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Mountain Dew

Mountain Dew is a carbonated soft drink brand produced and owned by PepsiCo. The original formula was invented in 1940 by Tennessee beverage bottlers Ally Hartman. A revised formula was created by Bill Bridgforth in 1958; the rights to this formula were obtained by the Tip Corporation of Virginia. William H. "Bill" Jones of the Tip Corporation further refined the formula, launching that version of Mountain Dew in 1961. In August 1964, the Mountain Dew brand and production rights were acquired from Tip by the Pepsi-Cola company, the distribution expanded across the United States and Canada. Between the 1940s and 1980s there was one variety of Mountain Dew, citrus-flavored and caffeinated in most markets. Diet Mountain Dew was introduced in 1988, followed by Mountain Dew Red, introduced and discontinued in 1988. In 2001, a cherry flavor called; this product line extension trend has continued, with expansion into specialty, limited time production, region-specific, retailer-specific variations of Mountain Dew.

Production was extended to the UK in 1996, but was phased out in 1998. A named but different-tasting product, with a recipe more similar to the original American product has been sold in the UK under the name "Mountain Dew Energy" since 2010 and in Ireland since the spring of 2011; the product was renamed in 2014 to simply'Mountain Dew'. As of 2017, Mountain Dew represented a 6.6% share of the carbonated soft drinks market in the US. Its competition includes The Coca-Cola Company's Mello Yello and Surge, Dr Pepper Snapple Group's Sun Drop. Tennessee bottlers Barney and Ally Hartman developed Mountain Dew as a mixer in the 1940s. Soft drinks were sold regionally in the 1930s, the Hartmans had difficulty in Knoxville obtaining their preferred soda to mix with liquor, preferably whiskey, so the two developed their own. A 19th-century slang term for whiskey Highland Scotch whiskey, the Mountain Dew name was trademarked for the soft drink in 1948. Charles Gordon, who had partnered with William Swartz to bottle and promote Dr. Enuf, was introduced to Mountain Dew when he met the Hartman brothers on a train and they offered him a sample.

Gordon and the Hartman brothers subsequently made a deal to bottle Mountain Dew by the Tri-Cities Beverage Corporation in Johnson City, Tennessee. The Hartman brothers asked Coca-Cola for input on their soda; the Coca-Cola Company refused their offer. The Tip Corporation of Marion, Virginia bought the rights to Mountain Dew, revising the flavor and launching it in 1961. In 1964, Pepsico thus acquired the rights to Mountain Dew. In 1999, the Virginia legislature recognized Bill Jones and the Town of Marion for their role in the history of Mountain Dew. "Mountain Dew" was Southern and/or Scots/Irish slang for moonshine. Using it as the name for the soda was suggested by Carl E. Retzke at an Owens-Illinois Inc. meeting in Toledo and was first trademarked by Ally and Barney Hartman in the 1940s. Early bottles and signage carried the reference forward by showing a cartoon-stylized hillbilly; the first sketches of the original Mountain Dew bottle labels were devised in 1948 by John Brichetto, the representation on product packaging has changed at multiple points in the history of the beverage.

PepsiCo acquired the Mountain Dew brand in 1964, shortly thereafter in 1969 the logo was modified as the company sought to shift its focus to a "younger, outdoorsy" generation. This direction continued as the logo remained the same through 1980s. In 1996, PepsiCo began using a strategy it was using with its flagship cola Pepsi, changing Mountain Dew's logo every few years. New logos were introduced in 1996, 1998 and 2005. In October 2008, the Mountain Dew logo was redesigned to "Mtn Dew" within the U. S. market, as a result of PepsiCo announcing that it would rebrand its core carbonated soft-drink products by early 2009. However, the variant flavors continued to use the previous design until May 2011, when it was announced that the "Code Red", "LiveWire", "Voltage", "Baja Blast" flavor variants would be given redesigned packaging, including new logos to correspond with the "Mtn Dew" style; the returning flavors "Pitch Black", "Supernova", "Typhoon", "Game Fuel" were given redesigned packaging and logos for their 2011 re-release.

In summer 2010, a secondary type of Mountain Dew bottles began appearing on some US shelves. Designed by 4sight, a design and innovation firm, these bottles featured a sleeker design, smaller packaging labels, a built-in grip; the bottles were dubbed "Sidekick bottles" and were tested in North Carolina, South Carolina, Indiana markets. By 2014, sidekick bottles had become the predominant Mountain Dew bottle design in most of the United States. In its primary market of the United States, the ingredient composition of Mountain Dew is listed as: "carbonated water, high-fructose corn syrup, concentrated orange juice, citric acid, natural flavors, sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, erythorbic acid, gum arabic, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, yellow 5." The ingredient makeup of Mountain Dew varies based on the country of production. For example, in Canada, the sweetener listed is "glucose-fructose", until 2012, it was caffeine-free by default; the composition included brominated vegetable oil, an emulsifier banned in foods throughout Europe and in Japan.

As of 2020, this ingredient has been removed. In response to negative publicity around high-fructose corn syrup, PepsiCo in 2009 release

Porcupine Mountains

The Porcupine Mountains, or Porkies, are a group of small mountains spanning the northwestern Upper Peninsula of Michigan in Ontonagon and Gogebic counties, near the shore of Lake Superior. The Porcupine Mountains were named by the native Ojibwa people because their silhouette had the shape of a crouching porcupine, they are home to the most extensive stand of old growth northern hardwood forest in North America west of the Adirondack Mountains, spanning at least 31,000 acres. In these virgin forests, sugar maple, American basswood, eastern hemlock, yellow birch are the most abundant tree species; the area is part of the Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park. The Porcupine Mountains were the site of copper mining in the 19th century. One of these mines is the Nonesuch Mine, which operated sporadically from 1867 to 1912; the Porkies are the location of a large stand of old growth forest, home to many black bears. The area is popular among tourists the Lake of the Clouds in the heart of the mountains.

There have been numerous bear sightings. The most striking geological feature of the Porcupine Mountains is the long basalt and conglomerate escarpment parallel to the Lake Superior shore and overlooking Lake of the Clouds, a continuation of the same copper-bearing bedrock found farther northeast on the Keweenaw Peninsula. A second ridge farther inland, on the other side of Lake of the Clouds, includes Summit Peak, the highest point in the mountains at 1,958 feet. Rivers, waterfalls and lakes lie between the rocky outcroppings. There are a number of waterfalls on the Presque Isle River in the extreme western side of the park; the mountains are subject to heavy lake-effect snow from Lake Superior. The high elevation of the mountains and their proximity to the lake provide perfect conditions for lake-effect snow, but no official records are maintained anywhere in the mountains; the closest National Weather Service station is in the coastal community of Ontonagon, where the annual average is about 200 inches.

Totals of well over 250 inches annually are in the higher elevations. It is not uncommon to have 300-inch seasons in this region. Porcupine Mountains State Park was established in 1945 to protect the area's large stand of old-growth forest, much of it of the "maple-hemlock" type. In 1972, Michigan passed Natural Areas Act; this act gave the park the new designation of the Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park. The facilities provided by the park include an extensive network of backcountry trails for hiking and wilderness backpacking, rustic trailside cabins, modern campgrounds and boating areas, various interpretive programs led by park rangers; the North Country Trail passes through the park, making up a portion of the 87 miles of hiking trails. In the winter, a ski area operates within the park; because of the copper mining history of the park, it is a cooperating unit of Keweenaw National Historical Park. Fauna in the park includes moose, gray wolves, white-tailed deer, coyotes and red foxes, river otters, fisher, mink, lynx, black bears, porcupines.

Porcupine Mountain Wilderness State Park Michigan Department of Natural Resources Porcupine Mountain Wilderness State Park Map Michigan Department of Natural Resources

Noesis (software)

Noesis is software for viewing and reverse engineering data. Common data types supported by the software include images, 3D models, medical imaging, animation. Noesis was created and is maintained by video game programmer Rich Whitehouse; the software supports hundreds of file formats, with a focus on allowing users to understand and analyze data in a way which would not be possible without reverse engineering. This is exemplified by the software's support for many proprietary file formats, in tandem with a continued focus on user plugins and Python scripting features. Noesis has received a great deal of community support, with native plugins and scripts available to add support for hundreds of additional file formats. A full version history is maintained in the software's current documentation. Articles have been written to elaborate upon the addition of notable features throughout development, including Python support, physically based rendering, Autodesk FBX support. Noesis has been leveraged for numerous well-publicized projects.

In late 2010, a video was published to demonstrate the software's real-time physics simulation and Microsoft Kinect motion capture ability. Footage of a real-world subject being tracked in a range-mapped depth view can be seen alongside a rendered view of Ivy, a character from the Soulcalibur series; the character's movements echo the subject's and demonstrate real-time collision between the character's limbs and breasts. The video was featured including Kotaku and The Escapist. On August 6, 2014, an article was published on a Library of Congress blog, in which Trevor Owens chronicles his discovery of a disc containing an unreleased copy of Duke Nukem: Critical Mass for the PlayStation Portable. In the article, Noesis is used to explore the game data, an animated GIF embedded in the article shows a jetpack-equipped Duke Nukem rendering inside of Noesis. Another article was published by the author of Noesis on the Video Game History Foundation blog on October 7, 2017. In this article, the author explores the source code and data of Disney's Aladdin for the Sega Genesis.

Readers are invited to follow along with the use of Noesis, leveraging support for extracting and viewing data from the retail distributions of the game. In December of 2018, a script was created for Noesis in order to generate levels for the video game DOOM by tracking the movements of a Roomba; this script, titled DOOMBA, received coverage from a wide range of press outlets, including Variety, Popular Mechanics, Polygon, PC Gamer, Digital Trends, Hackaday and The Verge. Noesis is most known for its ability to view and export 3D model and animation data across many different file formats. However, the software employs native plugin and scripting APIs. Plugins and scripts have been leveraged extensively to provide new functionality, including new file format support, hex editors, binary scanners, a mesh voxelizer, a native debugger and disassembler, a web server for sharing models, a software rasterizer, various visual tools, a motion capture interface; some notable formats and standards supported by Noesis include: 3D Studio Max Autodesk FBX Biovision Hierarchy Build Engine COLLADA Deluxe Paint DICOM and other formats common to MRI, CT, PET, PET-CT, etc. devices Final Fantasy VII, Final Fantasy VIII, Final Fantasy IX, Final Fantasy X, Final Fantasy XI, Final Fantasy XII, Final Fantasy XIII, Final Fantasy XV, others in the Final Fantasy series glTF Various id Tech derived games and engines Gamebryo, including recent revisions for Skyrim and Fallout 4 Unreal Engine 4 VOX, KVX, other voxel formats ASTC, S3TC, PVRTC, many other forms of texture compression Texture and memory formats specific to many different console systems Common image and model formats, including GIF, JPEG, JPEG 2000, PNG, OBJ, PLY, STL, many others Hundreds of unique game formats, including those used in Battlezone, Chasm: The Rift, Duke Nukem Forever, Desert Strike, Jedi Knight, Space Channel 5, Tokyo Jungle, many othersBecause Noesis is under active development, the list of supported standards and formats is still changing.

Official website

Harku Manor

Harku manor was a manor in Harjumaa, Estonia. According to current administrative borders it is located on Harku Parish in Harju County. Building was first built as a small stronghold and only became manor. In the Middle Ages the manor served as a residency for the centre of vice commandment of Tallinn. In 1679 the manor was acquired by the famous family of von Uexküll and by the 18th century they had started constructing the Baroque-styled main building. In September 1710 the half-finished Harku Manor was used as a place to sign the capitulation contract between Russian forces and Sweden with local nobility; the contract ended The Great Northern War and became the main foundation for the 18–19th century Baltic Special Agreements by which Estonia, going under the Russian reign for 200 years, retained its considerable autonomy and did not become a typical Russian province. The von Budbergs, that acquired the manor in 1755, rebuilt the building into Early Classicism style; the Neo-Renaissance style look the manor has now was given by von Ungern-Sternbergs in 1875.

The building was made longer. From 1892 the manor had many different owners and was bought by Hermann von Harpe in 1912 for 300 000 rubles; the same year von Harpe sold some of the property to 158 peasants. In 1919 the manor was expropriated from Hermann von Harpe. In the 1920–1930s, right before the World War II, the building served many roles: rehabilitation facility for under aged criminals. Prisoners had to work on manor fields. Working with livestock and crops provided extra food. Peat industry turned out to be beneficial because the government needed a lot of peat for heating. 1924 was the year of prisoners strike in Harku prison. From 1957 Harku Manor housed the Institute of Experimental Biology and was owned by Estonian Academy of Sciences and Estonian University of Life Sciences. Since 2014 Harku Manor is owned by Baula Arendus OÜ. There are other outbuildings near the main building of Harku manor that make great sightseeing objects. For example, the historical cattle complex and the ruins of the two-towered greenhouse that looks like a medieval stronghold.

In the shade of trees, the barn and stables-coach shed are still standing, bordering the long front court of the main building. Many other outbuildings still remain though rebuilt in some ways. There are two roads leading to the Tallinn-Keila highway, one towards Tallinn, the other towards Keila. At first, both roads were designed as 800 meters long decorated alleys. Near the manor complex, the 20th century has added many new buildings, most of which are situated north-east and west from the old complex. What makes Harku Manor valuable is its versatile architectural history; the current manor house dates from the beginning of the 18th century. Two wings were added to the two-storey main building as part of the modernization works that took place in 1870; the façade of the main building is decorated with salient window-wide side avant-corps and with a central avant-corps, three windows wide. All of these are adorned with double pilasters and historicist pediments. On the back side, the central avant-corps protrudes more noticeably from the facade and has a classicistic triangular pediment.

All of the pediments have arched windows on the second floor. A small veranda is attached to the building on the right side. Administrative buildings with high corbie-stepped gables made of limestone and a historicist abamurus with decorative towers, resembling a stronghold, are located near the entrance. In the vicinity are the ruins of an order castle from the 14th century. Auxiliary buildings worth seeing include the cattle complex with historicist-style gables and the ruins of a greenhouse with two towers reminiscent of a medieval castle, located in the park. A granary and a stable-coach house lining the main building’s long front square have been preserved, although they are hidden by the shadows of trees; the facades of both buildings are decorated with arches. Many other auxiliary buildings are preserved, although several of them have been rebuilt; the large 20-hectare park was designed in regular style. At that time, a patch of lawn surrounded by a roundabout stood in front of the façade of the main building and terraces descended from the garden facade to the ponds.

In the main part, the park has been preserved in a more designed layout, illustrated by the loose placement of clearings and tree groups. The long clearing southeast of the main building has been well designed; the rear edge of the two hundred meter clearing has been decorated with broadleaf trees, tree groups with crowns of different colors and shapes have been planted on the sides. Low blossoming shrubs grow next to those trees; the use of thick dark green fir-tree groups, i.e. the so-called coulisses, on the edge of the clearing adds more depth to the clearing. In the middle of the park there is a three-hectare large manor pond with five small islands and a limestone bottom; the pond originates from a relict lake. Peter Ludvig Constantin von Ungern-Sternberg had the lake reshaped into a pond in the 19th century; the soil, left over from the widening and deepening of the lake was piled up in the middle of the pond to form five islands that were decorated with various sculptures and connected with bridges.

The pride of the Harku Manor Park is a sycamore tree that has borne the title of the widest tree in Estonia for more than 25 years. In 1976, each branch of the two-branched tree was two meters wide, but by the s


Joop is a Dutch masculine given name a short form of Johannes, Jacobus, or other names. It may refer to: Jogchum T. Joop Alberda, Dutch volleyball coach, coach of the 1996 Olympic champion Dutch team Johannes J. Joop Atsma, Dutch politician Johannes Joop Ave, Indonesian government minister Johannes A. Joop Bakker, Dutch politician Josephus Joop Beek, Dutch-born Indonesian Jesuit, priest and politician Johannes J. Joop Beljon, Dutch artist Joop Böckling, Dutch footballer Johannes W. Joop Boutmy, Dutch footballer Johannes F. Joop Braakhekke, Dutch chef, television presenter and author Joop Brand, Dutch former football player and manager Johannes Joop Cabout, Dutch water polo player Johan R. Joop Carp, Dutch sailor, helmsman of the 1920 Olympic 6.4 Metre champion Johannes C. Joop van Daele, Dutch former footballer Johannes J. Joop Demmenie, Dutch cyclist Johan H. Joop Doderer, Dutch actor Joop van Domselaar, Dutch sports shooter Jan L. Joop van Dort, Dutch footballer Johannes A. Joop van den Ende, Dutch theatrical producer Jozef P. Joop Eversteijn, Dutch footballer Johannes J.

M. Joop Falke, Dutch artist and goldsmith Joop Gall, Dutch football manager and former player Johannes M. Joop Geurts, Dutch baseball player Johann G. Joop Glimmerveen, Dutch neo-Nazi Job Johannes Joop Gouweleeuw, Dutch judoka Joseph C. E. Joop Haex, Dutch politician, lieutenant general and twice State Secretary for Defence Johannes J. F. Joop Harmans, Dutch cyclist Johannes Joop van der Heide, Dutch footballer Johannes F. Joop Hiele, Dutch former football goalkeeper Josephus J. C. M. Joop Hox, Dutch psychologist and professor Joop Kasteel, Dutch martial artist Johannes H. B. Joop Kemperman, Dutch mathematician Jacobus J. Joop Klant, Dutch economist and novelist Johannes H. Joop Knottenbelt, Dutch tennis player Joseph W. Joop Kolkman, Dutch journalist and diplomat Johan M. Joop Langhorst, Dutch footballer Jacob Joop Lankhaar, Dutch footballer Johannes C. Joop van Nellen, Dutch footballer Joop van Oosterom, Dutch billionaire and twice correspondence chess world champion Jozef J. L. Joop Pelser, Dutch footballer Johannes Joop Post, Dutch businessman Josephus Th.

Joop Puntman, Dutch ceramist and sculptor Johannes P. Joop van der Reijden, Dutch politician Joannes B. Joop Roeland, Dutch priest and environmental activist Johannes J. Joop Rohner, Dutch water polo player Joop Sanders, Dutch-born American Abstract Expressionist painter Johannes H. Joop Stoffelen, Dutch footballer Joop Stokkel, Dutch equestrian Johannes A. Joop Stokkermans, Dutch composer and pianist Johannes M. Joop den Uyl, Dutch politician Johannes A. Joop Vermeulen, Dutch long-distance runner Joop Voorn, Dutch composer Jacob F. Joop Warouw, military officer involved in the Indonesian National Revolution Johan C. D. Joop van Werkhoven, Dutch Olympic sailor Johan G. Joop Westerweel, Dutch World War II resistance leader Joop van Wijk, Dutch documentary film director Joannes G. Joop Wijn, former Minister of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands Joop Wilhelmus, Dutch pornographer Johan G. Joop Wille, Dutch footballer Johannes J. Joop van Woerkom, Dutch water polo player Josephus W. Joop Zalm, Dutch weightlifter H. G. Jozef Joop Zoetemelk, Dutch racing cyclist, winner of the 1980 Tour de France and the 1979 Vuelta a EspañaFictional characterJoop ter Heul, female eponymous protagonist of a series of books and a movie Jaap Joep

Bangladesh at the 1984 Summer Olympics

Bangladesh sent a delegation to compete in the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, United States from 28 July to 12 August 1984. The Bangladeshi delegation consisted of Saidur Rahman Dawn. In his two events, the 100 metres and 200 metres, he did not qualify to advance beyond the first round; the Bangladesh Olympic Association was recognized by the International Olympic Committee on 1 January 1980. The nation joined the United States-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics, therefore did not make their first Olympic appearance until these Los Angeles Games; the 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles from 28 July to 12 August 1984. Saidur Rahman Dawn was the only competitor sent by Bangladesh to Los Angeles, he was the flagbearer for the opening ceremony. Saidur Rahman Dawn was 21 years old at the time of the Los Angeles Olympics, was making his only Olympic appearance. On 3 August, he took part in the heats of the 100 metres race, where he was drawn into eight, which he finished in 11.25 seconds, in eighth and last place for his heat.

Only the top three in each heat and the next seven fastest from all heats could advance, Dawn was eliminated. The gold medal was won by Carl Lewis of the United States, the silver belonged to fellow American Sam Graddy, the bronze was won by Canadian Ben Johnson. Three days Dawn took part in the heats of the 200 metres, he was drawn into heat 1, finished in a time of 22.59 seconds. This time, only the top three from a heat and the next two fastest overall could advance, Dawn's competition came to an end. Americans swept the podium, with Lewis winning the gold medal, Kirk Baptiste the silver, Thomas Jefferson the bronze