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Mount Wilson Observatory

The Mount Wilson Observatory is an astronomical observatory in Los Angeles County, United States. The MWO is located on Mount Wilson, a 1,740-metre peak in the San Gabriel Mountains near Pasadena, northeast of Los Angeles; the observatory contains two important telescopes: the 100-inch Hooker telescope, the largest aperture telescope in the world from its completion in 1917 to 1949, the 60-inch telescope, the largest operational telescope in the world when it was completed in 1908. It contains the Snow solar telescope completed in 1905, the 60 foot solar tower completed in 1908, the 150 foot solar tower completed in 1912, the CHARA array, built by Georgia State University, which became operational in 2004 and was the largest optical interferometer in the world at its completion. Due to the inversion layer that traps smog over Los Angeles, Mount Wilson has steadier air than any other location in North America, making it ideal for astronomy and in particular for interferometry; the increasing light pollution due to the growth of greater Los Angeles has limited the ability of the observatory to engage in deep space astronomy, but it remains a productive center, with the CHARA Array continuing important stellar research.

The observatory was conceived and founded by George Ellery Hale, who had built the 1 meter telescope at the Yerkes Observatory the world's largest telescope. The Mount Wilson Solar Observatory was first funded by the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1904, leasing the land from the owners of the Mount Wilson Hotel in 1904. Among the conditions of the lease was that it allow public access. There are three solar telescopes at Mount Wilson Observatory. Today, the 60 foot Solar Tower, is still used for solar research; the Snow Solar Telescope was the first telescope installed at the fledgling Mount Wilson Solar Observatory. It was the world's first permanently mounted solar telescope. Solar telescopes had been portable so they could be taken to solar eclipses around the world; the telescope was donated to Yerkes Observatory by Helen Snow of Chicago. George Ellery Hale director of Yerkes, had the telescope brought to Mount Wilson to put it into service as a proper scientific instrument, its 24-inch primary mirror with a 60-foot focal length, coupled with a spectrograph, did groundbreaking work on the spectra of sunspots, doppler shift of the rotating solar disc and daily solar images in several wavelengths.

Stellar research soon followed as the brightest stars could have their spectra recorded with long exposures on glass plates. Today the Snow solar telescope is used by undergraduate students who get hands on training in solar physics and spectroscopy, it was used publicly for the May 9, 2016 transit of Mercury across the face of the sun. The 60-foot Solar Tower soon built on the work started at the Snow telescope. At its completion in 1908, the vertical tower design of the 60 foot focal length solar telescope allowed much higher resolution of the solar image and spectrum than the Snow telescope could achieve; the higher resolution came from situating the optics higher above the ground, thereby avoiding the distortion caused by the heating of the ground by the sun. On June 25, 1908, Hale would record Zeeman splitting in the spectrum of a sunspot, showing for the first time that magnetic fields existed somewhere besides the earth. A discovery was of the reversed polarity in sunspots of the new solar cycle of 1912.

The success of the 60 foot Tower prompted Hale to pursue yet taller tower telescope. In the 1960s, Robert Leighton discovered the sun had a 5-minute oscillation and the field of heliosiesmology was born; the 60 foot Tower is operated by the Department of Physics and Astronomy at University of Southern California. The 150-foot focal length solar tower expanded on the solar tower design with its tower-in-a-tower design. An inner tower supports the optics above, while an outer tower, which surrounds the inner tower, supports the dome and floors around the optics; this design allowed complete isolation of the optics from the effect of wind swaying the tower. Two mirrors feed sunlight to a 12-inch lens, it was first completed in 1910, but unsatisfactory optics caused a two-year delay before a suitable doublet lens was installed. Research included solar rotation, sunspot polarities, daily sunspot drawings, many magnetic field studies; the solar telescope would be the world's largest for 50 years until the McMath-Pierce Solar telescope was completed at Kitt Peak in Arizona in 1962.

In 1985, UCLA took over operation of the solar tower from the Carnegie Observatories after it was decided to stop funding the observatory. For the 60-inch telescope, George Ellery Hale received the 60-inch mirror blank, cast by Saint-Gobain in France, in 1896 as a gift from his father, William Hale, it was a glass disk 19 cm thick and weighing 860 kg. However it was not until 1904 that Hale received funding from the Carnegie Institution to build an observatory. Grinding took two years; the mounting and structure for the telescope was built in San Francisco and survived the 1906 earthquake. Transporting the pieces to the top of Mount Wilson was an enormous task. First light was December 8, 1908, it was at the time the largest operational telescope in the world. Lord Rosse's Leviathan of Parsonstown, a 72-inch telescope built in 1845, was, by the 1890s, out of commission. Although smaller than the Leviathan, the 60-inch had many advantages including a far better site, a glass mirror instead of speculu

List of UEFA European Championship goalscorers

This article lists every country's goalscorers in the UEFA European Championship. Tournaments in round brackets, e.g.: did not score a goal. Notes * Players in Bold ars still active for their national team. Numbers in green means. Years outlined in red indicate host nation status. Own goals scored for opponentsLuboslav Penev Own goals scored for opponentsIgor Tudor Successor team of Czechoslovakia. Own goals scored for opponentsAnton Ondruš Own goals scored for opponentsGlen Johnson Successor team of West Germany. Own goals scored for opponentsBirkir Már Sævarsson Own goals scored for opponentsGareth McAuley Own goals scored for opponentsJorge Andrade Own goals scored for opponentsCiaran Clark Successor team of Soviet Union and CIS. Successor team of Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro. Own goals scored for opponentsDejan Govedarica List of FIFA World Cup goalscorers List of FIFA Confederations Cup goalscorers List of FIFA Women's World Cup goalscorers List of FIFA Club World Cup goalscorers

Felicitas Woll

Felicitas Woll is a German actress. She is best known for her roles in the television series Berlin and the television film Dresden. Felicitas Woll grew up in Harbshausen, she took an apprenticeship as a nurse, but became an actress after she met the theatrical agent Frank Oliver Schulz. After a casting session she was cast and appeared in the TV-Series Die Camper, subsequently remaining with the show for three years. In 1998 she began taking acting lessons at the Düsseldorfer Tanzhaus under Wladimir Matuchin, she plays piano and keyboards and gained theatrical experience as a singer. After her role as'Tanja Ewermann' in Die Camper, she appeared in Für alle Fälle Stefanie and Hamann-Spezial. At the end of 1999 she appeared in the starring role in the German-Chinese Co-Production True Love Is Invisible and in a family series for Germany's second public service TV channel, ZDF. Success continued in 2001 with Mädchen by Dennis Gansel, her breakthrough, her largest previous success had been as'Lolle', acting with Jan Sosniok, his best friend Hart and Lolles best friend Sarah together, in the ARD evening series Berlin, which won the 2002 Deutschen Fernsehpreis, 2003 the Adolf-Grimme-Preis and in 2004 the Goldene Rose von Lucerne for the best female actress in a sitcom.

For Berlin, Berlin she received an Emmy in 2004. In 2004 she played'Mia' in the female lead role in Abgefahren. 2005 was a turning point for the ZDF co-production Dresden. In the film, a young German nurse, falls in love with a wounded English bomber pilot on the eve of the destruction of the city by allied bombers in February 1945; the movie was filmed in Dresden's rebuilt city centre as well as at the railway station and in other parts of Dresden. Other scenes such as the theatre place and at the prince course, was continued in Chemnitz and at an industrial estate in Cologne, in order to use remote studios to film the larger fire scenes, such as the firestorm; the film, in which Heiner Lauterbach and Wolfgang Stumph star, was broadcast in two parts on 5 March and 6 March 2006. Woll is involved in supporting the cause of people with Down syndrome in the poster campaign of the Posterkampagne des DS-Infocenters. On the posters and post cards she is pictured with her younger brother, born with Down syndrome.

The wording on the posters reads: "A brother with Down's Syndrome is sometimes like hell. Just like every other brother in fact." On 9 November 2005 Woll announced that she was pregnant and on 14 February 2006 gave birth to a daughter named Taisha Valentina. In 2008 she portrayed a new character on the German adaptation of Sesame Street. In 2011 she played Bertha Benz in the ARD TV-movie Bertha. 2011 - Carl & Bertha, ARD, TV-film, first broadcast 23 May 2011 2006 - Dresden, ZDF, as'Anna Mauth' 2004 - Eine Krone für Isabell, ZDF, TV-film, first broadcast 1 January 2006 2004 - Abgefahren, BR Deutschland, second big-screen feature film 2001 to 2005 - Berlin, Berlin, TV-cult series ARD, as'Lolle' 2002 - Tatort, ARD, long-running TV-series since 1970, guest star 2002 - Dr. Sommerfeld, ARD, TV-series, guest star 2002 - Inshallah - Club der Träume, ZDF, TV-series 2001 - Mädchen, Mädchen, BR Deutschland, first big-screen feature film 2000 - Für alle Fälle Stefanie, SAT 1, TV-series, guest star 1999 to 2000 - Nesthocker – Familie zu verschenken, ZDF, TV-series 1999 - Hamann - special, ZDF, TV-series 1999 to 2000 - True love is invisible, TV-series BR Deutschland/China 1998 to 2000 - Die Camper, RTL, TV-series 2002 Deutscher Fernsehpreis 2003 Adolf-Grimme-Preis 2004 Rose d'Or 2006 Bayerischer Fernsehpreis for DresdenEn el 2014 actuo en el papel de la periodista Elcke Adler en la serie de la RAI "El giudice meschino" Felicitas Woll on IMDb German fan site Further German fan site Small German fan site with Community Personal fan site with many pictures and all episodes of berlin berlin