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Mount Kailash

Mount Kailash, is a 6,638 m high peak in the Kailash Range, which forms part of the Transhimalaya in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The mountain is located near Lake Manasarovar and Lake Rakshastal, close to the source of some of the longest Asian rivers: the Indus, Sutlej and Karnali known as Ghaghara in India. Mount Kailash is considered to be sacred in four religions: Bon, Buddhism and Jainism; the mountain is known as “Kailāsa” in Sanskrit. The name could have been derived from the word “kelāsa”, which means "crystal". In his Tibetan-English dictionary, Chandra identifies the entry for'kai la sha', a loan word from Sanskrit; the Tibetan name for the mountain is Gangs Rinpoche. Gangs or Kang is the Tibetan word for snow peak analogous to hima. Alice Albinia lists some of the names for the mountain, its religious significance to various faiths: "Tibetan Buddhists call it Kangri Rinpoche. Bon texts have many names: Water's Flower, Mountain of Sea Water, Nine Stacked Swastika Mountain. For Hindus, it is the home of the Hindu god Shiva and it is believed that Shiva resides there.

Another local name for the mountain is Tisé mountain, which derives from ti tse in the Zhang-Zhung language, meaning "water peak" or "river peak", connoting the mountain's status as the source of the mythical Lion, Horse and Elephant Rivers, in fact the Indus, Yarlung Tsangpo/Dihang/Brahmaputra and Sutlej all begin in the Kailash-Lake Manasarovara region. In Hinduism, it is traditionally recognized as the abode of Lord Shiva, who resided there along with his consort goddess Parvati and their children, lord Ganesh and lord Kartikeya. According to Charles Allen, one description in the Vishnu Purana of the mountain states that its four faces are made of crystal, ruby and lapis lazuli, it is located at the heart of six mountain ranges symbolizing a lotus. According to Jain scriptures, the mountain next to Mt. Kailash, is the site where the first Jain Tirthankara, Rishabhadeva attained moksha. In Jain tradition, it is believed that after Rishabhdeva attained nirvana, his son emperor Bharata Chakravartin had constructed three stupas and twenty four shrines of the 24 tirthankaras over there with their idols studded with precious stones and named it Sinhnishdha.

In Jain tradition the 24th and last Tirthankara, Vardhamana Mahavira was taken to the summit of Meru by Indra shortly after his birth, after putting his mother Queen Trishala into deep slumber. There he was anointed with precious unctions. Mount Kailash is known as Mount Meru in Buddhist texts, it is central to its cosmology, a major pilgrimage site for some Buddhist traditions. Vajrayana Buddhists believe that Mount Kailash is the home of the buddha Cakrasaṃvara, who represents supreme bliss. There are numerous sites in the region associated with Padmasambhava, whose tantric practices in holy sites around Tibet are credited with establishing Buddhism as the main religion of the country in the 7th–8th century AD, it is said that Milarepa, champion of Vajrayana, arrived in Tibet to challenge Naro Bönchung, champion of the Bön religion of Tibet. The two magicians engaged in a terrifying sorcerers' battle, but neither was able to gain a decisive advantage, it was agreed that whoever could reach the summit of Kailash most would be the victor.

While Naro Bönchung sat on magic drum and soared up the slope, Milarepa's followers were dumbfounded to see him sitting still and meditating. Yet when Naro Bönchung was nearly at the top, Milarepa moved into action and overtook him by riding on sunlight, thus winning the contest, he did, fling a handful of snow on to the top of a nearby mountain, since known as Bönri, bequeathing it to the Bönpo and thereby ensuring continued Bönpo connections with the region. Bön, a religion native to Tibet, maintain that the entire mystical region and Kailash, which they call the "nine-story Swastika Mountain", is the axis mundi, Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring; every year, thousands make a pilgrimage to Kailash, following a tradition going back thousands of years. Pilgrims of several religions believe that circumambulating Mount Kailash on foot is a holy ritual that will bring good fortune; the peregrination is made in a clockwise direction by Hindus and Buddhists, while Jains and Bönpos circumambulate the mountain in a counterclockwise direction.

The path around Mount Kailash is 52 km long. Some pilgrims believe that the entire walk around Kailash should be made in a single day, not considered an easy task. A person in good shape walking fast would take 15 hours to complete the entire trek; some of the devout do accomplish this feat, little daunted by the uneven terrain, altitude sickness and harsh conditions faced in the process. Indeed, other pilgrims venture a much more demanding regimen, performing body-length prostrations over the entire length of the circumambulation: The pilgrim bends down, prostrates full-length, makes a mark with his fingers, rises to his knees and crawls forward on hands

The Parnassus

The Parnassus is a fresco painting by the Italian High Renaissance artist Raphael in the Raphael Rooms, in the Palace of the Vatican in Rome, painted at the commission of Pope Julius II. It was the second wall of the Stanza della Segnatura to be painted between 1509 and 1511, after La Disputa and before The School of Athens, which occupy other walls of the room; the whole room shows the four areas of human knowledge: philosophy, religion and law, with The Parnassus representing poetry. The fresco shows the mythological Mount Parnassus. Apollo, along with Calliope, the muse of epic poetry, inspired poets. Raphael used the face of Laocoön from the classical sculpture Laocoön and His Sons, excavated in 1506 and in the Vatican for his Homer, expressing blindness rather than pain. Two of the female figures in the fresco have been said to be reminiscent of Michelangelo's Creation of Adam and Sappho, named on a scroll she holds. Sappho is the only female poet shown identified so that she is not confused with a muse.

The window below the fresco Parnassus frames the view of Mons Vaticanus, believed to be sacred to Apollo. Humanists, such as Biondo and Albertini, refer to the ancient-sun god of the Vatican. Frieze of Parnassus Roger Jones and Nicholas Penny, Yale, 1983, ISBN 0300030614

Tom Yewcic

Thomas J. Yewcic is a former American football quarterback and punter and Major League Baseball player, he attended Michigan State University. In football, he played from 1961 to 1966 with the Boston Patriots of the American Football League, is a member of the Patriots All-1960s Team. In baseball, he played one game for the Detroit Tigers in 1957. Playing quarterback, Yewcic had a career-high 90 yards rushing and led his Boston Patriots to a 24–17 victory over the New York Titans at Boston University Field on November 30, 1962. Yewcic punted 377 times for 14,553 yards over the 1961 through 1966 regular seasons for the Boston Patriots, he was used as a flanker and running back. He completed 87 passes for 1,374 yards and 12 touchdowns and had 72 carries for 424 yards and four touchdowns, he recovered three fumbles in 77 regular season games. Yewcic played in two playoff games for the Boston Patriots and completed three passes for eight yards, ran for a 10-yard gain and punted 14 times for a total of 523 yards.

His longest punt in the playoffs was 68 yards. Yewcic had a career long 46-yard run in the Patriots 14–10 loss to the Denver Broncos on September 29, 1963, his career longest reception was 46 yards in their 45–17 rout of the Denver Broncos on September 16, 1961. Yewcic's longest punt was 70 yards in their 27–23 win over the New York Jets on November 28, 1965. Yewcic holds the team record for the longest run by a Patriots punter in a regular season game: a 20-yard gain in the Patriots 26–16 win over the Oakland Raiders at Boston University Field on October 26, 1962. Yewcic is tied with Chris Hanson for the most games with only one punt during their career with the Patriots. Yewcic averaged a career best 40.7 yards per punt for the 1965 season. Yewcic and Tom Brady are the only Patriots players who have punted, thrown a touchdown pass, caught a pass, run for a touchdown. Tom Yewcic Football Stadium at Conemaugh Valley High School is named for him; as a baseball player at Michigan State, Yewcic was named the College World Series Most Outstanding Player of the 1954 College World Series despite his team not reaching the championship game.

After signing with the Detroit Tigers, he began his career with the minor league Wilkes-Barre Barons. He went on to play one game as a catcher with the big league Tigers on June 27, 1957, he continued to play professionally until 1959. List of American Football League players Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference