The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Paul Allen Wood Shaffer, CM is a Canadian singer, actor, author and multi-instrumentalist who served as David Letterman's musical director, band leader and sidekick on the entire run of both Late Night with David Letterman and Late Show with David Letterman. Shaffer was born and raised in Fort William, Canada, the son of Shirley and Bernard Shaffer, a lawyer. Shaffer was raised in a Jewish family; as a child, Shaffer took piano lessons, in his teenage years played the organ in a band called Fabulous Fugitives with his schoolmates in Thunder Bay. He performed with the "Flash Landing Band" at different venues around Edmonton and the interior of B. C. Educated at the University of Toronto, he began playing with jazz guitarist Tisziji Muñoz, performing in bands around the bars there, where he found an interest in musicals, completed his studies, with a B. A. degree in sociology in 1971. Shaffer appears playing an organ at an outdoor wedding, in North of Superior an early IMAX documentary shot in northern Ontario.
Shaffer began his music career in 1972 when Stephen Schwartz invited him to be the musical director for the Toronto production of Godspell, starring Victor Garber, Gilda Radner, Martin Short, Eugene Levy, Dave Thomas and Andrea Martin. He went on to play piano for the Schwartz Broadway show The Magic Show in 1974 became a member of the house band on NBC's popular Saturday Night Live television program from 1975 to 1980. Though Shaffer was at the piano and appeared to be directing the band's actions, Howard Shore was credited as SNL's musical director turning the actual conducting of the band to sax player Howard Johnson. Shaffer regularly appeared in the show's sketches, notably as the pianist for Bill Murray's Nick the Lounge Singer character, as Don Kirshner, he appeared as a keyboardist on the 1978 album, Desire Wire, recorded by pop/rock star and backing vocalist Cindy Bullens. Shaffer teamed up with the Not Ready for Prime-Time Players off the show as well, including work on Gilda Radner's successful Broadway show and as the musical director for John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd whenever they recorded or performed as The Blues Brothers.
Shaffer was to appear in the duo's 1980 film, but, as he revealed in October 2009 on CBS Sunday Morning, Belushi dropped him from the project. In a memo to fellow SNL colleagues, Belushi said that he was unhappy that Shaffer was spending so much time on a studio record for Radner. Belushi said that he had tried to talk Shaffer out of working on the album in the first place in order to avoid sharing Shaffer's talents with another SNL-related project. Shaffer reported that he was in love with Gilda Radner, he would go on to appear in 1998's Blues Brothers 2000. Beginning in 1982, Shaffer served as musical director for David Letterman's late night talk shows: as leader of "The World's Most Dangerous Band" for Late Night with David Letterman on NBC, for which he composed the theme song, as leader of the CBS Orchestra for the Late Show with David Letterman on CBS. Letterman maintained that the show's switch to CBS was because NBC "fired Paul for stealing pens" or some other facetious reason. Shaffer guest-hosted the show twice when Letterman was unavailable, including during Letterman's January 2000 medical leave for quintuple heart bypass surgery, during the birth of Letterman's son Harry in November 2003.
In 1984, Shaffer played keyboards for The Honeydrippers, a group formed in 1981 by former Led Zeppelin frontman Robert Plant, on their only studio album, The Honeydrippers: Volume One. The album included the hit single "Sea of Love" which reached No. 1 on Billboard's adult contemporary chart in 1984 and No. 3 on its Hot 100 chart in 1985. Shaffer has served as musical director and producer for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony since its inception in 1986 and filled the same role for the 1996 Olympic Games closing ceremonies from Atlanta, Georgia. Shaffer served as musical director for Fats Domino and Friends, a Cinemax special that included Ray Charles, Jerry Lee Lewis and Ron Wood, he released two solo albums, 1989's Grammy-nominated Coast to Coast, 1993's The World's Most Dangerous Party, produced by rock musician Todd Rundgren. Shaffer has recorded with a wide range of artists, including Donald Fagen, Ronnie Wood, Grand Funk Railroad, Diana Ross, B. B. King, Asleep at the Wheel, Cyndi Lauper, Carl Perkins, Yoko Ono, Blues Traveler, Jeff Healey, Chicago, Robert Burns, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Nina Hagen, Robert Plant, Peter Criss, Brian Wilson, Late Show regular Warren Zevon, jazz trumpeter Lew Soloff, jazz saxophonist Lou Marini and bluegrass legend Earl Scruggs.
In 1982, he co-wrote "It's Raining Men," with Paul Jabara. It was No. 1 on the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play charts, a No. 2 hit in the UK for The Weather Girls in 1984 and a UK No. 1 remake for Geri Halliwell in 2001. Shaffer and The World's Most Dangerous Band performed the Chuck Berry song "Roll over Beethoven" for the 1992 film Beethoven. In 2017, Shaffer reunited with his band, resuming its previous name, recorded the self-titled album Paul Shaffer & the World's Most Dangerous Band. Shaffer and the band released their album in March and went on tour as well as making appearances on both Jimmy Kimmel Live and The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, for which Shaffer and the band returned to the Ed Sullivan Theater for the first time since Letterman's finale two years earlier. Shaffer wrote and performs the theme song and bridging music on Letterman's current Netflix series My Next Guest Needs No Introduction with David Lette
Laraine Newman is an American comedian, voice artist, writer, part of the original cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live. Newman was born on March 2, 1952, in Los Angeles, the granddaughter of a cattle rancher from Arizona, her family is Jewish. She is the youngest of a twin, her sister, Tracy Newman, is an Emmy Award-winning television writer. Newman attended Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills and graduated from there in 1970. Newman married actor-writer-director Chad Einbinder in 1991, they have two daughters and Hannah. The song Never Let Her Slip Away and recorded by Andrew Gold, was about Newman; the two were a couple at the time. The song hit #5 on the UK charts in 1978. Newman took her first Improvisational theatre classes when she was 15. After finishing high school she auditioned for four acting schools in England including Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art and Bristol Old Vic, she was not accepted after the second round of auditions for all four schools, so she went to Paris to study mime with Marcel Marceau for a year.
By the age of 19, Newman returned to the United States, moved to Los Angeles, where she did a brief stint at a secretarial school. Committed to continue performing, she became a founding member of the pioneering comedy improvisational group The Groundlings. At the same time, Newman was working for a booking agent who worked with rock bands, typing up contracts. Newman cites Eve Arden, Madeline Kahn and Richard Pryor as her first major influences, saying “They led me into my life of comedy, they led me into understanding ‘The Art of Play’." At age 22, her work as founder and original member of The Groundlings got Newman hired by Lorne Michaels for a Lily Tomlin special. A year she became an original cast member on NBC's Saturday Night Live, appearing on the show from its inception in 1975 through 1980. During her five years on SNL she became a close friend of co-star Gilda Radner; the instant success of SNL propelled her to stardom quickly. Newman recalled being stopped in New York City by John Lennon and Yoko Ono on the street to introduce themselves to her.
Newman admits that she was “never a good improviser,” but when in character, like an angry Jewish poet, a flight attendant, an eccentric chef or a British groupie, she was “free.” Commenting on her early experiences during Saturday Night Live she said: “When I first performed and the audience responded, I felt like crying, I mean the idea that what I saw — what other people saw — I wasn’t so alone in my perspective. I hope this doesn’t sound too overblown, but it did feel like a Communion.”However, by her own account, she was unhappy for much of her time with the show—she disliked living in New York. During her years on SNL Newman had developed serious eating disorders as well as a heroin addiction, she spent so much time in her dressing room playing Solitaire that for Christmas 1979, castmate Radner gave her a deck of playing cards with a picture of Laraine on the face of each card. Sherry Connie Conehead Lina WertmullerShe's best known for her roles as Connie Sherry. Newman decided not to repeat her characters.
Therefore, fewer signature characters are remembered, in contrast to some of her other fellow cast members on SNL, like Dan Aykroyd or Chevy Chase. Still she created many important SNL characters and helped as part of the whole esemble cast, to shape the early years of NBC's Saturday Night LiveNewman states when asked about her favorite Saturday Night Live character: "...my favorite character that I created at Saturday Night Live, which, I think, only pleased me and no one else, was Lina Wertmüller."She sang in the "Chevy's Girls" sketch in episode 2 of season 2 alongside Gilda Radner and Jane Curtin. Newman's post-SNL film career has been in both leading and supporting roles, as well as a voice artist on television and features. Prior to leaving SNL Newman took other roles. 1978 she appeared in American Hot Wax. A year she did a cameo in Mr. Mike's Mondo Video. Newman continued to appear in television productions during the 1980s. Among these were Wholly Moses, Voltar The Invincible and Invaders from Mars.
She had a small role in Woody Allen's Stardust Memories. In 1986 she starred in the syndicated B-movie comedy series, The Canned Film Festival, playing the lead role as Laraine the usherette. Additionally, she made appearances on such programs as Laverne & Shirley, as Donut Rooter in Devo's We're All Devo VHS, St. Elsewhere, E. T. and Friends, in which she reprised her role as Connie Conehead, Steve Martin's Best Show Ever and Amazing Stories. In the 90s, she had roles in Problem Child 2 and in the 1993 film Coneheads. Newman further appeared in episodes of Friends, The Tick, 3rd Rock from the Sun, Histeria!, CatDog, Sonic the Hedgehog, According to Jim, 7th Heaven and The Flintstones. During this time she started to focus on voice acting. In the 2000s she lent her voice to many characters in animated movies and television productions. Among these were Danny Phantom, As Told By Ginger, Avatar: The Last Airbender and Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, she further provided voice work for WALL-E, Battle for Terra, Jungle Junction, Cars, Up!, Finding Nemo, Inc.
Barnyard, Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs, Happily N'Ever After, Horton Hears a Who!. Newman appeared in episodes of Entourage, Brothers & Sisters, Curb Your Enthusiasm and Wayside, she continues to provide her voice for movi
Margaret Ruth Kidder, professionally known as Margot Kidder, was a Canadian-American actress and activist whose career spanned over five decades. Her accolades include one Daytime Emmy Award. Though she appeared in an array of films and television, Kidder is most known for her performance as Lois Lane in the Superman film series, appearing in the first four films. Born in Yellowknife to a Canadian mother and an American father, Kidder was raised in the Northwest Territories as well as several other Canadian provinces, she began her acting career in the 1960s appearing in low-budget Canadian films and television series, before landing a lead role in Quackser Fortune Has a Cousin in the Bronx. She played twins in Brian De Palma's cult thriller Sisters, a sorority student in the slasher film Black Christmas and the titular character's girlfriend in the drama The Great Waldo Pepper, opposite Robert Redford. In 1977, she was cast as Lois Lane in Richard Donner's Superman, a role which established her as a mainstream actress.
Her performance as Kathy Lutz in the blockbuster horror film The Amityville Horror gained her further mainstream exposure, after which she went on to reprise her role as Lois Lane in Superman II, III, IV. The 1990s were marked by significant health problems for Kidder: In 1990, she sustained serious injuries in a car accident that left her temporarily paralyzed, she had a publicized manic episode and nervous breakdown in 1996 stemming from bipolar disorder. By the 2000s, she maintained steady work in independent films and television, with guest-starring roles on Smallville, Brothers & Sisters and The L Word, appeared in a 2002 Off-Broadway production of The Vagina Monologues. In 2015, she won a Daytime Emmy Award for her performance on the children's television series R. L. Stine's The Haunting Hour. In 2005, Kidder became a naturalized U. S. citizen. She was an outspoken political and anti-war activist, continued to participate in political and activist causes through the end of her life. Kidder died on May 13, 2018 at her home in Livingston, aged 69, in what was ruled a suicide by alcohol and drug overdose.
Margaret Ruth Kidder, one of five children, was born on October 17, 1948, in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, the daughter of Jocelyn Mary "Jill", a history teacher, Kendall Kidder, an explosives expert and engineer. Her mother was Canadian, from British Columbia, while her father was an American from New Mexico, she was of English descent. She had one sister, a Canadian actress and executive director of the People for Education charity, three brothers: John and Peter. Kidder's niece Janet Kidder is an actress. Kidder was born in Yellowknife because of her father's employment, which required the family to live in remote locations, her father subsequently served as the manager of the Yellowknife Telephone Company from 1948–1951. Recalling her childhood in northern Canada, Kidder said: "We didn't have movies in this little mining town; when I was 12 my mom took me to New York and I saw Bye Bye Birdie, with people singing and dancing, and, it. I knew. I was clueless, but I okay." In addition to Yellowknife, she spent some time growing up in Labrador City and Labrador.
Kidder became interested in politics from a young age, which she credited to debates her parents would have over the dinner table during her childhood. Kidder suffered with mental health issues from a young age, which stemmed from undiagnosed bipolar disorder. "I knew I was different, had these mind flights that other people didn’t seem to have," she recalled. At age 14, she attempted suicide by swallowing a bottle of codeine capsules after her then-boyfriend broke up with her. Kidder found an outlet in acting as she felt she could "let my real self out… and no one would know it was me." "Nobody encouraged me to be an actress," she recalled. "It was taken as a joke... As a teenager, I envisioned myself in every book. I wanted to be Thomas Wolfe. I wanted to eat everything on the world’s platter, but my eyes were bigger than my stomach." She attended multiple schools during her youth through her family's relocations graduating from Havergal College, a boarding school in Toronto, in 1966. After graduating from Havergal, Kidder relocated to Vancouver to attend the University of British Columbia, but dropped out after one year.
She returned to Toronto. Kidder made her film debut in a 49-minute film titled The Best Damn Fiddler from Calabogie to Kaladar, a drama set in a Canadian logging community, produced by the Challenge for Change. Kidder's 1969 appearance in the episode "Does Anybody Here Know Denny?" on the Canadian drama series Corwin earned her a Canadian Film Award for "outstanding new talent."Kidder's first major feature was the 1969 American film Gaily, Gaily, a period comedy starring Beau Bridges, in which she portrayed a prostitute. She subsequently appeared in a number of TV drama series for the CBC, including guest appearances on Wojeck, Adventures in Rainbow Country, a semi-regular role as a young reporter on McQueen, as a panelist on Mantrap which featured discussions centered on a feminist perspective. During the 1971–72 season, she co-starred as barmaid Ruth in Nichols, a James Garner-led western, which aired 22 episodes on NBC. During an August 3, 1970 interview on The Dick Cavett Show, Kidder stated that she was ambivalent t
William James Murray is an American actor and writer. He first gained exposure on Saturday Night Live, a series of performances that earned him his first Emmy Award, starred in comedy films—including Meatballs, Stripes, Ghostbusters, Ghostbusters II, What About Bob?, Groundhog Day. He co-directed Quick Change. Murray garnered additional critical acclaim in his career, starring in Lost in Translation, which earned him a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award for Best Actor, as well as an Oscar nomination for Best Actor, for collaborating with director Wes Anderson, he received Golden Globe nominations for his roles in Ghostbusters, Hyde Park on Hudson, St. Vincent, the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge, for which he won his second Primetime Emmy Award. Murray received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor in 2016, his comedy is known for its deadpan delivery. Murray was born on September 21, 1950, in Evanston, Illinois, to Lucille, a mail-room clerk, Edward Joseph Murray II, a lumber salesman, he was raised in a northern suburb of Chicago.
Murray and his eight siblings were raised in a Roman Catholic Irish-American family. Three of his siblings, John Murray, Joel Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, are actors. A sister, Nancy, is an Adrian Dominican nun in Michigan, who has traveled the United States in a one-woman program, portraying St. Catherine of Siena, their father died in 1967 at the age of 46 from complications of diabetes when Bill was 17 years old. As a youth, Murray read children's biographies of American heroes like Kit Carson, Wild Bill Hickok, Davy Crockett, he attended Loyola Academy. During his teen years, he worked as a golf caddy to fund his education at the Jesuit high school. One of his sisters had polio and his mother suffered several miscarriages. During his teen years he was the lead singer of a rock band called the Dutch Masters and took part in high school and community theater. After graduating, Murray attended Regis University in Denver, taking pre-medical courses, he dropped out, returning to Illinois. Decades in 2007, Regis awarded him an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree.
On September 21, 1970, his 20th birthday, the police arrested Murray at Chicago's O'Hare Airport for trying to smuggle 10 lb of cannabis, which he had intended to sell. The drugs were discovered after Murray joked to the passenger next to him that he had packed a bomb in his luggage. Murray was sentenced to probation. With an invitation from his older brother, Murray got his start at The Second City in Chicago, an improvisational comedy troupe, studying under Del Close. In 1974, he moved to New York City and was recruited by John Belushi as a featured player on The National Lampoon Radio Hour. In 1975, an Off-Broadway version of a Lampoon show led to his first television role as a cast member of the ABC variety show Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell; that same season, another variety show titled. Cosell's show lasted just one season, canceled in early 1976. After working in Los Angeles with the "guerrilla video" commune TVTV on several projects, Murray rose to prominence in 1976, he joined the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live for the show's second season, following the departure of Chevy Chase.
Murray was with SNL for three seasons from 1977 to 1980. A Rutland Weekend Television sketch Eric Idle brought for his appearance on SNL developed into the 1978 mockumentary All You Need Is Cash with Murray appearing as "Bill Murray the K", a send-up of New York radio host Murray the K, in a segment of the film, a parody of the Maysles Brothers's documentary The Beatles: The First U. S. Visit. During the first few seasons of SNL, Murray engaged in a romantic relationship with fellow cast member Gilda Radner. Murray landed his first starring role with the film Meatballs in 1979, he followed. In the early 1980s, he starred in a string of box-office hits, including Caddyshack and Tootsie. Murray was the first guest on NBC's Late Night with David Letterman on February 1, 1982, he appeared on the first episode of the Late Show with David Letterman on August 30, 1993, when the show moved to CBS. On January 31, 2012 – 30 years after his first appearance with Letterman – Murray appeared again on his talk show.
He appeared as Letterman's final guest when the host retired on May 20, 2015. Murray began work on a film adaptation of the novel The Razor's Edge; the film, which Murray co-wrote, was his first starring role in a dramatic film. He agreed with Columbia Pictures to star in Ghostbusters—in a role written for John Belushi—to get financing for The Razor's Edge. Ghostbusters became the highest-grossing comedy of all-time; the Razor's Edge, filmed before Ghostbusters but not released until after, was a box-office flop. Frustrated over the failure of The Razor's Edge, Murray retired from acting for four years to study philosophy and history at Sorbonne University, frequent the Cinémathèque in Paris, spend time with his family in their Hudson River Valley home. During that time, his second son, was born. With the exception of a cameo appearance in the 1986 movie Little Shop of Horrors, he did not make any appearances in films, though he did participate in several public readings in Manhattan organized by playwright/director Timothy Mayer and in a stage production of Bertolt Brecht's A Man's a
John Joseph Patrick Ryan, best known by his stage name, Jack Lord, was an American television and Broadway actor and producer. He was known for his starring role as Steve McGarrett in the CBS television program Hawaii Five-O, which ran from 1968 to 1980. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Lord was the son of Irish-American parents, his father, William Lawrence Ryan, was a steamship company executive. He grew up in Morris Park, New York; as a child, Lord developed his equestrian skills on his mother's fruit farm in the Hudson River Valley. He started spending summers at sea, from the decks of cargo ships painted and sketched the landscapes he encountered—Africa, the Mediterranean and China, he was educated at St. Benedict Joseph Labre School, John Adams High School, in Ozone Park and the United States Merchant Marine Academy located at Fort Trumbull in New London, graduating as an Ensign with a Third Mates License, he attended New York University on a football scholarship, earned a degree in Fine Arts.
He spent the first year of the United States' involvement in World War II with the United States Army Corps of Engineers, building bridges in Persia. He returned to the Merchant Marine as an Able Seaman before enrolling in the deck officer course at Fort Trumbull. While making maritime training films, he took to the idea of acting. Lord received theatrical training from Sanford Meisner at the Neighborhood Playhouse, he worked first as a car salesman for Horgan Ford later as a Cadillac salesman in New York to fund his studies. He studied at the Actors Studio, his Broadway debut was as Slim Murphy in Horton Foote's The Traveling Lady with Kim Stanley. The show ran for 30 performances, October 27, 1954 through November 20, 1954. Lord won the Theatre World Award for his performance. Lord was cast as Brick in a replacement for Ben Gazzara in the 1955–1956 production of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, he had been in The Little Hut, The Illegitimist, The Savage. His first commercial film role was in the 1949 film The Red Menace a.k.a.
Project X, an anti-Communist production. He was associate producer in his 1950 film Cry Murder. In 1957, Lord starred in Williamsburg: the Story of a Patriot, which has run daily at Colonial Williamsburg since then. In 1958, Lord co-starred as Buck Walden in God's Little Acre, the film adaptation of Erskine Caldwell's 1933 novel. Lord was the first actor to play the character Felix Leiter in the James Bond film series, introduced in the first Bond film, Dr. No. According to screenwriter Richard Maibaum, Lord demanded co-star billing, a bigger role and more money to reprise the role in Goldfinger, which resulted in director Guy Hamilton casting Cec Linder in the role. In 1962, Lord starred as series namesake Stoney Burke, a rodeo cowboy from Mission Ridge, South Dakota; the basis for the series was real-life champion rodeo rider Casey Tibbs. The series featured Warren Oates and Bruce Dern in recurring supporting roles. Lord credited Gary Cooper as his on-screen role model, the inspiration for his characterization of Stoney Burke.
Lord was considered for Eliot Ness in The Untouchables. He did appear in the Season One episode "The Jake Lingle Killing." In 1965 he guest-starred as Colonel'Pres' Gallagher in second-season episode 5, "Big Brother" of 12 O-Clock High. Other television guest appearances include Appointment with Adventure, The Americans, The High Chaparral, Combat!, The Man from U. N. C. L. E; the Reporter starring Harry Guardino, The Fugitive, The Invaders, Rawhide and The F. B. I. Lord appeared on the first episode of Will Travel. In 1968, Lord appeared with Susan Strasberg in the film. According to William Shatner, in 1966, Gene Roddenberry offered Lord the role of Captain James T. Kirk on Star Trek, to replace Jeffrey Hunter, whose wife was making too many demands. Lord asked for 50 percent ownership of the show, so Roddenberry offered the role to Shatner. Jack Lord helped conceive Hawaii Five-O and starred for its 12 seasons as Detective Stephen McGarrett, appointed by the Governor to head the State Police criminal investigation department in Honolulu, Hawaii.
The opening sequence includes a shot of Lord standing on a penthouse balcony of the Ilikai hotel. Chin Ho Kelly, the name of the police detective played by Kam Fong, was a tip-of-the-hat to Ilikai developer Chinn Ho. Lord's catchphrase, "Book'em, Danno!", became a part of pop culture. He was instrumental in the casting of native Hawaiians, instead of mainland actors. Lord insisted. Lord was a perfectionist. At the airing of its last episode, Hawaii Five-O was the longest-running cop show in television history; when series creator Leonard Freeman died in 1974, the show's ownership was shared among Lord, CBS and Freeman's estate, with a contract that made Lord executive producer and gave him complete control over content. He was a hands-on partner who paid attention to minute details, was known for battles with network executives. During his years at NYU, Lord and his brother Bill opened the Village Academy of Arts. Jack's childhood dream was to become an artist, his first professional sale was in 1941 to the Metropolitan Museum of Art for his two linoleum cuts, entitled Vermont and Fishing Shacks, Block Island.
Lord's first marriage to Anne Willard ended in divorce in 1947. Lord met his son only once; the boy was killed in an accident at age 13. Lord met hi
Michael O'Donoghue was an American writer and performer. He was known for his dark and destructive style of comedy and humor, was a major contributor to National Lampoon magazine, was the first head writer of Saturday Night Live, he was the first performer to utter a line on that series. O'Donoghue was born Michael Henry Donohue in New York, his father, worked as an engineer, while his mother, stayed home to raise him. O'Donoghue's early career included work as a playwright and stage actor at the University of Rochester where he drifted in and out of school beginning in 1959, his first published writing appeared in the school's humor magazine Ugh! After a brief time working as a writer in San Francisco, California, O'Donoghue returned to Rochester and participated in regional theater. During this period, he formed a group called Bread and Circuses to perform his early plays which were of an experimental nature and quite disturbing to the local audience. Among these are an absurdist work exploring themes of Sadism entitled "The Twilight Maelstrom of Cookie Lavagetto", a cycle of one-act plays called Le Theatre de Malaise and the 1964 dark satire The Death of JFK.
His first work of greater note was the picaresque feature "The Adventures of Phoebe Zeit-Geist", published as a serial in Evergreen Review. This was an erotic satire of the comic book genre released in revised and expanded form as a book by that magazine's publisher, Grove Press. Drawn by Frank Springer, the comic detailed the adventures of debutante Phoebe Zeit-Geist as she was variously kidnapped and rescued by a series of bizarre Inuit, Chinese foot fetishists, lesbian assassins and other characters. Doonesbury comic-strip creator Garry Trudeau cited the strip as an early inspiration, saying, " heavy influence was a serial in the Sixties called'Phoebe Zeitgeist'.... It was an brilliant, deadpan send-up of adventure comics, but with a edgy modernist kind of approach. To this day, I hold every panel in my brain. It's hard not to steal from it."In 1968, O'Donoghue worked with illustrator and fellow Evergreen Review veteran Phil Wende to create the illustrated book The Incredible, Thrilling Adventures of the Rock.
Biographer Dennis Perrin described it as having "no plot. The same rock sits in the same spot in the same forest for thousands of years. Nothing much happens. While two boys roam the wood in search of a Christmas tree, one sees the rock and is inspired."Taking the idea to the publisher Random House, the pair sold the book to the young editor Christopher Cerf. Cerf was a former member of the Harvard Lampoon, O'Donoghue's first acquaintance from that group. Through Cerf, O'Donoghue would meet George W. S. Trow and other former Lampoon writers looking to start a national comedy magazine. In 1969, O'Donoghue and Trow co-wrote the script for the James Ivory / Ismail Merchant film Savages; this film tells the story of a tribe of prehistoric "Mud People" who happen upon a deserted Gatsby-esque 1930s manor house. The Mud People evolve into contemporary high-society types who enjoy a decadent weekend party at the manor before devolving back into Mud People. Savages was released in 1972. O'Donoghue was, along with Henry Beard and Doug Kenney, a founding writer and an editor for the satiric National Lampoon magazine.
As one of many outstanding National Lampoon contributors, O'Donoghue created some of the distinctive black comedy which characterized the magazine's flavor for most of its first decade. His most famous contributions include "The Vietnamese Baby Book", in which a baby's war wounds are cataloged in a keepsake, he was the editor and main contributor to the Lampoon's Encyclopedia of Humor. He co-wrote the album Radio Dinner with Tony Hendra, because of the album's success, he was assigned to direct and act on The National Lampoon Radio Hour. After 13 episodes, publisher Matty Simmons asked O'Donoghue to return to the magazine. A week O'Donoghue and Simmons argued over what was revealed to be a simple misunderstanding, O'Donoghue left, it was at the Lampoon. The two moved on to work at Saturday Night Live together. On the pioneering late-night sketch comedy program Saturday Night Live, on which creator and executive producer Lorne Michaels assigned him the position of head writer, O'Donoghue appeared in the first show's opening sketch as an English-language teacher, instructing John Belushi to repeat phrases such as "I would like to feed your fingertips to the wolverines," and "We are out of badgers.
Would you accept a wolverine in its place?" before dropping dead of a heart attack. He made appearances in the persona of a Vegas-style "impressionist" who would pay great praise to showbiz mainstays such as talk show host Mike Douglas and singers Tony Orlando and Dawn—and speculate how they would react if steel needles were plunged into their eyes; the shrieking fits that followed are believed by biographer Dennis Perrin to be inspired by O'Donoghue's real-life agonies from chronic migraine headaches. O'Donoghue, in his refusal to write for Jim Henson's Land of Gorch sketches which appeared in the early years of SNL, quipped, "I won't write for felt."Later, O'Donoghue cultivated the persona of the grim "Mr. Mike", a coldly decadent figure who favored viewers with comically dark "Least-Loved Bedtime Stories" such as "The Little Engine that Died", his other SNL sketches range from a black-and-white Citiz