Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest entertainers of all time, he was known for his unorthodox lifestyle, residing in a private amusement park he called Neverland Ranch, becoming the focus of tabloid scrutiny. Jackson's contributions to music and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades; the eighth child of the Jackson family, Michael made his professional debut in 1964 with his elder brothers Jackie, Tito and Marlon as a member of the Jackson 5. He began his solo career in 1971 while at Motown Records, in the early 1980s, became a dominant figure in popular music, his music videos, including those for "Beat It", "Billie Jean", "Thriller" from his 1982 album Thriller, are credited with breaking racial barriers and transforming the medium into an art form and promotional tool.
Their popularity helped bring the television channel MTV to fame. Bad was the first album to produce five US Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles, he continued to innovate throughout the 1990s with videos such as "Black or White" and forged a reputation as a touring artist. Through stage and video performances, Jackson popularized complicated dance techniques such as the robot and the moonwalk, to which he gave the name, his sound and style have influenced artists of various genres. Jackson is one of the best-selling music artist of all time, with estimated sales of over 350 million records worldwide, his other albums, including Off the Wall, HIStory rank among the world's best-selling. He won hundreds of awards, has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, is the only pop or rock artist to have been inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame, his other achievements include Guinness world records, 15 Grammy Awards, 26 American Music Awards, 13 number-one US singles. Jackson was the first artist to have a top ten single in the Billboard Hot 100 in five different decades.
In the late 1980s, Jackson became a figure of controversy due to his changing appearance and behavior. In 1993, he was accused of sexually abusing the child of a family friend; the case led to an investigation and was settled out of court for $25 million in 1994. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of further child sexual abuse allegations and several other charges. In 2009, while preparing for a series of comeback concerts, This Is It, Jackson died from an overdose of propofol and benzodiazepine given to him by his personal physician, Conrad Murray. Jackson's fans around the world expressed their grief, his public memorial service was broadcast live. In 2019, the documentary Leaving Neverland detailed renewed allegations of child sexual abuse and led to an international backlash against Jackson. Michael Joseph Jackson was born in Gary, near Chicago, on August 29, 1958, he was the eighth of ten children in the Jackson family, a working-class African-American family living in a two-bedroom house on Jackson Street.
His mother, Katherine Esther Jackson, played clarinet and piano, had aspired to be a country-and-western performer, worked part-time at Sears. His father, Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson, a former boxer, was a crane operator at U. S. Steel and played guitar with a local rhythm and blues band, the Falcons, to supplement the family's income, his father's great-grandfather, July "Jack" Gale, was a Native American medicine man and US Army scout. Michael grew up with five brothers. A sixth brother, Marlon's twin Brandon, died shortly after birth. Joe acknowledged that he whipped Michael, he recalled that Joe sat in a chair with a belt in his hand as he and his siblings rehearsed, ready to physically punish any mistakes. Katherine Jackson stated that although whipping is considered abuse in more modern times, it was a common way to discipline children when Michael was growing up. Jackie, Tito and Marlon have said that their father was not abusive and that the whippings, which were harder on Michael because he was younger, kept them disciplined and out of trouble.
In an interview with Oprah Winfrey in 1993, Jackson said that his youth had been lonely and isolating. In 1964, Michael and Marlon joined the Jackson Brothers—a band formed by their father which included Jackie and Jermaine—as backup musicians playing congas and tambourine. In 1965, Michael began sharing lead vocals with Jermaine, the group's name was changed to the Jackson 5; the following year, the group won a talent show. From 1966 to 1968 they toured the Midwest; the Jackson 5 performed at clubs and cocktail lounges, where striptease shows were featured, at local auditoriums a
Antonio Marquis "L. A." Reid is an American record executive, record producer, A&R representative, panelist. He is founder and current co-chairman of Hitco Entertainment, he has served as the chairman and CEO of Epic Records and The Island Def Jam Music Group, the president and CEO of Arista Records. Reid was the founder and CEO of Hitco Music Publishing and the co-founder of LaFace Records with producing partner Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, he has won three Grammy Awards, picking up awards as a songwriter for songs such as Boyz II Men's "End Of The Road."Over the course of his career he has written and produced for many artists including Bobby Brown, Johnny Gill, Toni Braxton, TLC, Mariah Carey, Avril Lavigne, Paula Abdul, Justin Bieber, Meghan Trainor, Kanye West, Usher, Ne-Yo, 21 Savage, Young Jeezy, Zara Larsson, Jennifer Lopez, Travis Scott, Fifth Harmony, DJ Khaled, Rick Ross and The Jacksons. He appeared as a judge on the first two seasons of the U. S. version of the television show The X Factor, but left the show in December 2012 to focus on his leadership at Epic Records.
One of the major projects that Reid embarked on following his stint on The X Factor, was the remaking of Michael Jackson songs after his death, with the May 13, 2014 release of the album XScape. In 2016, Reid published the New York Times bestselling memoir Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, Searching for Who's Next. Reid first began his music career as a drummer, with his first appearance on record being with the Cincinnati funk rock outfit Pure Essence. Pure Essence released one solitary 45 in the mid-1970s, they appeared on local FM rock radio station WEBN's second annual LP compilation, but the group was renamed'Essence'. Reid would experience more mainstream success when he became a member of the 1980s R&B band The Deele, best known for their 1988 hit "Two Occasions", a song on their third album Eyes of a Stranger; the band had broken up before the success of the single reunited to promote "Two Occasions" as it rose up the charts under Dick Griffey's Solar Records. The song peaked at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100.
After The Deele disbanded and bandmate Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds founded LaFace in 1989 through a joint venture with Arista Records, with funding from Arista Records creator Clive Davis. The label soon became one of the premiere destinations for popular African-American entertainers who created Black Pop music, accessible to both Urban and Top 40 radio formats. Reid signed 14-year-old Usher to the label, whose six album releases have sold 65 million units worldwide. Other popular acts on the label during its peak include Toni Braxton, TLC, Outkast. Both TLC and Toni Braxton went on to sell more than 65 million records each. Headquartered in Atlanta, the label played a significant role in developing the city's music industry. Hitco Publishing Group Reid formed the Hitco Publishing Group in 1996, as a joint venture with Windswept Music. While starting up Hitco, looking to connect to a new market of producers and talent, hired Shakir Stewart whom he saw as someone with "a finger on the pulse of the next generation of hot producers in the Atlanta music scene".
Shakir's first job in the music industry was as a creative executive at Hitco. In May 2000, Edmonds and Reid sold their remaining 50% stake in LaFace to parent company BMG; the label became an imprint of Arista Records, with Arista taking on sales and promotional duties for its acts. At this time, Reid succeeded his mentor Clive Davis as president of Arista Records. In 2000, LaFace was merged into Arista Records with Reid being promoted to president and CEO of Arista Records. In 1997 Reid attended the Harvard Business School six-week Advanced Management Program, in preparation to become CEO of Arista Records. In 2000. Reid signed his first unknown artists, Havana Mena latin/hip hop and pop/rocker Avril Lavigne, to Arista. Avril Lavigne's debut album Let; as president of Arista Records, Reid signed artists such as Ciara. Under Reid's tenure at Arista, Usher completed production on his multi-platinum hit 2004 album Confessions, which went on to spawn 4 #1 hit singles and sell 10 million copies in the United States alone.
Outkast's Speakerboxxx/The Love Below sold more than 10 million copies and won a Grammy Award for Album of the year. Following the merger of Sony and BMG, L. A. Reid was released from his contract at Arista in 2004 and became the chairman and CEO of The Island Def Jam Music Group in February 2004. Reid is noted for bringing Mariah Carey's career back to prominence with her multi-platinum 2005 album The Emancipation of Mimi after her career had stalled from 2001 to 2003 with less than stellar sales and general lack of public interest for her two previous projects and Charmbracelet. Reid played a role in the successes of artists such Kanye West, Bon Jovi, Justin Bieber and was credited for the musical comeback of Jennifer Lopez with her 2011 album Love?. Reid stepped down as Chairman/CEO of Island Def Jam in March 2011. In early 2011 Reid became a judge on the U. S. version of the British television singing competition The X Factor, alongside its creator and former American Idol judge Simon Cowell, 80s pop star Paula Abdul and former Pussycat Dolls singer Nicole Scherzinger, who replaced British recording artist Cheryl Cole.
Reid was assigned the Boys category throughout the competition, aided by friend an
Shock Value (Timbaland album)
Shock Value is the second solo album, fifth album overall, by record producer and rapper Timbaland. It is Timbaland's first release on his own imprint, the Interscope Records-distributed Mosley Music Group. Shock Value features a long list of guest artists, among them Fall Out Boy, Justin Timberlake, The Hives, Keri Hilson, Nelly Furtado, Missy Elliott, 50 Cent, Tony Yayo, Dr. Dre, OneRepublic, Elton John and Nicole Scherzinger. "Release" is featured in the EA Sports game Madden NFL 08 and "The Way I Are" is on the soundtrack of NBA Live 08. On April 16, the unreleased song "Laugh at'Em" was leaked to the Internet, it was supposed to be on the album but was not completed in time. It features Justin Timberlake; the song is now surnamed as the "Give It to Me" remix. Another unreleased track called "I See U", featuring Attitude and D. O. E. was leaked to the internet. An instrumental version of the album was released on the iTunes Store on July 31, 2007; the album was supposed to be supported by a Shock Value 2008 Tour.
The tour was to begin in Australia and continue to New Zealand, but was postponed and cancelled because the expected amount that Showtime Touring was to pay Timbaland was unavailable, the star refused to perform. There had been many scheduling conflicts with Europe; the tour was cancelled one day. Shock Value received mixed reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received a weighted mean score of 54, based on 24 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews"; the album debuted at number five with 138,000 copies sold. It debuted at number ten on the week of July 22 climbed to number five; the album has since reached number two in the number thirteen in France. The album was certified Platinum in Canada by the CRIA in August 2007. On the Australian ARIA Albums Chart, Shock Value was certified 3x Platinum with sales of 210,000+ copies, it reached the top of the album chart on the week beginning 12/31/2007.
In BBC Radio 1's end of year chart for 2007, Shock Value was the ninth best-selling album in the UK. On July 3, 2008 Shock Value had sold 2,234,971 in the United States, 3,500,000 copies worldwide. "Give It to Me" was released as the first single on March 15, 2007. It peaked at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, scoring Timbaland his first US No.1. Meanwhile, it scored Timbaland his first UK No.1. It features additional vocals from Justin Timberlake. "The Way I Are" was released as the second single on June 15, 2007. It peaked at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 and at #1 on the UK Singles Chart to score Timbaland his second UK No.1. It features additional vocals from Keri Hilson and a rap verse from D. O. E, it is believed that Timbaland sampled Salt-n-Pepa's "Push It" on this song but that harmony was performed by Keri Hilson. "Apologize" was released as the third single on August 12, 2007. It features the same vocals from the original, it peaked at # 2 on the Billboard Hot 100. On the Billboard Hot 100 Songs of the Decade, "Apologize" came 10th, making it his most successful song ever.
"Scream" was released as the fourth single and final single on December 7, 2007. It did peak at # 12 on the UK Singles Chart, it features additional vocals from Nicole Scherzinger. "Throw It on Me" was set to be released as the third single, yet it was instead released as a US Promotional Single on August 5, 2007. It features main vocals from The Hives, it peaked at #96 on the Billboard Hot 100. A music video for the song was released in late 2007. "Bounce" was released as a promotional single in the US on February 8, 2008, after it was featured in the soundtrack for Step Up 2: The Streets. It features rap verses from Dr. Dre and Missy Elliott, it peaked at #93 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song uses an uncredited sample of the song "Dirty Talk" by Klein + M. B. O. Two songs from the album were performed on an episode of the ABC soap opera One Life to Live on October 9, 2007. Timbaland performed "The Way I Are" with Keri Hilson, D. O. E. and Sebastian. OneRepublic appeared in the same episode and performed "Apologize".
Notes ^ signifies a co-producer ^ signifies a vocal producer "Oh Timbaland" contains samples "Sinner Man" by Nina Simone. "Boardmeeting" contains interpolations from "Get Down on It" by Kool & the Gang and replayed elements from "The Breaks" by Kurtis Blow. The Shock Value 2008 Tour was supposed to be Timbaland's concert tour to support his album, Timbaland Presents Shock Value. Dates in Australia and New Zealand were announced. However, the tour was cancelled one day before it was going to begin due to scheduling conflicts in Europe
V. Bozeman, is an American soul singer, record producer and actress, best known for her recurring role as Veronica in the Fox primetime musical drama television series Empire. Bozeman began her career vocal producing songs such as "Lay It Down" by Lloyd in 2011. Bozeman was raised in the South region of Los Angeles, California, she attended California State University, Long Beach. She had the dream of being a singer since early childhood. Bozeman is under the label Mosley Music Group, she has been featured in music by Timbaland, CeeLo Green, Timothy Bloom, Rihanna. Her manager is Monica Payne of the short-lived new jack swing groups The Gyrlz and Terri & Monica. Bozeman performed; the show's debut soundtrack album peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 chart in the United States. The music video of the song garnered more than 40 million views on YouTube. Music Is My Boyfriend 2015: Hourglass 2010: The Blue Wall: Kendra 2015–present: Empire: Veronica 2016: The Black Book: herself 2016: 90 Days: Samantha 2016: Boy Bye: Melanie 2017: Versus Official website V. Bozeman at AllMusic V. Bozeman discography at Discogs V. Bozeman on IMDb
Maneater (Nelly Furtado song)
"Maneater" is a song by Canadian singer Nelly Furtado from her third studio album Loose. The song was written by Furtado, Tim "Timbaland" Mosley, Nate "Danja" Hills, Jim Beanz, released to mainstream radio in the United States in September 2006; the song's musical style and production were inspired by the Hall & Oates song of the same name and other music from the 1980s. The song received positive reviews from music critics, most of them comparing the song to Madonna and Depeche Mode songs from the 1980s. Outside North America, "Maneater" became one of Furtado's most popular singles, topping the charts in the United Kingdom and peaking within the top ten of the charts across much of Europe and Australia, it became a club hit in North America but was less commercially successful than the lead single "Promiscuous". The accompanying music video was filmed by American director Anthony Mandler in Los Angeles; the video premiered on Yahoo! Music on 6 September, was given a "First Look" on MTV's Total Request Live on 8 September.
The song was included on the setlist for Furtado's third tour Get Loose Tour. "Maneater" was one of the first songs Furtado and Timbaland worked on in the Hit Factory Criteria recording studios in Miami, Florida. She has described the song as an analogy of how she incorporated the "creative energy" of Timbaland and his production crew into Loose; when making the album and Timbaland were influenced by the work of musicians from the 1980s such as Talking Heads, Madonna, The Police and Eurythmics. Final production of the track was delayed. Furtado has characterized "Maneater" as "a'couture pop' song", explaining that it is "in your face and fashionable, stylistic and of-the-moment." In an interview with MTV News, she compared it favorably to eating too much cheesecake: "It's got a crazy loud beat, the vocals are bitchy and loud. A lot of people say it sounds like Peaches, because of the delivery, the spooky vocals." According to Furtado, the song is related to how people become "hot on themselves" when dancing in their underwear in front of a mirror.
" has a life of its own. Furtado recorded a remix of "Maneater" with rapper Lil Wayne, featured in a Timbaland's compilation album Remix & Soundtrack Collection; the instrumental of this version was used during many television performances of "Maneater". In Australia, the CD was released in two formats, although one version had an limited run and was not available; the Australia-exclusive "Maneater" CD single includes a cover of Gnarls Barkley's "Crazy" recorded on BBC Radio 1's Live Lounge program, on which "Maneater" was covered three times, by pop punk band Panic! at the Disco, dance music duo Basement Jaxx and rock band Boy Kill Boy, whose cover was released on the album Radio 1's Live Lounge. "Maneater" is an uptempo electropop song that combines 1980s electro synths and a more dance-oriented beat. The uptempo song has prominent rock and synthpop influences and is lyrically related to how people become "hot on themselves" when dancing in their underwear in front of a mirror, she stated: " has a life of its own.
Media sources compared it to the 1982 Hall & Oates single of the same name, which Furtado has cited as an influence on the song. The song has a dance tempo and is composed in the key of B flat minor with a tempo of 132 beats per minute. "Maneater" has earned acclaim from music critics. Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone stated that while not a Hall & Oates cover, the song "bumps hard enough to qualify as a sequel, that's high praise indeed." AllMusic reviewer Stephen Thomas Erlewine cited "Maneater" as a highlight of Furtado's makeover, but believed that no matter how much Furtado sings about sex, she does not sound sexy and does not "generate much carnal heat."About.com's Bill Lamb gave the song 3.5 out of 5 stars, praising the "powerful thumping beat and insanely catchy chorus", but considering the song repetitive and more suitable for the dance floor than radio stations. IGN's review considered it too similar to British singer M. I. A.: "the blatant attempt to capitalize on that causes the track to crumble."
The song was ranked as the twentieth best single of 2006 at The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop poll. "Maneater" was made available as a download on 22 May. It was released on maxi CD as the album's first single outside North America on 26 May in Austria and Switzerland, on 5 June in the United Kingdom and other European markets, it debuted at number eight on the UK Singles Chart the week before its physical release, a week it went to number one. "Maneater" was the seventh highest selling single in the UK in 2006, with 296,000 units sold. In early 2007, chart rules were changed to allow tracks not accompanied by physical singles to appear on the singles chart, "Maneater" subsequently re-entered the top forty on downloads alone; the British Phonographic Industry certified "Maneater" gold for shipments of 400,000 units. The single became a hit elsewhere in Europe, reaching the top five in Austria, Germany and Norway, the top ten in Belgium and the Netherlands and the top twenty in France. "Maneater" was released on U.
S. national television at the Fashion Rocks event on 8 September 2006. It entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number sixty-two, the highest debut of the week, peaked at number sixteen. "Maneater" reached number one on the Hot Dance Club Play chart, but it was not as commercially successful in the U. S. as the preceding single, "Promiscuous", which reached number one on all three charts. The
Epic Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc. the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. The label was founded predominantly as a jazz and classical music label in 1953, but expanded its scope to include a more diverse range of genres, including pop, R&B, hip hop. Epic Records has released music by artists including Glenn Miller, Tammy Wynette, George Michael, The Yardbirds, Shakin Stevens, Cheap Trick, Meat Loaf, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ted Nugent, Sly & the Family Stone, The Hollies, Celine Dion, ABBA, Culture Club, Dave Clark Five, Gloria Estefan, Pearl Jam, Rage Against the Machine, Michael Jackson. Along with Arista, Columbia and RCA Records, Epic is one of Sony Music Entertainment's four flagship record labels. Artists who have signed to Epic Records include French Montana, Fiona Apple, Sara Bareilles, Jennifer Lopez, Keyshia Cole, Hardwell, Fifth Harmony, Jennifer Hudson, Zara Larsson, Mariah Carey, Ozzy Osbourne, Judas Priest, Busta Rhymes, Rick Ross, 21 Savage, Travis Scott, DJ Khaled, Meghan Trainor, Camila Cabello, Swizz Beatz and Louis Tomlinson.
Epic Records was launched in 1953 by the Columbia Records unit of CBS for the purpose of marketing jazz and classical music that did not fit the theme of its more mainstream Columbia Records label. Initial classical music releases were from Philips Records which distributed Columbia product in Europe. Pop talent on co-owned Okeh Records were transferred to Epic which made Okeh a rhythm and blues label. Epic's bright-yellow and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases; this has included such notables as the Berlin Philharmonic, Charles Rosen, the Juilliard String Quartet, Antal Doráti conducting the Hague Philharmonic and George Szell conducting the Cleveland Orchestra. By 1960, Epic became better known for its signing of newer, fledgling acts. By the end of the 1960s, Epic earned its first gold records and had evolved into a formidable hit-making force in rock and roll, R&B and country music. Among its many acts, it included Roy Hamilton, Bobby Vinton, The Dave Clark Five, The Hollies, Tammy Wynette, The Yardbirds, July, Helen Shapiro and Jeff Beck.
Several of the British artists on the Epic roster during the 1960s were the result of CBS's Epic/Okeh units' international distribution deal with EMI. Epic was involved in a notable "trade" of artists. Graham Nash was signed to Epic because of his membership in The Hollies; when the newly formed Crosby, Stills & Nash wanted to sign with Atlantic Records, Ahmet Ertegün worked out a deal with Clive Davis whereby Richie Furay's new band Poco would sign with Epic. Epic's commercial success continued to grow in the 1970s with releases from ABBA in the UK, Cheap Trick, The Clash, Charlie Daniels, Heart, The Isley Brothers, The Jacksons, George Jones, Meat Loaf, Johnny Nash, Ted Nugent, REO Speedwagon, Minnie Riperton, Charlie Rich, Sly & the Family Stone, Steve Vai, Edgar Winter. Contributing to the label's success was its distribution of Philadelphia International Records, which produced additional hit records by acts such as The Three Degrees and McFadden and Whitehead. During the 1960s, Epic oversaw the smaller subsidiary CBS labels including Okeh Records and Date Records.
In 1968, Epic recordings began being distributed in the UK by CBS after the distribution deal with EMI expired that year. Sony Corporation bought CBS Records in 1987, the company was renamed Sony Music in 1991, it began splitting European operations into two separate labels and Columbia, in 1992, in 1997, Sony Music Australia and New Zealand followed suit. In 2004, Sony merged with music distributor BMG, bringing Arista Records, Columbia Records, Epic Records, J Records, Jive Records, RCA Records, Zomba Group of Companies to one parent company known as Sony BMG Music Entertainment. In 2008, Sony bought out BMG for $1.2 billion, bringing all affiliated labels together as Sony Music Entertainment International, SMEI. The merger was approved by the European Union in 2009. Epic's 1980s and 1990s mainstream success were fueled by its signing and releasing of albums by notable acts such as Michael Jackson, Culture Club, the Miami Sound Machine and Gloria Estefan and George Michael, Adam Ant, Living Colour, Dead or Alive, Cyndi Lauper, Ozzy Osbourne, Pearl Jam, Luther Vandross, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Rage Against the Machine, Céline Dion, Oasis among others.
One of the label's greatest financial payoffs came via the release of Thriller, the 1982 album by Michael Jackson, which went on to achieve 51–65 million in worldwide sales, becoming the biggest selling album in history. Epic Soundtrax was founded in 1992, it was central to Epic's 1990s success, with 11 releases cumulatively selling more than 40 million records over a three-year period. Notable releases included soundtrack albums for Honeymoon in Vegas, Sleepless in Seattle, Forrest Gump and Judgement Night. In July 2011, L. A. Reid became the CEO of Epic Records, signing artists such as TLC, Toni Braxton, Cher Lloyd, Avril Lavigne, Future, Yo Gotti, Meghan Trainor, DJ Khaled and Travis Scott. Epic signed the winners of The X Factor during the seasons that Reid appeared on the show. In 2013, Sylvia Rhone, former president of Universal Motown, launched the imprint Vested In Culture through Epic Records. A year she was named president of the label. In November 2014, Mosley Music Group created