Motala is a locality and the seat of Motala Municipality, Östergötland County, Sweden with 29,823 inhabitants in 2010. It is the third largest city following Linköping and Norrköping. Motala is situated on the eastern shore of Lake Vättern and is regarded as the main centre of both the Göta Canal and the surrounding lake region. Motala Church dates from the 13th century. For several centuries, Motala remained a small village regarded as a stopping post on the road to the nearby town of Vadstena, one of the cultural centres of medieval Sweden. However, King Gustav Vasa had a manor house built at Motala and Queen Kristina had a summer residence built at the spa resort of Medevi, 20 km north of the town; when the Göta Canal was built in the early 19th century, Motala became an important town for the trade on the canal. The builder of the canal, Baltzar von Platen, has his grave beside it; the town received the minor privilege status of köping in 1823, while full city rights were granted as of April 1, 1881.

With the Swedish municipal reform of 1971, Motala became the seat of Motala Municipality. Motala Verkstad is an engineering company specialising in railway construction equipment. In the science fiction novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne, the prow of the submarine Nautilus was built at Motala Verkstad. Major Swedish industrial manufacturers such as Electrolux and Luxor had their main factories built in the city. In 1963, Tetra Pak installed the first Tetra Brik packaging machine in Motala. Motala has a temperate climate. Lake Vättern provides Motala with cooler summers and milder winters compared to areas of inner Östergötland; the warmest month is July with an average daily mean temperature at 16.4 °C, an average daytime temperature at 21.6 °C. The coldest month is February with an average daily mean at −3.3 °C, an average daytime temperature at +0.1 °C. Record temperatures between 1961 and 1990, as registered by Motala Kraftverk weather station, reaches from −26.3 °C in February 1985 to 32.6 °C in August 1975.

Motala experiences much rainfall, with the wettest month being August with an average of 71 millimetres of rain. The driest month is March, with an average of 29 millimetres of rain. Another important episode of Motala history began in 1927, when the Swedish national Motala longwave transmitter station was built; the town marks the middle of a straight line between Sweden's two biggest cities and Gothenburg. Radio programs were transferred from studios in Stockholm to Motala by telephone wire; the call was "Stockholm-Motala". The transmitter operated on 191 kHz until 1962. Since 1991 there have been no longwave transmissions at all by the Swedish Broadcasting Company, but the Motala transmitter, a museum today, sometimes makes low power transmissions which may only be received in the Motala area. At Ervasteby, near Motala, there is a 332 metres tall guyed mast, used for FM- and TV-broadcasting; some years before the broadcasting station was established. Luxor soon became one of the largest radio and television manufacturers in Sweden.

In the 1980s Luxor started producing their own line of computers, like the ABC 80. In 1985 Luxor was acquired by Nokia, production moved elsewhere; the Motala Motor Museum contains cars and many hundreds of other period pieces, including motorbikes, racing cars, record players and many, other objects from the first 70 or so years of the 20th century. The Swedish Broadcasting Museum with the twin radio towers; the Göta Canal with locks. The old Motala Works with museums and exhibitions in historical buildings. Motala Church, dating back to the 13th Century. Motala Museum at Charlottenborg Castle. Varamon beach. Baltzar Von Platen's gravesite, located along the Göta CanalFor sights surrounding Motala, see Motala Municipality; the following sports clubs are located in Motala: BK Zeros IFK Motala Motala AIF Motala Segelsällskap A November 2015 genetic study published in Nature included an analysis of six hunter-gatherers buried at Motala between ca. 6000 BC and 5700 BC. Of the four males surveyed, three carried the paternal haplogroup I2a1 or various subclades of it, while the other carried I2c.

With regards to mtDNA, four individuals carried subclades of U5a, while two carried U2e1. Mathieson, Iain. "Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians". Nature. Nature Research. 528: 499–503. Doi:10.1038/nature16152. PMC 4918750. PMID 26595274. Retrieved January 7, 2020. Mathieson, Iain. "The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe". Nature. Nature Research. 555: 197–203. Doi:10.1038/nature25778. PMC 6091220. PMID 29466330. Retrieved January 7, 2020. Media related to Motala at Wikimedia Commons Motala travel guide from Wikivoyage


VSCO known as VSCO Cam, is a photography mobile app for iOS and Android devices. The app was created by Greg Lutze; the VSCO app allows users to capture photos in the app and edit them, using preset filters and editing tools. Visual Supply Company was founded by Joel Flory and Greg Lutze in California in 2011, it raised $40 million from investors in May 2014. In 2019, VSCO acquired Rylo, a video editing startup founded by the original developer of Instagram’s Hyperlapse. Visual Supply Company has locations in Oakland, where it is headquartered, Chicago, Illinois; as of 2018, Visual Supply Company has $90 million in funding from investors and over 2 million paying members. Photos can be imported from the camera roll, as well as short videos or animated GIFs; the user can edit their photos through various preset filters, or through the "toolkit" feature which allows finer adjustments, to fade, skin tone, sharpen, contrast, temperature and other properties. Users have the option of posting their photos to their profile, where they can add captions and hashtags.

Photos can be exported back into the camera roll or shared with other social networking services. The users have an option to edit their own videos from their camera roll with the VSCO yearly membership, but they are not able to post camera roll videos to their account on VSCO. JPEG and raw image files can be used

Fujiwara no Uchimaro

Fujiwara no Uchimaro was a Japanese noble of the Nara period and early Heian period. He was the third son of the dainagon Fujiwara no Matate and thus a member of the Hokke, he reached the court rank of ju ni-i and the position of udaijin, posthumously of ju ichi-i and daijō-daijin. He was known as Go-Nagaoka-Daijin, he served the emperors Kanmu and Saga, was trusted and valued by each. He succeeded his line as the head of the family. Unlike his father, whose secondary status in the family had prevented him from making daijin, Uchimaro rose to udaijin, led the cabinet in Heizei's reign and the beginning of Saga's, he had many children, helping to lay the foundation for the success of the Hokke. On the ascension of Emperor Kanmu in 781, Uchimaro was promoted from shō roku-i no jō to ju go-i no ge, he was consecutively promoted in 785, 786, 787, culminating in the rank of ju shi-i no ge. This came shortly after Uchimaro's first wife, Kudara no Nagatsugu, who had since become a court lady, bore the emperor a prince.

It has been theorized that this birth precipitated Uchimaro's rapid promotion, that he used Nagatsugu as collateral to deepen his relationship with the Emperor. During this period, he held various positions as a provincial governor. Uchimaro held head directoral positions in a division of the imperial guard, the Ministry of Justice, the kuraryō, a body governing the finances of the imperial household. In 794 after the move of the capital to Heian-kyō, Uchimaro joined the kugyō with a promotion to sangi. At the age of 39, this made him the second youngest member of the cabinet after the 34-year-old Fujiwara no Takatoshi of the Nanke. However, in the next few years, four high-ranking cabinet officials, including udaijin Fujiwara no Tsuginawa and dainagon Ki no Kosami, died or retired, in 798, Uchimaro was promoted to ju san-mi and chūnagon, he obtained various other positions during this period, including general of the imperial guard. In 799 he was put in charge of the continued relocation to the capital.

During the dispute between Fujiwara no Otsugu and Sugano no Mamichi, in which Otsugu persuaded the Emperor to suspend his campaign in Ezo and the construction of Heian-kyō, Uchimaro waited on Kanmu by his side. When Emperor Heizei ascended to the throne in 806, Uchimaro was promoted to dainagon; when Prince Miwa died a month Uchimaro took over as head of the cabinet with a promotion to shō san-mi and udaijin. In 809, he was promoted to ju ni-i, he emerged unscathed from the attempted coup of the Kusuko Incident. Uchimaro died on November 13, 812, at the age of 57, he was posthumously promoted to ju ichi-i and sadaijin, days again to daijō-daijin. According to the Nihon Kōki, Uchimaro was mild-mannered and popular, people were happy to follow him; the emperors he served trusted him and while he did not flatter them, he did not remonstrate them when they disagreed. He served in important government positions for more than ten years without committing any blunders, he was noted to have an exceptionally ready wit.

Uchimaro commissioned statues of the Four Heavenly Kings and a version of Kannon and let his son Fuyutsugu offer them to Kōfuku-ji. An anecdote in the Nihon Kōki states that when Prince Osabe was crown prince, he bore ill will toward Uchimaro and tried to injure him. There was a horse with a habit of kicking and biting, the prince had Uchimaro mount this horse, but the horse kept its head down and did not try to move, when they whipped it, it turned around once. Father: Fujiwara no Matate Mother: daughter of Abe no Obimaro Wife: Kudara no Nagatsugu, daughter of Asukabe no Natomaro a court lady of Emperor Kanmu Son: Fujiwara no Manatsu Son: Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu Wife: Sakanoue no Nariko, second daughter of Sakanoue no Karitamaro Son: Fujiwara no Sakuramaro Son: Fujiwara no Futakimaro Son: Fujiwara no Nagaoka Son: name unclear Daughter: Fujiwara no Esuko Wife: daughter of Itō Daishin Son: Fujiwara no Chikanari Wife: daughter of Fujiwara no Nagate Son: Fujiwara no Mamoru Wife: Son: Fujiwara no Akitsugu Son: Fujiwara no Ritsu Son: Fujiwara no Ōtsu Son: Fujiwara no Tasuke Son: Fujiwara no Osamu Daughter: Fujiwara no Onatsu, wife of Emperor Saga Daughter: Wife of Ki no Aritsune Kurihara, Hiromu.

藤原内麿家族について. Japanese History