 was a single division but has since been split into two regional divisions. Bishopston Bristol Airplane Company Broad Plain Cheltenham Civil Service Kingswood Minchinhampton Painswick Old Colstians Old Elizabethans Ross-on-Wye Smiths Westbury-on-Severn The 2015–16 Gloucester 2 consists of twelve teams; the season starts on 12 September 2015 and is due to end on 23 April 2016. Eight of the twelve teams participated in last season's competition; the 2014–15 champions St Brendan's Old Boys and runners up Bishopston were promoted to the Gloucester 1 while Old Elizabethans were relegated to Gloucester 3. Aretians Ashley Down Old Boys Bishopston Bristol Aeroplane Co.

Broad Plain Cotham Park Old Elizabethans Ross-on-Wye St. Brendan's Old Boys Spartans Tredworth Westbury-on-Severn Aretians Bredon Star Bristol Aeroplane Co. Broad Plain Cheltenham Civil Service Cotham Park Old Cryptians Ross-on-Wye Spartans St. Brendands Old Boys Westbury-on-Severn Aretians Ashley Down Old Boys Bream Bredon Star Bristol Aeroplane Co. Cainscross Cheltenham Civil Service Cotham Park Gloucester All Blues Ross On Wye Spartans St Brendan's Old Boys Aretians Bristol Aeroplane Co. Broad Plain Cheltenham Civil Service Chipping Sodbury Cotham Park Gloucester All Blues Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans St. Brendon's Old Boys Tetbury Westbury-on-Severn Bristol Aeroplane Co. Cheltenham Saracens RFC Chipping Sodbury Greyhound RFC Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Newent St. Brendon's Old Boys Smiths Tetbury Tredworth Westbury-on-Severn Bristol Aeroplane Co. Cainscross Cheltenham Saracens RFC Cotham Park Greyhound Kingswood Old Elizabethans St. Brendan's Old Boys Tetbury Tredworth Westbury-on-Severn Bream Bristol Aeroplane Co.

Cainscross Cheltenham Saracens RFC Greyhound Kingswood Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Tetbury Tredworth Westbury-on-Severn Ashley Down Old Boys Bristol Aeroplane Co. Cainscross Cheltenham Civil Service Cheltenham Saracens RFC Kingswood Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Smiths Tetbury Westbury-on-Severn Ashley Down Old Boys Bristol Aeroplane Co. Cheltenham Saracens RFC Cotham Park Dursley Ross-on-Wye Kingswood Old Elizabethans Tetbury Tredworth Westbury-on-Severn Ashley Down Old Boys Bristol Aeroplane Co. Brockworth Cheltenham Saracens RFC Dursley Hartpury College Hucclecote Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Smiths Bream Brockworth Cheltenham Civil Service Cheltenham Saracens RFC Cotham Park Dursley Gloucester Civil Service Hucclecote Kingswood Old Elizabethans Bream Cheltenham Civil Service Dursley Minchinhampton Old Colstonians Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Smiths Westbury-on-Severn Cheltenham Saracens RFC Kingswood Minchinhampton Old Cryptians Old Elizabethans Ross-on-Wye Smiths Westbury-on-Severn Widden Old Boys Bishopston Bristol Aeroplane Co.

Cainscross Dursley Kingswood Old Elizabethans Painswick Smiths Southmead Tewkesbury Since the 2018–19 season there has been a play-off between the runners-up of the Gloucester 2 North and Gloucester 2 South for the third and final promotion place to Gloucester 1. The team with the superior league record has home advantage in the tie. At the end of the 2018–19 season Gloucester 2 North teams have been the most successful with one wins to the Gloucester 2 South teams zero. South West Division RFU Gloucestershire RFU English rugby union system Rugby union in England

Mike Pinder

Michael Thomas Pinder is an English rock musician, is a founding member and original keyboard player of the British rock group the Moody Blues. He left the group following the recording of the band's ninth album Octave in 1978, he is noted for his technological contribution to music. In 2018, Pinder was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Moody Blues. Pinder was born to Bert and Gladys Pinder in Kingstanding, as a young adult played in El Riot and the Rebels, a rock band that achieved some regional success. Bandmates in El Riot included future Moody Blues members John Lodge. After a spell in the British Army and Thomas played together in a band called the Krew Cats. Pinder and Thomas, with no money, had to walk across northern Europe to get back home to England. Around this time, Pinder was employed by Streetly Electronics, a firm that manufactured the Mellotron. Pinder and members of other successful Birmingham bands formed The Moody Blues in 1964, their initial single, "Steal Your Heart Away" on Decca, failed to chart.

Their second release, "Go Now" however became UK No.1 in January 1965. The band went on to have a further UK hit with "I Don't Want To Go On Without You" and release their first album The Magnificent Moodies in mono only, on which Pinder took the lead vocal on a cover of James Brown's "I Don't Mind". "Bye Bye Bird" from this album was a big hit for the band in France. The album was released in the USA, retitled as Go Now on London Records. Pinder and guitarist/lead vocalist Laine began songwriting for the band, providing most B-sides over the 1965–66 period, including "You Don't", "And My Baby's Gone", "This Is My House" and "He Can Win", they progressed to writing A-sides, including the UK chart hits "Everyday", "From The Bottom of My Heart", "Boulevard De La Madeline", "Life's Not Life", before bassist/vocalist Warwick and frontman Laine left the group. A rare non-UK Pinder–Laine song from this era was "People Gotta Go", released on the France-only EP Boulevard De La Madeline and included as a bonus track on a CD release of The Magnificent Moodies in 2006.

The song is known as "Send the People Away". Pinder was instrumental in the selection of young Swindon guitarist/vocalist/songwriter Justin Hayward as Laine's replacement, it was Pinder who phoned Hayward and collected him at the railway station. Old friend John Lodge from the El Riot days came in to replace the temporary Rod Clarke as permanent bassist/vocalist, thus completing the'classic' Moodies line-up. After an initial abortive attempt to continue with R&B material, the band decided to drop all covers and record only original songs. Pinder and Hayward led the way: Hayward's "Fly Me High" was the first release from the revised line-up, released on Decca in early 1967 with Pinder's older-style rocker "Really Haven't Got The Time" as the B-side. A recorded but unreleased Pinder song from this time was the jazz-blues ballad "Please Think About It", which would be included on the Caught Live + 5 double album issued by Decca in 1977. Pinder obtained a secondhand Mellotron from Streetly and, after removing all the special effects tapes and doubling up the string section tapes, used it on numerous Moody Blues recordings.

This began with their single "Love and Beauty", a flower power song written and sung by Pinder, his only Moodies A-side after 1966. Pinder introduced the Mellotron to his friend John Lennon; the Beatles subsequently used the instrument on "Strawberry Fields Forever". Pinder's "Dawn" – with lead vocals by Hayward, Pinder singing the bridge section – began the Days of Future Passed album, on which Pinder contributed "The Sun Set" and narrated drummer Edge's opening and closing poems, "Morning Glory" and "Late Lament". Pinder, along with Moodies recording engineer Derek Varnals and longtime producer Tony Clarke managed to devise an innovative way of playing and recording the unwieldy Mellotron to make the sound flow in symphonic waves, as opposed to the sharp cutoff the instrument gave; this symphonic sound would characterise most of what were seen as the Moodies' seven major albums between 1967 and 1972. Pinder was one of the first musicians to use the Mellotron in live performance, relying on the mechanical skills he had gained from his time with Streetly to keep the unreliable instrument in working order.

Typical of his travails was the Moodies' first US concert. When the band struck their first harmony, the back of the Mellotron fell open and all of the tape strips cascaded out. Pinder grabbed his tool box and got the instrument back into working order in 20 minutes' time, while the light crew entertained the audience by projecting cartoons. In addition to the mellotron and piano, Pinder played harpsichord, Moog synthesizer, various forms of keyboards and percussion, tambura, cello and both acoustic and electric guitars on Moody Blues recordings from 1967 onwards, as well as providing key vocal harmonies and lead vocals from 1964 to 1978. Pinder acted as the group's main musical arranger up to 1978; the 1969 concert on the Caught Live + 5 album and the Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970 DVD show Pinder and Thomas acting as the group's onstage spokesmen. Pinder wrote and sang several of the Moodies' more progres

Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015

Belgium participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "Rhythm Inside", written by Loïc Nottet and Beverly Jo Scott. The song was performed by Loïc Nottet, selected by the Belgian broadcaster Radio Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française in November 2014 to represent the nation at the 2015 contest in Vienna, Austria. "Rhythm Inside" was internally selected as the song Loïc Nottet would perform at Eurovision and premiered in March 2015. In the first of the Eurovision semi-finals "Rhythm Inside" placed second out of the 16 participating countries, securing its place among the 27 other songs in the final. In Belgium's fifty-seventh Eurovision appearance on 23 May, "Rhythm Inside" finished in fourth place, receiving 217 points and full marks from three countries. Prior to the 2015 contest, Belgium had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest fifty-six times since its debut as one of seven countries to take part in 1956. Since the country has won the contest on one occasion in 1986 with the song "J'aime la vie" performed by Sandra Kim.

Following the introduction of semi-finals for 2004, Belgium had been featured in only three finals. In 2014, Axel Hirsoux represented the country with the song "Mother", placing fourteenth in the semi-finals and failing to advance to the final; the Belgian broadcaster for the 2015 Contest, who broadcast the event in Belgium and organised the selection process for its entry, was Radio Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française. The Belgian participation in the contest alternates between two broadcasters: RTBF and Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep. Both broadcasters have selected the Belgian entry using internal selections. In 2013, RTBF internally selected the winner of the most recent series of The Voice Belgique, Roberto Bellarosa to represent the nation, while in 2014, VRT organised the national final Eurosong in order to select the Belgian entry. RTBF confirmed their intentions to participate at the 2015 Eurovision Song Contest on 3 June 2014. On 3 November 2014, the broadcaster announced that they had internally selected Loïc Nottet to represent Belgium in Vienna.

Loïc Nottet was the runner-up in the third series of The Voice Belgique, organised by RTBF. On 10 March 2015, RTBF held a press conference at the Maison de Vienne in Brussels, where the song "Rhythm Inside" was announced as the Belgian entry for the contest; the song was written by Loïc Nottet himself along with his The Voice Belgique coach Beverly Jo Scott. On the same day, "Rhythm Inside" was presented on the radio shows Le 8/9 and Le 5 à 7 on VivaCité and the official music video for the song was broadcast during The Voice Belgique on La Une. In March 2015, Nottet performed the song live on the radio stations Qmusic and Joe FM; the song's first live televised performance occurred on 6 May 2015 during The Voice Belgique. According to Eurovision rules, all nations with the exceptions of the host country and the "Big 5" are required to qualify from one of two semi-finals in order to compete for the final. In the 2015 contest, Australia competed directly in the final as an invited guest nation.

The European Broadcasting Union split up the competing countries into five different pots based on voting patterns from previous contests, with countries with favourable voting histories put into the same pot. On 26 January 2015, a special allocation draw was held which placed each country into one of the two semi-finals, as well as which half of the show they would perform in. Belgium was placed into the first semi-final, to be held on 19 May 2015, was scheduled to perform in the first half of the show. Once all the competing songs for the 2015 contest had been released, the running order for the semi-finals was decided by the shows' producers rather than through another draw, so that similar songs were not placed next to each other. Belgium was set to perform in position 3, following the entry from Armenia and before the entry from the Netherlands. All three shows were broadcast in Belgium by both the Flemish and Walloon broadcasters. RTBF televised the shows on La Une with commentary in French by Maureen Louys.

The final was broadcast via radio on VivaCité with French commentary by Olivier Gilain. VRT broadcast the shows on één and Radio 2 with commentary in Dutch by Peter Van de Veire and Eva Daeleman; the Belgian spokesperson, who announced the Belgian votes during the final, was television presenter Walid. Nottet took part in technical rehearsals on 11 and 15 May, followed by dress rehearsals on 18 and 19 May; this included the jury final where professional juries of each country, responsible for 50 percent of each country's vote and voted on the competing entries. The stage show featured Loïc Nottet dressed in a black suit and five backing vocalists dressed in white costumes; the staging concept involved the contrasts of black and white with strobe lighting added and the background LED screens transitioning between full white displays, moving white lines and pulsating 3D boxes. Nottet and the backing vocalists performed a choreographed routine that at one point featured Nottet lying on the stage floor.

The five backing vocalists that joined Loïc Nottet on stage were Katie Bernstein, Michael Storrs, Susanna Cork, Sarah Covey and previous Belgian Eurovision contestant Nicolas Dorian, who represented the nation in 2011 as part of Witloof Bay. At the end of the show, Belgium was announced as having finished in the top ten and subsequently qualifying for the grand final, it was revealed that Belgium placed second in the semi-final, receiving a total of 149 points. Shortly after the first semi-final, a winner's press conference was held for the t

Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen

Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen is an Emeritus Reader in the Department of Geography at the University of Hull in Kingston upon Hull England, where she taught environmental policy and politics. She was editor of the journal Energy & Environment from 1998 to 2017. Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen was born in East Germany. In 1956, she moved to Adelaide, South Australia, where she obtained a BA with Honours in Geomorphology from Adelaide University while studying climatology, physical geography and German literature, she moved again to England in 1969 and attended the University of Sussex where she first obtained an MA followed by a DPhil in International Relations in 1981. Her doctoral thesis was titled, Limits to the international control of marine pollution. Boehmer-Christiansen joined the Science and Technology Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex in 1985, working for a decade as a Research Fellow and later as a Visiting Fellow. Since the mid-1990s she had taught environmental policy and politics in the Geography Department at the University of Hull.

As an Emeritus Reader she still works from the University of Hull's Geography Department. She is a past member of the United Nations Environment Programme Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future; when asked about the publication in the Spring of 2003 of a revised version of the paper at the center of the Soon and Baliunas controversy, Boehmer-Christiansen said, "I'm following my political agenda -- a bit, anyway. But isn't that the right of the editor?"Boehmer-Christiansen has been a critic of climate models saying they are based on data that cannot be verified. In 2006, she signed an open letter to Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper urging him to open the Kyoto Protocol to debate by holding balanced, comprehensive public-consultation sessions on the Canadian government's climate change plans, she describes herself as agnostic on whether humans are causing global warming, believes its negative aspects to be politically exaggerated. According to Fred Pearce, Boehmer-Christiansen is a sceptic about acid rain and global warming and calls the science reports produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change "political constructs."The Guardian reported that Boehmer-Christiansen published – against the recommendations of a reviewer – a paper in Energy & Environment claiming that the Sun is made of iron.

BooksBoehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. Acid politics: Environmental and energy policies in Britain and Germany. Belhaven Press. ISBN 978-1852931162. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Boehmer-Christiansen, Sonja; the politics of reducing vehicle emissions in Britain and Germany. London and Madison. ISBN 978-1855672031. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Boehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. International Environmental Policy: Interests and the Failure of the Kyoto Process. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1840648188. Journal articlesBoehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. "The scientific basis of marine pollution control". Marine Policy. 6: 2–10. Doi:10.1016/0308-597X90038-0. Boehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. "A winning coalition of advocacy: climate research, bureaucracy and'alternative' fuels: Who is driving climate change policy?". Energy Policy. 25: 439–444. Doi:10.1016/S0301-421500016-5. Boehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. "The geo-politics of sustainable development: bureaucracies and politicians in search of the holy grail".

Geoforum. 33: 351–365. Doi:10.1016/S0016-718500018-0. Boehmer-Christiansen, Sonja. "Science and the War against Carbon". Science, Technology & Human Values. 28: 69–92. Doi:10.1177/0162243902238496. What inspired you? – Dr Sonja A Boehmer-Christiansen Key challenges for the next generation – Dr Sonja A Boehmer-Christiansen