Postal Index Number
A Postal Index Number, or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, is a code in the post office numbering or postal code system used by India Post, the Indian postal entity. The code is six digits long; the PIN system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names, different languages used by the public. There are nine postal zones including eight regional zones and one functional zone; the first digit of the PIN indicates the zone. The second digit indicates the sub-zone, the third digit indicates the sorting district within that zone; the final three digits are assigned to individual post offices. The first digit of the PIN is allocated over the 9 zones as follows: 1 — Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, Chandigarh 2 — Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 3 — Rajasthan, Gujarat and Diu, Dadra and Nagar 4 — Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 5 — Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka 6 — Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Lakshadweep 7 — West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Nicobar Islands, Sikkim 8 — Bihar, Jharkhand 9 — Army Post Office and Field Post Office The first three digits of the PIN represent a specific geographical region called a sorting district, headquartered at the main post office of the largest city and is known as the sorting office.
A state may have one or more sorting districts depending on the volume of mail handled. The fourth digit represents the route; this is 0 for offices in the core area of the sorting district. The last two digits represent the delivery office within the sorting district starting from 01 which would be the General Post Office or head office; the numbering of the delivery office is done chronologically with higher numbers assigned to newer delivery offices. If the volume of mails handled at a delivery office is too large, a new delivery office is created and the next available PIN is assigned. Thus, two delivery offices situated next to each other will only have the first four digits in common; each PIN is mapped to one delivery post office which receives all the mail to be delivered to one or more lower offices within its jurisdiction, all of which share the same code. The delivery office can either be a General Post Office, a head office, or a sub-office which are located in urban areas; the post from the delivery office is sorted and routed to other delivery offices for a different PIN or to one of the relevant sub-offices or branch offices for the same PIN.
Branch offices have limited postal services. Find Pincode – India Post
Yajna means "devotion, offering", refers in Hinduism to any ritual done in front of a sacred fire with mantras. Yajna has been a Vedic tradition, described in a layer of Vedic literature called Brahmanas, as well as Yajurveda; the tradition has evolved from offering oblations and libations into sacred fire to symbolic offerings in the presence of sacred fire. Yajna rituals-related texts have been called the Karma-kanda portion of the Vedic literature, in contrast to Jnana-kanda portion contained in the Vedic Upanishads; the proper completion of Yajna-like rituals was the focus of Mimansa school of Hindu philosophy. Yajna have continued to play a central role such as weddings. Modern major Hindu temple ceremonies, Hindu community celebrations, or monastic initiations may include Yajna vedic rites, or alternatively be based on agamic rituals; the word yajna has its root in the Sanskrit yaj meaning "to worship, honor, revere" and appears in the early Vedic literature, composed in 2nd millennium BCE.
In Rigveda and others, it means "worship, devotion to anything and praise, an act of worship or devotion, a form of offering or oblation, sacrifice". In post-Vedic literature, the term meant any form of rite, ceremony or devotion with an actual or symbolic offering or effort. A yajna included major ceremonial devotions, with or without a sacred fire, sometimes with feasts and community events, it has, states Nigal, a threefold meaning of worship of the deities and charity. The Sanskrit word is related to the Avestan term yasna of Zoroastrianism. Unlike the Vedic yajna, the Yasna is the name of a specific religious service, not a class of rituals, they have "to do with water rather than fire"; the Sanskrit word is further related to Ancient Greek ἅζομαι, "to revere", deriving from the Proto-Indo-European root *Hyeh₂ǵ-. Yajna has been a part of an social ritual since the Vedic times; when the ritual fire – the divine Agni, the god of fire and the messenger of gods – were deployed in a Yajna, mantras were chanted.
The hymns and songs sung and oblations offered into the fire were a form of hospitality for the Vedic gods. The offerings were carried by Agni to the gods, the gods in return were expected to grant boons and benedictions, thus the ritual served as a means of spiritual exchange between gods and human beings; the Vedangas, or auxiliary sciences attached to the Vedic literature, define Yajna as follows, Definition of a Vedic sacrifice — Apastamba Yajna Paribhasa-sutras 1.1, Translator: M Dhavamony In the Upanishadic times, or after 500 BCE, states Sikora, the meaning of the term Yajna evolved from "ritual sacrifice" performed around fires by priests, to any "personal attitude and action or knowledge" that required devotion and dedication. The oldest Vedic Upanishads, such as the Chandogya Upanishad in Chapter 8, for example state, — Chandogya Upanishad 8.5.1 The Vedic Upanishads expand the idea further by suggesting that Yoga is a form of Yajna. The Shvetashvatara Upanishad in verse 1.5.14, for example, uses the analogy of Yajna materials to explain the means to see one's soul and God, with inner rituals and without external rituals.
It states, "by making one's own body as the lower friction sticks, the syllable Om as the upper friction sticks practicing the friction of meditation, one may see the Deva, hidden, as it were". Vedic yajnas are performed by four priests of the Vedic priesthood: the hotar, the adhvaryu, the udgatar and the Brahmin; the functions associated with the priests were: The Hotri recites invocations and litanies drawn from the Rigveda. The Adhvaryu is the priest's assistant and is in charge of the physical details of the ritual like measuring the ground, building the altar explained in the Yajurveda; the adhvaryu offers oblations. The Udgatri is the chanter of hymns set to melodies and music drawn from the Samaveda; the udgatar, like the hotar, chants the introductory and benediction hymns. The Brahmin is the superintendent of the entire performance, is responsible for correcting mistakes by means of supplementary verses. There were one, or three, fires lit in the center of the offering ground. Oblations are offered into the fire.
Among the ingredients offered as oblations in the yajna are ghee, grains and soma. The duration of a yajna depends on its type, some last only a few minutes whereas, others are performed over a period of hours, days or months; some yajnas were performed while others were community events. In other cases, yajnas were symbolic, such as in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad hymn 3.1.6, where "the mind is the Brahmin of sacrifice" and the goal of sacrifice was complete release and liberation. The benedictions proffered ranged from long life, gaining friends and heaven, more prosperity, to better crops. For example, where milk products, flowers and money are offered, are called homa or havanam. A typical Hindu marriage involves a Yajna; the Vedic yajna ritual is performed in modern era in a square altar called Vedi, set in a mandapa or mandala or kundam, wherein wood is placed along with oily seeds and other combustion aids. However, in ancient times, the square principle was incorporated into grids to build large complex shapes for community events.
Thus a rectangle, rhomboids or "large falcon bird" altars would be built from joining squares. The geometric ratios of these Vedi altar, with mathematical precisi
Abu Road railway station
Abu Road railway station is located in Sirohi district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is gateway to the popular hill station at Mount Abu. Abu Road railway station is at an elevation of 262.430 metres and is assigned the code – ABR. Rajputana State Railway opened the Delhi-Bandikui 1,000 mm wide metre gauge line in 1874, extended it to Ajmer in 1875 and to Ahmedabad in 1881; the Delhi-Ajmer metre gauge line was converted to 1,676 mm wide broad gauge in 1994. The Ahmedabad-Ajmer sector was converted to broad gauge in 1997 – parts of it were converted earlier. Ranakpur Express Suryanagri Express Ajmer Dadar Express Mysore Ajmer Express Bandra Terminus Jodhpur Express Delhi Sarai Rohilla Bandra Terminus Garib Rath Express Chandigarh Bandra Terminus Superfast Express Bandra Terminus Jammu Tawi Vivek Express Aravali Express Bikaner Dadar Superfast Express Gorakhpur Express Adi Gorakhpur Express via Ajmer/Jaipur Varanasi - Ahmedabad Exp. Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani Express Ashram Express Haridwar Mail Jodhpur Pune Express The railway's diesel shed located here provides employment to a large number of people and holds an important place in town's economy.
The Diesel Shed at Abu Road was commissioned by Indian Railways as a metre gauge shed on 26 October 1966. It was the largest MG shed of Western Railway with holdings of 112 locomotives. With broad gauge conversion, the shed was converted to a BG shed with holdings of 60 locomotives. There are 68 supervisors and 570 workers in the shed.. It is only Diesel shed in Ajmer division and 2nd in North Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. A diesel training center is located at the shed that conducts promotional and special courses for locomotive running staff as well as formal training of shed maintenance staff. Trains at Abu Road Mount Abu travel guide from Wikivoyage
States and union territories of India
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions; the Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was kept, India was divided into provinces that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty over the princely states. Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces.
The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was declared to be a "Union of States"; the constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; the eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, the ruler of a constituent state, an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India; the Part B states were Hyderabad and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India.
The Part C states were Ajmer, Bilaspur, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Vindhya Pradesh. The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government; the Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal and Mahé. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State; the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep. Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963; the Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana. Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.
Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished. In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories. In November 2000, three new states were created. Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh. ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad, located within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years; the Go
Nakki Lake is a lake situated in the Indian hill station of Mount Abu in Aravalli range. It is a ancient sacred Lake, according to the Hindu legend, it is called by this name. One story is of dug by Gods to live in, for protection against the Bashkali rakshash. While other is of Rakshiya Balam, who dug the lake, as the King told that whoever will dug the lake within one night, he will marry my daughter to him, but Queen refused and he couldn't marry the Princess. Temple of Rasiya Balam and Kunwari Kanya's is located behind the Dilwara Jain temple; the lake is in length of about a half mile and in width about of a quarter of mile and 20 to 30 ft. deep towards the dam on the west. It is an important tourist attraction of Mount Abu. There is the Toad Rock on a hill near the lake. Toad rock is so called as it looks like a toad about to jump into the lake, from the side of the rock facing the lake. There are two ways to go down the rock. By the side of the lake there is a path leading to Sunset Point, it is forbidden to climb to Sunset Point due to dangerous bandits living around the path to Sunset Point.
Raghunath Temple and Maharaja Jaipur Palace are on hills near the Lake. Boating in the lake and horse rides around the lake are available. Mahatma Gandhi's ashes were immersed in this Holy Lake on 12 February 1948 and Gandhi Ghat was constructed. List of lakes in India Media related to Nakki Lake at Wikimedia Commons Panorama of Nakki Lake, Mount Abu
Guru Shikhar, a peak in the Arbuda Mountains of Rajasthan, is the highest point of the Aravalli Range. It rises to an elevation of 1,722 metres, it is 15 km from Mount Abu and a road from there leads to the top of the mountain. It is named Guru-Shikhar or'the peak of the guru' after Dattatreya, an incarnation of Vishnu, a cave at the summit contains a temple dedicated to him, plus one dedicated his mother, wife of sage Atri nearby. Adjacent to the temple is the Mt Abu Observatory operated by the Physical Research Laboratory; this observatory hosts a 1.2m infrared telescope and several Astronomy experiments. In this mythological history, the name of goddess Anusuya and her husband, Atri, is recorded as wife and husband, it is a matter of time that Mother Anasuya Trideva became absorbed in the strictest tenacity for obtaining a son like Brahma, Mahesh, which made Saraswati and Parvati feel uneasy, the wife goddesses of the three Gods. The three said to their husbands that they should go to the people and go there and take the examination of Goddess Anusuya.
At the behest of Brahma and Mahesh Sannyasis, the people of the earth went to take a test of the ascetic Goddess Anusuya. Tried to go near the sannyasi, Tridev asked him to beg. To take the examination of the favor of Anusuya, Tridev told them that he had come to ask for alms but he should not go begging in his normal form but in the nude state of Anusuya. Artha Devi Anusuya will be able to give them a alms only when she is naked in front of Tridev Please listen to this. After listening to this story, the disciplined first started fluttering but after a little bit of rehearsing, Defining water poured on three monks; when the water sprinkled, Vishnu, Mahesh all changed into infant form. After taking the baby form, Anusuya breastfed them as a beggar; when Anushuya's husband Atri came back home, Anusuya called them the secret of three children. Atri had seen the entire development with his divine vision. Atri embraced the three children and with their power, they converted three children into one child, with three heads and six hands.
Due to Brahma, Mahesh's not returning to heaven, his wives became worried and came to Goddess Aasuya himself. Sarswati, Parvati urged them to give back their respective husbands. Anusuya and her husband accepted the suggestion of the three ladies and Tridev came into their real form. After being pleased and impressed by Anusuya and Atri, Tridev gave them Dattatreya's son as a gift, the embodiment of these three gods. Dattatreya's body was one but he had three heads and six arms. Dattatreya in particular is considered to be the incarnation of Vishnu. Dattatreya's other two brothers were Rishi Durvasha. Brahma and Rishi Durvasha are considered to be the form of Shiva to the Moon. On the day Dattatreya was born, people of Hindu religion celebrate that day as Dattatreya Jayanti
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak known by the initialism QSQT, is a 1988 Indian Hindi-language musical romance film, directed by Mansoor Khan and produced by his father Nasir Hussain, starring his cousin Aamir Khan along with Juhi Chawla in the lead roles. The film was released on 29 April 1988 to critical acclaim, was a major commercial success, was a blockbuster turning Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla into hugely popular stars; the plot was a modern-day take on classic tragic romance stories such as Layla and Majnun, Heer Ranjha, Romeo and Juliet. QSQT, which "reinvented the romantic musical genre" in Bollywood, was a milestone in the history of Hindi cinema, setting the template for Bollywood musical romance films that defined Hindi cinema in the 1990s; the soundtrack of the film, composed by Anand-Milind, with lyrics written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, was successful, becoming one of the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1980s with more than 8 million soundtrack albums sold, with "Papa Kehte Hain" being the most popular hit song from the album.
The soundtrack was a breakthrough for the careers of Anand-Milind, as well as T-Series, one of India's leading record labels. Indiatimes Movies ranks the movie amongst the "Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films", it won the National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment, eight Filmfare Awards from eleven nominations including Best Film, Best Director for Mansoor Khan, Best Male Debut for Aamir Khan, Best Female Debut for Juhi Chawla. Dhanakpur village farmer Thakur Jaswant Singh and Dhanraj Singh are brothers, they have a younger sister Madhumati, impregnated and dumped by Ratan Singh, the son of Thakur Raghuveer Singh from a rich Rajput family. The family refuses Jaswant Singh's request to get his sister married to Ratan and refuses Ratan's role in Madhu's current situation as they are interested in their status. Insulted, Jaswant leaves the village. Unable to tolerate the events, Madhumati commits suicide. Frustrated, Dhanraj gets imprisoned; the two families are now bitter enemies.
Jaswant moves to Delhi develops his business, reaches good status. Years Dhanraj gets released from the prison and receives a letter from his son, Raj, an ardent music lover, who completes his education in Rajput College. An emotional Dhanraj sneaks into Raj's college farewell party and is glad to see his son fulfill his dreams. In a twist of fate and his cousin go to Dhanakpur to clear his family's land deal. While returning home, Raj falls for a relative of Raghuveer Singh. Raj sneaks into Rashmi's birthday bash; the two meet again at a holiday spot. They become lost in the fall in love while finding a way out. Raj is unable to tell her the truth; when Randhir Singh, Rashmi's father, finds out about the affair, he arranges Rashmi's wedding to another man. The lovers take on their families and elope. Furious, Randhir hires a contract killer to target Raj; the lovers have a brief interval of happiness. They stay in a deserted fort, happy in their own paradise; when Randhir learns their whereabouts, he goes there to bring Rashmi home and ensure that Raj is killed.
Randhir's mother tells him to save the lovebirds. Raj leaves the fort to bring firewood for their house. While Raj is away, Randhir meets Rashmi and tells her to come home, assuring her he has "accepted their love". Rashmi is overjoyed at her father's words. In the forest, Raj is chased by the henchmen. Dhanraj reaches the fort and asks about his son's whereabouts, they get in a fight and a gunshot is heard. Rashmi leaves the scene to make sure, he is about to be shot but, on seeing Rashmi, the henchman shoots her instead. She rolls down the hill. Raj reaches Rashmi's side, crying, they promise never to leave each other. On saying this, Rashmi breathes her last in Raj's arms. A grief-stricken Raj says that nothing can separate them, he dies with his head on her chest. The final scene is both families running toward them; the film marked the directorial debut of Mansoor Khan, son of Nasir Hussain and his cousin Aamir Khan. The film was a tale of unrequited love and parental opposition, with Khan portraying Raj, a "clean-cut, wholesome boy-next-door".
The plot was a modern-day take on classic tragic romance stories such as Layla and Majnun, Heer Ranjha, Romeo and Juliet. Mansoor recalled that his father Nasir wanted to launch Aamir as a leading actor and got convinced that Mansoor would direct the film after watching his telefilm; the film was titled Nafrat Ke Waaris before returning to original title. For the film's marketing, Aamir Khan was involved in promoting the film, he set up an outdoor ad campaign, a faceless poster that said, “Who is Aamir Khan? Ask the girl next door.” With the help of his brother-in-law Raj Zutshi, Khan went around putting up posters on auto-rickshaws across Mumbai. The soundtrack contains five songs composed by duo Anand-Milind, songs written by veteran Majrooh Sultanpuri. All the tracks were sung by Alka Yagnik. Pancham was to compose the soundtrack. That's. Mansoo