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Mr. Deeds Goes to Town

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town is a 1936 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Capra, starring Gary Cooper and Jean Arthur in her first featured role. Based on the 1935 short story Opera Hat by Clarence Budington Kelland, which appeared in serial form in The American Magazine, the screenplay was written by Robert Riskin in his fifth collaboration with Frank Capra. During the Great Depression, Longfellow Deeds, the co-owner of a tallow works, part-time greeting card poet, tuba-playing inhabitant of the hamlet of Mandrake Falls, inherits 20 million dollars from his late uncle, Martin Semple. Semple's scheming attorney, John Cedar, takes him to New York City. Cedar gives his cynical troubleshooter, ex-newspaperman Cornelius Cobb, the task of keeping reporters away from Deeds. Cobb is outfoxed, however, by star reporter Louise "Babe" Bennett, who appeals to Deeds' romantic fantasy of rescuing a damsel in distress by masquerading as a poor worker named Mary Dawson, she pretends to faint from exhaustion after "walking all day to find a job" and worms her way into his confidence.

Bennett proceeds to write a series of enormously popular articles mocking Longfellow's hick ways and odd behavior, giving him the nickname "Cinderella Man". Cedar tries to get Deeds' power of attorney. Deeds, proves to be a shrewd judge of character fending off Cedar and other greedy opportunists, he wins Cobb's wholehearted respect and Babe's love. She quits her job in shame, but before she can tell Deeds the truth about herself, Cobb finds it out and tells Deeds. Deeds is left heartbroken, and, in disgust, he decides to return to Mandrake Falls. After he has packed and is about to leave, a dispossessed farmer stomps into his mansion and threatens him with a gun, he expresses his scorn for the heartless, ultra-rich man, who will not lift a finger to help the multitudes of desperate poor. After the intruder comes to his senses, Deeds realizes, he decides to provide equipped 10-acre farms free to thousands of homeless families if they will work the land for three years. Alarmed at the prospect of losing control of the fortune, Cedar joins forces with Deeds' only other relative Semple in seeking to have Deeds declared mentally incompetent.

Along with Babe's betrayal, this breaks Deeds' spirit, he sinks into a deep depression. A sanity hearing is scheduled to determine. During the hearing, Cedar calls an expert who diagnoses manic depression based on Babe's articles and Deeds' current behavior. Deeds is too depressed to defend himself and the situation looks bleak when Babe speaks up passionately on his behalf, castigating herself for what she did to him; when he realizes that she loves him, he begins speaking, systematically punching holes in Cedar's case. For example, when he asks the Faulkners who else is pixilated, they reply: "Why everyone, but us!" Deeds closes out his rebuttal by punching Cedar in the face, to general acclaim. In the end, the judge declares him to be "the sanest man who walked into this courtroom". Frank Capra intended to make Lost Horizon after Broadway Bill, but lead actor Ronald Colman couldn't get out of his other filming commitments. So Capra began adapting; the two main cast members, Gary Cooper as Longfellow Deeds and Jean Arthur as Louise "Babe" Bennett/Mary Dawson, were cast as production began.

Capra's "first and only choice" for the pivotal role of the eccentric Longfellow Deeds was Gary Cooper. Due to his other film commitments, production was delayed six months before Cooper was available, incurring costs of $100,000 for the delay in filming. Arthur was not the first choice for the role, but Carole Lombard, the original female lead, quit the film just three days before principal photography, in favor of a starring role in My Man Godfrey; the first scenes shot on the Fox Studios' New England street lot were in place before Capra found his replacement heroine in a rush screening. The opening sequences had to be reshot when Capra decided against the broad comedy approach, written. Despite his penchant for coming in "under budget", Capra spent an additional five shooting days in multiple takes, testing angles and "new" perspectives, treating the production as a type of workshop exercise. Due to the increased shooting schedule, the film came in at $38,936 more than the Columbia budget for a total of $806,774.

Throughout the pre-production and the early principal photography, the project still retained Kelland's original title, Opera Hat, although Capra tried out some other titles including A Gentleman Goes to Town and Cinderella Man before settling on a name, the winning entry in a contest held by the Columbia Pictures publicity department. The film was treated as likable fare by critics and audiences alike. Novelist Graham Greene also a film critic, was effusive that this was Capra's finest film to date, describing Capra's treatment as "a kinship with his audience, a sense of common life, a morality". Variety noted "a sometimes too thin structure the players and director Frank Capra have contrived to convert... into sturdy substance". This was the first Capra film to be released separately to exhibitors and not "bundled" with other

Tyler courthouse shooting

On February 24, 2005, a man shot his ex-wife and son outside the courthouse in Tyler, Texas engaged police and court officers in a shootout. David Hernandez Arroyo, Sr. opened fire in front of the courthouse with a semi-automatic AK-47 rifle, killing his ex-wife, wounding his son. A downtown resident, Mark Alan Wilson, was shot dead. Arroyo was fatally shot by police after a high-speed pursuit. At the time of the shooting, Maribel Estrada and her 23-year-old son, David Hernandez Arroyo, Jr. were entering the courthouse for a hearing regarding her ex-husband's failure to pay child support after their 2004 divorce. Estrada's lawyer stated that his client did not believe her ex-husband to be dangerous. Arroyo, who had parked and lain in wait near the courthouse, approached his ex-wife and son on the steps outside the Smith County Courthouse and fired on them with an AK-47 rifle. Estrada was hit in the head and killed and Arroyo's son was hit in the leg and wounded. Both fell to the ground at the rear courthouse steps.

Nearby law enforcement officers present at the courthouse responded to the initial shots and began exchanging fire with Arroyo. At this point, the law enforcement officers were only armed with pistols, Arroyo was able to wound several and force them to retreat. A local resident, Mark Alan Wilson, was in his downtown loft, he looked out his window and saw Arroyo at the courthouse steps engaged in a shootout with law enforcement. Wilson, who held a Texas concealed handgun permit armed himself with his Colt.45 caliber pistol, left his residence to intervene in the gun battle. Because Arroyo was engaged in a heated gun battle with sheriff's deputies and Tyler police officers, he did not see Wilson approach from behind; as Wilson approached Arroyo from behind, Arroyo was taking aim at his son whom he had shot in the leg and wounded. Acting to defend the life of Arroyo's son, Wilson fired a round from 50 feet, which struck Arroyo in the back, causing him to stumble and taking his attention away from his son.

A witness who saw Wilson's round strike Arroyo reported seeing "white puffs of powder-like substance" come from Arroyo's clothing. This is believed to be the first time Arroyo was injured during his attack on the courthouse. Wilson was forced to take cover behind Arroyo's truck in a prone position and exchanged fire with Arroyo; as Arroyo began to approach Wilson's position, he stood up from behind cover and fired again, hitting Arroyo. Unknown to Wilson, Arroyo was wearing a bulletproof vest. Arroyo fired a shot that struck Wilson, who faltered and fell from the view of witnesses, face down behind Arroyo's truck. Arroyo walked up to Wilson and fired three more shots at him, killing him. Officers from the Tyler Police Department, including Officer Wayne Allen was operating the pursuit vehicle with Sergeant Rusty Jacks, a trained sniper armed with a Colt AR-15 rifle, as his passenger, soon arrived on the scene. After more than 116 rounds had been fired, Arroyo attempted to flee and a pursuit ensued.

The pursuit continued from the city streets of Tyler to a nearby highway. At the terminus of the pursuit, Arroyo fired at the vehicle of Deputy Sheriff John Smith who had pulled behind Arroyo's truck during the pursuit. After taking fire, Deputy Smith returned fire with his vehicle still in motion and used his patrol car to ram Arroyo's truck. Arroyo stopped his vehicle, exited it, attempted to fire upon Smith, whose patrol car had come to a stop on the passenger side of Arroyo's truck after ramming it. Smith sped away to avoid Arroyo's shots and gunfire from other law enforcement officers, leaving Officers Allen and Jacks in the direct line of fire. With Arroyo now out of his vehicle, Sgt. Rusty Jacks exited Officer Allen's vehicle and fired five shots from his rifle, hitting Arroyo in the back of the head and killing him as he attempted to get back into his vehicle; the shooting was covered by national news organizations and video from the incident is accessible on the Internet. Mark Wilson has been credited as heroic for his actions, which are believed to have caused Arroyo to cease his attack and flee the area without murdering his son, the Texas House unanimously adopted a resolution on March 31, 2005 to honor him.

Mark Alan Wilson and Maribel Estrada were killed at the shooting scene. David Hernandez Arroyo, Jr. survived. Smith County sheriff's deputies Sherman Dollison, 28, Marlin Suell, 38, were wounded during the incident. Tyler police officer Clay Perrett was wounded during the incident. 2003 Ennis shooting Brian Nichols, Fulton County, Georgia courthouse shooter Kirkwood City Council shooting Marin County courthouse incident Article on the method and ethics of defending others with a firearm. Story of the shooting with video of the incident. News article about the shooting Estrada's lawyer's remarks about Arroyo Account of Mark Wilson's actions during the gunfight Another account of Mark Wilson's actions

David Shepard (film preservationist)

David Haspel Shepard was a film preservationist whose company, Film Preservation Associates, is responsible for many high-quality video versions of silent films. Some come from the Blackhawk Films library and others from materials owned by private collectors and film archives around the world. Shepard was born in the son of Marjorie and Bertram Shepard, his father was an executive with the Grand Union grocery-store chain, his mother a homemaker. When he was 11 years old his family moved to New Jersey; as a teenager he filmed school football games for the coaches to study, in the off-season began to make his own films with student actors. He graduated from Hamilton College, in Upstate New York, in 1962, with a BA in philosophy, completed a master's degree from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania in 1963. Shepard began restoring films when he joined the American Film Institute in 1968 as one of their first staff members. In 1987, he bought the Blackhawk Films library.

In December 2016 he was hospitalized. Doctors discovered cancer in his chest and he died on January 31, 2017 in Medford, Oregon. Film Preservation Associates, Serge Bromberg Film Preservation Associates, Benjamin Scott Baker David Shepard on IMDb 2000 interview at digitallyOBSESSED June 2006 interview at Silents Are Golden 2011 interview at Northwest Chicago Film Society June 2016 interview on Modern Times Podcast

Hervè Barmasse

Hervé Barmasse is an Italian alpinist. Barmasse was born into a family of alpinists from Valtournenche – his father, Marco Barmasse, is one of the most well-known alpinists or mountaineers from the Aosta Valley – Hervé is the fourth generation of alpine guides in his family, he became a ski instructor in 1996, snowboard instructor in 1997 and has been a Matterhorn alpine guide since 2000 and national alpine guide instructor since 2007. He began his career as a mountaineer on his home mountain, the Matterhorn, climbing new routes and repeating various prestigious ones. After growing up in the shadow of this mountain, it was right here where Hervé completed various extreme solo ascents; the most noteworthy of these ascents include the first solo ascent of the Via Casarotto Grassi in 2002, the first solo ascent in 2005 of the Via Deffeyes completed in under four hours, in 2007 the first solo ascent of the Spigolo dei fiori on the Via Machetto route: all routes on the south face of the Matterhorn.

A further noteworthy ascent was the first solo ascent and first repetition of the Via Direttissima, first climbed in 1983 by his father Marco. The pursuit and exploration of unclimbed faces led him away from the Alps and in 2004 he climbed two new routes in Pakistan: Luna Caprese on the Chogolisa Shield and another route on Sheep Peak, his experience in Pakistan continued in 2005 and in addition to the solo ascent of an unclimbed peak on the Farol Peak ridge, he climbed two new routes with companions from the Trip One Karakorum expedition: Up and Down and Fast and Furious, a mixed ice and rock route, this too on an unclimbed peak. In spring 2006 in Patagonia, during his first trip to South America, he completed another remarkable achievement when he climbed a new ice and mixed route called Café Cortado on the north face of Cerro San Lorenzo. On 8 February 2008, together with Cristian Brenna, Hervé cracked the enigma of the northwest face of Cerro Piergiorgio which for years had been the object of numerous attempts by top mountaineers.

“La Ruta de lo Hermano”, a route on poor quality rock, runs right through the middle of the heart of this immense face for 1150 metres: 29 pitches graded as 6b+ A3 ED+. In the summer of 2008, together with his climbing partner Simone Moro, Hervé climbed Beka Brakai Chhok in alpine style, a 6940m mountain in the Karakoram region, attempted numerous times by various expeditions. In autumn 2008, he climbed a 6250m unclimbed peak on Muztagh-ata in alpine style. In early 2010 he returned to Pakistan together with Eneko Pou, Kris Erickson, Oscar Gogoza and Dr. Marco Cavana. Furthermore, thanks to the help of Dr. Marco Cavana, an intensivist from Aosta hospital, he organised the setting up of a dispensary to deal with health-care problems in the area. On 17 March 2010 he climbed a new route with his father Marco on the south face of the Matterhorn – the Couloir Barmasse. In the summer of 2010 he completed an alpine style ascent in two days together with Daniele Bernasconi and Mario Panzeri of the 6300m unclimbed Venere Peak, graded ED.

For the fourth time he received the coveted Paolo Consiglio Award for mountaineering. In 2011 the "Exploring the Alps" project was carried out, a trilogy with the aim of climbing three new routes on the most important mountains in the valley which are some of the highest in the Alps: Mont Blanc, Monte Rosa and the Matterhorn; these three new routes enabled Hervé to rediscover alpinism in the Alps and show that exploration is still possible in these places. Out of the three ascents, the Matterhorn was without doubt the most challenging. Hervé tackled it solo, astounding the mountaineering world with his audacity and the immense risk he undertook during the three-day ascent; the route first climbed by Barmasse extends over 1200 metres, 500m of which are in a frozen couloir with the rest of the route on the vertical and overhanging face of Picco Muzio. This achievement evokes the feat accomplished in 1965 by the great alpinist Walter Bonatti – the only person to have solo climbed a new route on the Matterhorn before Barmasse.

On completing this achievement, Bonatti bid farewell to his career as an extreme alpinist. In 2012 Barmasse made a film about the Exploring the Alps project, called Not so far; the film participated at the most important international mountain film festivals, winning major awards. After an attempt on the unclimbed north face of Gasherbrum I and a long break due to a problem with his spine, Hervé returned to Patagonia in 2013, but this time in winter. There he completed the first winter ascent of Cerro Pollone and the first ascent in winter of two of the Colmillos peaks. On 13 March 2014 he was back on the Matterhorn where he completed the first winter enchainment of the four ridges, starting by climbing the Furggen Ridge and descending the Hornli Ridge before climbing the Zmutt Ridge and descending via the Lion Ridge, all in 17 hours. December 2014: Grandes Murailles: New route Bon Noel March 2014: Matterhorn – First winter enchainment of the four ridges, he completed the enchainment alone. August 2013: Patagonia – Winter season – First winter ascent of Cerro Pollone and first ascent of Colmillos central and north.

July 2012: Pakistan, Sing Gang Glacier/Snow Lake area. 3 First ascent of three unclimbed peaks. First ascent and traverse of Muky peak 6330 m, first ascent and descent of the 5966

Josaia Rayawa

Ratu Josaia Naulumatua Rayawa is a Fijian Chief, religious minister, former political leader. He served in the Senate from 2001 to 2006 as one of nine nominees of the Fijian Prime Minister, Laisenia Qarase, he had been President of the now-defunct Christian Democratic Alliance, which won three seats in the 1999 election. Rayawa was born in Nabudrau, Noco, in Rewa Province on 28 December 1931, he holds the title of Tui Noco and is one of the district chiefs in the province of Rewa. Educated in the United States, he holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Religious Education and a Master of Arts degree in Theology from AOG Theological Graduate School in Springfield, Missouri. Ordained as an Assemblies of God minister in 1967, Rayawa has been active in community and religious works in various nations of the South Pacific, including Fiji, he has pastored in Lautoka. During this time, he worked as senior lecturer at the South Pacific Bible College in Fiji, he helped establish missionary work in Waya Island in the Yasawas.

He was senior Pastor/founder of Suva Community Christian Fellowship. The Assemblies of God appointed Rayawa 1st District Suprindendant Northern Division in 1969, he was elected General Secretary of Fiji. He has been invited as a conference speaker in Tonga, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Madras, India. Following his semi-retirement from Executive Council and pastoral work, Rayawa ventured into the political arena, where he served as President of the Christian Democratic Alliance. In his youth, Rayawa served as a Royal Fiji Military soldier in the Malayan Emergency during the 1950s, he was an active rugby player in the Combined Services Rugby team

Graig Syfyrddin

Graig Syfyrddin or just The Graig, is a 423m high hill near Grosmont in north-eastern Monmouthshire, Wales. The summit knoll is known as Edmund's Tump; the hill consists of an isolated mass of the micaceous sandstones of the Brownstones Formation, a unit of the Old Red Sandstone well known from the nearby Black Mountains, of which it can be considered an outlier in both the geographical and geological sense. The Three Castles Walk, a waymarked recreational walk in Monmouthshire linking Grosmont Castle, White Castle and Skenfrith Castle passes over the hill. photos of Graig Syfyrddin and surrounding area