click links in text for more info

Motilal Nehru

Motilal Nehru was an Indian lawyer and politician belonging to the Indian National Congress. He served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929, he was a member of the Nehru-Gandhi family and the father of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. Motilal Nehru was born on the posthumous son of Gangadhar Nehru and his wife Indrani; the Nehru family had been settled for several generations in Delhi, Gangadhar Nehru was a kotwal in that city. During India's independence struggle of 1857, Gangadhar left Delhi with his family and moved to Agra, where some of his relatives lived. By some accounts, the Nehru family home in Delhi had been burnt down during the Mutiny. In Agra, Gangadhar arranged the weddings of his two daughters and Maharani, into suitable Kashmiri Brahmin families, he died in February 1861 and his youngest child, was born three months later. At this time, Motilal's two older brothers, Bansidhar Nehru and Nandlal Nehru, were nineteen and sixteen years old respectively.

Since the family had lost nearly all its assets in the upheaval of 1857, Jeorani turned to her brother, Amarnath Zutshi of Bazaar Sitaram in old Delhi, for support until her sons could begin earning. She did receive some support from him, but all of Delhi had suffered hugely during the recent mutiny and assistance could not be open-ended. Within a couple of years, Nandlal secured a job as a clerk in the court of a Raja of Khetri and began supporting his mother and brother. Thus, Motilal came to spend his childhood in Khetri, second largest thikana within the princely state of Jaipur, now in Rajasthan, his elder brother, Nandlal gained the favour of Raja Fateh Singh of Khetri, the same age as him, rose to the position of Diwan of the vast feudal estate. In 1870, Fateh Singh died childless and was succeeded by a distant cousin, who had little use for his predecessor's confidants. Nandlal left Khetri for Agra and found that his prior career at Khetri equipped him to advise litigants regarding their legal suits.

Once he realised this, he exhibited his industry and resilience again by studying for and passing the necessary examinations so that he could practice law in the British colonial courts. He began practising law at the provincial High Court at Agra. Subsequently, the High Court shifted base to Allahabad, the family moved to that city, thus began the family's association with Allahabad, which many people mistakenly believe is the city from where the Nehru family hails. Thanks to the professional success and generosity of Nandlal, the fatherless Motilal received an excellent and modern education in both Agra and Allahabad. Indeed, the far-sighted Nandlal ensured that his brother became among the earliest Indians to receive a Western-style college education. Motilal passed the matriculation examination from Kanpur, went on to attend Muir Central College at Allahabad. Motilal began practising as a lawyer at Kanpur. Three years he moved to Allahabad to join the lucrative practice established by his brother Nandlal.

The following year, in April 1887, his brother died at the age of forty-two, leaving behind five sons and two daughters. Thus Motilal at the age of 25 became sole bread-earner of the extended Nehru family. Many of Motilal's suits were civil cases involving large land-owning families and soon he made a mark for himself in the legal profession of Allahabad. With the success of his practice, in 1900, he bought a large family home in the Civil Lines of the city, rebuilt it and named it Anand Bhavan. In 1909 he reached the pinnacle of his legal career by gaining the approval to appear in the Privy Council of Great Britain, his frequent visits to Europe angered the Kashmiri Brahmin community as he refused to perform the traditional "prayashchit", or reformation ceremony, after crossing the ocean. He was the first Chairman of the board of directors of The Leader, a leading daily published from Allahabad. On 5 February 1919 he launched a new daily paper, The Independent, as a counterblast to The Leader, much too liberal for Motilal's standard and articulate thought in 1919.

He started on the path to become wealthy among the few leaders of the Indian National Congress. Under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi in 1918, Nehru became one of the first to transform his life to exclude western clothes and material goods, adopting a more native Indian lifestyle. To meet the expenses of his large family and large family homes, Nehru had to return to his practice of law. Swaraj Bhawan belonged to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, the 19th century Muslim leader and educationist. At the house-warming party, Sir William Moor hoped that this large palatial home in Civil Lines of Allahabad would become the cement holding together the British Empire in India. Paradoxically, the house was bought by Motilal Nehru in 1900, went on to become a cradle to the Indian Freedom Struggle, to destroy British rule in India. Motilal Nehru twice served as President of the Congress Party, once in Amritsar and the second time in Calcutta. Elected to preside over the Amritsar Congress, Motilal was in the centre of the gathering storm which pulled down many familiar landmarks during the following year.

He was the only front rank leader to lend his support to non-co-operation at the special Congress at Calcutta in September 1920. The Calcutta Congress over which Motil

Sakuragawa Station (Osaka)

Sakuragawa Station is a railway station on the Osaka Metro Sennichimae Line and the Hanshin Railway Hanshin Namba Line in Naniwa-ku, Japan. Osaka MetroSennichimae Line Hanshin Electric RailwayHanshin Namba Line This station has an island platform serving 2 tracks underground; this station has an island platform serving 2 tracks underground. There are 2 returning tracks for the trains of Kintetsu in the west of the station. Train crew take turns at conducting between Kintetsu and Hanshin. Trains are operated by Kintetsu crew between Ōsaka Namba Station. Shiomibashi StationNankai Railway Koya Line Naniwa Hospital Naniwa-suji Nishi-Dotombori River Amidaike-suji


Splicing factor U2AF 65 kDa subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the U2AF2 gene. U2 auxiliary factor, composed of a large and a small subunit, is a non-snRNP protein required for the binding of U2 snRNP to the pre-mRNA branch site; this gene encodes the U2AF large subunit, which contains a sequence-specific RNA-binding region with 3 RNA recognition motifs and an Arg/Ser-rich domain necessary for splicing. The large subunit binds to the polypyrimidine tract of introns early during spliceosome assembly. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been detected for this gene, but the full-length natures of only two have been determined to date. In humans and other tetrapods, it has been shown that without U2AF2, the splicing process is inhibited. However, in zebrafish and other teleosts the RNA splicing process can still occur on certain genes in the absence of U2AF2; this may be because 10% of genes have alternating TG and AC base pairs at the 3' splice site and 5' splice site on each intron, which alters the secondary structure of the RNA and influences splicing.

U2AF2 has been shown to interact with

The Homesman

The Homesman is a 2014 historical drama set in the 1850s Midwest, directed by Tommy Lee Jones. The screenplay by Jones, Kieran Fitzgerald and Wesley Oliver is based on the 1988 novel of the same name by Glendon Swarthout; the film stars Jones and Hilary Swank and features Meryl Streep, Grace Gummer, Miranda Otto, Hailee Steinfeld, John Lithgow, James Spader. The film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival and received a North American limited release on November 14, 2014 by Roadside Attractions; the Homesman has received positive reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a rating average of 7.1/10. The title refers to the task of taking immigrants back home, a man's job. In 1854 Mary Bee Cuddy is a 31-year-old spinster from New York, a former teacher who journeyed to the Midwest for more opportunity, she is an active member of the small farming community of Loup in the Nebraska Territory, has significant financial prospects and sizable land ownership.

She seems strong and independent, but feels isolated. She makes dinner for her neighbor Bob Giffen, sings to him, but when she proposes he turns her down saying she is "plain, too bossy". After a harsh winter, three women from the community begin to show signs of mental instability due to the hardships they have faced. Arabella Sours has lost three children to diphtheria, Theoline Belknap kills her own child after a poor harvest puts her family at risk of starvation, Gro Svendsen, a Danish immigrant, is shown to be in an abusive relationship with her husband and has a breakdown after her mother dies. Reverend Dowd calls upon one of their husbands to escort the women eastward to a church in Hebron, Iowa that cares for the mentally ill. One of the men refuses to participate in the lottery to determine. While preparing for her journey, Cuddy encounters George Briggs, a claim jumper, about to be lynched for stealing Bob Giffen's land while he is away. Briggs begs Cuddy for help. Scared to make the trip alone, she frees him, in return demands his help escorting the women.

He casts doubt on the job and insists he be free to abandon her at any time. To persuade him, Cuddy tells him that she is mailing $300 to await his arrival in Iowa, but secretly keeps it with her. Briggs's experience comes in handy when the group crosses paths with hostile natives, he is able to bribe them by giving up one of their horses; when Arabella is kidnapped by a freighter, Briggs gives chase, the two men have a violent scuffle before Arabella kills her kidnapper. The caravan comes across the grave of an eleven-year-old girl, desecrated by Indians, Cuddy insists they stop and restore it. Briggs vows to push on, so Cuddy stays behind and agrees to catch up with him. After restoring the grave, Cuddy sets out on horseback. However, she loses her way, after riding all night discovers that she has gone in a circle and her horse has led her back to the grave. Catching up to Briggs after another night of riding, distraught over having to wander the desert, suggests they marry. Briggs, like all the previous men, rejects Cuddy saying he "aint no farmer", is only along for the promised reward.

That night, a naked Cuddy propositions him, despite his initial protestations, the two have sex. Rising late the next morning, Briggs finds. Briggs chastises Sours and Svendsen, blaming their illness for Cuddy's death as he buries her body, he discovers that she had kept the $300 with her the entire time, so takes a horse and abandons the three women. However, the trio follow him on foot, Arabella drowns while chasing him across a river. Briggs decides to continue taking them to Iowa instead. Briggs seeks food and shelter at an empty hotel belonging to Aloysius Duffy, who informs him that they have no rooms available for the caravan as a group of 16 investors are expected shortly, the women would sour the establishment. Briggs lashes out at Duffy. Briggs returns that night alone on horseback, he sends away the young cook, instructing her not to look back, sets the hotel on fire, shoots Duffy in the foot. Briggs takes a suckling pig to feed himself and the women and exits the hotel, leaving all inside to be burned alive.

Briggs reaches Hebron, passing the women into the care of Altha Carter, the wife of the church's reverend. He does not disclose the true cause. Guilty about having rejected Mary Bee's proposal, he has a wooden slab engraved with her name and plans to mark her grave with it, he gives a pair of shoes to Tabitha Hutchinson, a hard-working young maid at the hotel he is staying at, proposes to her, after advising her not to marry some young man going west, but to stay in town. She replies by telling him "maybe", he boards the ramshackle, open-decked river ferry heading back west, starts to sing a rowdy drunken song with two musicians he encounters on deck. When people at the pier complain about the noise, Briggs halts, fires his pistol several times toward shore and angrily shouts that they are headed west if it's against the will of the devil. Briggs returns to singing and begins to dance enthusiastically, his vigorous stomping making the wooden boards of the ferry's deck shake; as the ferry departs further out onto the river, Briggs' dancing continues and Mary Bee's grave marker is shaken closer to the unguarded edge of the deck by the commotion.

One of the bargemen

Walter Edmond Smith

Walter Edmond Smith, was an Australian Army officer and industrialist who fought in both World Wars. In the First World War, he served in the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force north-east of Australia in the New Guinea area in the Australian Imperial Force on the Western Front from 1916 to 1918. In the Second World War, as a brigadier, he commanded the first force deployed in the New Guinea Campaign, Australia's most important military campaign. During this campaign, he opposed elements of Australian military policy, his name was omitted from the official Australian history of the New Guinea Campaign. In civilian life he founded Australian engineering firm WE Smith Marine and General Engineer in 1922 which he managed continuously – except for the period during the Second World War that he undertook full-time military service – until his retirement in the 1970s. Walter Smith was born in Sydney on 30 March 1895. On finishing secondary school, he was apprenticed to marine and general engineering firm, Nicol Brothers, Darling Harbour, Sydney.

Shortly after the outbreak of First World War, Smith enlisted in the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force. In September 1914, the AN&MEF was dispatched to occupy the German Protectorate of New Guinea, administered from Rabaul on the island of New Britain north-east of New Guinea; the operation was Australia's first military engagement of the war and in October, after a brief period of fighting, the Australians secured their objectives. The AN&MEF's six-month tour of duty ended in February 1915 and Smith subsequently enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force, he was too late to serve at Gallipoli, but went on to serve on the Western Front from 1916 to 1918 as part of the 14th Infantry Brigade, seeing action in a number of battles including Fromelles in 1916, Polygon Wood in 1917, Mont St Quentin and Péronne in 1918. He was awarded the Military Cross twice, was recommended for the Distinguished Service Order, he was mentioned in General Sir John Monash's, The Australian Victories in France in 1918, in the official Australian history of the First World War in Europe.

During his time on the Western Front, Smith was hospitalised several times, being wounded by machine-gun fire and poison gas, suffering from trench foot, a form of frostbite. After the war, Smith returned to Sydney. In 1922, he founded a company called WE Smith Marine and General Engineer, based in Argyle Street, in The Rocks. Walter and Gladys had three children: Winifred and John. Smith was a lifelong friend of John Ridley, who had served as a Lewis gunner with Smith during the war. Ridley, shot through the neck during the Battle of Fromelles, became a street preacher and was instrumental in converting Sydney identity, Arthur Stace, to Christianity. Between the wars, Smith maintained his links with the military, serving in the part-time forces, the Australian Citizen Military Forces, based at Victoria Barracks, Sydney. On 23 October 1939, just after the outbreak of the Second World War, Smith was promoted to the rank of brigadier and appointed commander of the Australian 14th Infantry Brigade, a militia unit with members drawn from rural New South Wales and Canberra.

Until April 1942, the brigade was tasked with coastal defence of Australia's main war production centres stretching from Port Kembla about 110 kilometres south of Sydney to Newcastle about 160 kilometres north. It was responsible for providing conscripts with training in the Picton, Greta and Tomago areas near Sydney; the brigade's War Diary records that a week before the Battle of the Coral Sea of 4–7 May 1942, it was ordered on 29 April to move from Tomago near Newcastle to Greta in preparation for embarkation to Port Moresby, New Guinea. The Battle of the Coral Sea saw the Japanese suffer a heavy naval defeat, which forced them to refocus their efforts on securing Port Moresby by an overland attack across the Owen Stanley Range along the Kokoda Track from beachheads in the Buna–Gona–Sanananda area of north-east Papua New Guinea. In April 1942, the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit administered Papua New Guinea from Port Moresby under Major General Basil Morris; the main force of troops in New Guinea at this time, was the 30th Brigade, consisting of militia troops who had arrived at Port Moresby in January 1942.

The Anglican Bishop of New Guinea from 1936 to 1962, Sir Philip Strong, was in Port Moresby in April 1942 and recorded in his diary: "Went to the Rectory... The whole place had been ransacked... All houses in Port Moresby are the same and all this looting has been done by the military". At this time, these troops were under Morris' command. Smith arrived at Port Moresby on 25 May 1942 and was firstly based at Port Moresby and in the Gona–Buna and Sanananda area as commander of the 14th Brigade, his Officer's Record of Service records the following entry: 23.10.39 To comd. 14 Inf. Bde. 18.3.43 Relq commd. of 14 Inf Bde & is trans to Reserve of Officers in Hon Rank of Brig. From the outset, he opposed Morris. Smith said: on landing found myself at cross purposes with the Military administration.... I decided to stand firm and adopted a tough attitude.... Numerous attempts were made to humiliate me... I fought back, in most of the violent clashes with high authorities I managed to wriggle out of the trouble and leave them... in the wrong... Smith criticised Army supply and Intelligence failures.

In early 1943, he threatened Major General George Vasey with tabling Army documents in Australian Federal Parliamen

Russia (horse)

Russia was a hardy Australian bred Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 1946 Melbourne Cup and other staying races. He was a chestnut stallion foaled in 1940 by the unplaced, but good sire, Excitement from the unraced Lady March by the useful broodmare sire, Bonnement. Lady March had two sets of twins that died and Brazen March, a filly that did not race. Russia was bred at Trangie, New South Wales by J. G. Leeds and trained throughout his career by Ted Hush. During Russia's racing career Leeds gave Ted Hush a half share in Russia prior to his Melbourne Cup win. A hardy competitor he competed for seven seasons over distances from 5 furlongs to 2¼ miles, starting 89 times for 22½ wins, which included victories in 19 principal races. Racing under weight for age conditions he won 12½ races and defeated Shannon and Flight when they were at the peak of their racing careers, his biggest win was the 1946 VRC Melbourne Cup which he won by five lengths in a time of 3 minutes 21.25 seconds that equalled the race record set by Wotan ten years earlier.

Russia won a further 10 races following his Melbourne Cup win. He won £39,273 during his racing career. Russia stood at stud in 1948, he was sold to David J. Davis of Phar Lap fame,now living in America after the conclusion of his racing career. Russia did not sire any principal race winners in Australia but did produce three stakes winners in the US, Carolas and Noredski