The Mount of Olives or Mount Olivet is a mountain ridge east of and adjacent to Jerusalem's Old City. It is named for the olive groves; the southern part of the Mount was the Silwan necropolis, attributed to the ancient Judean kingdom. The mount has been used as a Jewish cemetery for over 3,000 years and holds 150,000 graves, making it central in the tradition of Jewish cemeteries. Several key events in the life of Jesus, as related in the Gospels, took place on the Mount of Olives, in the Acts of the Apostles it is described as the place from which Jesus ascended to heaven; because of its association with both Jesus and Mary, the mount has been a site of Christian worship since ancient times and is today a major site of pilgrimage for Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox, Protestants. Much of the top of the hill is occupied by At-Tur, a former village, now a neighbourhood of East Jerusalem; the Mount of Olives is one of three peaks of a mountain ridge which runs for 3.5 kilometres just east of the Old City across the Kidron Valley, in this area called the Valley of Josaphat.
The peak to its north is Mount Scopus, at 826 metres, while the peak to its south is the Mount of Corruption, at 747 m. The highest point on the Mount of Olives is At-Tur, at 818 m; the ridge acts as a watershed, its eastern side is the beginning of the Judean Desert. The ridge is formed of oceanic sedimentary rock from the Late Cretaceous and contains a soft chalk and a hard flint. While the chalk is quarried, it is not a suitable strength for construction and features many man-made burial caves. From Biblical times until the present, Jews have been buried on the Mount of Olives; the necropolis on the southern ridge, the location of the modern village of Silwan, was the burial place of Jerusalem's most important citizens in the period of the Biblical kings. The religious ceremony marking the start of a new month was held on the Mount of Olives in the days of the Second Temple. Roman soldiers from the 10th Legion camped on the mount during the Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 AD. After the destruction of the Second Temple, Jews celebrated the festival of Sukkot on the Mount of Olives.
They made pilgrimages to the Mount of Olives because it was 80 meters higher than the Temple Mount and offered a panoramic view of the Temple site. It became a traditional place for lamenting the Temple's destruction on Tisha B'Av. In 1481, an Italian Jewish pilgrim, Rabbi Meshullam da Volterra, wrote: "And all the community of Jews, every year, goes up to Mount Zion on the day of Tisha B'Av to fast and mourn, from there they move down along Yoshafat Valley and up to Mount of Olives. From there they see the whole Temple and there they weep and lament the destruction of this House." In the mid-1850s, the villagers of Silwan were paid £100 annually by the Jews in an effort to prevent the desecration of graves on the mount. Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin asked to be buried on the Mount of Olives near the grave of Etzel member Meir Feinstein, rather than Mount Herzl national cemetery; the armistice agreement signed by Israel and Jordan following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War called for the establishment of a Special Committee to negotiate developments including "free access to the holy sites and cultural institutions and use of the cemetery on the Mount of Olives".
However, during the 19 years the Jordanian annexation of the West Bank lasted, the committee was not formed. Non-Israeli Christian pilgrims were allowed to visit the mount, but Jews of all countries and most non-Jewish Israeli citizens were barred from entering Jordan and therefore were unable to travel to the area. By the end of 1949, throughout the Jordanian rule of the site, some Arab residents uprooted tombstones and plowed the land in the cemeteries, an estimated 38,000 tombstones were damaged in total. During this period, a road was paved through the cemetery, in the process destroying graves including those of famous persons. In 1964, the Intercontinental Hotel was built at the summit of the mount. Graves were demolished for parking lots and a filling station and were used in latrines at a Jordanian Army barracks; the United Nations did not condemn the Jordanian government for these actions. Following the 1967 Six-Day War restoration work was done and the cemetery was reopened for burials.
Israel's 1980 unilateral annexation of East Jerusalem was condemned as a violation of international law and ruled null and void by the UN Security Council in UNSC Resolution 478. Tombs in the Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery have been prone to vandalism, among them the tombs of the Gerrer Rebbe and Menachem Begin. On 6 November 2010, an international watch-committee was set up by Diaspora Jews with the aim of reversing the desecration of the Jewish cemetery. According to one of the founders, the initiative was triggered by witnessing tombstones that were wrecked with "the kind of maliciousness that defies the imagination." The Mount of Olives is first mentioned in connection with David's flight from Absalom: "And David went up by the ascent of the Mount of Olives, wept as he went up." The ascent was east of the City of David, near the village of Silwan. The sacred character of the mount is alluded to in the Book of Ezekiel: "And the glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city, stood upon the mountain, on the east side of the city."The biblical designation Mount of Corruption, or in Hebrew Har HaMashchit, derives from the idol worship there, begun by King Solomon building altars to the gods of his Moabite and Ammonite wives on the southern peak, "on the mount
Alejandro Raúl Spajić Torres is an Argentine volleyball player. Spajić is a volleyball player both for Argentina and his club, his background is somewhat similar to another world-class volleyball player namely Marcos Milinkovic. Alejandro Spajić's parents are immigrants of Croat origin. With the professional club Lokomotiv Belgorod, he won the bronze medal at the 2004–05 CEV Champions League and was awarded "Best Spiker". Obras San Juan Stade Poitevin Volley-Ball Poitiers Obras San Juan Bolívar Buenos Aires Lokomotiv Belgorod Drean Bolívar Union de Formosa 2004–05 CEV Champions League "Best Spiker" 1995 Argentine Championship – Champion, with Obras San Juan 2001 Argentine Cup – Champion, with Obras San Juan 2003 Argentine Championship – Champion, with Obras San Juan 2004–05 CEV Champions League – Bronze Medal, with Lokomotiv Belgorod 2005 Russian Championship – Champion, with Lokomotiv Belgorod 2006 Russian Cup – Champion, with Lokomotiv Belgorod FIVB Profile
The Paulding County Carnegie Library is a historic Carnegie library in the village of Paulding, United States. Constructed in the early twentieth century, it is a simple building that has served as the core of Paulding County's library system since its construction, it has been designated a historic site; as late as the 1890s, Paulding lacked a library of any sort. Finding this situation undesirable, members of a local women's club subscribed money to establish a small collection in 1893. Ten years multiple groups of local citizens met to organize a public library, which began with a collection of six hundred books. In its earliest years, the library had no fixed home: it itinerated among downtown storefronts and different homes, including the house of the librarian herself. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the construction of public libraries was proceeding due in part to the generosity of steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie. Many large and small cities, such as the Ohio communities of Columbus and East Liverpool, constructed libraries with money donated by Carnegie, but none had been built in small villages such as Paulding.
Local residents worked to secure money from Carnegie, their efforts succeeded where all before them had failed: his grant provided for the establishment of a library to serve the entirety of Paulding County. Built with this donation, the Paulding County Carnegie Library was the first Carnegie library to serve an entire county instead of a single city; the process of obtaining the money for the library and constructing the building with the resulting funds occupied three years, beginning in 1912 and concluding in 1914. Since its completion, the library has never been modified, it remains a significant part of the community. Located on South Main Street near downtown, the library remains one of Paulding's most important community buildings and a center of local pride. In 1911, Andrew Carnegie's private secretary, James Bertram, published a set of guidelines that he saw as ideal for library architecture. Since three years he had required libraries to submit plans for his approval before releasing money, due to what he saw as overly ornate designs being built with his employer's money.
The Paulding County Carnegie Library is one of the best examples of Bertram's guidelines: instead of ornate entryways and runaway detailing, its design maximizes the amount of space devoted to the interior, the floor plan is designed for maximum efficiency. The library board chose a design submitted by a Columbus company and Merriam, which had produced the design for the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. Howard and Merriam chose a design built with brick walls and elements of stone. Although the main floor is elevated above ground level, the building is a single-story structure; the brickwork is built in a French fashion. Patrons enter the library by climbing a stairway with a stone balustrade to a central entrance that sits within a stone archway. Among the details visible on the building's exterior are pilasters on all of its corners, string courses that parallel the lintels, multiple cartouches, an elaborate cornice. Inside, the library features six rooms: three large book rooms, a vestibule, a lobby, an office.
The design of the interior includes elements such as marble in the vestibule, oak panels and decorations in the reading rooms and Tuscan pilasters. Although its architecture is restrained, the library remains a fine example of Neoclassical architecture with a Beaux-Arts influence. In 1983, the Paulding County Carnegie Library was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, qualifying because of its significant architecture and its place in local history. Most important to its place in local history was its role as the first county-level Carnegie library: its establishment prompted many other small communities to apply for library grants from the Carnegie Corporation, making it an example of the spread of the self-improvement and adult education movements to rural areas in the early twentieth century. Today, the library is one of four Paulding County historic sites on the National Register, along with the nearby Paulding County Courthouse, the former train station in Antwerp, a round barn near Paulding.
The Paulding County Carnegie Library is the center of the Paulding County library system, which operates branches in the villages of Antwerp and Payne. Miller, Durand R.. Carnegie Grants for Library Buildings, 1890-1917. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York. OCLC 2603611. Paulding County Carnegie Library
Pyrgoi is a village and a community of the Eordaia municipality. It is located in the region of Western Macedonia. Before the 2011 local government reform it was part of the municipality of Vermio, of which it was a municipal district; the 2011 census recorded 768 inhabitants in the village. In a location near the village it can be concluded from archeological findings that there was an ancient settlement during the Hellenistic and Roman period, in control of a route that led from Eordaea to southern Macedonia. Historian Margaritis Dimitsas in his work "Ancient Geography of Macedonia" places in the region of Pyrgoi the ancient city of Eordaea, he noted "...the capital city of Eordaea was located to the south east of lake Ostrovo. Katranitsa's location seems to be similar to that of the ancient city, maintained until the 10th century, when it was destroyed by Bulgarian invaders; the remnants of the city became Katranitsa.". In 1571, after the naval battle of Nafpaktos, there were Greek uprisings against the Ottomans in Katranitsa, all over Macedonia.
During the Ottoman occupation the village flourished so much that it became known as "küçük Istanbul" and the Patriarchate upgraded it to a regional bishopric. Many personalities that were recognized in humanities and trade were from Katranitsa. Known merchant of Vienna and close partner to Greek revolutionary Rigas Feraios, Christos Manos, founder of the Greek family Christomanos, was born in the village in 1737. From Pyrgoi, was the Greek klepht and revolutionary, active in the 1740s in the regions of Western and Central Macedonia, he was arrested in 1747 in the city of Veria. The professor of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Damianos Georgiou Draskas and Ioannis Karamatas, an important factor of the Hellenic community of Zeumon and founder of the first Greek typography of Serbia. From Pyrgoi was the great diplomat and lawyer Peter Itskos who contributed to the creation of the Serbian state. According to the findings of Geographers Dimitri Mishev and D. M. Brancoff, the town had a total Christian population of 1.600, of which all were Bulgarian Patriarchist Grecomans.
During the Greek War of Independence, the inhabitants of Pyrgoi revolted and, in March 1822, 150 fighters under chieftain, Dimitris Karimitsos of Vlasti, exterminated large Ottoman forces in the area. Chieftain Dimitrios Sigaras from Pyrgoi took part in the revolt of Naoussa with his four brothers and 45 fighters from Pyrgoi. From Pyrgoi was the Liaba family, members of which fought and died in the Naoussa massacre in 1822. In the period of the Macedonian struggle, the town of Katranitsa was used by Greek guerrillas as a base of excursion; the Greek Macedonian pharmacist Filippos Kapetanopoulos, who worked in Monastir and was a close associate of Pavlos Mela, was from Pyrgoi. He was killed fighting with the guerrilla body of Pavlos Melas, on September 19, 1904, just outside of Polipotamos, Florina. Other Greeks from Pyrgoi who took part in the Macedonia struggle were Harisios Vantkoukis, Anastasios Vasdekis, Konstantinos Vasdekis, Markos Georgiou, Ioannis Kapetanopoulos, Petros Nicolaides, Antonios Pagiantsas, Stavros Hadjimitsos.
They were involved in the armed phase of the Macedonian Struggle, most were part of Hellenic Macedonian Committee of Defense against the Bulgarians. The Pyrgoi inhabitants: Michael Giorou, Antonios Dimou, Theodosios Theodorou, Thomas Kapetanopoulos, Michael Vasdekis, Nikolaos Bitsiou, Michael Paraschou, Petros Paraschou, Georgios Sionis, Ioannis Stamboulis, Stavros Tsitsis, Markos Hadjitaskou and Stavros Hadjitaskou, were killed with axes by Bulgarian units on Mount Vermio on April 21, 1906. Pyrgoi were liberated from the Ottoman empire by the Kingdom of Greece in 1912 in the Balkan wars. On April 24, 1944 there was a massacre of civilians by their local accomplices, it was the second largest German-related massacre of Greece after that of Kalavryta. The events were the subject of dozens of documentaries and generated wide interest. Among the atrocities that were committed, 368 men women and children were burned alive. Colonel Karl Schümers of 7th SS Panzer Grenadier Regiment was responsible for the massacres at Pyrgoi, Kleisoura Kastoria, Distomo Boeotia which in total included over 1,000 men and children.
The town was destroyed and survivors were forced to walk to Ptolemaida. An annual memorial ceremony is held for the victims, where the president of Democracy of Greece visits the village. Petar Ičko, Ottoman and Serbian diplomat Filippos Kapetanopoulos, fighter in the Macedonian Struggle Anastassios Christomanos, university professor and chemist Antonios Christomanos, university professor, politician Constantine Christomanos, poet, theatrical writer Chirstos Manos, entrepreneur Captain Goutas, Greek revolutionary, klepht Δημ. Κ. Σαμσάρης, Ιστορική γεωγραφία της ρωμαϊκής επαρχίας Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη 1989, σ. 177-178. ISBN 960-7265-01-7
James E. Taylor High School is a public high school in unincorporated Harris County, Texas, in Greater Katy; the school, in Nottingham Country, which serves grades 9 through 12, is part of Katy Independent School District. Established in 1979, Taylor High School is a Blue Ribbon School and is ranked among the best in graduation rates, SAT scores, college admittance, AP scores in the nation. In 2013 the school was ranked the 536th "Best High School in the Nation" by Newsweek Magazine; the school was named for superintendent of the Katy ISD for 31 years. During his tenure, Katy ISD grew from a Class A district to one which opened its second Class 5A high school in 1979, named James E. Taylor High School. 5A Academic Decathlon National Champions: 1997, 2000 5A Academic Decathlon State Champions: 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 National Blue Ribbon School: 1994, 1995, 1996 State nominee for the Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching: 1999 Texas Business and Education Coalition Just For the Kids Honor Roll: 2003 Texas Education Agency Exemplary School: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 UIL 5A Academics State Social Studies Champions: 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011 UIL 5A Academics State Spelling Champions: 2011 UIL 5A Academics State Champions: 2004, 2007 UIL 5A Academics State Computer Science Champions: 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007 TCEA State Programming Champions: 2005, 2008 American Computer Science League - International Competition First Place: 2006 HP Code Wars Champions: 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008 Texas A&M Regional Science Bowl champions: 2006 Mustang Basketball Program The Taylor Mustangs have established an intense rivalry with cross-town foe the Memorial Mustangs, whom compete in Spring Branch ISD.
They have beaten them in three consecutive years beginning in 2016. Other rivalries include the Tompkins Falcons, Cinco Ranch Cougars, Seven Lakes Spartans; the Mustangs competed against the Strake Jesuit Crusaders until district realignment in 2018. Mustang Tennis Program The Tennis program established itself as one of the elite tennis programs in the state during the 90's and early 2000's, winning 3 state championships in 1997, 1998, 2002; the tennis program faced some controversy with the UIL for playing an ineligible student in 2015, which resulted in the firing of their head coach. The Mustangs were most eliminated in the first round of the state playoffs by Clements High School in both 2016 and 2017. UIL wrestling state champions: 2006 UIL swimming and diving state champions: 2001, 2003 UIL tennis state team champions: 1997, 1998, 2002 UIL tennis state doubles champions: 2008, 2011 UIL soccer state champions: 2006 UIL tennis singles champions:1999, 2004, 2007 2011, 2013 Janeane Garofalo - actress, former radio show personality on Air America Radio Mark Matejka - guitarist for Lynyrd Skynyrd Renee O'Connor - actress, "Gabrielle" on Xena: Warrior Princess Trevor Enders - former Major League Baseball pitcher Eugene Espineli - former Major League Baseball pitcher Jonathan Garcia - Olympic athlete John Meloan - former Major League Baseball pitcher Collin Mooney - NFL player Phillip Supernaw - NFL player Taylor Featherston - Major League Baseball infielder Newsweek Magazine annually compiles a list of "America's Top Public High Schools," and Taylor has been listed since its inception in 2003.
2013: 536 2012: 599 2011: 259 2010: 1,040 2009: 1,116 2008: 771 2007: 798 2006: 641 2005: 479 2004: Newsweek did not compile a list 2003: 377 The average household income zoning areas to James E. Taylor High School is 166,986, balanced by the higher 77094 zip code with an average income of 207,000 as compared to the 77450 zip code with an average income of 127,000. Taylor High School is in the upper 6.2 percent of Texas high schools for family income. The school's racial makeup is 50.8 % white, 23.3 % - 15.0 % Asian and 6.8 % black. The following junior high schools feed into Taylor High School: Memorial Parkway Junior High McMeans Junior High West Memorial Junior High The following elementary schools feed into Taylor High School: Nottingham Country Elementary Pattison Elementary Memorial Parkway Elementary Exley Elementary Jeanette Hayes Elementary Wolfe Elementary West Memorial Elementary Taylor attendance boundaries were adjusted in 2010 so that all of McMeans Junior High School now attends Taylor High School.
Taylor High School Homepage Taylor High School at the Wayback Machine
Man's Ruin Records was an independent record label and founded by Bay Area artist Frank Kozik. After the 1994 release of Man's Ruin's first record, entitled Experimental Audio Research: Delta 6, Kozik worked with artists who he wanted to release; the catalog of Man's Ruin is vast, including famous bands such as The Hellacopters, Kyuss, High on Fire, Turbonegro, 13eaver, Queens of the Stone Age, The Sex Pistols, to less known bands such as FuckEmos, Soulpreacher and Los Cowslingers. The last record released was by Begotten, the label was gone by 2002; the label's slogan was "Empty Pleasures and Desperate Measures since 1994". Man's Ruin did not make signed contracts with the artists that they released, their operation was instead open. Recordings were licensed for a time period of 2–5 years and all copyrights and publishing liberties were retained by the bands. Profits on releases were split 50-50 between label; the posters and album art from the Man's Ruin era are still coveted and the limited print vinyl are rising in their value due to two factors: the majority of covers were screen-printed]and numbered by Kozik and all records were released in editions of 5000 copies or less.
The most sought-after records from the Man's Ruin catalog have been The Desert Sessions records, which were released in limited editions on clear and colored vinyl. The CD versions of the first six volumes, as well as the rest of the entire Man's Ruin catalog have gone out of print with the demise of the label. Subsequent volumes of The Desert Sessions were released on Josh Homme's Rekords Rekords label. Man's Ruin specialized in producing and releasing limited edition 10" EP records. An album would be released in several different sets, such as the first release from Queens of the Stone Age in 1998, released on Man's Ruin in three editions: 2500 black, 300 green, 200 orange/yellow; the vast majority of records released on the label were colored. The label was distributed in the US and UK by Mordam Records and a brief and unsuccessful switch was made to RED Distribution, which resulted in the demise of the label after a series of problems, internationally by Swedish distributor and record label House of Kicks.
Unlike most releases in music today, the international releases from Man's Ruin did not differ from the domestic American releases. However, it was not uncommon for the cover of a vinyl release to differ from that of the CD edition of the release; the label became defunct after a series of distribution changes and problems involving the label having outgrown its original distributor. Man's Ruin lost its lease at the height of the Bay Area Dot-Com boom and was shut down for a period of several months while attempting to relocate its offices; this combination led to its demise at the end of 2001. The label's website was shut down a few months following its demise. Internet users who wished to view the Man's Ruin website were greeted with the message: "sorry mansruin never paid their bill and their site is no longer here." They did not pay their poster-printing crew for all of their overtime work as well. All operations ended in 2002. All licenses were returned to the various copyright holders at that time.
Kozik stopped working in the music scene and went on to enter the field of designing Urban Vinyl. Several bands who have gained popularity after their work with Man's Ruin have re-released the albums they recorded there, independently or with other record labels. List of record labels Man's Ruin Records discography FrankKozik.net FKozik.com Man's Ruin Discography Mansruin.com on the Internet Archive