A mouse, plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail, a high breeding rate. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse, it is a popular pet. In some places, certain kinds of field mice are locally common, they are known to invade homes for shelter. Species of mice are classified in Rodentia, are present throughout the order. Typical mice are classified in the genus Mus. Mice are distinguished from rats by their size; when someone discovers a smaller muroid rodent, its common name includes the term mouse, while if it is larger, the name includes the term rat. Common terms rat and mouse are not taxonomically specific. Scientifically, the term mouse is not confined to members of Mus for example, but applies to species from other genera such as the deer mouse, Peromyscus. Domestic mice sold as pets differ in size from the common house mouse; this is attributable both to different conditions in the wild. The best-known strain, the white lab mouse, has more uniform traits that are appropriate to its use in research.

Cats, wild dogs, birds of prey and certain kinds of arthropods have been known to prey upon mice. Because of its remarkable adaptability to any environment, the mouse is one of the most successful mammalian genera living on Earth today. Mice, in certain contexts, can be considered vermin which are a major source of crop damage, causing structural damage and spreading diseases through their parasites and feces. In North America, breathing dust that has come in contact with mouse excrement has been linked to hantavirus, which may lead to hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Nocturnal animals, mice compensate for their poor eyesight with a keen sense of hearing, rely on their sense of smell to locate food and avoid predators. Mice build long intricate burrows in the wild; these have long entrances and are equipped with escape tunnels or routes. In at least one species, the architectural design of a burrow is a genetic trait; the most common mice are murines, in the same clade as common rats. They are murids, along with other close relatives.

Order Dasyuromorphia marsupial mice, smaller species of Dasyuridae order Rodentia suborder Castorimorpha family Heteromyidae Kangaroo mouse, genus Microdipodops Pocket mouse, tribe Perognathinae Spiny pocket mouse, genus Heteromys suborder Anomaluromorpha family Anomaluridae flying mouse suborder Myomorpha family Cricetidae Brush mouse, Peromyscus boylii Florida mouse Golden mouse American Harvest mouse, genus Reithrodontomys family Muridae typical mice, the genus Mus Field mice, genus Apodemus Wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus Yellow-necked mouse, Apodemus flavicollis Large Mindoro forest mouse Big-eared hopping mouse Luzon montane forest mouse Forrest's mouse Pebble-mound mouse Bolam's mouse Eurasian Harvest mouse, genus Micromys Mice are common experimental animals in laboratory research of biology and psychology fields because they are mammals, because they share a high degree of homology with humans. They are the most used mammalian model organism, more common than rats; the mouse genome has been sequenced, all mouse genes have human homologs.

The mouse has 2.7 billion base pairs and 20 pairs of chromosomes. They can be manipulated in ways that are illegal with humans, although animal rights activists object. A knockout mouse is a genetically modified mouse that has had one or more of its genes made inoperable through a gene knockout. Reasons for common selection of mice are that they are small and inexpensive, have a varied diet, are maintained, can reproduce quickly. Several generations of mice can be observed in a short time. Mice are very docile if raised from birth and given sufficient human contact. However, certain strains have been known to be quite temperamental. Mice and rats have the same organs in the same places, with the difference of size. Many people buy mice as companion pets, they can be playful and can grow used to being handled. Like pet rats, pet mice should not be left unsupervised outside as they have many natural predators, including birds, lizards and dogs. Male mice tend to have a stronger odor than the females.

However, mice are as pets they never need bathing. Well looked-after mice can make ideal pets; some common mouse care products are: Cage – Usually a hamster or gerbil cage, but a variety of special mouse cages are now available. Most should have a secure door. Food – Special pelleted and seed-based food is available. Mice can eat most rodent food Bedding – Usually made of hardwood pulp, such as aspen, sometimes from shredded, uninked paper or recycled virgin wood pulp. Using corn husk bedding is avoided because it promotes Aspergillus fungus, can grow mold once it gets wet, rough on their feet. In nature, mice are herbivores, consuming any kind of fruit or grain from plants. However, mice adapt well to urban areas and are known for eating all types of food scraps. In captivity, mice are fed commercial pelleted mouse diet; these diets are nutritionally complete. Mice do not have a special appetite for cheese, they will only eat cheese for lack of better options. Mice are a staple in the diet of many small carnivores.

Humans have eaten mice since prehistoric times and still eat them as a delicacy throughout eastern Zambia and northern Malawi, where they are a seasonal source of protein. Mice are no longer consu

Santa Olalla del Cala

Santa Olalla del Cala is a large village within the Autonomous region of Andalucia in southern Spain. The village is a municipality located in the province of Huelva; the village is situated 1.1 miles west of the A66-E803 motorway which runs from Sevilla to Salamanca. The village is 40.9 miles south of the town of Zafra. The village is 447.5 kilometres from the Spanish capital of Madrid and takes 6 hours to travel from there by taxi. The nearest airport is Sevilla Airport, 52.0 miles to the south of the village. The nearest railway station is at Llerena, 34.6 miles north east of the village. The village is situated in the southern slopes of the foothills of the Sierra Morena mountain range close to the border between the regions of Andalusia and Extremadura; the municipality is in the northeast of the Province of Huelva, is within the Aracena Natural Park, a protected areas of the Community and occupies the entire north of the province. The village sits on the eastern slope of a proment hill, topped with a castle fortress, a parish church which in the past has been a Jewish synagogue and a Moorish Mosque.

The surrounding countryside consists of meadows and small hills covered predominantly forest of oaks, chestnut trees and scrubland, through which numerous small streams flow, forming a landscape of outstanding natural beauty. The local economic activity of the municipality is in agriculture Olive groves and Holm Oak foraging groves; the village is renowned for its cork and wood crafting works as well as embroidery and crochet needle Crafts. Other working activities in the village include wholesale and retail trading, houses building, activities related to the sale and repair of private and agricultural vehicles and motorbikes; the local gastronomy incorporates a large range of tasty products derived from the Iberian pig. Santa Olalla’s famous sausages are the best elements of its gastronomy; the castle stands on a prominent rocky ridge above the village. The fortress, although the ramparts are reminiscent of Moorish castles, was built by the Christian king of Castile, Sancho IV in the thirteenth century replacing a much smaller fortress, built earlier by the Muslim rulers of Andalucía.

The Muslim structure is thought to have been built on top a much early Roman fortification. The castle was part of a defence system built to protect the city of Seville from the Portuguese; this defence system was called The Galician Band. The system composed of three lines of defence, which utilized older Moorish fortresses; the first line contained the castles of Aroche and Fregenal de la Sierra. In the second line was the Torre of San Bartolomé and Cortegana castle; the third line included the fortress at Aracena. The castle is constructed from stone brickwork; the curtain walls have ten towers in total. Four of the towers are circular and the other six are rectangular in shape; the towers are constructed of solid stone and rise to the height of the parapet at which there is a vaulted chamber. This is topped by battlements; the inner precinct is of an irregular coffin shape and follows the plan of the ridge top of the hill. On the North West elevation there is an entrance tower, turned 90° to the main curtain wall of the fortress.

Following the castle’s decline as a fortress other uses were found for the stronghold. In the 19th century and into the 20th century the castle precinct and curtain walls were used as the municipal cemetery; the walls were pierced to form burial niches. This had a detrimental effect on the castle weakening the structure. In 1949 the castle was declared a site of cultural interest and measures were taken to preserve the site; the church of Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion stands at the southern end of the rocky hill were the castle is situated. The church you see today has had different uses in. In the 10th century it was the Jewish quarter of the village. Two columns from that period can be seen inside the church. During the period of Muslim occupation the building became a mosque; the Apse still retains it Mudejar style with its brick vaults. Two noted features of the Christian church include a fine example of a Gothic doorway, a statue of the Virgin de los Dolores carved by the Spanish Baroque sculptor Juan de Mesa y Velasco of Seville.

Unusually, there is a preserved ship's anchor, kept here to commemorate the time when Santa Olalla was the base to a Maritime infantry regiment during the Napoleonic wars. Opposite the doorway to the Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, a little down the hill, stands a 16th-century Plateresco style cross erected to mark the way of Pilgrimage known as the'Silver Way' or Vía de la Plata to Santiago de Compostela from the Andulucian city of Seville; the marker consists of a baluster column topped by a Genovese capital. Above the capital sits a Plateresque flint cross. Statistics about Santa Olalla del Cala


Adaptatsiya is a Kazakhstani punk rock band founded in 1992 in Aktobe. Yermen Anti Erzhanov was born on 26 July 1974. In 1992 Yermen formed the Adaptatsiya; the inspiration for him were Alexander Bashlachev. Yermen Anti Erzhanov - vocals, author of music and lyrics - bass - guitar - drums Adaptatsiya is Russian language band, but some songs are in Kazakh. Adaptatsiya has lyrics dealing with social issues Колесо истории – 1997 На нелегальном положении – 1998 Джут – 2001 Punk rock du Kazakhstan – 2003 За измену Родине – 2003 Уносимся прочь – 2005 Так горит степь – 2005 Время убийц – 2008 Песни любви и протеста – 2009 No pasaran! – 2011 Пластилин – 2013 Передвижные Хиросимы – 2013 Цинга -2015 Radio Resistance - 2017 Олдскул - 2017 Music of Kazakhstan Russian rock Adaptatsiya - official website Adaptatsiya - official blog Adaptatsiya - fan-website Adaptatsiya discography at MusicBrainz Interview with Yermen Anti in Limonka Interview with Yermen Anti on YouTube