Mount Hood, called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe, is a active stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc. It was formed by a subduction zone on the Pacific coast and rests in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States, it is located about 50 miles east-southeast of Portland, on the border between Clackamas and Hood River counties. In addition to being Oregon's highest mountain, it is one of the loftiest mountains in the nation based on its prominence, it offers the only year-round lift-served skiing in North America; the height assigned to Mount Hood's snow-covered peak has varied over its history. Modern sources point to three different heights: 11,249 feet, a 1991 adjustment of a 1986 measurement by the U. S. National Geodetic Survey, 11,240 feet based on a 1993 scientific expedition, 11,239 feet of older origin; the peak is home to 12 named snowfields. It is the fourth highest in the Cascade Range. Mount Hood is considered the Oregon volcano most to erupt, though based on its history, an explosive eruption is unlikely.
Still, the odds of an eruption in the next 30 years are estimated at between 3 and 7%, so the U. S. Geological Survey characterizes it as "potentially active", but the mountain is informally considered dormant. Timberline Lodge is a National Historic Landmark located on the southern flank of Mount Hood just below Palmer Glacier, with an elevation of about 6,000 feet; the mountain has six ski areas: Timberline, Mount Hood Meadows, Ski Bowl, Cooper Spur, Snow Bunny, Summit. They total over 4,600 acres of skiable terrain. Mount Hood is within the Mount Hood National Forest, which comprises 1,067,043 acres of land, including four designated wilderness areas that total 314,078 acres, more than 1,200 miles of hiking trails; the most northwestern pass around the mountain is called Lolo Pass. Native Americans crossed the pass while traveling between the Willamette Celilo Falls; the Multnomah name for Mount Hood was Wy'east. In one version of the legend, the two sons of the Great Spirit Sahale fell in love with the beautiful maiden Loowit, who could not decide which to choose.
The two braves, Wy'east and Pahto, burned villages in their battle over her. Sahale smote the three lovers. Seeing what he had done, he erected three mountain peaks to mark, he made beautiful Mount St. Helens for Loowit and erect Mount Hood for Wy'east, the somber Mount Adams for the mourning Pahto. There are other versions of the legend. In another telling, Wy'east battles Pahto for the fair La-wa-la-clough. Or again Wy'east, the chief of the Multnomah tribe, competed with the chief of the Klickitat tribe, their great anger led to their transformation into volcanoes. Their battle is said to have destroyed the Bridge of the Gods and thus created the great Cascades Rapids of the Columbia River; the mountain was given its present name on October 29, 1792 by Lt. William Broughton, a member of Captain George Vancouver's exploration expedition. Lt. Broughton observed its peak while at Belle Vue Point of what is now called Sauvie Island during his travels up the Columbia River, writing, "A high, snowy mountain now appeared rising beautifully conspicuous in the midst of an extensive tract of low or moderately elevated land lying S 67 E. and seemed to announce a termination to the river."
Lt. Broughton named the mountain after Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, a British Admiral at the Battle of the Chesapeake. Lewis and Clark spotted the mountain on October 18, 1805. A few days at what would become The Dalles, Clark wrote, "The pinnacle of the round topped mountain, which we saw a short distance below the banks of the river, is South 43-degrees West of us and about 37 miles, it is at this time topped with snow. We called this the Falls Mountain, or Timm Mountain." Timm was the native name for Celilo Falls. Clark noted that it was Vancouver's Mount Hood. Two French explorers from the Hudson's Bay Company may have traveled into the Dog River area east of Mount Hood in 1818, they reported climbing to a glacier on "Montagne de Neige" Eliot Glacier. There have been two United States Navy ammunition ships named for Mount Hood, despite the mountain's namesake having been an enemy commander. USS Mount Hood was commissioned in July 1944 and was destroyed in November 1944 while at anchor in Manus Naval Base, Admiralty Islands.
Her explosive cargo ignited, resulting in 45 confirmed dead, 327 missing and 371 injured. A second ammunition ship, AE-29, was commissioned in May 1971 and decommissioned in August 1999; the glacially eroded summit area consists of several dacitic lava domes. The eroded volcano has had at least four major eruptive periods during the past 15,000 years; the last three eruptions at Mount Hood occurred within the past 1,800 years from vents high on the southwest flank and produced deposits that were distributed to the south and west along the Sandy and Zigzag rivers. The last eruptive period took place around 220 to 170 years ago, when dacitic lava domes, pyroclastic flows and mudflows were produced without major explosive eruptions; the prominent Crater Rock just below the summit is hypothesized to be the remains of one of these now-eroded domes. This period includes the last major er
Quayle Munro is a merchant bank founded in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1983. The bank specialises in corporate finance advice. In 2012 the firm moved its headquarters to London; the company was founded by Ian Quayle Michael Munro. Jones had been an executive director of the British Linen Bank and Munro a director of East of Scotland Investment Managers; the company was set up to provide'professional financial services to industrial and commercial companies those operating in Scotland and the North of England'. The company office was at 42 Charlotte Square and the first chairman was Sir Alan Smith. In the 1980s, the company was involved in Dawson International's £650 million bid for Coats PLC and the £135 million full placing and listing of Shanks Group. Quayle Munro assisted the Scottish Office with the privatisation of ScotRail and the Scottish Bus Group, the disposal of Scottish Enterprise's investment portfolio, the funding arrangements for the Skye Bridge and were advisers on the options regarding privatisation of water facilities in Scotland.
The Skye bridge deal was the first private finance initiative deal in the United Kingdom. Quayle Munro became the preferred adviser for the majority of PFI deals in Scotland until the introduction of the Scottish Futures Trust in 2008. In March 1993, the bank announced that it would be making a reverse takeover of East of Scotland Industrial Investments; the new company would be called Quayle Munro Holdings and would seek a listing on the London Stock Exchange. In June 1993, Quayle Munros shares' commenced trading on the Stock Exchange. In 2003, Quayle Munro, moved its listing from the main stock market to the Alternative Investment Market. Ian Jones, stated that'the AIM did not exist in 1993 and was now more appropriate for the company's structure'. In July 2007, Quayle Munro acquired New Boathouse Capital in London for £7.5 million, to expand its corporate finance business. The bank bought London based, Van Tulleken, a corporate advisory firm specialising in media and information technology in April 2008.
In July 2012, the bank moved its headquarters to London. The project finance business based in Edinburgh was sold to senior management in September 2012, with Quayle Munro Holdings retaining a 30% share in the new company, Quayle Munro Project Finance. In July 2013, Quayle Munro Holdings announced that it would be delisting from the Stock Exchange to become a private firm; the move was designed to streamline costs. Quayle Munro
Cities and towns in Namibia are distinguished by the status the Government of Namibia has vested in them: Places in Namibia that are governed by a municipality are cities, places with a town council are towns. As of 2015 Namibia has thirteen cities, each of them governed by a municipality council that has between 7 and 15 seats. Compared to towns, cities have the authority to set up facilities like public transport, housing schemes and libraries without the approval of the Minister of Urban and Rural Development, they may decide to privatise certain services and to enter into joint ventures with the private sector without asking for explicit approval. The thirteen cities are: As of 2015 Namibia has 26 towns, each of them governed by a town council that has between 7 and 12 seats. Compared to villages, towns have the authority to set up facilities like ambulance and fire fighting services and electricity supply without the approval of the Minister of Urban and Rural Development, they are responsible for erecting and maintaining community buildings, they may buy and sell movable property without asking for explicit approval.
The 26 towns are: List of villages and settlements in Namibia Geography of Namibia Regions of Namibia "Local Authorities". Association of Local Authorities in Namibia. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "City of Windhoek Cooperations and Partnerships". City of Windhoek. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2011. Cloete, Luqman. "Oranjemund proclaimed as town after long battle". The Namibian. Shaanika, Helvy. "Ruacana unveils new road, hall". New Era. Alliance of Mayors and Municipal Leaders on HIV/AIDS in Africa Commonwealth Local Government Forum Country Profile: Namibia Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, 1 September 2000, No.2402