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Doriscus was a settlement in ancient Thrace, on the northern shores of Aegean Sea, in a plain west of the river Hebrus. It was notable for remaining in Persian hands for many years after the Second Persian invasion of Greece, remained thus known as the last Persian stronghold in Europe. Doriscus was founded by Greeks in the 6th century BC, it was conquered by Darius I and he built a Royal Fortress and stationed a large number of Persian troops there at the time of his Scythian campaign. Herodotus reports that Doriscus was the first place Xerxes the Great stopped to review his troops after crossing the Hellespont in 480 BC, during the Second Persian invasion of Greece. Herodotus writes that Xerxes I of Persia made Mascames, son of Megadostes, governor of Doriscus in order to replace the man Darius I had appointed; the Athenian general Cimon that led the conquests after the Persian retreat was unable to capture it. Herodotus states, its governor Mascames was honored by the Persian king for his defence.

The Achaemenid ruler recalled Mascames with his garrison around 465 BC, abandoned Doriscus. Doriscus' site is located at the modern village of Doriskos. Eion Boryza Dandamaev, M. A.. A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire. BRILL. ISBN 978-9004091726. Kuhrt, Amélie; the Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources from the Achaemenid Period. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415552790; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Doriscus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray

Literature and Revolution

Literature and Revolution is a classic work of literary criticism from the Marxist standpoint written by Leon Trotsky in 1924. By discussing the various literary trends that were around in Russia between the revolutions of 1905 and 1917 Trotsky analyzed the concrete forces in society, both progressive as well as reactionary, that helped shape the consciousness of writers at the time. In the book, Trotsky explained that since the dawn of civilization art had always borne the stamp of the ruling class and was a vehicle that expressed its tastes and its sensibilities. Nonetheless, he went on to argue against the obvious conclusion that after a proletarian revolution the proletariat as a ruling class should, strive to create its own proletarian art as many at the time thought. To illustrate this he points out that the bourgeoisie as a class had time and resources to form its own culture way before the bourgeois revolutions in Europe in the 19th century while the proletariat by its position in society is deprived not only of culture but the material means to attain it.

Therefore, unlike previous revolutions in history the proletariat takes power not to install itself as a ruling class forever and hence create its own distinct culture but to create a society in which the existence of classes is materially impossible. Therefore, the task of the proletariat in power with respect to art after seeing to the more pressing needs of daily life is to assimilate all the cultural achievements of the past and lay the foundations for a classless and human culture and art in the future. Trotsky's conviction of the heights human beings can reach once the fetters of oppression are thrown asunder is illustrated by the following quote from the book: "It is difficult to predict the extent of self-government which the man of the future may reach or the heights to which he may carry his technique. Social construction and psycho-physical self-education will become two aspects of one and the same process. All the arts – literature, painting and architecture will lend this process beautiful form.

More the shell in which the cultural construction and self-education of Communist man will be enclosed, will develop all the vital elements of contemporary art to the highest point. Man will become immeasurably stronger and subtler; the forms of life will become dynamically dramatic. The average human type will rise to the heights of a Goethe, or a Marx, and above this ridge new peaks will rise." Борев Ю. Эстетика Троцкого // Литература и революция / Л. Троцкий. — печатается по изд. 1923 г. — М.: Политиздат, 1991. — 399 с. — ISBN 5-250-01431-3. Thatcher I. D. Trotsky's Dialectic // Studies in Soviet Thought. — 1991. — March. — P. 127—144. List of books by Leon Trotsky Literature and Revolution on, translated by Rose Strunsky Lorwin

Romy Gundermann

Romy Gundermann was a German soprano who performed from 1959 to the early 1990s throughout Germany and its neighboring countries. After her retirement from the concert stage, she worked as a concert promoter and charity event organizer. Gundermann was born in 1933 in Aschaffenburg to a family. At 13, she began appearing in productions, including a film on the fairy tale Hänsel und Gretel. Gundermann had two children, her husband, Alfred Kalb, was a pianist, but gave up his music career to run his family's shirt company. He encouraged his wife to pursue her desire to sing, she began performing in Frankfurt and Munich, her official debut was in 1959 at the Stadttheater Aschaffenburg, where "critics praised her unique timbre, the softness of her singing and her high luminosity". She performed throughout Germany and neighboring countries, she appeared in the Berliner Philharmonie over 30 times, sang in Mozart's Coronation Mass at the Salzburg Festival. She made many recordings. In the 1980s, Gundermann began organizing charity concerts, including the "ECCO - Help through Art" project, an innovative program promoting local talent which uses its concert revenues to complete public works projects.

Gundermann retired from the concert stage in the early 1990s, but continued as a concert organizer, with such events as the Advent concert series for Aschaffenburg, spring concerts which included Wenn die Magnolien blüh'n. In 2014, Gundermann and her husband received a Public Service Medal of Aschaffenburg for their commitment to expanding music awareness and their contributions to the town's cultural heritage. Gundermann died on October 20, 2019, shortly after the death of her husband, Al­f­red Kalb, on September 1. Romy Gundermann AllMusic

George Segal (artist)

George Segal was an American painter and sculptor associated with the Pop Art movement. He was presented with the United States National Medal of Arts in 1999. Although Segal started his art career as a painter, his best known works are cast life-size figures and the tableaux the figures inhabited. In place of traditional casting techniques, Segal pioneered the use of plaster bandages as a sculptural medium. In this process, he first wrapped a model with bandages in sections removed the hardened forms and put them back together with more plaster to form a hollow shell; these forms were not used as molds. Segal kept the sculptures stark white, but a few years he began painting them in bright monochrome colors, he started having the final forms cast in bronze, sometimes patinated white to resemble the original plaster. Segal's figures have minimal detail, which give them a ghostly, melancholic appearance. In larger works, one or more figures are placed in anonymous urban environments such as a street corner, bus, or diner.

In contrast to the figures, the environments were built using found objects. Segal was born in New York, his parents ran a butcher shop in the Bronx moved to a poultry farm in New Jersey where Segal grew up. He attended Stuyvesant High School, as well as the Pratt Institute, the Cooper Union, New York University, from which he graduated in 1949 with a teaching degree. In 1946, he married Helen Steinberg and they bought another chicken farm in South Brunswick, New Jersey, where he lived for the rest of his life. During the few years he ran the chicken farm, Segal held annual picnics at the site to which he invited his friends from the New York art world, his proximity to central New Jersey fostered friendships with professors from the Rutgers University art department. Segal introduced several Rutgers professors to John Cage, took part in Cage's legendary experimental composition classes. Allan Kaprow coined the term happening to describe the art performances that took place on Segal's farm in the Spring of 1957.

Events for Yam Festival took place there. His widow, Helen Segal, kept his memory and works alive, until her death in 2014, through the George and Helen Segal Foundation; the foundation continues this mission. George and Helen have three children; the Truck The Billboard - included in the Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza Art Collection, Albany, NY The Laundromat The Costume Party – housed at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Parking Garage - installed at the Paul Robeson Library at Rutgers University-Camden Hot Dog Stand - installed at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Abraham and Isaac – commissioned in memory of the 1970 Kent State shootings, his collected papers are housed in the Princeton University Library. Lifetime Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award, International Sculpture Center, New Jersey, United States. Segal's legs appeared in John Yoko Ono's 1971 film Up Your Legs Forever. George Segal. Directed by Michael Blackwood. Documentary about Segal, who discusses and is shown creating his bronze sculpture Abraham and Isaac, intended as a memorial for the Kent State shootings of 1970.

George Segal: American Still Life. Directed by Amber Edwards. Television documentary about his work. Notes BibliographyBusch, Julia M.. A Decade of Sculpture: The New Media in the 1960s; the Art Alliance Press: Philadelphia. ISBN 0-87982-007-1. George and Helen Segal Foundation The George Segal Papers at Princeton University The Commuters, Port Authority Bus Terminal, New York City Retrieved April 21, 2011 “Abraham and Isaac”, Princeton University Retrieved April 21, 2011 George Segal "Portraits in Plaster"; the Baltimore Museum of Art: Baltimore, Maryland, 1967 Retrieved June 26, 2012

Sky PerfecTV! Adult Broadcasting Awards

The Sky PerfecTV! Adult Broadcasting Awards are given for performances in adult video programs shown on SKY PerfecTV! Satellite TV channels in Japan; the awards complement those presented by the AV Open / AV Grand Prix contests which are given for adult videos sold in retail outlets or on the internet. SKY PerfecTV! is Japan's largest satellite TV broadcaster with more than 4 million subscribers. The service is run by SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation, a corporation which includes various companies involved in TV, telecommunications and satellites. SKY Perfect is owned by Japanese conglomerates Itochu Corporation, Fuji Television and Sony Corporation, their channel list includes several adult offerings on channels 100 to 103, 110 to 114, 371, 900 to 917. The adult programming ranges from the Playboy channel to extreme fetish videos; the 2005 Adult Broadcasting Awards, given for the 2004 broadcasting year, were known as the 2004 CS Adult Awards. They were awarded by a panel of 5 judges comprising writer and columnist Kazuhisa Kimura, actor & director IKKAN, manga artist Mimei Sakamoto, porn actor Taka Kato and AllAbout webpage reporter Kemuta Otsubo.

The awards were given at a ceremony held in February 2005. For the main awards, a Grand Prize was given along with three runner-up awards for excellence. Jury Grand Prize - Original Programming Nao Oikawa - Fan Appreciation Hot Springs Bus Tour Awards for Excellence - Original Programming Weekly! Women's Bathing News Midnight 7 Interview with Naomi Tani Women Get Lewd 10 Jury Grand Prize - Program Twelve Slutty Lesbian Women Versus Twelve Men Awards for Excellence - Program Yorutomo #7 My Loving Pet Wife Four Stewardesses Raped in a Plane Jury Grand Prize - Best Actress Hikaru Koto: Indecent Attraction Awards for Excellence - Best Actress Laurie Fetter: Playmate Profile Nao Oikawa: Uki-Uki Watching Sora Aoi: Scenes from the Original CS Collection Award for Excellence - Advertising Paradise TV Channel Actress Performance Awards Mai Hagiwara Sora Aoi Naho Ozawa Kurumi Morishita An Nanba Karen Kisaragi The 2006 Adult Broadcasting Awards, given for the 2005 broadcasting year on SKY PerfecTV!, included 31 channels and more than 10,000 adult programs.

Awards were determined by viewer votes on the Internet. A Nominated for Best Actress were Yua Aida, Mako Katase, Riko Tachibana, Sora Aoi, Minami Aoyama, Manami Amamiya, Hotaru Akane, Hime Kamiya, Nana Natsume, Honoka and Hitomi Hayasaka. Nominations for Best Mature Actress included Aki Tomosaki, Ayako Satonaka, Ayano Murasaki, 2 others. There were 7 for Best Original Program; the winners were announced at the award ceremony held on March 20, 2006. Best Actress Award Yua AidaBest Mature Actress Award Aki TomosakiBest Program Award SOD and the Game of Life 2 Best Original Programming Award Karen Kisaragi Super High Class Soap Girl The 2007 Adult Broadcasting Awards combined with the 2007 Erotic Ladies Festival or Eroide Onna Matsuri were held on March 15, 2007 for the 2006 broadcast year. Once again more than 10,000 adult programs were broadcast during the year on SKY PerfecTV! channels. Awards were determined by a combination of votes of a Committee and viewer votes on the Official Website. Twelve actresses were nominated for the Best Actress Award: Runa Akatsuki, Yuma Asami, Nana Otone, Mako Katase, Ai Takeuchi, Risa Coda, Riko Tachibana, Azumi Harusaki, Miki Mizuasa, Yuuna Mizumoto and Emiru Momose.

Among the actresses nominated for Best Mature Actress were Natsuko Kayama, Chisato Shoda, Rinko Nomiya, Arisa Matumoto and the Paradise TV "Old Ladies Club" or "Kurabu Obanko". The awards were presented at a hotel in the Shibuya district of Tokyo before an audience of 300, with representatives from the weekly men's magazine WEB, the media, local and foreign journalists; the winners of the 2007 Adult Broadcasting Awards were:Best Actress Award Honoka Best Mature Actress Award Chisato ShodaMost Appearances Award Riko Tachibana In addition to the awards, the "Erotic Ladies Festival" part of the festivities consisted of a number of competitions among the actresses present. After an opening dance by Paradise TV's "Old Ladies Club", the "contests" began with a quiz on sex education won by Nana Otone from the Ruby Channel; the endurance feat was a breast-counter competition which Runa Akatsuki won by jiggling 116 times in 30 seconds. The skill contests consisted of faking an orgasm while riding a mechanical bull and looking innocent and an ice cream popsicle sucking test.

A panty-throw to the audience ended the ceremony. As part of the "Erotic Ladies Festival", a number of individual awards were presented to the actresses at the ceremony, including the Slender Award, Beautiful Breasts Award, Gravure Idol Award, Big Breasts Idol Award, Moe Award and the Shiofuki Award; the 2008 Adult Broadcasting Awards combined with the festival known as the 2008 Erotic Ladies Festival or Eroide O