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Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan was an Israeli military leader and politician. As commander of the Jerusalem front in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces during the 1956 Suez Crisis, but as Defense Minister during the Six-Day War in 1967, he became to the world a fighting symbol of the new state of Israel. In the 1930s, he was trained by Orde Wingate to set traps for Palestinian-Arabs fighting the British and he lost an eye in a raid on Vichy forces in Lebanon. Dayan was close to David Ben-Gurion and joined him in leaving the Mapai party and setting up the Rafi party in 1965 with Shimon Peres. Dayan became Defence Minister just before the 1967 Six-Day War. After the October War of 1973, Dayan was blamed for the lack of preparedness. In 1977, following the election of Menachem Begin as Prime Minister, Dayan was expelled from the Labor Party because he joined the Likud-led government as Foreign Minister, playing an important part in negotiating the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

Moshe Dayan was born on 20 May 1915 in Kibbutz Degania Alef, near the Sea of Galilee in Palestine, in what was Ottoman Syria within the Ottoman Empire, one of three children born to Shmuel and Devorah Dayan, Ukrainian Jewish immigrants from Zhashkiv. Kibbutz Degania Alef, with 11 members, was the first kibbutz, would become part of the State of Israel. Dayan was the second child born after Gideon Baratz, he was named Moshe after Moshe Barsky, the first member of Degania to be killed in an Arab attack, who died getting medication for Dayan's father. Soon afterward, Dayan's parents moved to Nahalal, the first moshav, or farming cooperative, to be established. Dayan attended the agricultural school there. Dayan was a Jewish atheist, he spoke Hebrew and English. At the age of 14, Dayan joined. In 1938, he joined the British-organised irregular Supernumerary Police and led a small motorized patrol. One of his military heroes was the British pro-Zionist intelligence officer Orde Wingate, under whom he served in several Special Night Squads operations.

On 3 October 1939, he was the commanding instructor for Haganah Leader's courses held at Yavniel when two British Palestine Police officers discovered a quantity of illegal rifles. Haganah HQ ordered the camp evacuated. Leading a group of 43 men through Wadi Bira, early the following morning, 12 to 15 Arab members of the Transjordan Frontier Force arrested them. Questions were asked about. Moshe Carmel, the group's deputy commander, was critical of Dayan's willingness to talk to his interrogators in Acre prison. On 30 October 1939, most of the group were sentenced to 10 years in prison. Seven months Dayan was replaced as the prisoners' representative after it was discovered that moves were being made to get him an individual pardon. On 16 February 1941, after Chaim Weizmann's intervention in London, they were all released. Dayan was assigned to a small Australian-led reconnaissance task force, which included fellow Palmach members and Arab guides, formed in preparation for the Allied invasion of Syria and Lebanon and attached to the Australian 7th Division.

Using his home kibbutz of Hanita as a forward base, the unit infiltrated Vichy French Lebanon, wearing traditional Arab dress, on covert surveillance missions. On 7 June 1941, the night before the invasion of the Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Dayan's unit crossed the border and secured two bridges over the Litani River. During the time, Dayan served under the command of British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson; when they were not relieved as expected, at 04:00 on 8 June, the unit perceived that it was exposed to possible attack and—on its own initiative—assaulted a nearby Vichy police station, capturing it. A few hours as Dayan was on the roof of the building using binoculars to scan Vichy French positions on the other side of the river, the binoculars were struck by a French rifle bullet fired by a sniper from several hundred yards away, propelling metal and glass fragments into his left eye and causing severe damage. Six hours passed before he could be evacuated, he would have died if not for Bernard Dov Protter, who took care of him until they were evacuated.

Dayan lost the eye. In addition, the damage to the extraocular muscles was such that Dayan could not be fitted with a glass eye, he was compelled to adopt the black eye patch that became his trademark. Letters from this time revealed that despite losing his left eye and suffering serious injuries to the area where the eye was located, Dayan still pleaded with Wilson to be reenlisted in combat, he underwent eye surgery in 1947 at a hospital in Paris, which proved to be unsuccessful. In the years following, the disability caused him some psychological pain. Dayan wrote in his autobiography: "I reflected with considerable misgivings on my future as a cripple without a skill, trade, or profession to provide for my family." He added that he was "ready to make any effort and stand any suffering, if only I could get rid of my black eyepatch. The attention it drew was intolerable to me. I preferred to shut myself up at home, doing anything, rather than encounter the reactions of people wherever I went."

In 1947, Dayan was appointed to the Haganah General Staff working on Arab affairs, in particular recruiting agents to gain information about irregular Arab forces in Palestine. On 14 April 1948, his brother, was killed in fighting. On 22 April, Dayan was put in charge of abandoned Arab property in newly conquered Haifa. To put a stop to the out-of-control looting, he ordered that anything that could be used by the army be stored

Neomorphism

Neomorphism refers to the wet metamorphic process in which diagenetic alterations systematically transform minerals into either polymorphs or crystalline structures that are structurally identical to the rock from which they developed. Coined by the late Robert L. Folk, neomorphism encompasses the functions of both recrystallization and inversion, which are geological processes that deal with rock reformation; the neomorphic process, as it relates to geology and petrography, is one of the many major processes that sustain both carbonate minerals and limestone. Neomorphism is held accountable for the metastability of aragonite and magnesium-rich calcite, when conditions permit, neomorphic reactions and interactions can result in texture loss and/or feature deformation of affected rock formations; the term "recrystallization" broadly refers to the many metamorphic processes that change the size and/or shape of crystal formations and preserve the chemical composition and mineralogy of the original mineral.

Because recrystallization accounts for the majority of all visible changes produced by neomorphism, the terms "neomorphism" and "recrystallization" implicitly allude to each other and can therefore be used interchangeably under most circumstances. In petrology, there are two forms of recrystallization: recrystallization by inversion and recrystallization by replacement. Inversion is a complex form of neomorphism in which the recrystallization process transforms polymorphs into different polymorphs. Polymorphs, to be clear, are minerals that differ from one another in their crystalline structures but are otherwise composed of identical quantities and types of elements; as with any change in mineral structure, the alteration of polymorphs occurs most in environments characterized by certain optimal temperatures and pressure levels. Optimal temperature and pressure levels vary in accordance to the type of mineral under consideration. An increase in temperature incites an increase in atomic vibrations, which instigates atoms to distance themselves from each other.

The excited atoms continue expanding until the increase in temperature can no longer provide the energy necessary for further expansion. Affected crystals and/or minerals are forced to adapt to the aforementioned atomic changes by expanding their skeletal structures, which results in visible changes of the aforementioned crystals and minerals. All the while, pressure continuously compresses the altered crystals and minerals into dense structures; the most pervasive example of inversion occurs on carbon. The inversion of carbon, depending on the temperature and pressure of the environment, results in one of two distinct polymorphs: Under low temperature and low pressure, recrystallization by inversion will result in coal, under high pressure and high temperature, recrystallization by inversion will result in diamond. Both coal and diamond are derived from carbon and are chemically identical, but they differ remarkably from each other in terms of physical appearance. Replacement is a complex form of neomorphism in which the recrystallization process involves the dissolution of one mineral and the immediate "precipitation" of another in its place.

Replacement occurs without any substantial changes in volume between the original and the reformed minerals, the process is characterized as being either fabric-destructive or fabric-preserving, which refer to texture loss and texture retention, respectively. The replacement of fossils with chert, for example, is fabric-preserving, while the replacement of aragonite and calcite with dolomite is fabric-destructive. On a side note, this particular process is the most common form of recrystallization by replacement. Being similar to wet polymorphic transformations, recrystallization by replacement occurs on a variety of minerals, including chert, hematite, apatite and dolomite, among others. Neomorphism is considered coalescive when the recrystallization process involves either the formation of larger crystals in the place, at the expense, of smaller crystal formations or the formation of smaller crystals within preexisting formations of crystals. Two types of coalescive neomorphism exist in petrology: aggrading neomorphism and degrading neomorphism.

Neomorphism is considered aggrading when recrystallization results in an any increase in crystal size. The crystal mosaics of the original mineral or crystal formation experience deterioration in the process and are replaced with either crude crystalline mosaics or polymorphs. Both the resultant crystalline mosaics and/or polymorphs are chemically identical—with a few minor exceptions due to certain minute chemical alterations that occur during the reaction processes—to the minerals from which the aggraded crystals developed. One common form of aggrading neomorphism is called porphyroid neomorphism. Porphyroid neomorphism occurs when a small number of large crystals form in the area of static groundmasses, which are—as the name implies—areas of the ground that are characterized by insignificant and unsubstantial metamorphic changes. Apart from the aforementioned, porphyroid neomorphism is characterized by the destruction of original micritic matrixes. Neomorphism is considered degrading when the recrystallization process is accompanied by a net decrease in the size of any affected crystal formation.

Degrading neomorphism is a form of coalescive neomorphism in which new crystals form from within preexisting crystals. This form of n

Molly McCann

Molly McCann is an English mixed martial artist. She is a one-time Cage Warriors Fighting Championship Flyweight Champion and competes in the flyweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship; as of March 2, 2020, she is #14 in the UFC women's flyweight rankings. McCann fought most of her early MMA career in England, she fought for the MMA promotion Shock N' Awe, where she won the vacant Shock N' Awe Flyweight Championship and defended it once. McCann won the vacant Cage Warriors Fighting Championship Women's Flyweight Championship in 2018 against Bryony Tyrell. After competing on the regional circuit, she amassed a record of 7-1 before signing with the UFC. McCann made her UFC debut on 27 May 2018, against Gillian Robertson at UFC Fight Night: Thompson vs. Till. At the weigh-ins, she weighed in at 127 pounds, a single pound over the flyweight non-title fight limit of 126, she was fined 20 % of her purse. She lost the fight via a rear-naked choke in round two, her second fight came on 15 March 2019, facing Priscila Cachoeira at UFC Fight Night: Till vs. Masvidal.

She won the fight via unanimous decision. McCann faced Ariane Lipski on 22 June 2019 at UFC Fight Night: Korean Zombie, she won the fight via unanimous decision. Shortly after the fight, McCann signed a new four-fight contract with the UFC. McCann faced Diana Belbiţă on 18 October 2019 at UFC on ESPN 6, she won the fight via unanimous decision. McCann is scheduled to face Ashlee Evans-Smith on March 21, 2020 at UFC Fight Night 171. Cage Warriors Fighting Championship Cage Warriors Fighting Championship Women's Flyweight Champion List of current UFC fighters List of female mixed martial artists Professional MMA record for Molly McCann from Sherdog Molly McCann at UFC