Motown Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group. It was founded by Berry Gordy Jr. as Tamla Records on January 12, 1959, incorporated as Motown Record Corporation on April 14, 1960. Its name, a portmanteau of motor and town, has become a nickname for Detroit, where the label was headquartered. Motown played an important role in the racial integration of popular music as an African American-owned label that achieved crossover success. In the 1960s, Motown and its subsidiary labels were the most successful proponents of the Motown Sound, a style of soul music with a mainstream pop appeal. Motown was the most successful soul music label, with a net worth of $61 million. During the 1960s, Motown achieved 79 records in the top-ten of the Billboard Hot 100 between 1960 and 1969. Following the events of the Detroit Riots of 1967 and the loss of key songwriting/production team Holland-Dozier-Holland the same year over pay disputes, Gordy relocated Motown to Los Angeles, California.
Motown expanded into film and television production, remaining an independent company until 1988, when it was sold to MCA Records. PolyGram purchased the label from MCA in 1993, followed by MCA successor Universal Music Group when it acquired PolyGram in 1999. Motown spent much of the 2000s headquartered in New York City as a part of the UMG subsidiaries Universal Motown and Universal Motown Republic Group. From 2011 to 2014, it was a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group division of Universal Music. In 2014, however, UMG announced the dissolution of Island Def Jam, Motown relocated back to Los Angeles to operate under the Capitol Music Group, now operating out of the Capitol Tower. In 2018, Motown was inducted into Blues Hall of Fame class at the Charles H. Wright Museum. Berry Gordy's interest in the record business began when he opened a record store called the 3D Record Mart, a shop where he hoped to "educate customers about the beauty of jazz", in Detroit, Michigan. Although the shop did not last long, Gordy's interest in the music business did not fade.
He frequented Detroit's downtown nightclubs, in the Flame Show Bar he met bar manager Al Green, who owned a music publishing company called Pearl Music and represented Detroit-based musician Jackie Wilson. Gordy soon became part of a group of songwriters—with his sister Gwen Gordy and Billy Davis—who wrote songs for Wilson. "Reet Petite" was their first major hit which appeared in November 1957. During the next eighteen months, Gordy helped to write six more Wilson A-sides, including "Lonely Teardrops", a peak-popular hit of 1958. Between 1957 and 1958, Gordy wrote or produced over a hundred sides for various artists, with his siblings Anna and Robert, other collaborators in varying combinations. Smokey Robinson first met Gordy in 1957. At the time, Gordy was interested in the doo-wop style. In 1958, Gordy released "Got a Job" for Robinson by leasing the record to a larger company outside Detroit called End Records, based in New York; the practice was common at the time for a small-time producer.
"Got a Job" was the first single by Robinson's group, now called the Miracles. Gordy recorded a number of other records by forging a similar arrangement, most with United Artists. In 1958, Gordy produced "Come to Me" for Marv Johnson. Seeing that the song had great crossover potential, Gordy leased it to United Artists for national distribution but released it locally on his own startup imprint. Needing $800 to cover his end of the deal, Gordy asked his family to borrow money from a cooperative family savings account. After some debate, his family agreed, in January 1959 “Come to Me” was released regionally on Gordy's new Tamla label. Gordy wanted to name the label Tammy Records, after the hit song popularized by Debbie Reynolds from the 1957 film Tammy and the Bachelor, in which Reynolds starred; when he found the name was in use, Berry decided on Tamla instead. In April 1959, Gordy and his sister Gwen founded Anna Records which released about two dozen singles between 1959 and 1960; the most popular was Barrett Strong's "Money", written by Gordy and a secretary named Janie Bradford, produced by Gordy.
Many of the songs distributed locally by Anna and Tamla Records were nationally distributed by Chess Records. Gordy's relationship with Chess fostered closer dealings with Harvey Fuqua, nephew of Charlie Fuqua of the Ink Spots. Harvey Fuqua married Gwen Gordy in 1961. Gordy looked toward creative self-sufficiency and established publishing firm Jobete, incorporated to the state of Michigan in June 1959, he applied for copyrights on more than seventy songs before the end of 1959, including material used for the Miracles and Frances Burnett records that were leased to Chess and Coral Records. The Michigan Chronicle of Detroit called Gordy an "independent producer of records", as his contributions to the city were beginning to attract notice. By that time, he was the president of Jobete and Rayber, a music writing company. Gordy worked in various Detroit-based studios during this period to produce recordings and demos, but most prominently with United Sound Systems, considered the best studio in town.
However, producing at United Sound Systems was financially taxing and not appropriate for every job, so Gordy decided it would be more cost effective to maintain his own facility. In mid-1959, he purchased a photography studio at 2648 West Grand Boulevard and converted t
Lisryan. is a village in County Longford, Ireland. Lisryan is located on the Regional Road the R395 road; the nearest towns are Edgeworthstown. Granard is served by the Bus Éireann number 111 bus service. Twice on a Friday only, the bus route changes and the bus drives through the village of Lisryan. Edgeworthstown is served by the Iarnród Éireann Sligo to Dublin train service. Lisryan is a rural village. There are bicycle in the area. There is a sports field located within the village, used for association football and Gaelic games. There is a bring bank for glass in one of 25 such banks in County Longford. Cloonshanagh or Coolamber Manor Demesne is a large country house on a site of 150 acres, it is located just outside the village of Lisryan. It was a drug rehabilitation centre, however its doors are now closed. List of towns and villages in Ireland
This is a list of Italian Ministers of Labour and Social Policies, a senior member of the Italian government who leads the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies. The list shows the ministers that served under the same office but with other names, in fact this Ministry has changed name many times. Parties 1946–1994: Socialist Party Christian Democracy Democratic Socialist Party Since 1994: Christian Democratic Centre Italian Renewal Democrats of the Left Lega Nord Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party The People of Freedom Five Star Movement Independent Governments Centrist coalition Centre-right coalition Centre-left coalition Mixed coalition