Moscovium is a synthetic chemical element with the symbol Mc and atomic number 115. It was first synthesized in 2003 by a joint team of Russian and American scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. In December 2015, it was recognized as one of four new elements by the Joint Working Party of international scientific bodies IUPAC and IUPAP. On 28 November 2016, it was named after the Moscow Oblast, in which the JINR is situated. Moscovium is an radioactive element: its most stable known isotope, moscovium-290, has a half-life of only 0.65 seconds. In the periodic table, it is a p-block transactinide element, it is a member of the 7th period and is placed in group 15 as the heaviest pnictogen, although it has not been confirmed to behave as a heavier homologue of the pnictogen bismuth. Moscovium is calculated to have some properties similar to its lighter homologues, phosphorus, arsenic and bismuth, to be a post-transition metal, although it should show several major differences from them.
In particular, moscovium should have significant similarities to thallium, as both have one rather loosely bound electron outside a quasi-closed shell. About 100 atoms of moscovium have been observed to date, all of which have been shown to have mass numbers from 287 to 290; the first successful synthesis of moscovium was by a joint team of Russian and American scientists in August 2003 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. Headed by Russian nuclear physicist Yuri Oganessian, the team included American scientists of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; the researchers on February 2, 2004, stated in Physical Review C that they bombarded americium-243 with calcium-48 ions to produce four atoms of moscovium. These atoms decayed by emission of alpha-particles to nihonium in about 100 milliseconds; the Dubna–Livermore collaboration strengthened their claim to the discoveries of moscovium and nihonium by conducting chemical experiments on the final decay product 268Db.
None of the nuclides in this decay chain were known, so existing experimental data was not available to support their claim. In June 2004 and December 2005, the presence of a dubnium isotope was confirmed by extracting the final decay products, measuring spontaneous fission activities and using chemical identification techniques to confirm that they behave like a group 5 element. Both the half-life and the decay mode were confirmed for the proposed 268Db, lending support to the assignment of the parent nucleus to moscovium. However, in 2011, the IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party did not recognize the two elements as having been discovered, because current theory could not distinguish the chemical properties of group 4 and group 5 elements with sufficient confidence. Furthermore, the decay properties of all the nuclei in the decay chain of moscovium had not been characterized before the Dubna experiments, a situation which the JWP considers "troublesome, but not exclusive". Two heavier isotopes of moscovium, 289Mc and 290Mc, were discovered in 2009–2010 as daughters of the tennessine isotopes 293Ts and 294Ts.
The JINR had plans to study lighter isotopes of moscovium in 2017 by replacing the americium-243 target with the lighter isotope americium-241. The 48Ca+243Am reaction producing moscovium is planned to be the first experiment done at the new SHE Factory in 2018 at Dubna to test the systems in preparation for attempts at synthesising elements 119 and 120. In 2011, the Joint Working Party of international scientific bodies International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and International Union of Pure and Applied Physics evaluated the 2004 and 2007 Dubna experiments, concluded that they did not meet the criteria for discovery. Another evaluation of more recent experiments took place within the next few years, a claim to the discovery of moscovium was again put forward by Dubna. In August 2013, a team of researchers at Lund University and at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany announced they had repeated the 2004 experiment, confirming Dubna's findings; the 2004 experiment had been repeated at Dubna, now additionally creating the isotope 289Mc that could serve as a cross-bombardment for confirming the discovery of the tennessine isotope 293Ts in 2010.
Further confirmation was published by the team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 2015. In December 2015, the IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party recognized the element's discovery and assigned the priority to the Dubna-Livermore collaboration of 2009–2010, giving them the right to suggest a permanent name for it. While they did not recognise the experiments synthesising 287Mc and 288Mc as persuasive due to the lack of a convincing identification of atomic number via cross-reactions, they recognised the 293Ts experiments as persuasive because its daughter 289Mc had been produced independently and found to exhibit the same properties. In May 2016, Lund University and GSI cast some doubt on the syntheses of tennessine; the decay chains assigned to 289Mc, the isotope instrumental in the confirmation of the syntheses of moscovium and tennessine, were found based on a new statistical method to be too different to belong to the same nuclide with a reasonably high probability. The reported 293Ts decay chains approved as such by the JWP were found to require splitting into individual data sets assigned to different tennessine isotopes.
It was found that the claimed link between the decay chains repor
Saint-Bernard is a municipality in the Municipalité régionale de comté de la Nouvelle-Beauce in Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Chaudière-Appalaches region and the population is 1,975 as of 2009. Constituted in 1845, it is named after Archbishop Bernard-Claude Panet; the municipality is located on scenic Route 171 in Beauce. On August 26, 1972, five days after escaping from Saint-Vincent-de-Paul jail in Laval, notorious French criminal Jacques Mesrine and his Quebec accomplice Jean-Paul Mercier robbed the Caisse populaire of Saint-Bernard. Ten minutes they robbed the caisse of Saint-Narcisse-de-Beaurivage, for a total of $26,000 that day. All of the victims of the 1997 Les Éboulements bus accident save one, the bus driver, were senior citizens from Saint-Bernard. Commission de toponymie du Québec Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire
Jhumar or Jhoomar is a lively form of music and dance that originated in the Multan and Balochistan thrived in Sandalbar areas of Punjab in Pakistan. It is more rhythmic form; the word "Jhumar" comes from Jhum/Jhoom. The songs evoke a quality. Though the content of these songs is varied - they are love with emotional songs too; the Jhumar is a dance of ecstasy. Jhumar is performed at the wedding ceremonies usually, it is a living demonstration of the happiness. The dance is performed by the Balochi and people of Southern and central Punjab; the emphasis of Jhumar is recreating the gaits of birds. The movement of animals, the ploughing of the field, sowing of seeds and harvesting are shown in the original progression; the dance is performed in circle, to the tune of emotional songs. Performed by men, it is a common feature to see three generations - father and grandson - dancing all together at weddings; the dance is without acrobatics. Each region of Southern Punjab has its own variation of Jhomar; the movement of the arms only is considered its main forte.
Feet are musically placed in front and backwards and turnings are taken to the right, sometimes the dancers place their one hand below the ribs on the left and gesticulate with the right hand. This dance does not tire out its performers and it is danced on moonlight nights in the villages away from the habitation; the dancers of this dance let-off a sound, "Dee Dee" in tune with the beat of the dance which adds to its grace. This dance has been integrated into Bhangra in the eastern parts of Punjab. There are three main types of Jhoomar, each of which has a different mood and is therefore suited to different reason of its predominating mood, they are: Satluj Jhoomar Beas Jhoomar Chenab Jhoomar Multani Jhoomar Jhoomar Taari After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many dancers moved away and the dance is started disappearing, but Pokhar Singh learned Jhoomar from his uncle and performed it since. Dancing was in his blood. Before his death he taught the dance to the students at D. A. V. College, Eastern Punjab.
Worst Case Scenario was a comedy horror film to be directed by Dutch director Richard Raaphorst. The story tells of a fictional 2006 FIFA World Cup Finale between Netherlands; when the team from Germany loses, it is followed by an invasion of Nazi zombies. A small group of friends moves away from the nationwide madness, to a North Sea island where a horde of Nazi zombies wait; the film began shooting in 2004, two years in 2006 Gorehound Inc. released a teaser and a trailer. The film's trailer was released in a limited promo version on DVD and was nominated for the Golden Trailer Awards 2005 in the category "Best Movie Trailer". After many financial problems the film was canceled in March 2009, Richard Raaphorst began working on Frankenstein's Army. List of zombie short films and undead-related projects Official website Worst Case Scenario on IMDb
Infamous Mobb known as IM3, is a hip hop group from Queensbridge, Long Island City, New York, United States, composed of members Ty Nitty, Twin Gambino, Godfather Pt. III, Ron Gotti, they are an integral part of the Queensbridge Hip Hop scene, which includes rappers like Nas, Mobb Deep, began with the Juice Crew. Friends since childhood, the Infamous Mobb members all grew up on Queensbridge's 41st side 12th Street. Gambino and Scarface were twin brothers; the only known track released that Scarface appeared on is "All Pro" on Big Noyd's debut album Episodes of a Hustla. Gotti rapped with them but decided to become a Producer and Manager for the group. Infamous Mobb first appeared in 1994 on Mobb Deep's Demo Cuts mixtape for their 1995 album, The Infamous. On the final Album Ty Nitty appeared on "Party's Over", in the third verse along with Big Noyd although the other members were only included in the prelude skits, they next appeared rapping on Big Noyd's debut album Episodes of a Hustla and Mobb Deep's following 1996 album Hell on Earth.
They appeared on Murda Muzik and Infamy, as well as many mixtapes. The group appeared on Nas' QB Finest compilation album as well as DJ Muggs's first Soul Assassins album, their debut album, Special Edition, was not released until 2002. The album was distributed by Landspeed Records. In 2004, the group released Blood Thicker Than Water Vol. 1. This album was released on the IM3 label, but this time through Monopolee Records. A second version of the album was released which included a bonus DVD; the DVD includes Infamous Mobb music videos as well as in-depth interviews with some of the group's Queensbridge affiliates. There is some confusion among media about the similar names of Infamous Mobb and Mobb Deep. Both groups are from Queensbridge. Given the similar themes present in their artistic output, the social links between the groups, their mutual collaboration on projects, it is safe to say that the Infamous Mobb crew is an extension of the Mobb Deep duo. In 2007 Infamous Mobb split to work on their solo careers.
In 2008 Twin Gambino changed his stage name to Big Twins. In 2009 they did a collaboration track with the Italian rap group Club Dogo on their album Dogocrazia; the track was called "Infamous Gang". In 2011, Ty Nitty left the group and launched his own label'Love and Loyalty' records with his business partner Vinny Thunn. A public dispute between him and Prodigy of Mobb Deep erupted after Prodigy included Ty Nitty in the account of a confrontation between Mobb Deep, Infamous Mobb and Capone-N-Noreaga in P's autobiography'My Infamous Life.' 2002: Special Edition 2004: Blood Thicker Than Water: Volume 1 2007: Reality Rap 2010: "2010: The Year of the Dragon" 1997: "Life Is Tragic" 2002: "Mobb Niggaz" 2002: "IM³" 2004: "Empty Out" 2004: "Who We Ride For" 2007: "Pull the Plug" 2007: "Capital Q" 2007: "Betti Bye Bye" 2009: Big Twins - The Project Kid 2009: Big Twins - The Infamous QB: EP 2011: Blaq Mobb - Infamous Legacy 2011: Blaq Mobb - Blaq Diamondz 2011: Ty Nitty - My Loyal Life 2011: Godfather: Pt. III - Medicine Man 2012: Big Twins - The Infamous QB: Still Cooking 2013: Ty Nitty - Tuff Love 2013: Big Twins - The Infamous QB: On the Grill 2018: Big Twins - Grimey Life 2005: Godfather: Pt. III - God's Advocate 2006: Ty Nitty - Anthrax Music: Vol. 1 2006: Big Twins - The Grimey One: Vol. 1 2008: Big Twins - The Grimey Collection 2008: Ty Nitty - Nitty Filez I 2008: Godfather: Pt. III - The Infamous Dunn 2008: Ty Nitty - Tsunami 2008: Godfather Pt. III & Shuteye - Creeperz: Pt. 1 2009: Blaq Mobb - QB to South Side 2009: Ty Nitty & NE dubz - Creeperz pt 4 2009: Ty Nitty - Nitty Filez II 2010: Ty Nitty - International Ty 2010: Godfather: Pt. III & Ty Nitty - Hip-Hop Vultures 2010: Blaq Mobb - Blaq Diamondz 2010: Ty Nitty - Code of the Block 2010: Ty Nitty - Avatar Ty Nitty 2010: Ty Nitty - Animal Instinct 2010: Ty Nitty - Nitty Filez III 2011: Big Twins & B.
A. R. G. E. - French Queensbridge 2011: Ty Nitty & Rain - London 2 Qb 2012: Ty Nitty - Nitty Filez IV 2013: Big Twins - Thrive 2013: Big Twins - TG1 2014: Big Twins - Thrive 2 2016: Big Twins - TNT Urbansmarts.com interview Infamous Mobb
Zina Weygand is a French historian and emeritus researcher at the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers. She obtained her PhD from University Paris 1 in 1998. Weygand is a specialist of disability history the history of blind people in France from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the XXth century, she is part of the Annales School, her scholarship focuses on the history of individual and collective representations of blindness, organisations supporting blind people, the pedagogical techniques developed for blind pupils during the XVIIIth and XIXth century. She was born in Paris. Weygand has extensively published about the history of education for blind people. In her history of blind people in France, she examines the evolution of collective perceptions of blind people, from duplicitous beggars or powerless people needing Christian charity in the Middle Ages, to educable subjects in the late XVIIIth century, she argues the interest of Enlightenment philosophers for the mechanisms of perception has driven the support of French philanthropists, enabling Valentin Haüy to open the first school for the blind.
Weygand has published long-forgotten memoirs and archives, such as the memoir of Thérèse-Adèle Husson, enabling scholars to better understand experiences of blind people of the past. The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille, Stanford University Press, 2009 Les causes de la cécité et les soins oculaires en France au début du XIXe siècle, Paris, CTNERHI, diffusion PUF, 1989, 332 p11. Jacques Lusseyran, entre cécité et lumière, Marion CHOTTIN, Céline ROUSSEL, Zina WEYGAND, Paris, Éditions Rue d'Ulm, Presses de l'École normale supérieure, 2019, 232p12 2014: knight of the French Legion of Honour, Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at Zina Weygand.